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A Statistical Approach For Commercial Space Vehicle Integration Into The National Airspace System, Christopher Hays, Daniel Chu, Pedro Llanos 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Statistical Approach For Commercial Space Vehicle Integration Into The National Airspace System, Christopher Hays, Daniel Chu, Pedro Llanos

Space Traffic Management Conference

This paper explores commercial space vehicle (CSV) suborbital flight trajectories in the temporal and spatial domains for CSV integration into the National Airspace System. The research data was collected via the Suborbital Space Flight Simulator (SSFS) housed in the College of Aviation at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach campus, and analyzed using an original MATLAB data analytics tool. This study primarily focuses on statistical trends observed in previously simulated flights supported by three Project PoSSUM (Polar Suborbital Science in the Upper Mesosphere) campaigns comprised of 34 flights and 19 control flights, and to identify relevant milestones in the CSV flight ...


Enhancing Suborbital Science Through Better Understanding Of Wind Effects, Pedro Llanos, Diane Howard 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Enhancing Suborbital Science Through Better Understanding Of Wind Effects, Pedro Llanos, Diane Howard

Space Traffic Management Conference

This paper highlights the importance of understanding some key factors, such as winds effects, trajectory and vehicle parameters variations in order to streamline the space vehicle operations and enhance science in the upper mesosphere at about 85 km. Understanding these effects is crucial to refine current space operations and establish more robust procedures. These procedures will involve training new space operators to conduct and coordinate space operations in class E above FL600 airspace within the Air Traffic Organization (ATO).

Space vehicles such as Space Ship Two can spend up to 6 minutes in class E airspace above FL600 after launch ...


Decision Science For Community Development And Social Change, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2019 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Decision Science For Community Development And Social Change, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Operations research, also known as management science or decision science, is a mathematics-based discipline that draws from engineering, information systems, management, public policy and planning. OR enables individuals and organizations to make better decisions regarding manufacturing and logistics, service provision and strategy design. My particular interest in OR focuses on the needs of mission-driven and resource-constrained organizations that serve urban communities. In my talk I will describe how OR can use qualitative and quantitative analysis through meaningful engagement of communities to enable creative identification, formulation and solution of complex problems for local impact and social justice. Specific applications I'm ...


Self-Leadership To Servant Leadership: A Metatheoretical Antecedent To Positive Social, Allen Lloyd Carn 2019 Walden University

Self-Leadership To Servant Leadership: A Metatheoretical Antecedent To Positive Social, Allen Lloyd Carn

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

A majority of current leadership programs are failing to deliver a comprehensive approach to leadership development by not providing middle and frontline managers the skills to enhance their potential to develop others. In failing to generate a comprehensive system, animosity towards all types of leadership has been festering for over 40 years as first identified by Greenleaf in 1977. The purpose of the study was to establish a link between the theoretical paradigms of servant leadership and self-leadership using the lens of emotional intelligence to generate an integral leadership development framework. The conceptual framework used Goleman et al.'s version ...


Crude Oil Prices Forecasting: Time Series Vs. Svr Models, Xin James He 2018 Fairfield University

Crude Oil Prices Forecasting: Time Series Vs. Svr Models, Xin James He

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This research explores the weekly crude oil price data from U.S. Energy Information Administration over the time period 2009 - 2017 to test the forecasting accuracy by comparing time series models such as simple exponential smoothing (SES), moving average (MA), and autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) against machine learning support vector regression (SVR) models. The main purpose of this research is to determine which model provides the best forecasting results for crude oil prices in light of the importance of crude oil price forecasting and its implications to the economy. While SVR is often considered the best forecasting model in ...


Cost Benefit Analysis Of Led Vs Florescent Lighting, Kurtis Clark, Phillip Humphrey 2018 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Cost Benefit Analysis Of Led Vs Florescent Lighting, Kurtis Clark, Phillip Humphrey

Student Research

Over the last few years, the state of Oklahoma has been looking at ways to reduce expenses to address concerns about a budget deficit. There have been efforts made to reduce expenses due to the use of energy. It has been said, when the lights are on, work is getting done. Running lights is therefore the cost of doing business. Our research examines the question, “is there a way to provide better lighting while operating at a lower cost.” This research examines the current lighting at Southwestern State University, primarily fluorescent lighting (FL), and a cost benefit analysis of switching ...


