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Cloaked Near-Field Scanning Optical Microscope Tip For Noninvasive Near-Field Imaging, Andrea Alù, Nader Engheta 2010 University of Texas at Austin

Cloaked Near-Field Scanning Optical Microscope Tip For Noninvasive Near-Field Imaging, Andrea Alù, Nader Engheta

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Near-field imaging is a well-established technique in biomedical measurements, since closer to the detail of interest it is possible to resolve subwavelength details otherwise unresolved by regular lenses. A near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) tip may indeed overcome the resolution limits of far-field optics, but its proximity inherently perturbs the measurement. Here, we apply the recent concept of a ‘‘cloaked sensor’’ to an NSOM device in collection mode, showing theoretically how a proper plasmonic cover applied to an NSOM tip may drastically improve its overall measurement capabilities.


A Multicriteria Based Quantitative Framework For Assessing Sustainability Of Pile Foundations, Aditi Misra 2010 University of Connecticut - Storrs

A Multicriteria Based Quantitative Framework For Assessing Sustainability Of Pile Foundations, Aditi Misra

Master's Theses

ABSTRACT

Civil Engineering is the major instrument of anthropocentric development over centuries through ever expanding infrastructure, cities and facilities. Civil engineering processes are both resource and fuel intensive. The building industry alone, during the construction stage, uses about 30-40% of the total resources used in the industrialized countries. There is a growing consensus that delivering a sustainable built environment starts with incorporating sustainability thoughts at the planning and design stages of a project. Geotechnical engineering is most resource intensive although this intensive consumption of energy goes unnoticed mainly because of the indirect nature of the energy used in the form ...


Dayalbagh Educational Institute Soft Computing Edge Cutting Technology Lab (Deisel), D. Chaturvedi 2010 Dayalbagh Educational Institute

Dayalbagh Educational Institute Soft Computing Edge Cutting Technology Lab (Deisel), D. Chaturvedi

D. K. Chaturvedi Dr.

Dayalbagh Educational Institute Soft Computing Edge Cutting Technology Lab (DEISEL) Group consiting of a Professor Incharge, four Teaching Staff members, five Non-Teaching Staff members, five Ph.D. Students, six M. Tech. Students. The objective of DEISEL is to to exploit the tolerance for imprecision uncertainty, approximate reasoning and partial truth to achieve tractability, robustness, low solution cost, and close resemblance with human like decision making to find an approximate solution to an imprecisely/precisely formulated problem. The challenge is to exploit the tolerance for imprecision by devising methods of computation which lead to an acceptable solution at low cost. This ...


Silicon Oxide Micromodule Capacitors, W. B. Nowak, J. J. O'Connor 2010 Cornell-Dubilier Electric Corporation

Silicon Oxide Micromodule Capacitors, W. B. Nowak, J. J. O'Connor

Welville B. Nowak

Silicon oxide capacitors have been developed on micromodule wafers (0.310-in. sq. with three termination notches per side). Each microelement contains 1, 2, 3, or 4 capacitors with values of 1120 and 560, 180, 100 and 68 pf per capacitor, respectively. The 1120 pf capacitor is double layered. In addition to the general requirements of microelements and micromodules, some of the more important specifications these capacitors must meet are: dissipation factor (DF) not exceeding 0.015, insulation resistance (IR) at 50 volts exceeding 10,000 megohms (25°C) and 750 megohms (125°c), 50 WVDC and 150 volts dielectric withstanding ...


Structural And Magnetic Characterization Of Amorphous Gd₂Fe₁₄B Thin Films, S. E. Bushnell, P. C. Dorsey, W. B. Nowak, C. Vittoria 2010 Northeastern University

Structural And Magnetic Characterization Of Amorphous Gd₂Fe₁₄B Thin Films, S. E. Bushnell, P. C. Dorsey, W. B. Nowak, C. Vittoria

Welville B. Nowak

Thin amorphous films of nominal composition Gd₂Fe₁₄B were fabricated on Si (100) substrates using ion‐beam sputtering for the purpose of establishing their structural and magnetic properties at room temperature. X‐ray‐diffraction scans performed on as‐deposited and annealed films revealed an amorphous structure. The as‐deposited saturation magnetization was found to be 8101 G at room temperature suggesting ferrimagnetic ordering with anti‐parallel coupling similar to other heavy rare earth‐transition metal systems. Results from in‐plane and perpendicular ferromagnetic resonance experiments conducted at 9.108 GHz showed the films to be inhomogeneous. This was evident from the ...


