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Patient-Specific Bone Implants Using Subtractive Rapid Prototyping, Matthew C. Frank, Ashish Mukund Joshi, Donald D. Anderson, Thaddeus P. Thomas, M. James Rudert, Yuki Tochigi, J. Lawrence Marsh, Thomas D. Brown 2010 Iowa State University

Patient-Specific Bone Implants Using Subtractive Rapid Prototyping, Matthew C. Frank, Ashish Mukund Joshi, Donald D. Anderson, Thaddeus P. Thomas, M. James Rudert, Yuki Tochigi, J. Lawrence Marsh, Thomas D. Brown

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This research involves the development of rapid manufacturing for patient-specific bone implants using a Subtractive Rapid Prototyping process. The geometry of segmental defects in bone, resulting from traumatic injury or cancerous tumor resection, can be reverse-engineered from medical images (such as CT scans), and then accurate defect fillers can be automatically generated in advanced synthetic or otherwise bioactive/biocompatible materials. This paper presents a general process planning methodology that begins with CT imaging and results in the automatic generation of process plans for a subtractive RP system. This work uniquely enables the rapid manufacturing of implant fillers with several key ...


Mitochondrial Free [Ca2+] Increases During Atp/Adp Antiport And Adp Phosphorylation: Exploration Of Mechanisms, Johan Haumann, Ranjan K. Dash, David F. Stowe, Age D. Boelens, Daniel A. Beard, Amadou K.S. Camara 2010 Medical College of Wisconsin

Mitochondrial Free [Ca2+] Increases During Atp/Adp Antiport And Adp Phosphorylation: Exploration Of Mechanisms, Johan Haumann, Ranjan K. Dash, David F. Stowe, Age D. Boelens, Daniel A. Beard, Amadou K.S. Camara

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

ADP influx and ADP phosphorylation may alter mitochondrial free [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]m) and consequently mitochondrial bioenergetics by several postulated mechanisms. We tested how [Ca2+]m is affected by H2PO4 (Pi), Mg2+, calcium uniporter activity, matrix volume changes, and the bioenergetic state. We measured [Ca2+]m, membrane potential, redox state, matrix volume, pHm, and O2 consumption in guinea pig heart mitochondria with or without ruthenium red, carboxyatractyloside, or oligomycin, and at several levels of Mg2+ and Pi. Energized mitochondria showed a dose-dependent increase in [Ca2+]m after ...


Nonlinear Acoustics Of Piston-Driven Gas-Column Oscillations, Andrew William Wilson 2010 University of Tennessee Space Institute

Nonlinear Acoustics Of Piston-Driven Gas-Column Oscillations, Andrew William Wilson

Masters Theses

The piston-driven oscillator is traditionally modeled by directly applying boundary conditions to the acoustic wave equations; with better models re-deriving the wave equations but retaining nonlinear and viscous effects. These better models are required as the acoustic solution exhibits singularity near the natural frequencies of the cavity, with an unbounded (and therefore unphysical) solution. Recently, a technique has been developed to model general pressure oscillations in propulsion systems and combustion devices. Here, it is shown that this technique applies equally well to the piston-driven gas-column oscillator; and that the piston experiment provides strong evidence for the validity of the general ...


Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Beef Cattle Managed In A Bedded Hoop-Barn System, Mark S. Honeyman, W. Darrell Busby, Steven M. Lonergan, Anna K. Johnson, Dallas L. Maxwell, Jay D. Harmon, Shawn C. Shouse 2010 Iowa State University

Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Beef Cattle Managed In A Bedded Hoop-Barn System, Mark S. Honeyman, W. Darrell Busby, Steven M. Lonergan, Anna K. Johnson, Dallas L. Maxwell, Jay D. Harmon, Shawn C. Shouse

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The use of bedded hoop barns in finishing systems for beef cattle has not been widely researched. In this management system, beef cattle are confined to hoop barns throughout finishing, and bedding is used to absorb animal waste, which results in minimal effluent. The objective of this study was to compare the performance and carcass characteristics of finishing beef steers (n = 1,428) managed in a bedded hoop-barn management system vs. an open-feedlot system with shelter. Six feeding trials were conducted over a 3-yr period. Three trials were conducted during summer-fall and 3 trials were conducted during winter-spring. Crossbred steers ...


Intricacies Of Professional Certifications For Quality Management (Qm), Edmund R. Martelli 2010 Western Kentucky University

Intricacies Of Professional Certifications For Quality Management (Qm), Edmund R. Martelli

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The modern manufacturing marketplace is extremely complex and constantly changing. Career professionals often seek job placement, career advancement, and continuing education through professional certifications. Professional certifications in the United States (U.S.) have been evolving since 1911. In the 1950s, engineering groups established professional certifications and licenses. In the 1980s, administration of accreditation of certification programs proliferated, and by the 1990s, many government and professional organizations sought to standardize procedures for the industry. Currently, professional certifications are available for virtually every profession and issued by multitudes of organizations.

