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Non-Destructive Testing Of Foil Pouches. Determining A Reliable Method For Checking For Punctures, Clifford Allen Dey 2012 Lehigh University

Non-Destructive Testing Of Foil Pouches. Determining A Reliable Method For Checking For Punctures, Clifford Allen Dey

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Design And Performance Analyses Of Condensing Heat Exchangers For Recovering Water And Waste Heat From Flue Gas, Nipun Goel 2012 Lehigh University

Design And Performance Analyses Of Condensing Heat Exchangers For Recovering Water And Waste Heat From Flue Gas, Nipun Goel

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


High-Sensitivity Temperature-Independent Silicon Photonic Microfluidic Biosensors, Kangbaek Kim 2012 Lehigh University

High-Sensitivity Temperature-Independent Silicon Photonic Microfluidic Biosensors, Kangbaek Kim

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Multi-Disciplinary Hands-On Desktop Learning Modules And Modern Pedagogies, Bernard J. Van Wie, David B. Thiessen, Marc Compere, Ximena Toro, Jennifer C. Adam, et al. 2012 Washington State University

Multi-Disciplinary Hands-On Desktop Learning Modules And Modern Pedagogies, Bernard J. Van Wie, David B. Thiessen, Marc Compere, Ximena Toro, Jennifer C. Adam, Et Al.

Publications

Our team’s research focuses on fundamental problems in undergraduate education in terms of how to expand use of well researched, yet still “new”, teaching pedagogies of ‘sensing’ or ‘hands-on’, ‘active’ and ‘problem-based learning’ within engineering courses. It is now widely accepted that traditional lectures ARE NOT best for students – yet that is what the community almost universally does.

To address this issue we are developing new Desktop Learning Modules (DLMs) that contain miniaturized processes with a uniquely expandable electronic system to contend with known sensor systems/removable cartridges, as well as, unknown expansions to the project. We have shown ...


Development Of A Technique For Testing Of Tensile Properties With Miniature Size Specimens For Metal Additive Manufacturing, Sujitkumar Dongare 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Development Of A Technique For Testing Of Tensile Properties With Miniature Size Specimens For Metal Additive Manufacturing, Sujitkumar Dongare

Masters Theses

"The study of mechanical properties of metals provides a basis to decide on the capability of a particular metal for a task and also to make predictions about its life. The concepts of stress, strain and strength of materials are employed in practically every engineering discipline. Mechanical properties such as stiffness, yield strength, tensile strength, ductility, toughness, impact resistance, creep resistance, fatigue resistance and others, influence the design, fabrication and service life of equipment. Therefore, more than one property is considered for the material selection process for an application. For complete understanding of any material and its feasibility for a ...


Pulmonary Fluid Dynamics And Aerosol Drug Delivery In The Upper Tracheobronchial Airways Under Mechanical Ventilation Conditions, Timothy Andrew Van Rhein 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Pulmonary Fluid Dynamics And Aerosol Drug Delivery In The Upper Tracheobronchial Airways Under Mechanical Ventilation Conditions, Timothy Andrew Van Rhein

Masters Theses

"The effects of mechanical ventilation conditions on fluid flow and particle deposition were studied in a computer model of the human airways. The frequency with which aerosolized drugs are delivered to mechanically ventilated patients demonstrates the importance of understanding the effects that ventilation parameters have on particle deposition in the human airways. Past studies that modeled particle deposition in silico frequently used an idealized geometry with steady inlet conditions. With recent advancements in computational power and medical imaging capabilities, studies have begun to use more realistic geometries or unsteady inlet conditions that model normal breathing. This study focuses specifically on ...


Process Planning And Control Of Functionally Graded Parts Using Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication, Bradley Kenneth Deuser 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Process Planning And Control Of Functionally Graded Parts Using Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication, Bradley Kenneth Deuser

Masters Theses

"Freeze-form Extrusion Fabrication (FEF) is an additive manufacturing technology that is capable of fabricating complex three-dimensional parts. FEF works by depositing an aqueous-based colloidal ceramic or metal paste in a layer-by-layer fashion below the freezing point of the aqueous medium as to rapidly freeze the paste. The FEF machine in the present study is equipped with three syringes and is capable of mixing each paste in a desired composition ratio by using an inline static mixer. Compensation for the transport delay caused by the static mixer is necessary; therefore, an algorithm was developed to apply a one-dimensional (1D) composition gradient ...


Automatic Detection Of Annular-Granular Patterns In Melanoma In Situ Dermoscopy Images, Parivash Hajiyani 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Automatic Detection Of Annular-Granular Patterns In Melanoma In Situ Dermoscopy Images, Parivash Hajiyani

Masters Theses

"Early detection of malignant melanoma greatly benefits patients, as the overall success is dependent on finding these melanomas before they reach the invasive stage. Dermoscopy is a non-invasive skin imaging technique that studies have shown can improve the diagnostic accuracy of dermatologists by as much as 30% over clinical examination. In this project machine vision and image analysis techniques are used to detect annular granular areas in dermoscopy images automatically. The proposed algorithm utilizes the luminance ratio between annular and granular areas within the darkest 30% of the lesion. All points whose luminance value are less than 30% of the ...


