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Lecture 13: Structure Formation Of Rare-Earth Ions Doped Transparent Glass Ceramics-Nucleation & Crystallization Of Nanocrystals In Glass Matrix, Yuansheng Wang 2010 Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Lecture 13: Structure Formation Of Rare-Earth Ions Doped Transparent Glass Ceramics-Nucleation & Crystallization Of Nanocrystals In Glass Matrix, Yuansheng Wang

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Lecture 10, Part 1: Why Does Glass Break?: Some Considerations Of The Mechanical Properties Of Glass, Richard Brow 2010 Missouri University of Science & Technology

Lecture 10, Part 1: Why Does Glass Break?: Some Considerations Of The Mechanical Properties Of Glass, Richard Brow

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Lecture 2, Part 1: Electrochemical Applications Of Glass: New Functionalities For A Greener Future, Steve Martin 2010 Iowa State University

Lecture 2, Part 1: Electrochemical Applications Of Glass: New Functionalities For A Greener Future, Steve Martin

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Lecture 2, Part 2: Electrochemical Applications Of Glass: New Functionalities For A Greener Future, Steve Martin 2010 Iowa State University

Lecture 2, Part 2: Electrochemical Applications Of Glass: New Functionalities For A Greener Future, Steve Martin

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Lecture 1: Glass And Energy, Herve Arribart 2010 Ecole Superieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles (ESPCI)

Lecture 1: Glass And Energy, Herve Arribart

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Formation And Coarsening Of Ag(110) Bilayer Islands On Nial(110): Stm Analysis And Atomistic Lattice-Gas Modeling, Yong Han, Barış Ünal, Dapeng Jing, Feili Qin, Cynthia J. Jenks, Da-Jiang Liu, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans 2010 Iowa State University

Formation And Coarsening Of Ag(110) Bilayer Islands On Nial(110): Stm Analysis And Atomistic Lattice-Gas Modeling, Yong Han, Barış Ünal, Dapeng Jing, Feili Qin, Cynthia J. Jenks, Da-Jiang Liu, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Scanning tunneling microscopy analysis of the initial stages of film growth during deposition of Ag on NiAl(110) reveals facile formation of bilayer Ag(110) islands at temperatures of 130 K and above. Annealing subsequent to deposition at 130 K induces coarsening of the bilayer island distribution. The thermodynamic driving force for bilayer island formation reflects a lower relative surface energy for films of even layer thicknesses. This feature derives from quantum size effects due to electron confinement in the Ag film. The kinetics of island formation and relaxation is controlled by terrace and edge-diffusion barriers, detachment barriers, interlayer diffusion ...


A Comparison Of Hemodynamic Performance In Mehcanical And Biological Heart Valve Prostheses, Philip Mathew 2010 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

A Comparison Of Hemodynamic Performance In Mehcanical And Biological Heart Valve Prostheses, Philip Mathew

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Heart valve prostheses are used to replace heart valves in patients afflicted with valvular heart disease. The malfunctioning heart valve adversely affects the fluid mechanical performance. While the choice of mechanical VS biological valve prostheses is dependent on the patient, the biological valves should have improved hemodynamic performance compared to the mechanical valves. This work focused on CFD analysis of the Starr-Edwards caged ball valve and a biological valve and serves to validate the improved hemodynamics of the latter valve in comparison to the former. Commercial CFD software (CFD-GEOM, CFD-ACE, CFD-VIEW) are used for the analys is. The main results ...


Microstructural Effects During Chemical Mechanical Planarization Of Copper, Patrick J. Andersen, Mariela N. Bentancur, Amy J. Moll, Megan Frary 2010 Boise State University

Microstructural Effects During Chemical Mechanical Planarization Of Copper, Patrick J. Andersen, Mariela N. Bentancur, Amy J. Moll, Megan Frary

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Novel die-stacking schema using through-wafer interconnects require vias to be filled with electroplated Cu, resulting in thick copper films, and requiring an aggressive first-step CMP. This work investigates the effects of microstructure on CMP of copper films, which are not presently well understood. Bulk and local removal rates were investigated for several different microstructures. Surface orientation maps were created and the orientations of individual grains were correlated with topographical data to elucidate local removal behavior. Cu removal depends on the details of the microstructure, and certain microstructures allowed for either faster or more uniform removal of thick Cu films.


