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High Temperature Tolerant Optical Fiber Inline Microsensors By Laser Fabrication, Tao Wei 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

High Temperature Tolerant Optical Fiber Inline Microsensors By Laser Fabrication, Tao Wei

Doctoral Dissertations

"Fiber sensors are particularly attractive for harsh environment defined by high temperature, high pressure, corrosive/erosive, and strong electromagnetic interference, where conventional electronic sensors do not have a chance to survive. However, the key issue has been the robustness of the sensor probe (not the fiber itself) mostly due to the problems stemmed from the traditional assembly based approaches used to construct fiber optic sensors. For example, at high temperatures (e.g., above 500°C), the thermal expansion coefficient mismatch between different composited parts has a high chance to lead to sensors' malfunction by breaking the sensor as a result ...


Phosphate Post-Treatment Of Cerium-Based Conversion Coatings On Al 2024-T3, Daimon K. Heller 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Phosphate Post-Treatment Of Cerium-Based Conversion Coatings On Al 2024-T3, Daimon K. Heller

Doctoral Dissertations

"Phosphate post-treatment of cerium-based conversion coatings (CeCCs) on high strength aluminum alloys can significantly improve corrosion resistance. As-deposited CeCCs exhibit corrosion pits and salt tails across the specimen surface after 3 days of exposure, but post-treated CeCCs have withstood 14 days of salt spray exposure without visibly corroding. The morphology, phase, and electrochemical properties of spray deposited CeCCs were affected by post-treatment parameters such as immersion time, solution temperature, and phosphate source. The best performing coatings were post-treated in aqueous orthophosphate solutions for at least 5 min at temperatures of at least 85⁰C. These conditions converted cerium hydroxy/peroxy species ...


Ultracapacitor Character Analysis And Its Application In Unified Power Quality Conditioner As Energy Storage System, Xiaomeng Li 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Ultracapacitor Character Analysis And Its Application In Unified Power Quality Conditioner As Energy Storage System, Xiaomeng Li

Doctoral Dissertations

"This dissertation focuses on the Ultracapacitor (UCAP) character analysis and its application in Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC) as an Energy Storage System (ESS) for improved UPQC performance. It includes three parts as described below. The first part is Paper I. The UCAP is a popular choice for the ESS because of its distinct characters. In the application UCAP's transient behavior need to be studied for design purpose. Usually these transient characters are not shown in the product data sheet. In this paper UCAP frequency analysis is performed, and based on the test data the equivalent model of the ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Conducting Polymer Nanostructures And Their Application In Sensors, Zhe-Fei Li 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Synthesis And Characterization Of Conducting Polymer Nanostructures And Their Application In Sensors, Zhe-Fei Li

Doctoral Dissertations

"A one-step synthesis technique has been used to fabricate sensors by growing polyaniline nanofibers and polyaniline/metal nanocomposites in the active area of an interdigitated electrode array. Polyaniline nanofiber sensors can be fabricated by irradiating an aqueous precursor solution containing aniline, HCl, a metal salt, and ammonium persulfate (APS) with a high pressure Hg lamp. The sensors are ready for operation after polymerization is complete, and no additional processing steps are necessary. These sensors showed faster and more intensity response to various organic vapors than conventional bulk polyaniline sensors due to their larger surface area. A chemisorption model and a ...


Infrared Thermography-Driven Flaw Detection And Evaluation Of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Yong K. Cho, Yong-Rak Kim, Thaddaeus Bode 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Infrared Thermography-Driven Flaw Detection And Evaluation Of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Yong K. Cho, Yong-Rak Kim, Thaddaeus Bode

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

No abstract provided.


Data Compression Concepts And Algorithms And Their Applications To Bioinformatics, Ozkan U. Nalbantoglu, David J. Russell, Khalid Sayood 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Data Compression Concepts And Algorithms And Their Applications To Bioinformatics, Ozkan U. Nalbantoglu, David J. Russell, Khalid Sayood

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Data compression at its base is concerned with how information is organized in data. Understanding this organization can lead to efficient ways of representing the information and hence data compression. In this paper we review the ways in which ideas and approaches fundamental to the theory and practice of data compression have been used in the area of bioinformatics. We look at how basic theoretical ideas from data compression, such as the notions of entropy, mutual information, and complexity have been used for analyzing biological sequences in order to discover hidden patterns, infer phylogenetic relationships between organisms and study viral ...