Quality management (QM) encompasses an extensive combination ofprofessional abilities. Providers of professional ...


Radioisotopic Impurities In Promethium-147 Produced At The Ornl High Flux Isotope Reactor, James Howard Hinderer 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Radioisotopic Impurities In Promethium-147 Produced At The Ornl High Flux Isotope Reactor, James Howard Hinderer

Masters Theses

There is an intense interest in the availability of radioactive isotopes that could be developed into nuclear batteries. Promethium-147 is one of the isotopes of interest for use in nuclear batteries as well as in other compact low power applications. Pm-147 is a pure beta (β-) emitter with a half-life of 2.62 years. For this research, Pm-147 was produced from enriched Nd-146 via the neutron capture method in the Hydraulic Tube facility of HFIR at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Radioisotopic impurities produced via the neutron capture method have significant effects on its potential final use for nuclear battery ...


Quality Assurance In Engineering Education: A Systems Perspective, Mildred Genevieve Louidor 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Quality Assurance In Engineering Education: A Systems Perspective, Mildred Genevieve Louidor

Masters Theses

Engineering education reform has been a topic of discussion for the last twenty years. The concern has only intensified in recent years as stakeholders strive to improve quality in engineering education. Today, stakeholders are recognizing that one of the keys to successful engineering education reform is in taking a systems view of higher education. Academic departments within the higher education system are organized around academic disciplines for the purpose of creating, transferring, and applying knowledge in three principal areas: teaching, research and service. This study addresses the need for quality improvement in the engineering higher education system by first completing ...


Evaluation Of Geometric Scale Effects For Scramjet Isolators, Jaime Enrique Perez 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Evaluation Of Geometric Scale Effects For Scramjet Isolators, Jaime Enrique Perez

Masters Theses

A numerical analysis was conducted to study the effects of geometrically scaling scramjet inlet-combustor isolators. Three-dimensional fully viscous numerical simulation of the flow inside constant area rectangular ducts, with a downstream back pressure condition, was analyzed using the SolidWorks Flow Simulation software. The baseline, or 1X, isolator configuration has a 1” x 2.67” cross section and 20” length. This baseline configuration was scaled up based on the 1X configuration mass flow to 10X and 100X configurations, with ten and one hundred times the mass flow rate, respectively. The isolator aspect ratio of 2.67 was held constant for all ...


Propagation Of Periodic Waves Using Wave Confinement, Paula Cysneiros Sanematsu 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Propagation Of Periodic Waves Using Wave Confinement, Paula Cysneiros Sanematsu

Masters Theses

This thesis studies the behavior of the Eulerian scheme, with "Wave Confinement" (WC), when propagating periodic waves. WC is a recently developed method that was derived from the scheme "vorticity confinement" used in fluid mechanics, and it efficiently solves the linear wave equation. This new method is applicable for numerous simulations such as radio wave propagation, target detection, cell phone and satellite communications.

The WC scheme adds a nonlinear term to the discrete wave equation that adds stability with negative and positive diffusion, conserves integral quantities such as total amplitude and wave speed, and it allows wave propagation over long ...


Dynamic Characteristics Of An Frp Deck Bridge, Jing Song 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Dynamic Characteristics Of An Frp Deck Bridge, Jing Song

Masters Theses

Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) deck has some significant advantages compared to concrete deck in use of bridges, such as light self-weight, high stiffness and strength, good durability and easy to install. FRP deck has already been used in some bridge rehabilitation and short span bridges. But for widely used in bridges, FRP deck bridges still need further research. Currently many research efforts focus on the filed tests of FRP deck bridges. Compared to field tests, Finite element analysis also has great advantages, such as low cost and convenient to conduct. Therefore, in this thesis finite element analysis is conducted by ...


The Synthesis And Crystal Chemistry Of Ca12al14o33 Doped With Fe2o3, Sabina Nwamaka Ude 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Synthesis And Crystal Chemistry Of Ca12al14o33 Doped With Fe2o3, Sabina Nwamaka Ude

Masters Theses

The crystal chemistry of Fe doped mayenite (Ca12Al14-xFexO33) samples prepared using solid state and sol-gel synthesis techniques were compared. Five samples were prepared using solid state process with varying Fe concentration (x) where x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.25 and 0.3; two sets of samples were made via the sol-gel, the first set was prepared for studying the amount of Fe substituted by varying the Fe concentration where x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 and the second set was prepared for studying the firing temperature and did not contain Fe ...


A General Simulation Of An Air Ejector Diffuser System, Derick Thomas Daniel 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

A General Simulation Of An Air Ejector Diffuser System, Derick Thomas Daniel

Masters Theses

A computer model of a blow-down free-jet hypersonic propulsion test facility exists to validate facility control systems as well as predict problems with facility operation. One weakness in this computer model is the modeling of an air ejector diffuser system. Two examples of facilities that could use this ejector diffuser model are NASA Langley Research Center's 8-ft High Temp. Tunnel (HTT) and the Aero-Propulsion Test Unit (APTU) located at Arnold Engineering Development Center. Modeling an air ejector diffuser system for a hypersonic propulsion test facility includes modeling three coupled systems. These are the ejector system, the primary free-jet nozzle ...