Defending Privacy: The Development And Deployment Of A Darknet, Conor McManamon, Fredrick Mtenzi 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Defending Privacy: The Development And Deployment Of A Darknet, Conor Mcmanamon, Fredrick Mtenzi

Conference papers

New measures imposed by governments, Internet service providers and other third parties which threaten the state of privacy are also opening new avenues to protecting it. The unwarranted scrutiny of legitimate services such as file hosters and the BitTorrent protocol, once relatively unknown to the casual Internet user, is becoming more obvious. The darknet is a rising contender against these new measures and will preserve the default right to privacy of Internet users. A darknet is defined in the context of file sharing as a network which operates on top of another network such as the Internet for the purpose ...


Navigating The Corridors Of Power : Using Rfid And Compass Sensors For Robot Localisation And Navigation, Yan Lee, Brian Mac Namee, John Kelleher 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Navigating The Corridors Of Power : Using Rfid And Compass Sensors For Robot Localisation And Navigation, Yan Lee, Brian Mac Namee, John Kelleher

Conference papers

Localisation and navigation are still of the most important issues in mobile robotics. In certain indoor application scenarios Radio frequency identification (RFID) based absolute localisation has been found to be especially successful in supporting navigation. In this paper we examine the feasibility of an RFID and compass based approach to robot localisation and navigation for indoor environments that are dominated by corridors. We present a proof of concept system and show how it can be used to localized within and navigate through an environment.


Helmsman, Set A Course : Using A Compass And Rfid Tags For Indoor Localisation And Navigation, Yan Li, Brian Mac Namee, John Kelleher 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Helmsman, Set A Course : Using A Compass And Rfid Tags For Indoor Localisation And Navigation, Yan Li, Brian Mac Namee, John Kelleher

Conference papers

Localisation and navigation are still two of the most important issues in mobile robotics. In certain indoor application scenarios RFID (radio frequency identification)-based absolute localisation has been found to be especially successful in supporting navigation. In this paper we evaluate the feasibility of an RFID and compass based approach to robot localisation and navigation for indoor environments that are dominated by corridors. We describe our system and evaluate its performance in a small, but full-scale, test environment.


Evaluating Sensorineural Hearing Loss With An Auditory Nerve Model Using A Mean Structural Similarity Measure, Andrew Hines, Naomi Harte 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Evaluating Sensorineural Hearing Loss With An Auditory Nerve Model Using A Mean Structural Similarity Measure, Andrew Hines, Naomi Harte

Conference papers

Hearing loss research has traditionally been based on perceptual criteria, speech intelligibility and threshold levels. The development of computational models of the auditory-periphery has allowed experimentation via simulation to provide quantitative, repeatable results at a more granular level than would be practical with clinical research on human subjects. This work seeks to create an objective measure to automate this inspection process and ranks hearing losses based on auditory-nerve discharge patterns. A systematic way of assessing phonemic degradation using the outputs of an auditory nerve model for a range of sensorineural hearing losses would aid in rapid prototyping development of speech-processing ...


Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Demonstration Network (Nawmdn): Integrating Research And Extension/Outreach, Suat Irmak, Jennifer M. Rees, Gary L. Zoubek, Brandy S. van DeWalle, William R. Rathje, Rodney DeBuhr, Dan Leininger, Darrel D. Siekman, James W. Schneider, Andrew P. Christiansen 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Demonstration Network (Nawmdn): Integrating Research And Extension/Outreach, Suat Irmak, Jennifer M. Rees, Gary L. Zoubek, Brandy S. Van Dewalle, William R. Rathje, Rodney Debuhr, Dan Leininger, Darrel D. Siekman, James W. Schneider, Andrew P. Christiansen