Statistical Reliability Of Wind Power Scenarios And Stochastic Unit Commitment Cost, Didem Sari, Sarah M. Ryan 2018 Iowa State University

Statistical Reliability Of Wind Power Scenarios And Stochastic Unit Commitment Cost, Didem Sari, Sarah M. Ryan

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Probabilistic wind power scenarios constitute a crucial input for stochastic day-ahead unit commitment in power systems with deep penetration of wind generation. To minimize the cost of implemented solutions, the scenario time series of wind power amounts available should accurately represent the stochastic process for available wind power as it is estimated on the day ahead. The high computational demands of stochastic programming motivate a search for ways to evaluate scenarios without extensively simulating the stochastic unit commitment procedure. The statistical reliability of wind power scenario sets can be assessed by approaches extended from ensemble forecast verification. We examine the ...


Maximizing Financial Benefit Of Lean Six Sigma Projects Through Optimized Selection Criteria, Colin Wasiloff 2018 Southern Methodist University

Maximizing Financial Benefit Of Lean Six Sigma Projects Through Optimized Selection Criteria, Colin Wasiloff

Engineering Management, Information, and Systems Research Theses and Dissertations

As evolving threats across the globe keep pace with increasing budget constraints, the US Army’s major subordinate commands and their sub-organizations are constantly challenged to do more with less. Resources such as human capital, information technology, facilities, and budgeted funding are stretched as thin as ever, while requirements to serve the Warfighter remain paramount. Each dollar of financial benefit gained through cost reduction efforts at the US Army can affect the Warfighter directly. Budgeted money saved or avoided is reprogrammed both locally and atop the hierarchy at the Department of Treasury to serve the Warfighter better.

Ordinal Logistic Regression ...


Operational Squadron Scheduling, Khaled A. Almannaei 2018 Air Force Institute of Technology

Operational Squadron Scheduling, Khaled A. Almannaei

Theses and Dissertations

The 28th Operational Weather Squadron (28th OWS) is responsible for producing and disseminating mission planning and execution weather analyses and forecasts. The squadron must prepare schedules that meet the needs of their mission while dealing with real-world constraints such as time windows, task priorities, and intermittent recurring missions. The 28th OWS's manning consists of active duty, deployed in-place, reserve, civilian and contract personnel. In this research, a scheduling model and algorithm are provided as an approach to crew scheduling for the 28th Operational Weather Squadron. Scheduling in the 28th OWS is complex and can be time consuming. This model ...


Multi-Level Multi-Objective Programming And Optimization For Integrated Air Defense System Disruption, Aaron M. Lessin 2018 Air Force Institute of Technology

Multi-Level Multi-Objective Programming And Optimization For Integrated Air Defense System Disruption, Aaron M. Lessin

Theses and Dissertations

The U.S. military's ability to project military force is being challenged. This research develops and demonstrates the application of three respective sensor location, relocation, and network intrusion models to provide the mathematical basis for the strategic engagement of emerging technologically advanced, highly-mobile, Integrated Air Defense Systems. First, we propose a bilevel mathematical programming model for locating a heterogeneous set of sensors to maximize the minimum exposure of an intruder's penetration path through a defended region. Next, we formulate a multi-objective, bilevel optimization model to relocate surviving sensors to maximize an intruder's minimal expected exposure to traverse ...


An Analysis Of Video Games Using The Dimensions Of Human-Agent Interaction, Güliz Tokadli, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Chase Meusel, Austin Garcia, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich 2018 Iowa State University

An Analysis Of Video Games Using The Dimensions Of Human-Agent Interaction, Güliz Tokadli, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Chase Meusel, Austin Garcia, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Designers of human-agent interaction techniques may benefit from an analysis of existing video games that include aspects of human-agent teaming. Many popular multi-player video games have been designed to integrate multiple human and computer agents in pursuit of a common objective and can serve as a testbed to explore novel interaction methods in human-agent teams. A guiding framework of human-agent interaction was created to bridge best practices between video game and real-world domains. The framework was used to analyze games on five main dimensions: 1) Levels of Automation, 2) Levels of Interaction, 3) Control Mode, 4) Teaming, and 5) Interaction ...