Increasing The Structural Engineer’S Influence Over Sustainability By Using Integrated Design Teams, Mary Elizabeth French 2010 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Increasing The Structural Engineer’S Influence Over Sustainability By Using Integrated Design Teams, Mary Elizabeth French

Masters Theses

Sustainability is quickly becoming a “buzz word” in today’s environmentally conscious world from political leaders to building professionals to design experts to consumers as they rethink their impact on current healthy, efficient indoor/outdoor environments as well as long term benefits to future generations.

This paper seeks to investigate ways to increase the structural engineer’s influence over the sustainability of the building industry by using integrated design teams. It explores current practices within the building industry, in particular the housing industry and the ways in which the integrated design team differs from most current practices. It strives to ...


Indirect Compensation Techniques For Three-Stage Fully-Differential Op-Amps, Vishal Saxena, R. Jacob Baker 2010 Boise State University

Indirect Compensation Techniques For Three-Stage Fully-Differential Op-Amps, Vishal Saxena, R. Jacob Baker

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

As CMOS technology continues to evolve, the
supply voltages are decreasing while at the same time the transistor threshold voltages are remaining relatively constant. Making matters worse, the inherent gain available from the nano-CMOS transistors is dropping. Traditional techniques for achieving high-gain by cascoding become less useful in nano-scale CMOS processes. Horizontal cascading (multi-stage) must be used in order to realize high-gain op-amps in low supply voltage processes. This paper discusses indirect compensation techniques for op-amps using split-length devices. A reversed-nested indirect compensated (RNIC) topology, employing double pole-zero cancellation, is illustrated for the design of three-stage op-amps. The RNIC topology ...


Minimizing Valgus Knee Loading During Sidestepping: Implications For Acl Injury Risk, C. Donnelly, D. Lloyd, B. Elliott, Jeffrey Reinbolt 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Minimizing Valgus Knee Loading During Sidestepping: Implications For Acl Injury Risk, C. Donnelly, D. Lloyd, B. Elliott, Jeffrey Reinbolt

Jeffrey A. Reinbolt

No abstract provided.


Pre-Swing Deficits In Forward Propulsion, Swing Initiation And Power Generation By Individual Muscles During Hemiparetic Walking, Carrie Peterson, Allison Kinney, Stephen Kautz, Richard Neptune 2010 University of Texas at Austin

Pre-Swing Deficits In Forward Propulsion, Swing Initiation And Power Generation By Individual Muscles During Hemiparetic Walking, Carrie Peterson, Allison Kinney, Stephen Kautz, Richard Neptune

Allison Kinney

No abstract provided.


Assessing Misconceptions Of Undergraduate Engineering Students In The Thermal Sciences, Michael Prince, M. Vigeant, K. Nottis 2010 Bucknell University

Assessing Misconceptions Of Undergraduate Engineering Students In The Thermal Sciences, Michael Prince, M. Vigeant, K. Nottis

Michael J. Prince

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Particle Properties And Light Polarization On The Plasmonic Resonances In Metallic Nanoparticles, U. Guler, R. Turan 2010 Middle East Technical University

Effect Of Particle Properties And Light Polarization On The Plasmonic Resonances In Metallic Nanoparticles, U. Guler, R. Turan

U. Guler

The resonance behavior of localized surface plasmons in silver and gold nanoparticles was studied in the visible and near-infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Arrays of nano-sized gold (Au) and silver (Ag) particles with different properties were produced with electron-beam lithography technique over glass substrates. The effect of the particle size, shape variations, period, thickness, metal type, substrate type and sulfidation were studied via transmission and reflectance measurements. The results are compared with the theoretical calculations based on the DDA simulations performed by software developed in this study. We propose a new intensity modulation technique based on localized surface plasmons ...


Leading Measures, Michael F. O'Toole Ph.D. 2010 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Leading Measures, Michael F. O'Toole Ph.D.

Michael F O'Toole Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Producer Responsibility And Recycling Solar Photovoltaic Modules, N. C. McDonald, Joshua M. Pearce 2010 Queen's University - Kingston, Ontario

Producer Responsibility And Recycling Solar Photovoltaic Modules, N. C. Mcdonald, Joshua M. Pearce

Joshua M. Pearce

Rapid expansion of the solar photovoltaic (PV) industry is quickly causing solar to play a growing importance in the energy mix of the world. Over the full life cycle, although to a smaller degree than traditional energy sources, PV also creates solid waste. This paper examines the potential need for PV recycling policies by analyzing existing recycling protocols for the five major types of commercialized PV materials. The amount of recoverable semiconductor material and glass in a 1 m2 area solar module for the five types of cells is quantified both physically and the profit potential of recycling is determined ...


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