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Maximizing the net benefits of irrigated plant production through appropriately designed agricultural water management programs is of growing importance in Nebraska, and other western and Midwestern states, because many areas are involved in management and policy changes to conserve irrigation water. In Nebraska, farmers are being challenged to practice conservation methods and use water resources more efficiently while meeting plant water requirements and maintaining high yields. Another challenge Nebraska experiences in it's approximately 3.5‐million‐ha irrigated lands is limited adoption of newer technologies/tools to help farmers better manage irrigation, conserve water and energy, and increase plant ...


On The Dynamics Of Canopy Resistance: Generalized Linear Estimation And Relationships With Primary Micrometeorological Variables, Suat Irmak, Denis Mutiibwa 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

On The Dynamics Of Canopy Resistance: Generalized Linear Estimation And Relationships With Primary Micrometeorological Variables, Suat Irmak, Denis Mutiibwa

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

The 1‐D and single layer combination‐based energy balance Penman‐Monteith (PM) model has limitations in practical application due to the lack of canopy resistance (rc) data for different vegetation surfaces. rc could be estimated by inversion of the PM model if the actual evapotranspiration (ETa) rate is known, but this approach has its own set of issues. Instead, an empirical method of estimating rc is suggested in this study. We investigated the relationships between primary micrometeorological parameters and rc and developed seven models to estimate rc for a nonstressed maize canopy on an ...


161. The Potential Role Of Extensor Muscle Fatigue In The Onset Of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Novel In Vivo Model, Mary Beth M. Grabowsky, Nicholas A. Pallota, Matthew W. Connelly, Brett Van Etten, Rebecca A. Wachs, Max Alley, Joseph C. Glennon, Andrew H. Dubin, John W. German, Richard L. Uhl, Eric H. Ledet 2010 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

161. The Potential Role Of Extensor Muscle Fatigue In The Onset Of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Novel In Vivo Model, Mary Beth M. Grabowsky, Nicholas A. Pallota, Matthew W. Connelly, Brett Van Etten, Rebecca A. Wachs, Max Alley, Joseph C. Glennon, Andrew H. Dubin, John W. German, Richard L. Uhl, Eric H. Ledet

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Occupation is strongly correlated to low back pain (LBP). Specific occupational activities associated with low back pain include poor posture, whole body vibration, and repetitive lifting. These activities have a common link: they result in fatigue of the primary spinal extensor musculature. This fatigue may lead to increased intervertebral loading - a stimulus for disc degeneration. If true, this association could provide a vital connection between detrimental physical activities and LBP. However, the link between muscle fatigue and increased load across the disc space has never been quantified in vivo.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop ...


Opto-Electrophoretic Detection Of Bio-Molecules Using Conducting Chalcogenide Glass Sensors, Zhiyong Yang, Megan K. Fah, Kelly A. Reynolds, Jonathan D. Sexton, Mark R. Riley, Marie-Laure Anne, Bruno Bureau, Pierre Lucas 2010 University of Arizona

Opto-Electrophoretic Detection Of Bio-Molecules Using Conducting Chalcogenide Glass Sensors, Zhiyong Yang, Megan K. Fah, Kelly A. Reynolds, Jonathan D. Sexton, Mark R. Riley, Marie-Laure Anne, Bruno Bureau, Pierre Lucas

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Novel telluride glasses with high electrical conductivity, wide infrared transparency and good resistance to crystallization are used to design an opto-electrophoretic sensor for detection and identification of hazardous microorganisms. The sensor is based on an attenuated total reflectance element made of Ge-As-Te glass that serves as both an optical sensing zone and an electrode for driving the migration of bio-molecules within the evanescent wave of the sensor. An electric field is applied between the optical element and a counter electrode in order to induce the migration of bio-molecules carrying surface charges. The effect of concentration and applied voltage is tested ...