Coaxial Cable Bragg Grating, Jie Huang 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Coaxial Cable Bragg Grating, Jie Huang

Masters Theses

"In order to ensure the continued safe and reliable operation of various civil structures, such as dams, bridges, and buildings, in situ strain monitoring is of great importance, especially for structures that may experience large strains. A new coaxial cable Bragg grating (CCBG) is developed as a strain sensor and the sensor's capacity for large range strain measurement is demonstrated for the first time. The sensor device is comprised of regularly spaced periodic discontinuities along a coaxial cable. The discontinuities are fabricated using a computer numerical controlled (CNC) machine to drill holes in the cable. Each discontinuity generates a ...


Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Silicon Carbide-Titanium Diboride Ceramic Composites, Derek Scott King 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Silicon Carbide-Titanium Diboride Ceramic Composites, Derek Scott King

Masters Theses

"The microstructure, hardness, fracture toughness, Young's modulus, strength and Weibull modulus of silicon carbide-titanium diboride (SiC-TiB₂) ceramics were studied. First, SiC-TiB₂ ceramics with 15 vol.% TiB₂ particles were processed using two green processing methods, spray drying (ST) and ball milling (SiC-15TiB₂). In addition, SiC-TiB2 ceramics with TiB₂ contents ranging from 0 to 100 vol.% were produced to determine a TiB₂ content that produced the best combination of mechanical properties. From spray drying, segregation of the TiB₂ particles in ST led to a granule-like microstructure and spontaneous microcracking in the final ceramic. In ceramics containing 20 and 40 vol.% TiB₂ ...


Methods Of Optimizing The Gas Exchange Process To Improve Fuel Efficiency Of Small Carbureted Spark Ignition Engines, Cory Hannibal Huck 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Methods Of Optimizing The Gas Exchange Process To Improve Fuel Efficiency Of Small Carbureted Spark Ignition Engines, Cory Hannibal Huck

Masters Theses

"Fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines long has been a topic of concern. Much effort has been made to optimize the fuel efficiency of large automotive type engines. However, for small engine manufactures subject to tight cost constraints, this has only recently become an area of great focus. A method by which the fuel efficiency of an engine can be improved is through optimization of the intake process. Specifically, reductions in flow losses and the choice of appropriate valve event timings can provide ways to make gains towards more fuel efficient operation. The challenge arises when the focus is on ...


On The Design Partitioning Of 3d Monolithic Circuits, Luke Maresca 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

On The Design Partitioning Of 3d Monolithic Circuits, Luke Maresca

Masters Theses

"Conventional three-dimensional integrated circuits (3D ICs) stack multiple dies vertically for higher integration density, shorter wirelength, smaller footprint, faster speed and lower power consumption. Due to the large through-silicon-via (TSV) sizes, 3D design partitioning is typically done at the architecture-level With the emerging monolithic 3D technology, TSVs can be made much smaller, which enables potential block-level partitioning. However, it is still unclear how much benefit can be obtained by block-level partitioning, which is affected by the number of tiers and the sizes of TSVs. In this thesis, an 8-bit ripple carry adder was used as an example to explore the ...


Advanced Moisture Modeling Of Polymer Composites, Nathan Robert Roe 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Advanced Moisture Modeling Of Polymer Composites, Nathan Robert Roe

Masters Theses

"Composite materials absorb moisture from the environment and over time this moisture absorption affects the mechanical performance of the material. In order to determine the long-term moisture effects on the component, representative parts must be tested after having been exposed to an accelerated moisture-conditioning environment. This accelerated environment simulates the worst-case exposure conditions that a part might experience. Currently accepted methodologies for analyzing the time required to condition specimens are limited, only allowing simple geometry and an assumption that diffusivity rates are independent of the flow path or direction. Therefore, a more advanced finite element method is desired. In the ...


Driver Mandatory Lane Change Behavior: Use Of Governing Gap In Critical Gap Estimation, Srinadh Kandada 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Driver Mandatory Lane Change Behavior: Use Of Governing Gap In Critical Gap Estimation, Srinadh Kandada

Masters Theses

"This study analyzed the driver gap acceptance and rejection behavior during mandatory lane changes on a multilane freeway in congested and uncongested traffic conditions. During a lane change, drivers were more receptive to either the leading or the trailing gaps with vehicles in the target lane which governed the drivers' lane change and is termed as the governing gap. Drivers maneuvered till the governing gap was greater than the critical gap, accepted the gap and made a lane change. In this process, drivers reduced the non-governing gap to increase the length of the governing gap. The drivers as a result ...