The Measurement Of Magnetostriction Constants Of Thin Films Using Planar Microwave Devices And Ferromagnetic Resonance, S. E. Bushnell, W. B. Nowak, S. A. Oliver, C. Vittoria 2010 Northeastern University

The Measurement Of Magnetostriction Constants Of Thin Films Using Planar Microwave Devices And Ferromagnetic Resonance, S. E. Bushnell, W. B. Nowak, S. A. Oliver, C. Vittoria

Welville B. Nowak

In this paper we introduce a new technique for measuring the saturation magnetostriction constant (λs) for isotropic polycrystalline thin films. The technique makes use of nonresonant planar microwave structures together with a novel stressing mechanism to induce a shift in the resonant field of a magnetic thin film as measured by a ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) experiment. Measurement of the shift induced by a uniaxial stress allows for determination of λs via a magnetic resonance analysis. Either a slotline device or coplanar waveguide (CPW) was used as the source of the microwave excitation field depending upon the orientation of the dc ...


Magnetic And Structural Investigation Of Heat Treated Ion Beam Sputtered Amorphous Co₇₄Fe₆B₁₅Si₅ Films, V. G. Harris, S. A. Oliver, W. B. Nowak, C. Vittoria, R. J. Culbertson, W. T. Elam, K. H. Kim 2010 Northeastern University

Magnetic And Structural Investigation Of Heat Treated Ion Beam Sputtered Amorphous Co₇₄Fe₆B₁₅Si₅ Films, V. G. Harris, S. A. Oliver, W. B. Nowak, C. Vittoria, R. J. Culbertson, W. T. Elam, K. H. Kim

Welville B. Nowak

As-deposited and annealed specimens of ion beam sputtered amorphous Co₇₄Fe₆B₁₅Si₅ thin films were examined to explore the correlation between changes in magnetic properties and atomic structure. Specimens were characterized magnetically, by traditional ac and dc techniques and structurally, via conversion-electron extended x-ray absorption fine structure analysis. Results show significant ordering of the higher order atomic shells around the transition metal ions well below the crystallization temperature. This ordering evolves into a body- centered-cubic configuration around both the Co and Fe ions. Increases in nearest neighbor peak positions in the EXAFS Fourier transforms were observed to correlate with increasing annealing temperatures ...


Magnetic And Microwave Properties Of Ion-Beam-Sputtered Amorphous FeₓCo₈₀₋ₓB₁₅Si₅ Films, V. G. Harris, S. A. Oliver, W. B. Nowak, C. Vittoria 2010 Northeastern University

Magnetic And Microwave Properties Of Ion-Beam-Sputtered Amorphous FeₓCo₈₀₋ₓB₁₅Si₅ Films, V. G. Harris, S. A. Oliver, W. B. Nowak, C. Vittoria

Welville B. Nowak

Magnetically soft amorphous films of FeₓCo₈₀₋ₓB₁₅Si₅ (x = 0, 6, 23, 40, 70, 80) were ion beam sputter deposited onto fused quartz for static and microwave magnetic characterization. Films ranged in thickness from 220 to 260 nm and were deposited at rates of 0.1-0.2 nm/s. Saturation magnetization, coercivity, and loop squareness values were extracted from hysteresis loops generated by a vibrating sample magnetometer. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements were taken using a 9.5-GHz cavity with the applied magnetic field both parallel and perpendicular to the plane of the film, yielding values for the g factor, anisotropy field, effective ...


Effects Of Boron Implantation In Films Of Iron-Nickel, J. Ryu, K. Castell, W. Nowak, C. Vittoria 2010 Northeastern University

Effects Of Boron Implantation In Films Of Iron-Nickel, J. Ryu, K. Castell, W. Nowak, C. Vittoria

Welville B. Nowak

We have implanted boron ions into films of Fe-Ni alloy composition. A homogeneous distribution of boron was determined from the sputter Auger analysis with a concentration of 18% and 34% for low- and high-dose implantation, respectively. The resistivity of film was increased by a factor of 2 and 4 as a result of low- and high-dose implantation, respectively. The magnetic properties of these films are studied as a function of annealing temperature by using FMR measurements. Both the uniaxial anisotropy field and FMR linewidth are dramatically decreased as a result of annealing at elevated temperatures. The changes of effective magnetization ...


