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Transferts De Chaleur Dans Un Réacteur Thermochimique Solaire Muni D’Un Récepteur Volumique Poreux, Hernando Romero Paredes Rubio 2011 Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa

Transferts De Chaleur Dans Un Réacteur Thermochimique Solaire Muni D’Un Récepteur Volumique Poreux, Hernando Romero Paredes Rubio

Hernando Romero Paredes Rubio

Un réacteur thermochimique solaire de 1 kW muni d’une structure céramique poreuse en céramique est modélisé pour simuler les transferts thermiques a l’intérieur du récepteur volumétrique. Le modèle développé a été utilisé pour prévoir le comportement thermique du réacteur en fonction des différentes conditions opératoires qui concernent le débit de gaz inerte, le flux solaire incident, la porosité, la longueur du récepteur, et la prise en compte de réactions chimiques. Les résultats montrent que la température maximale est de 1850K pour une concentration solaire de 1000 soleils. La température diminue de manière significative lorsque le débit de gaz ...


Dynamic Modeling, Sensor Placement Design, And Fault Diagnosis Of Nuclear Desalination Systems, Fan Li 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Dynamic Modeling, Sensor Placement Design, And Fault Diagnosis Of Nuclear Desalination Systems, Fan Li

Doctoral Dissertations

Fault diagnosis of sensors, devices, and equipment is an important topic in the nuclear industry for effective and continuous operation of nuclear power plants. All the fault diagnostic approaches depend critically on the sensors that measure important process variables. Whenever a process encounters a fault, the effect of the fault is propagated to some or all the process variables. The ability of the sensor network to detect and isolate failure modes and anomalous conditions is crucial for the effectiveness of a fault detection and isolation (FDI) system. However, the emphasis of most fault diagnostic approaches found in the literature is ...


Vibration Fault Detection For Steam Generator Tubing, Brad Black, Laura Simmons, John Chapman, Jared Jennings, Jacob Johnson, Brian Paul, Kyle Woods 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Vibration Fault Detection For Steam Generator Tubing, Brad Black, Laura Simmons, John Chapman, Jared Jennings, Jacob Johnson, Brian Paul, Kyle Woods

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Nuclear Engineering

The detection of flaws within steam generator tubing is an important part of safety in a nuclear plant as it could potentially lead to release of radioactive material if unchecked. The current test method for testing these tubes is expensive and time consuming; however, as sound has been used to detect flaws successfully in other applications, an alternative method for using acoustics and accelerometers to detect flaws is what has been explored in this project. Preliminary results of testing with a simple hollow steel tube have given promising results of detecting a hole as small as 7.66% of the ...


Computational Study Of Passive Neutron Albedo Reactivity (Pnar) Measurement With Fission Chambers, Sandra De La Cruz 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Computational Study Of Passive Neutron Albedo Reactivity (Pnar) Measurement With Fission Chambers, Sandra De La Cruz

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The Passive Neutron Albedo Reactivity technique (PNAR) was used to assay used nuclear fuel as a potential method for the measurement of fissionable material in fuel assemblies. A Monte Carlo transport code (MCNPX 2.6) was used to develop simulation models to evaluate the PNAR technique. The MCNPX simulated models consisted of two 17x17 Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) used fuel assemblies; one with an initial 3 wt% uranium-235*, cooled for 20 years and second with an initial 4 wt% uranium-235*, cooled for 5 years. Each used fuel assembly was simulated at four different burn up rates of 15, 30, 45 ...


Estimates Of Linear Energy Transfer From Solar Energetic Particles In Earth's Upper Atmosphere To Human Tissue In Aluminium Aircraft, Michael Ian Hall 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Estimates Of Linear Energy Transfer From Solar Energetic Particles In Earth's Upper Atmosphere To Human Tissue In Aluminium Aircraft, Michael Ian Hall

Masters Theses

Radiation from extraterrestrial sources is a concern for the safety of passengers and crew in high altitude aircraft. Cosmic radiation and solar particles constantly bombard the atmosphere with energy. Radiation levels from these sources can vary considerably depending on solar activity cycles and energetic particle events such as solar flares. In order to predict the effects of such events the nature of the radiation spectrum must be characterized, and the individual effects of each radiation type understood. The background radiation spectrum is known to good accuracy and prediction of radiation levels due to specific solar events is currently under investigation ...


