Barrier Coatings For Thin Film Solar Cells: Final Subcontract Report, 2010 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Barrier Coatings For Thin Film Solar Cells: Final Subcontract Report, L. C. Olsen
This program has involved investigations of the stability of CdTe and copper-indium-gallium-diselenide (CIGS) solar cells under damp heat conditions and effects of barrier coatings. CdTe and CIGS cells were subjected to environmental conditions characterized by 60ºC and 90% relative humidity (60/90), and to some extent 85ºC and 85 % relative humidity (85/85). Barrier coating technology developed at PNNL for OLEDs was used to investigate approaches to encapsulation of the two types of thin film solar cells. Moisture barriers consisting of multi-layer coatings involving alternating layers of polymer and aluminum oxide were deposited directly onto the front surface of CIGS ...
Solar Power And The Electric Grid, Energy Analysis, 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Solar Power And The Electric Grid, Energy Analysis, Nrel Energy Analysis
In today’s electricity generation system, different resources make different contributions to the electricity grid. This fact sheet illustrates the roles of distributed and centralized renewable energy technologies, particularly solar power, and how they will contribute to the future electricity system. The advantages of a diversified mix of power generation systems are highlighted.
Consortia Focused On Photovoltaic R&D, Manufacturing, And Testing: A Review Of Existing Models And Structures, 2010 New West Technologies, LLC
Consortia Focused On Photovoltaic R&D, Manufacturing, And Testing: A Review Of Existing Models And Structures, C. Coggeshall, R. M. Margolis
As the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Solar Energy Technologies Program prepares to initiate a new cost-shared research and development (R&D) effort on photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing, it is useful to review the experience to date with consortia focused on PV R&D, manufacturing, and testing. Information was gathered for this report by conducting interviews and accessing Web sites of 14 U.S. consortia and four European consortia, each with either a primary focus on or an emerging interest in PV technology R&D, manufacturing, or testing. Additional input was collected from several workshops held by the ...
Performance Of A Stormwater Filter And Bacteria Inactivation Using Biocidal Media, 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Performance Of A Stormwater Filter And Bacteria Inactivation Using Biocidal Media, Alexander Scott Bowerman
Master's Theses and Project Reports
There are many possible ways to mitigate stormwater pollution, but this study focused on the DrainPacTM catchment basin insert and the feasibility of integrating N-halamine biocidal brominated beads into the filter system. This study was divided into three sections. The first section involved testing a DrainPacTM filter for treatable flow rates, head loss, and removal of solids, oil, and bacteria. The DrainPacTM filter is designed to be installed in a stormwater catch basin. The filter is composed of a 12 x 41 inch metal frame with textile filter media attached to it in a basket shape. The upper portion of ...
A Prediction Of The Acoustical Output Of A Golf Driver Head Using Finite Elements, 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
A Prediction Of The Acoustical Output Of A Golf Driver Head Using Finite Elements, Roger Sharpe
Master's Theses and Project Reports
A simulation was created using LS-DYNA® to determine the acoustical properties of a golf ball and golf driver head impact. LS-DYNA® has a coupled finite element analysis (FEA) and boundary element method (BEM) solver that uses the integral form of Helmholtz’s acoustic wave equation to deliver predicted sound pressure levels at predetermined acoustic points. Validation of the modeling was done on a simple plate donated by Titleist Golf. The plate was modeled and meshed using TrueGrid and impacted by a three layer golf ball model derived from “Tanka’s” paper on multilayered golf balls. The final converging model consisted ...
St Monitoring On The Programmer For Implantable Cardioverter Devices, 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
St Monitoring On The Programmer For Implantable Cardioverter Devices, Sarina Satya
Master's Theses and Project Reports
Cardiovascular disease is one of the most prevalent causes of death which has a high mortality rate. If identified early and treated appropriately, the mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease can be hugely reduced. For several decades, 12-Lead ECG has been the standard technique used to identify ischemia, and recent studies have shown that intracardiac electrogram has many benefits over external monitoring such as holter. ST Monitoring feature has been added to St. Jude Medical intracardiac cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) to leverage the ECG technology for identifying cardiovascular disease. This algorithm monitors the intracardiac electrogram to detect and report patterns which ...