Developing An Optimized Ui For Traffic Incident Managers, Andrina Helgerson, Jamiahus Walton, Celia Loya, Christopher Kawell, Katherine Atwell, Quinn Monaghan, Lakshay Ahuja, Hesham Hassan, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anuj Sharma 2018 Iowa State University

Developing An Optimized Ui For Traffic Incident Managers, Andrina Helgerson, Jamiahus Walton, Celia Loya, Christopher Kawell, Katherine Atwell, Quinn Monaghan, Lakshay Ahuja, Hesham Hassan, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anuj Sharma

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Traffic Incident Managers (TIMs) coordinate first responders and help resolve traffic-related incidents. Currently, some use over fifteen different software applications with unique functionalities across three monitors to manage incidents, leading to redundant data entry, unnecessary task switching, and delayed responses. 40 hours of TIMs’ screens were recorded during their normal work hours at the Iowa Department of Transportation (DoT). The resulting task analysis from these videos greatly influenced the design of a simplified, web-based, user interface (UI) prototype. The new UI offers a 42.9% reduction in the steps required to manage an incident by combining the functionality of the ...


The Impact Of Scientific Management Principles On Food Hub, Richard T. Stone, Colten Fales, Dean Jose, Thomas M. Schnieders, Caroline Krejci, Zhonglun Wang, Drew Schweiger, Christopher Hernandez 2018 Iowa State University

The Impact Of Scientific Management Principles On Food Hub, Richard T. Stone, Colten Fales, Dean Jose, Thomas M. Schnieders, Caroline Krejci, Zhonglun Wang, Drew Schweiger, Christopher Hernandez

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Food hubs have seen substantial growth in the past few decades but the overall operational efficiency and effectiveness is a concern for the managers of these facilities. The experiment designed consisted of 60 participants divided into four treatment groups that simulated tasks completed at food hubs. The experiment designed was a 2x2 factorial design and each treatment group had five teams with three members. The treatment groups had all combinations of the two independent variables ‘training’ and ‘process improvement’ and the impact these factors made on time to pack (TP), time to stack (TS), number of errors while stacking (ES ...


Feedback Design Considerations For Intelligent Team Tutoring Systems, Jamiahus Walton, Alec Ostrander, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer, Anne Sinatra 2018 Iowa State University

Feedback Design Considerations For Intelligent Team Tutoring Systems, Jamiahus Walton, Alec Ostrander, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer, Anne Sinatra

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Challenges arise when developing a computer-based Intelligent Team Tutoring System (ITTS) that attempts to deliver feedback to teams as effectively as a human tutor. The purpose of this current work is to outline elements of feedback that should be considered when designing feedback for an ITTS. The authors present the results of a study that consisted of 32 participants grouped into 16 teams of two. Each team conducted a surveillance task where they received individual or team feedback. Feedback content was written using either the bald (direct feedback; no need for interpretation) or off-record (general feedback; interpretation needed) etiquette strategy ...


Vastus And Patellar Protection With Range Of Motion Pad – Advanced Personal Protective Equipment For The Lower Body, Richard T. Stone, Brandon Moeller, Thomas M. Schnieders, Ahmad Mumani 2018 Iowa State University

Vastus And Patellar Protection With Range Of Motion Pad – Advanced Personal Protective Equipment For The Lower Body, Richard T. Stone, Brandon Moeller, Thomas M. Schnieders, Ahmad Mumani

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The standard knee pad is considered the most ineffective personal protective equipment in the American football player’s uniform. This study quantitatively and qualitatively assesses personal protective equipment for the lower body for U.S. football players against the VAPPR Pad (Vastus And Patellar Protection with Range of motion), the next iteration of lower body protection. The study consisted of player surveys, material drop testing, and Performance Drill testing including broad-jump, L-drill, pro-agility, and gait analysis with 138 participants in the initial survey and 25 men in the physical testing. Results of the Performance Drill Testing proved that unpadded players ...