Discrete Coordinate Transformation For Designing All-Dielectric Flat Antennas, Wenxuan Tang, Christos Argyropoulos, Efthymios Kallos, Wei Song, Yang Hao 2010 University of London

Discrete Coordinate Transformation For Designing All-Dielectric Flat Antennas, Wenxuan Tang, Christos Argyropoulos, Efthymios Kallos, Wei Song, Yang Hao

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Transformation electromagnetics provides a practical approach to control electromagnetic fields at will. Based on this principle, novel devices such as the invisible cloak have been proposed. Here we examine the extension of this technique as applied to the design of flat devices in antenna systems. A method using discrete coordinate transformation is proposed, which allows the conversion of conventional devices with curved shapes into flat systems, while preserving their non-dispersive, isotropic, broadband, and lossless properties. Two specific design examples, a flat reflector and a flat lens embedded in free space, are presented. To avoid the loss and narrow bandwidth issues ...


Nebraska Blueprint- Winter 2010, 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Nebraska Blueprint- Winter 2010

Nebraska Blueprint (Student Publication)

Table of Content:

3 From the Editor

4 Early Learning to Understand Engineering

6 Whittier Hall

8 The Engineering Library: A Special Resource

10 Engineering Fees

12 Student Accomplishments


A Non-Vacuum Process For Preparing Nanocrystalline Cuin1−XGaXSe2 Materials Involving An Open-Air Solvothermal Reaction, J. Olejníček, Chad A. Kamler, A. Mirasano, A. L. Martinez-Skinner, M. A. Ingersoll, C. L. Exstrom, S. A. Darveau, J. L. Huguenin-Love, M. Diaz, Natale J. Ianno, Rodney J. Soukup 2010 University of Nebraska at Kearney,

A Non-Vacuum Process For Preparing Nanocrystalline Cuin1−XGaXSe2 Materials Involving An Open-Air Solvothermal Reaction, J. Olejníček, Chad A. Kamler, A. Mirasano, A. L. Martinez-Skinner, M. A. Ingersoll, C. L. Exstrom, S. A. Darveau, J. L. Huguenin-Love, M. Diaz, Natale J. Ianno, Rodney J. Soukup

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

A non-vacuum, two-step process has been used to prepare a series of nanocrystalline CuIn1−xGaxSe2 (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1) materials. An open-air solvothermal preparation in triethylenetetramine solvent was followed by annealing at 500 °C in a nitrogen atmosphere for 20 min. All materials have mixed clustered plate, spherical particle, and nanorod morphologies with the smallest particle diameters ranging between 20 and 40 nm. Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirm that indium/gallium ratio control is possible over a wide range. The solvothermal reaction step yields a mixture of chalcopyrite ...


Interface Polarization Coupling In Piezoelectric-Semiconductor Ferroelectric Heterostructures, Venkata M. Voora, Tino Hofmann, M. Brandt, M. Lorenz, M. Grundmann, N. Ashkenov, H. Schmidt, Natale J. Ianno, Mathias Schubert 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Interface Polarization Coupling In Piezoelectric-Semiconductor Ferroelectric Heterostructures, Venkata M. Voora, Tino Hofmann, M. Brandt, M. Lorenz, M. Grundmann, N. Ashkenov, H. Schmidt, Natale J. Ianno, Mathias Schubert

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

We present a dielectric continuum model approach for studying the electrical polarization properties of interface polarization coupled BaTiO3, BaTiO3-ZnO, and ZnO-BaTiO3-ZnO thin-film structures consisting of several hundred nanometer thick layers. Our model augments the effects of electric field driven switchable polarization and depletion layer formation with spontaneous interface polarization coupling. Wurtzite-structure (piezoelectric) n-type ZnO and perovskite-structure (ferroelectric) highly insulating BaTiO3 layers were prepared and investigated. The coupling between the nonswitchable spontaneous polarization of ZnO and the electrically switchable spontaneous polarization of BaTiO3 causes strong asymmetric polarization hysteresis behavior. The n-type ZnO reveals hysteresis-dependent ...