Influence Of Material Type, Aggregate Size, And Unconfined Compressive Strength On Water Jetting Of Cidh Pile Anomalies, 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Influence Of Material Type, Aggregate Size, And Unconfined Compressive Strength On Water Jetting Of Cidh Pile Anomalies, Joseph Carl Heavin
Master's Theses and Project Reports
Water jetting as a means for removing anomalous materials from cast-in-drilled-hole (CIDH) piles was examined. The primary objective of this research was to establish empirical relationships between different jetting parameters and the removal of commonly occurring anomalous zone materials, including low-strength concrete, slurry mixed concrete, grout, and clay soil. Also investigated was the current standard-of-practice used by water jetting contractors within California. The testing specimens consisted of typical anomalous material with unconfined compressive strengths between 5 and 6,000 psi. The experimental work consisted of water blasting submerged specimens using rotary jets, nozzles, and pumping equipment typically used in construction ...
Rebuilding After Disaster - Engineering Lessons From The 2004 Tsunami, 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology
Rebuilding After Disaster - Engineering Lessons From The 2004 Tsunami, Liam Mccarton
On 26th December 2004 a magnitude 9 earthquake occurred off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The sudden and violent vertical displacement of the sea floor caused a disturbance to the overlying water column, which generated waves (tsunami) that propagated rapidly across the whole of the Indian Ocean. Typically, in open ocean waters, these waves have long wavelengths of the order of 200km and low trough to crest amplitudes. These properties allow them to conserve energy as they propagate over large distances. As the waves enter the shallower waters of coastal areas, their amplitude increases dramatically and their velocity ...
Simulation Of Traffic Loading On Highway Bridges, 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology
Simulation Of Traffic Loading On Highway Bridges, Bernard Enright
This work is based on weigh-in-motion measurements for approximately three million trucks obtained from sites in five European countries. Techniques have been developed, supported by photographic evidence, for filtering the measurements to identify and remove unreliable values, and for the classification of extremely heavy vehicles. The collected measurements have been used as the basis for building and calibrating a Monte Carlo simulation model for bridge loading. Two-lane traffic is simulated – either two lanes in the same direction or one lane in each direction. The model allows for vehicles that are both heavier and have more axles than in the measured ...
Novel Ac Side P&O Maximum Power Transfer Control For Grid Connected Photovoltaic Systems, 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology
Novel Ac Side P&O Maximum Power Transfer Control For Grid Connected Photovoltaic Systems, Mohamed Moin Hanif, Malabika Basu, Kevin Gaughan
Grid connected Photovoltaic inverters can convert PV energy into electricity with very high efficiencies. Power from the PV panels fluctuates depending on various weather conditions. PV inverters usually include a maximum power point tracker (MPPT) to track this varying power, in order to transfer all the available power to the grid efficiently. Control of power transferred to the grid along with the MPPT plays a crucial role in determining the efficiency of a PV system. This paper discusses about the basic power transfer theory between sources (PV and Grid) and focuses on the need of a DC-DC boost circuit, along ...
Building A Successful Transatlantic Collaboration In Engineering/Technological Education; Lessons From A Six Year Journey, 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology
Building A Successful Transatlantic Collaboration In Engineering/Technological Education; Lessons From A Six Year Journey, Donal Mchale, Mark Mcgrath, John Lawlor
This paper reflects on key learning’s from the first six-years (2004-2010) of the development of a collaborative journey of two trans-Atlantic higher-educational institutions. It describes the progress towards building a sustainable and innovative international educational partnership in Engineering/Technological education between the Dublin Institute of Technology,DublinIrelandandPurdue University,Indiana,USA.
In particular, the paper provides insight into the iterative stages of development of this relationship. It reflects on some of the key challenges and it recognises the critical enablers of success. It focuses on challenges and solutions in the following six important areas
(i) The partnership initiation stage. Key ...
Evidence Based Evaluation Research In Building Services Engineering, 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology
Evidence Based Evaluation Research In Building Services Engineering, Kevin Kelly
This paper highlights the importance of research in the present volatile external environment in order to improve value to clients. It is focused at Building Services Engineers in Ireland.
Electrically Mediated Delivery Of Plasmid Dna To The Skin, Using A Multielectrode Array, 2010 Old Dominion University
Electrically Mediated Delivery Of Plasmid Dna To The Skin, Using A Multielectrode Array, Richard Heller, Yolmari Criz, Loree C. Heller, Richard A. Gilbert, Mark J. Jaroszeski
The easy accessibility of skin makes it an excellent target for gene transfer protocols. To take full advantage of skin as a target for gene transfer, it is important to establish an efficient and reproducible delivery system. Electroporation is a strong candidate to meet this delivery criterion. Electroporation of the skin is a simple, direct, in vivo method to deliver genes for therapy. Previously, delivery to the skin was performed by means of applicators with relatively large distances between electrodes, resulting in significant muscle stimulation and pain. These applicators also had limitations in controlling the directionality of the applied field ...