Resonance Testing For Fault Detection Of Steam Generator Heat Transfer Tubing Walls, Michael C. Shannon, John Howington, Jesus Sanchez, Colin Sandidge, Jeremy Townsend, Keith Welsh 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Resonance Testing For Fault Detection Of Steam Generator Heat Transfer Tubing Walls, Michael C. Shannon, John Howington, Jesus Sanchez, Colin Sandidge, Jeremy Townsend, Keith Welsh

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Vibration Fault Detection For Steam Generator Tubing, Brad Patrick Black, Laura Simmons, John Chapman, Jared Jennings, Jacob Johnson, Brian Paul, Kyle Woods 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Vibration Fault Detection For Steam Generator Tubing, Brad Patrick Black, Laura Simmons, John Chapman, Jared Jennings, Jacob Johnson, Brian Paul, Kyle Woods

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Simulation And Validation Of Two-Component Flow In A Void Recirculation System, Oscar Eduardo Daza 2011 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Simulation And Validation Of Two-Component Flow In A Void Recirculation System, Oscar Eduardo Daza

Master's Theses

Nuclear power plants rely on the Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS) to cool down the reactor core in case of an accident. Occasionally, air is entrained into the suction piping of ECCS causing voids that decrease pumping efficiency, and consequently damage the pumps. In an attempt to minimize the amount of voids entering the suction side of the pump in ECCS, a Void Recirculation System (VRS) experiment was conducted for a proof of concept purpose. While many studies have been oriented in studying two-component flow behavior in ECCS, none of them propose a solution to minimize air entrainment. As a ...


Structure Studies On Lanthanide Technetium Pyrochlores As Prospective Host Phases To Immobilize 99- Technetium And Fission Lanthanides From Effluents Of Reprocessed Used Nuclear Fuels, Thomas Hartmann, Ariana Alaniz 2011 Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies

Structure Studies On Lanthanide Technetium Pyrochlores As Prospective Host Phases To Immobilize 99- Technetium And Fission Lanthanides From Effluents Of Reprocessed Used Nuclear Fuels, Thomas Hartmann, Ariana Alaniz

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

We performed a systematic investigation of the incorporation of 99Tc into pyrochlore oxide structures, Ln2Tc2O7, where Ln represents trivalent lanthanide Ln3+ cations, while 99Tc is atetravalent, Tc4+, metal cation. Pyrochlore compounds are high-melting temperature oxides and are recognized for their durability. Our goal in this preliminary study is to characterize and quantify the range of stability of the lanthanum technetium pyrochlore oxide phase. Hereby, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld analysis were used to determine and characterize the crystalline phase content with high accuracy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the microstructure and homogeneity of the synthesized ...


Improved Analytical Analysis Of A Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Loop, Megan J. Holba 2011 Governors State University

Improved Analytical Analysis Of A Pressurized Water Reactor Secondary Loop, Megan J. Holba

All Capstone Projects

In the nuclear industry, the addition of poly-acrylic acid (PAA) as a dispersant to the secondary cooling loop in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) has been found beneficial in keeping the corroded Fe in solution. The purpose of this study is to measure the effectiveness of the addition of PAA to Braidwood Nuclear Power Station and other plants, to show the benefits of PAA implementation and to evaluate the current method for Fe detection. The current analytical method for the X-Ray Fluorescence Detector has an upper detection limit of 5,000 μg Fe, however, the results frequently exceed the upper limit ...


An Integrated Circuit/Microsystem/Nano-Enhanced Four Species Radiation Sensor For Inexpensive Fissionable Material Detection, Randy Paul Waguespack 2011 Louisiana Tech University

An Integrated Circuit/Microsystem/Nano-Enhanced Four Species Radiation Sensor For Inexpensive Fissionable Material Detection, Randy Paul Waguespack

Doctoral Dissertations

Small scale radiation detectors sensitive to alpha, beta, electromagnetic, neutron radiation are needed to combat the threat of nuclear terrorism and maintain national security. There are many types of radiation detectors on the market, and the type of detector chosen is usually determined by the type of particle to be detected. In the case of fissionable material, an ideal detector needs to detect all four types of radiation, which is not the focus of many detectors. For fissionable materials, the two main types of radiation that must be detected are gamma rays and neutrons. Our detector uses a glass or ...


Neutron Detection Using Gadolinium-Based Diodes, Benjamin R. Thomas 2011 Air Force Institute of Technology

Neutron Detection Using Gadolinium-Based Diodes, Benjamin R. Thomas

Theses and Dissertations

P-n heterojunction diodes consisting of a thin n-type layer of Gd2O3 deposited on both p-type Si and p-type 4H SiC substrates were explored as possible solid-state neutron detectors. 79 keV internal conversion electrons from the de-excitation of the meta-stable Gd-158 nucleus can create ionization in the depletion region of the reverse-biased diodes resulting in a detectable signal. The diodes were modeled with Davinci software to determine the feasibility of signal detection above the reverse-bias leakage current. A CASINO simulation showed that less than one percent of the internal conversion electrons deposit their full energy within the achievable ...


A Study Into The Use Of Microprocessor Relays For Motor Operated Valve (Mov) Electrical Protection In Nuclear Power Plants, James Andrew Tuccillo 2011 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Study Into The Use Of Microprocessor Relays For Motor Operated Valve (Mov) Electrical Protection In Nuclear Power Plants, James Andrew Tuccillo

Master's Theses

Motor Operated Valves (MOVs) are electro-mechanical components used to isolate, divert, or introduce fluid flow. The use of microprocessor relays for actuator motor electrical protection within nuclear power plants is the focus of this thesis and is implemented by providing a new and enhanced protection scheme that provides the adequate conservatism necessary to ensure valve operation while still maintaining electrical safety and continued operational availability. The comprehensive protection scheme is designed around an advanced microprocessor relay that has the ability to simulate the thermal overload conditions of a motor operating into a destructive thermal region. Through laboratory testing, the validity ...