Numerically Predicting Seepage Gradient Forces And Erosion: Sensitivity To Soil Hydraulic Properties, Garey A. Fox, Derek M. Heeren, Glenn V. Wilson, E. J. Langendoen, Amanda K. Fox, Maria L. Chu-Agor 2010 Oklahoma State University - Main Campus

Numerically Predicting Seepage Gradient Forces And Erosion: Sensitivity To Soil Hydraulic Properties, Garey A. Fox, Derek M. Heeren, Glenn V. Wilson, E. J. Langendoen, Amanda K. Fox, Maria L. Chu-Agor

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Research has suggested that streambank seepage can be an important mechanism of bank instability; however, limited information is available on the level of soil characterization necessary to accurately predict seepage gradient forces and erosion. The objective of this research was to quantify the expected range of predicted seepage gradients for various degrees of site characterization. Uncertainty analysis on seepage gradient predictions was performed relative to variability in soil hydraulic properties. A two-dimensional unsaturated/saturated groundwater flow model was used to simulate a homogeneous soil layer for sand and loamy sand soils packed at various bulk densities, ρb. A pedotransfer ...


Net Radiation Dynamics: Performance Of 20 Daily Net Radiation Models As Related To Model Structure And Intricacy In Two Climates, Suat Irmak, Denis Mutiibwa, José O. Payero 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Net Radiation Dynamics: Performance Of 20 Daily Net Radiation Models As Related To Model Structure And Intricacy In Two Climates, Suat Irmak, Denis Mutiibwa, José O. Payero

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

We compared daily net radiation (Rn) estimates from 19 methods with the ASCE‐EWRI Rn estimates in two climates: Clay Center, Nebraska (sub‐humid) and Davis, California (semi‐arid) for the calendar year. The performances of all 20 methods, including the ASCE‐EWRI Rn method, were then evaluated against Rn data measured over a non‐stressed maize canopy during two growing seasons in 2005 and 2006 at Clay Center. Methods differ in terms of inputs, structure, and equation intricacy. Most methods differ in estimating the cloudiness factor, emissivity (α), and calculating net longwave radiation (Rnl ...


Testing Fuel Efficiency Of A Tractor With A Continuously Variable Transmission, Bart A. Coffman, Michael F. Kocher, Viacheslav I. Adamchuk, Roger M. Hoy, Erin E. Blankenship 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Testing Fuel Efficiency Of A Tractor With A Continuously Variable Transmission, Bart A. Coffman, Michael F. Kocher, Viacheslav I. Adamchuk, Roger M. Hoy, Erin E. Blankenship

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

A John Deere 8530 IVT tractor (Waterloo, Iowa) with a continuously variable transmission (CVT) that could be operated in automatic (CVT) or manual (fixed gear ratio) mode was tested for fuel consumption at a setpoint travel speed of 9 km·h‐1 with 17 different drawbar loads. Linear regression analysis results showed that with the throttle set to maximum in both transmission modes, operating the tractor with the transmission in the automatic mode was more fuel efficient than operating with the transmission in the manual mode when the drawbar power was approximately 78%, or less, of maximum power. When load ...


Testing Of Rtk-Level Satellite-Based Tractor Auto-Guidance Using A Visual Sensor System, Dwight Easterly, Viacheslav I. Adamchuk, Roger M. Hoy, Michael F. Kocher 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Testing Of Rtk-Level Satellite-Based Tractor Auto-Guidance Using A Visual Sensor System, Dwight Easterly, Viacheslav I. Adamchuk, Roger M. Hoy, Michael F. Kocher

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

The use of satellite-based positioning has advanced considerably in the world of agriculture, providing a range of technical solutions that include the automated steering of tractors and self-propelled machinery. With the development of auto-guidance systems comes the need to evaluate their performance. Given that current precision and accuracy claims are relatively small in magnitude, it is imperative there be a testing system capable of detecting errors with ten times greater accuracy-- possibly as little as a few millimeters. A visual sensor was adopted to achieve this level of measurement resolution. The sensor was used to determine the cross-track error estimates ...


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