Ergonomic Analysis Of Modern Day Kitchen Knives, Richard T. Stone, Olivia Janusz, Thomas M. Schnieders 2018 Iowa State University

Ergonomic Analysis Of Modern Day Kitchen Knives, Richard T. Stone, Olivia Janusz, Thomas M. Schnieders

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The focus of this study was on how different knife characteristics affect the consumer’s ability to slice vegetables. The aim of this study was to investigate if there is a difference in cutting between a chef knife and a santoku knife, a ceramic knife and a stainless-steel knife, and a sharp and dull knife in terms of muscle activation, body part discomfort, time, and slice performance. The results show for the consumer that knife characteristics do not affect the user’s performance.


Ranking Importance Of Exoskeleton Design Aspects, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone 2018 Iowa State University

Ranking Importance Of Exoskeleton Design Aspects, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The objective of this research project was to determine what a conglomerate of professionals consider as the most important metrics to consider when designing an exoskeleton for training. Over 400 researchers, engineers, and scientists were polled in a ranked order survey covering more than 50 different aspects in engineering design. These aspects were identified from a cogent literature review for consideration. While there are a slew of papers covering the results of exoskeleton designs as posture support mechanisms, rehabilitation mechanisms, tools to assist or replace body functions, and human performance augmentation, few cover what aspects were considered in the engineering ...


Evaluating The Reliability, Coverage, And Added Value Of Crowdsourced Traffic Incident Reports From Waze, Mostafa Amin-Naseri, Pranamesh Chakraborty, Anuj Sharma, Stephen B. Gilbert, Mingyi Hong 2018 Iowa State University

Evaluating The Reliability, Coverage, And Added Value Of Crowdsourced Traffic Incident Reports From Waze, Mostafa Amin-Naseri, Pranamesh Chakraborty, Anuj Sharma, Stephen B. Gilbert, Mingyi Hong

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Traffic managers strive to have the most accurate information on road conditions, normally by using sensors and cameras, to act effectively in response to incidents. The prevalence of crowdsourced traffic information that has become available to traffic managers brings hope and yet raises important questions about the proper strategy for allocating resources to monitoring methods. Although many researchers have indicated the potential value in crowdsourced data, it is crucial to quantitatively explore its validity and coverage as a new source of data. This research studied crowdsourced data from a smartphone navigation application called Waze to identify the characteristics of this ...


Developing Optimization Techniques For Logistical Tendering Using Reverse Combinatorial Auctions, Jennifer Kiser 2018 East Tennessee State University

Developing Optimization Techniques For Logistical Tendering Using Reverse Combinatorial Auctions, Jennifer Kiser

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In business-to-business logistical sourcing events, companies regularly use a bidding process known as tendering in the procurement of transportation services from third-party providers. Usually in the form of an auction involving a single buyer and one or more sellers, the buyer must make decisions regarding with which suppliers to partner and how to distribute the transportation lanes and volume among its suppliers; this is equivalent to solving the optimization problem commonly referred to as the Winner Determination Problem. In order to take into account the complexities inherent to the procurement problem, such as considering a supplier’s network, economies of ...


Configuring Traditional Multi-Dock, Unit-Load Warehouses, Mahmut Tutam 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Configuring Traditional Multi-Dock, Unit-Load Warehouses, Mahmut Tutam

Theses and Dissertations

The development of expected-distance formulas for multi-dock-door, unit-load warehouse configurations is the focus of the dissertation. From formulations derived, the width-to-depth ratios minimizing expected distances are obtained for rectangle-shaped, unit-load warehouse configurations. Partitioning the storage region in the warehouse into three classes, the performance of a multi-dock-door, unit-load warehouse is studied when storage regions can be either rectangle-shaped or contour-line-shaped. Our first contribution is the development of formulas for expected distance traveled in storing and retrieving unit loads in a rectangle-shaped warehouse having multiple dock doors along one warehouse wall and storage racks aligned perpendicular to that wall. Two formulations ...


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