Termodynamika Procesowa (Dla Me Aparatura Procesowa) Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2011 Wroclaw University of Technology

Termodynamika Procesowa (Dla Me Aparatura Procesowa) Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


The Analysis Of Heat Transfer In A Gas-Gas Heat Exchanger Operated Under A Heat-Recirculating Mode, Mariusz Salaniec, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2011 Wroclaw University of Technology

The Analysis Of Heat Transfer In A Gas-Gas Heat Exchanger Operated Under A Heat-Recirculating Mode, Mariusz Salaniec, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

The present paper presents the analysis of heat transfer in a gas-gas heat exchanger operated in a heat-recirculating mode.


An Overview Of Technologies For Upgrading Of Biogas To Biomethane, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2011 Wroclaw University of Technology

An Overview Of Technologies For Upgrading Of Biogas To Biomethane, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

The present contribution presents an overview of technologies available for upgrading of biogas to biomethane. Technologies under study include pressure swing adsorption (PSA), high-pressure water wash (HPWW), reactive absorption (RA), physical absorption (PA), membrane separation (MS) and cryogenic separation (CS).


Influence Of Energy Policy On The Rate Of Implementation Of Biogas Power Plants In Germany During The 2001-2010 Decade, Izabela Chasiak, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2011 Wroclaw University of Technology

Influence Of Energy Policy On The Rate Of Implementation Of Biogas Power Plants In Germany During The 2001-2010 Decade, Izabela Chasiak, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

The current article describes energy policy tools, which caused intensive development of biogas-based power generation in Germany during the 2001-2010 decade. The German system of financial support to biogas power plants is presented in details. It is shown that in Germany, i.e. in a country characterised by similar climate and potentials to renewable energy to Poland, biogas power plants cover 10,7% of electricity demands in 2010, while all renewable energy sources cover only 5,4% of electricity demands. It is emphasised that under favourable Polish energy policy, the development of biogas energy can be very rapid.


Predicting Shape And Stability Of Air–Water Interface On Superhydrophobic Surfaces With Randomly Distributed, Dissimilar Posts, B. Emami, Hooman Vahedi Tafreshi, M. Gad-el-Hak, Gary C. Tepper 2011 Virginia Commonwealth University

Predicting Shape And Stability Of Air–Water Interface On Superhydrophobic Surfaces With Randomly Distributed, Dissimilar Posts, B. Emami, Hooman Vahedi Tafreshi, M. Gad-El-Hak, Gary C. Tepper

Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Publications

A mathematical framework developed to calculate the shape of the air–water interface and predict the stability of a microfabricated superhydrophobicsurface with randomly distributed posts of dissimilar diameters and heights is presented. Using the Young–Laplace equation, a second-order partial differential equation is derived and solved numerically to obtain the shape of the interface, and to predict the critical hydrostatic pressure at which the superhydrophobicity vanishes in a submersed surface. Two examples are given for demonstration of the method’s capabilities and accuracy.


Upgrade And Simulation Of The Subcritical Assembly At Missouri University Of Science And Technology, Lucas Powelson Tucker 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Upgrade And Simulation Of The Subcritical Assembly At Missouri University Of Science And Technology, Lucas Powelson Tucker

Masters Theses

"The Missouri University of Science and Technology Subcritical Assembly (S&TSub) was brought back into service and upgraded with a new neutron detection system and internet access. Before the upgrade neutron counting was only possible in one location. Using a movable detection system housed in acrylic tubes measurements can now be taken in any empty fuel location and at any height within the tube, making three dimensional flux mapping a possibility. By connecting the new detection system to a Canberra Lynx Digital Signal Analyzer, remote users can have limited data collecting capabilities. To further enhance the potential of the facility ...


Simulation Of The Field Electron Emission Characteristics Of A Flat Panel X-Ray Source, Chrystian Mauricio Posada Arbeláez 2011 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Simulation Of The Field Electron Emission Characteristics Of A Flat Panel X-Ray Source, Chrystian Mauricio Posada ArbeláEz

Masters Theses

"A distributed flat panel x-ray source is designed as an alternative for medical and industrial imaging fields. The distributed x-ray source corresponds to a two dimensional array of micro (~100μm) x-ray cells similar in format to a field emission display. In this paper the electron field emission characteristics of a single of the proposed micro-sized x-ray cells are simulated. The field electron emission from the CNTs-based cathode is simulated using the Particle-In-Cell code OOPIC Pro. The electron source is simulated as a triode structure, composed of an emitting cathode, extracting grid and anode. The possibility of using focusing lenses to ...


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