An Integrated Approach For Phytate Degradation And Recovery Of Myo-Inositol And Phosphate As Valued-Added Products From The By-Products Of Corn Ethanol Industry, Jun Dang 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

An Integrated Approach For Phytate Degradation And Recovery Of Myo-Inositol And Phosphate As Valued-Added Products From The By-Products Of Corn Ethanol Industry, Jun Dang

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering Theses, Dissertations, & Student Research

An integrated process was developed to hydrolyze the phytates in light steep water (LSW) and to simultaneously isolate inorganic phosphate (Pi) and myo-inositol products. The proposed integrated process is helpful in resolving the environmental and nutritional concerns in the use of corn gluten feed (CGF) in the animal diets. This process comprised of partial and total hydrolysis of LSW and intermediate anion exchange separation technique. The phytates in LSW were initially degraded to negatively charged myo-inositol phosphates (InsP2 - InsP5). The optimized experimental parameters for the partial hydrolysis of LSW were determined to be 2 h hydrolysis with 1 ...


Parallelization Of Geant4 Using Top-C And Marshalgen, Gene D. Cooperman, Viet Ha Nguyen, Igor Maliutov 2010 Northeastern University

Parallelization Of Geant4 Using Top-C And Marshalgen, Gene D. Cooperman, Viet Ha Nguyen, Igor Maliutov

Gene D. Cooperman

Geant4 is a very large, highly accurate toolkit for Monte Carlo simulation of particle-matter interaction. It has been applied to high-energy physics, cosmic ray modeling, radiation shields, radiation therapy, mine detection, and other areas. Geant4 is being used to help design some high energy physics experiments (notably CMS and Atlas) to be run on the future large hadron collider: the largest particle collider in the world. The parallelization, ParGeant4, represents a challenge due to the unique characteristics of Geant4: (i) complex object-oriented design; (ii) intrinsic use of templates and abstract classes to be instantiated later by the end user; (iii ...


A Semantic Web Services Architecture, Mark Burstein, Christoph Bussler, Michal Zaremba, Tim Finn, Michael N. Huhns, Massimo Paolucci, Amit P. Sheth, Stuart Williams 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

A Semantic Web Services Architecture, Mark Burstein, Christoph Bussler, Michal Zaremba, Tim Finn, Michael N. Huhns, Massimo Paolucci, Amit P. Sheth, Stuart Williams

Michael N. Huhns

The semantic Web services initiative architecture (SWSA) committee has created a set of architectural and protocol abstractions that serve as a foundation for semantic Web service technologies. This article summarizes the committee's findings, emphasizing its review of requirements gathered from several different environments. We also identify the scope and potential requirements for a semantic Web services architecture.


Research Directions For Service-Oriented Multiagent Systems, Michael Huhns, Munindar Singh, Mark Burstein, Keith Decker, Edmund Durfee, Tim Finin, Les Gasser, Hrishikesh Goradia, Nick Jennings, Kiran Lakkaraju, Hideyuki Nakashima, H. Van Dyke Parunak, Jeffrey Rosenschein, Alicia Ruvinsky, Gita Sukthankar, Samarth Swarup, Katia Sycara, Milind Tambe, Tom Wagner, Laura Zavala 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Research Directions For Service-Oriented Multiagent Systems, Michael Huhns, Munindar Singh, Mark Burstein, Keith Decker, Edmund Durfee, Tim Finin, Les Gasser, Hrishikesh Goradia, Nick Jennings, Kiran Lakkaraju, Hideyuki Nakashima, H. Van Dyke Parunak, Jeffrey Rosenschein, Alicia Ruvinsky, Gita Sukthankar, Samarth Swarup, Katia Sycara, Milind Tambe, Tom Wagner, Laura Zavala

Michael N. Huhns

Today's service-oriented systems realize many ideas from the research conducted a decade or so ago in multiagent systems. Because these two fields are so deeply connected, further advances in multiagent systems could feed into tomorrow's successful service-oriented computing approaches. This article describes a 15-year roadmap for service-oriented multiagent system research.