Magneto-Optical Properties Of Cobalt Slanted Columnar Thin Films, Daniel Schmidt, Tino Hofmann, Craig M. Herzinger, Eva Schubert, Mathias Schubert 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Magneto-Optical Properties Of Cobalt Slanted Columnar Thin Films, Daniel Schmidt, Tino Hofmann, Craig M. Herzinger, Eva Schubert, Mathias Schubert

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Magneto-optical properties of ferromagnetic slanted columnar thin films from cobalt made by electron-beam glancing angle deposition are reported. Magneto-optic ellipsometry in the polar Kerr effect configuration was employed to determine the field- and wavelength-dependent complex magneto-optic polarizability parameter within the spectral range from 0.74 to 3.0 eV. Kerr effect measurements and calculations reveal a strong azimuthal dependence for the incident linear polarization with peak Kerr rotation one order of magnitude larger than what has been reported for solid Co thin films.


Variable-Wavelength Frequency-Domain Terahertz Ellipsometry, Tino Hofmann, C. M. Herzinger, A. Boosalis, T. E. Tiwald, John A. Woollam, Mathias Schubert 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Variable-Wavelength Frequency-Domain Terahertz Ellipsometry, Tino Hofmann, C. M. Herzinger, A. Boosalis, T. E. Tiwald, John A. Woollam, Mathias Schubert

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

We report an experimental setup for wavelength-tunable frequency-domain ellipsometric measurements in the terahertz spectral range from 0.2 to 1.5 THz employing a desktop-based backward wave oscillator source. The instrument allows for variable angles of incidence between 30° and 90° and operates in a polarizer-sample-rotating analyzer scheme. The backward wave oscillator source has a tunable base frequency of 107–177 GHz and is augmented with a set of Schottky diode frequency multipliers in order to extend the spectral range to 1.5 THz. We use an odd-bounce image rotation system in combination with a wire grid polarizer to prepare ...


Hydrogen In Inn: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon In Molecular Beam Epitaxy Grown Material, V. Darakchieva, K. Lorenz, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, B. Monemar, Mathias Schubert, N. Franco, C. L. Hsiao, L. C. Chen, W. J. Schaff, L. W. Tu, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Nanishi 2010 Instituto Tecnológico e Nuclear, 2686-953 Sacavém, Portugal

Hydrogen In Inn: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon In Molecular Beam Epitaxy Grown Material, V. Darakchieva, K. Lorenz, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, B. Monemar, Mathias Schubert, N. Franco, C. L. Hsiao, L. C. Chen, W. J. Schaff, L. W. Tu, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Nanishi

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

We study the unintentional H impurities in relation to the free electron properties of state-of-the-art InN films grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Enhanced concentrations of H are revealed in the near surface regions of the films, indicating postgrowth surface contamination by H. The near surface hydrogen could not be removed upon thermal annealing and may have significant implications for the surface and bulk free electron properties of InN. The bulk free electron concentrations were found to scale with the bulk H concentrations while no distinct correlation with dislocation density could be inferred, indicating a major role of hydrogen for ...


Secure Communication Over Fading Channels With Statistical Qos Constraints, Deli Qiao, M. Cenk Gursoy, Senem Velipasalar 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Secure Communication Over Fading Channels With Statistical Qos Constraints, Deli Qiao, M. Cenk Gursoy, Senem Velipasalar

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

In this paper, secure transmission of information over an ergodic fading channel is studied in the presence of statistical quality of service (QoS) constraints.We employ effective capacity to measure the secure throughput of the system, i.e., effective secure throughput. We assume that the channel side information (CSI) of the main and the eavesdropper channels is available at the transmitter side. Under this assumption, we investigate the optimal power control policies that maximize the effective secure throughput. In particular, it is noted that opportunistic transmission is no longer optimal and the transmitter should not wait to send the data ...


A Noncooperative Power Control Game In Multiple-Access Fading Channels With Qos Constraints, Deli Qiao, M. Cenk Gursoy, Senem Velipasalar 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Noncooperative Power Control Game In Multiple-Access Fading Channels With Qos Constraints, Deli Qiao, M. Cenk Gursoy, Senem Velipasalar

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

In this paper, a game-theoretic analysis for the resource allocation policies in fading multiple-access channels (MAC) in the presence of quality of service (QoS) constraints is performed. Effective capacity, which provides the maximum constant arrival rate, or throughput, that a given service process can support while satisfying statistical delay constraints, is considered in a multiuser scenario. We assume that the channel side information (CSI) is available at both the receiver and transmitters, and the transmitters are selfish, rational with certain QoS constraints and average power limitations. Without the aid of the receiver, we prove that there is always a unique ...