Design Of A Vortex Induced Vibration Based Marine Hydro-Kinetic Energy System, Varun Michael Lobo 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Design Of A Vortex Induced Vibration Based Marine Hydro-Kinetic Energy System, Varun Michael Lobo

Masters Theses

"Hydrokinetic energy harvesting based on vortex induced vibration (VIV) of a bluff body is discussed. VIV is defined as the vibration incurred on a bluff body due to an external fluid flowing over it. These vibrations are the results of boundary layer separation from the surface of the body. An optimized VIV generator has been developed, that utilizes a non-contact type linear magnetic device for generation of energy. The cylinder was chosen such that at the mass ratio (m*) was always lower than the critical mass (m*critical= 0.52). The studies were based on two complementary techniques: (a) computational ...


Height Dependent Laser Metal Deposition Process Modeling, Patrick M. Sammons 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Height Dependent Laser Metal Deposition Process Modeling, Patrick M. Sammons

Masters Theses

"Laser Metal Deposition (LMD) is used to construct functional parts in a layer-by-layer fashion. The heat transfer from the melt region to the solid region plays a critical role in the resulting material properties and part geometry. The heat transfer dynamics can change significantly as the layers increase, depending on the geometry of the sub layers. However, this effect is unaccounted for in previous analytical models, which are only valid for a single layer. This thesis develops a layer dependent model of the LMD process for the purpose of designing advanced layer-to-layer controllers. A lumped-parameter model of the melt pool ...


The Effect Of Sulfur On Structure And Conversion Of Bioactive Borate Glasses, Ali Mohammadkhah 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

The Effect Of Sulfur On Structure And Conversion Of Bioactive Borate Glasses, Ali Mohammadkhah

Masters Theses

"The effect of sulfur on glass structure and the conversion process of bioactive CaO-LI2O-B2O3 glasses were studied. One glass without and two glasses with different amounts of sulfur were made using conventional melting and dry quenching techniques. These glasses reacted with a phosphate solution and converted to hydroxyapatite. Particles (150-355µm) were reacted in 0.25 and 0.5 molar K2HPO4 solutions at 37⁰C for 2 to 96 hours. The weight loss of the particles and the final pH of the solution were measured. The weight loss measurements indicated that the reaction rate ...


Experimental Feasibility Study Of A Passive Radio Frequency Identification-Based Distributed Beamforming Framework And Radio Frequency Tag Design For Achieving Dynamic Beamforming, Pratim Shah 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Experimental Feasibility Study Of A Passive Radio Frequency Identification-Based Distributed Beamforming Framework And Radio Frequency Tag Design For Achieving Dynamic Beamforming, Pratim Shah

Masters Theses

"Passive UHF RFID tags works on the principle of backscattering mechanism. In realistic environment, there are multiple objects and tags that create complex, multipath propagation scenarios with numerous null-points, reduced read range and read rate.

In general, the RF frontend of tags could be controlled such that the negative effects of multipath propagation are reduced or even inverted thus implementing a virtual beamforming. The theoretical framework of beamforming in RFID system, using additional tags as virtual antenna arrays, has been discussed before. The presented study evaluates the feasibility of such beamforming in passive RFID systems. Moreover, it synthesizes an appropriate ...


Depth Profiling Of Pahs Treated With Activated Carbon Using In-Situ Spme, Ryan D. Stringer 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Depth Profiling Of Pahs Treated With Activated Carbon Using In-Situ Spme, Ryan D. Stringer

Masters Theses

"Novel and efficient methods to measure the bioavailability of hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) in contaminated sediments will play an important role in the acceptance of alternative sediment remediation strategies. In this project, solid phase microextraction (SPME) fibers, protected in perforated steel tubes, were used as in situ passive samplers to measure the treatment of activated carbon (AC) in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contaminated sediment. Contaminated sediment was treated with two modes of AC waterjet amendment. In the first treatment, a single 2-min injection was shot into the center of a test vessel and in the second treatment, multiple 7-sec injections ...


Transport Of A Methamphetamine Surrogate Through Painted Drywall And Accumulation In Insulation, Nishanthini Vijayakumar Shakila 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Transport Of A Methamphetamine Surrogate Through Painted Drywall And Accumulation In Insulation, Nishanthini Vijayakumar Shakila

Masters Theses

"Methamphetamine is a drug of abuse in the United States and it is frequently produced in residential "meth labs." During a specific cooking stage called "salting out", a high concentration of methamphetamine is released into the air and can accumulate on and within indoor surfaces. Even after remediation, methamphetamine and other chemicals can be released into the occupied space by diffusion and desorption from insulation and painted drywall. To better understand the emission characteristics of methamphetamine, the diffusion coefficient of n- isopropylbenzylamine (NIBA; an isomer and surrogate for methamphetamine) was measured in latex painted drywall. To quantify the diffusion coefficient ...


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