Crystallization Of Community-Acquired Respiratory Distress Syndrome Toxin From Mycoplasma Pneumonia, 2010 Old Dominion University
Crystallization Of Community-Acquired Respiratory Distress Syndrome Toxin From Mycoplasma Pneumonia, Olga N. Pakhomova, Alexander B. Taylor, Argentina Becker, Stephen P. Holloway, T. R. Kannan, Joel B. Baseman, P. John Hart
Community-acquired respiratory distress syndrome toxin (CARDS TX) is a 591-amino-acid protein with ADP-ribosyltransferase and vacuolating activities that damages the cells lining the respiratory tracts of patients infected with the bacterial pathogen Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Crystals of CARDS TX were grown in space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 191.4, b = 107.4, c = 222.1 A, beta = 90.6 degrees. A complete 2.2 A data set was obtained from a single CARDS TX crystal.
The Wireless Control Network: A New Approach For Control Over Networks, 2010 University of Pennsylvania
The Wireless Control Network: A New Approach For Control Over Networks, Miroslav Pajic, Shreyas Sundaram, George Pappas, Rahul Mangharam
Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)
We present a method to stabilize a plant with a network of resource constrained wireless nodes. As opposed to traditional networked control schemes where the nodes simply route information to and from a dedicated controller (perhaps performing some encoding along the way), our approach treats the network itself as the controller. Specifically, we formulate a strategy for each node in the network to follow where at each time-step, each node updates its internal state to be a linear combination of the states of the nodes in its neighborhood. We show that this causes the entire network to behave as a ...
Stress-Dilatancy Relation For Mohr-Coulomb Soils Following A Non-Associated Flow Rule, 2010 New Mexico State University
Stress-Dilatancy Relation For Mohr-Coulomb Soils Following A Non-Associated Flow Rule, J Zhang, Rodrigo Salgado
Lyles School of Civil Engineering Faculty Publications
Rowe's stress–dilatancy relation for frictional (cohesionless) materials has been a cornerstone of soil mechanics. The original derivation of this relationship was based on incorrect energy minimisation considerations, but the relationship was proven later by De Josselin de Jong using friction laws, and has been confirmed by a large body of experimental results. In contrast, the validity of Rowe's stress–dilatancy relation for cohesive-frictional materials, which has also been used, although not as extensively, was never verified. This paper shows that Rowe's stress–dilatancy relation for Mohr–Coulomb soils (cohesive-frictional materials) is in fact incorrect. The paper ...
Indiana Ltap Directory 2010, 2010 Purdue University
Indiana Ltap Directory 2010, Indiana Ltap
Indiana Local Technical Assistance Program (LTAP) Directory
Contact information for local agency officials and employees responsible for Indiana’s local road infrastructure.
Approximation Of Average Run Length Of Moving Sum Algorithms Using Multivariate Probabilities, 2010 Syracuse University
Approximation Of Average Run Length Of Moving Sum Algorithms Using Multivariate Probabilities, Swarnendu Kar, Kishan Mehrotra, Pramod Varshney
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Among the various procedures used to detect potential changes in a stochastic process the moving sum algorithms are very popular due to their intuitive appeal and good statistical performance. One of the important design parameters of a change detection algorithm is the expected interval between false positives, also known as the average run length (ARL). Computation of the ARL usually involves numerical procedures but in some cases it can be approximated using a series involving multivariate probabilities. In this paper, we present an analysis of this series approach by providing sufficient conditions for convergence and derive an error bound. Using ...
Identification And Implementation Of Best Management Practices For Erosion And Sediment Control That Conform To Indiana Storm Water Quality Regulations And Guidance, 2010 Environmental Management Concepts, LLC
Identification And Implementation Of Best Management Practices For Erosion And Sediment Control That Conform To Indiana Storm Water Quality Regulations And Guidance, Lynn A. Corson
JTRP Technical Reports
No abstract provided.
Development Of A Framework For Ex Post Facto Evaluation Of Highway Project Costs In Indiana, 2010 Purdue University
Development Of A Framework For Ex Post Facto Evaluation Of Highway Project Costs In Indiana, Abhishek Bhargava, Samuel Labi, Kumares C. Sinha
JTRP Technical Reports
Researchers and engineers continue to ponder over the reliability of construction cost forecasts made at the early stages of project development. After a project has been incorporated in the statewide transportation improvement program, increasingly detailed estimates of its cost are prepared at the remaining stages of project development, namely, design estimate, engineer’s estimate, and bid estimate. The accuracy of such estimates has critical consequences on contract administration and asset management in general. Most agencies do not have a methodological framework to identify projects where final cost is likely to exceed the cost estimate, or where the cost estimate is ...