Numerical And Analytical Verification Of A Multiscale Computational Model For Impact Problems In Heterogeneous Viscoelastic Materials With Evolving Damage, Bruno Bachiega Araujo 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Numerical And Analytical Verification Of A Multiscale Computational Model For Impact Problems In Heterogeneous Viscoelastic Materials With Evolving Damage, Bruno Bachiega Araujo

Engineering Mechanics Dissertations & Theses

Composites are engineered materials that take advantage of the particular properties of each of its two or more constituents. They are designed to be stronger, lighter and to last longer which can lead to the creation of safer protection gear, more fuel efficient transportation methods and more affordable materials, among other examples.

This thesis proposes a numerical and analytical verification of an in-house developed multiscale model for predicting the mechanical behavior of composite materials with various configurations subjected to impact loading. This verification is done by comparing the results obtained with analytical and numerical solutions with the results found when ...


Protein Adsorption On And Swelling Of Polyelectrolyte Brushes: A Simultaneous Ellipsometry-Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study, Eva Bittrich, Keith B. Rodenhausen Jr., Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Tino Hofmann, Mathias Schubert, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann 2010 Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden

Protein Adsorption On And Swelling Of Polyelectrolyte Brushes: A Simultaneous Ellipsometry-Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study, Eva Bittrich, Keith B. Rodenhausen Jr., Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Tino Hofmann, Mathias Schubert, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

With a coupled spectroscopic ellipsometry-quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) experimental setup, quantitative information can be obtained about the amount of buffer components (water molecules and ions) coupled to a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) brush surface in swelling and protein adsorption processes. PAA Guiselin brushes with more than one anchoring point per single polymer chain were prepared. For the swollen brushes a high amount of buffer was found to be coupled to the brush-solution interface in addition to the content of buffer inside the brush layer. Upon adsorption of bovine serum albumin the further incorporation of buffer molecules into the ...


Crack Nucleation In A Peridynamic Solid, S. A. Silling, O. Weckner, E. Askari, Florin Bobaru Ph.D. 2010 Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

Crack Nucleation In A Peridynamic Solid, S. A. Silling, O. Weckner, E. Askari, Florin Bobaru Ph.D.

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

A condition for the emergence of a discontinuity in an elastic peridynamic body is proposed, resulting in a material stability condition for crack nucleation. The condition is derived by determining whether a small discontinuity in displacement, superposed on a possibly large deformation, grows over time. Stability is shown to be determined by the sign of the eigenvalues of a tensor field that depends only on the linearized material properties. This condition for nucleation of a discontinuity in displacement can be interpreted in terms of the dynamic stability of plane waves with very short wavelength. A numerical example illustrates that cracks ...


Studies Of Dynamic Crack Propagation And Crack Branching With Peridynamics, Youn Doh Ha Ph.D., Florin Bobaru Ph.D. 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Studies Of Dynamic Crack Propagation And Crack Branching With Peridynamics, Youn Doh Ha Ph.D., Florin Bobaru Ph.D.

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

In this paper we discuss the peridynamic analysis of dynamic crack branching in brittle materials and show results of convergence studies under uniform grid refinement (m-convergence) and under decreasing the peridynamic horizon (δ-convergence). Comparisons with experimentally obtained values are made for the crack-tip propagation speed with three different peridynamic horizons.We also analyze the influence of the particular shape of themicro-modulus function and of different materials (Duran 50 glass and soda-lime glass) on the crack propagation behavior. We show that the peridynamic solution for this problem captures all the main features, observed experimentally, of dynamic crack propagation and branching, as ...


Evaluation Of Biological Cell Properties Using Dynamic Indentation Measurement, Guoxin Cao, Namas Chandra 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Evaluation Of Biological Cell Properties Using Dynamic Indentation Measurement, Guoxin Cao, Namas Chandra

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

Viscoelastic mechanical properties of biological cells are commonly measured using atomic force microscope (AFM) dynamic indentation with spherical tips. A semiempirical analysis based on numerical simulation is built to determine the cell mechanical properties. It is shown that the existing analysis cannot reflect the accurate values of cell elastic/dynamic modulus due to the effects of substrate, indenter tip size, and cell size. Among these factors, substrate not only increases the true contact radius but also interferes the indentation stress field, which can cause the overestimation of cell moduli. Typically, the substrate effect is much stronger than the other two ...


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