Workflow Agents, Michael Huhns, Munindar Singh 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Workflow Agents, Michael Huhns, Munindar Singh

Michael N. Huhns

Software agents as user agents, resource agents, and brokers may be able to enhance usefulness of workflow applications. Workflow technology is important to network computing because workflows exist naturally wherever distributed resources are interrelated. The problem with current workflow technology is that it is often too rigid. The lack of freedom accorded to human participants causes workflow management systems to appear unfriendly. As a result, they are often ignored or circumvented. This rigidity also causes productivity losses by making it harder to accommodate the flexible, ad hoc reasoning of human intelligence. Another challenge is that system requirements are rarely static ...


Agent Teams: Building And Implementing Software, Michael Huhns 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Agent Teams: Building And Implementing Software, Michael Huhns

Michael N. Huhns

Agents will become fundamental building blocks for general-purpose Internet-based software. The software may not display any explicitly agent-like characteristics, but it will exhibit the benefits of tolerance to errors, ease of maintenance, adaptability to change, and speed of construction that agents provide. Moreover, an agent-based approach to software development can lead to new types of software solutions that might not otherwise be obvious. The author considers how an approach based on teams of active, cooperative, and persistent software components, that is agents, shows special promise in enabling the rapid construction of robust and reusable software.


An Ontology Tool For Distributed Information Environments, Kuhanandha Mahalingam, Michael Huhns 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

An Ontology Tool For Distributed Information Environments, Kuhanandha Mahalingam, Michael Huhns

Michael N. Huhns

This paper describes how ontologies can be used for query formulation and semantic reconciliation in large distributed information environments. It presents a tool, written in Java, that can be used to create and browse ontologies, and construct ontology-based queries. The tool incorporates several abstraction mechanisms that enable users to manage large ontologies, which are typical of large information environments. The tool is being applied to an information system for healthcare administrators, which spans hospitals, clinics, and governmental health departments.


Ontologies For Agents, Michael Huhns, Munindar Singh 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Ontologies For Agents, Michael Huhns, Munindar Singh

Michael N. Huhns

An ontology is a computational model of some portion of the world. It is often captured in some form of a semantic network-a graph whose nodes are concepts or individual objects and whose arcs represent relationships or associations among the concepts. This network is augmented by properties and attributes, constraints, functions, and rules that govern the behavior of the concepts. Formally, an ontology is an agreement about a shared conceptualization, which includes frameworks for modeling domain knowledge and agreements about the representation of particular domain theories. Definitions associate the names of entities in a universe of discourse (for example, classes ...


Being And Acting Rational, Michael Huhns 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Being And Acting Rational, Michael Huhns

Michael N. Huhns

Rationality alone is insufficient to specify agent design. Using economic theory, we can program agents to behave in ways that maximize their utility while responding to environmental changes. However, economic models for agents, although general in principle, are typically limited in practice because the value functions that are tractable essentially reduce an agent to acting selfishly. Building a stable social system from a collection of agents motivated by self-serving interests is difficult. Finally, understanding rationality and knowledge requires interdisciplinary results from artificial intelligence, distributed.


Resource Integration Using A Large Knowledge Base In Carnot, Christine Collet, Michael Huhns, Wei-Min Shen 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Resource Integration Using A Large Knowledge Base In Carnot, Christine Collet, Michael Huhns, Wei-Min Shen

Michael N. Huhns

A method for integrating separately developed information resources that overcomes incompatibilities in syntax and semantics and permits the resources to be accessed and modified coherently is described. The method provides logical connectivity among the information resources via a semantic service layer that automates the maintenance of data integrity and provides an approximation of global data integration across systems. This layer is a fundamental part of the Carnot architecture, which provides tools for interoperability across global enterprises.


Negotiating For Goods And Services, Michael Huhns, Anuj Malhotra 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Negotiating For Goods And Services, Michael Huhns, Anuj Malhotra

Michael N. Huhns

Can a negotiation protocol be both fair and “envy-free” when more than two agents are involved? The authors consider how envy-free apportioning is more difficult than fair apportioning, but both can help to manage critical resources. They discuss an envy-free protocol and agent-based Web auctions.


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