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Wall Control Blasting At The Orphan Boy Mine – Butte, Montana, Jewel Sakyi 2019 Montana Tech

Wall Control Blasting At The Orphan Boy Mine – Butte, Montana, Jewel Sakyi

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Blasting is often conducted to produce desirable fragment sizes to minimize production cost and energy consumption in downstream processes, including loading, hauling, and crushing. However, the venting of explosive energy in the rock formation sometimes causes unwanted damage beyond the desired perimeter of the blast area. Control blasting has mainly been used in surface mining operations to minimalize blast damage. To explore the applicability of control blasting in underground mining operations, protect the safety of students, faculty, and staff, prevent overbreak, and to ensure the stability of openings and workings, four experimental control blasts, comprising of three smooth blasts and ...


Developing Trees Tolerant To Degraded Mine Soils, Francis Inkoom 2019 Montana Tech

Developing Trees Tolerant To Degraded Mine Soils, Francis Inkoom

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

The project discussed in this thesis is part of a larger project developing trees that can tolerate and withstand heavy metals and acidic soils from historic mining operations in Butte Montana as a solution to re-establishing long-term tree growth on those sites. The project involved growing tree seedlings native to Butte, Montana and planting them on degraded mine soils, tailings, and processing wastes (mine waste) located within the Butte Priority Soil Operable Unit (BPSOU). The seedlings were grown for 34 weeks in a greenhouse located on Montana Tech’s campus before being transplanted to a contaminated site (the Clark Mill ...


Corporate Social Responsibility: Understanding The Mining Stakeholder With A Case Study, Sisi Que, Liang Wang, Kwame Awuah-Offei, Wei Yang, Hui Jiang 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Corporate Social Responsibility: Understanding The Mining Stakeholder With A Case Study, Sisi Que, Liang Wang, Kwame Awuah-Offei, Wei Yang, Hui Jiang

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The social responsibility of corporate mining has been challenged by a significant socio-political risk from local communities. These issues reduce shareholder value by increasing costs and decreasing the market perception of corporate social responsibility. Community engagement is the process of understanding the behavior and interests of a group of targeted mining communities through surveys and data analysis, with the purpose of incorporating mining community acceptance into the mining sustainability. While mining organizations have discussed community engagement to varying degrees, there are three main shortcomings in current studies, as concluded in the authors' previous research. This paper presents a framework to ...


Evaluation Of Photogrammetry And Inclusion Of Control Points: Significance For Infrastructure Monitoring, Renee Oats, Rüdiger Escobar-Wolf, Thomas Oommen 2019 Michigan Technological University

Evaluation Of Photogrammetry And Inclusion Of Control Points: Significance For Infrastructure Monitoring, Renee Oats, Rüdiger Escobar-Wolf, Thomas Oommen

Michigan Tech Publications

Structure from Motion (SfM)/Photogrammetry is a powerful mapping tool in extracting three-dimensional (3D) models from photographs. This method has been applied to a range of applications, including monitoring of infrastructure systems. This technique could potentially become a substitute, or at least a complement, for costlier approaches such as laser scanning for infrastructure monitoring. This study expands on previous investigations, which utilize photogrammetry point cloud data to measure failure mode behavior of a retaining wall model, emphasizing further robust spatial testing. In this study, a comparison of two commonly used photogrammetry software packages was implemented to assess the computing performance ...


A Mine Main Fans Switchover System With Lower Air Flow Volatility Based On Improved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm, Hengqing Ge, Guang Xu, Jinxin Huang, Xiaoping Ma 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Mine Main Fans Switchover System With Lower Air Flow Volatility Based On Improved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm, Hengqing Ge, Guang Xu, Jinxin Huang, Xiaoping Ma

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A reliable ventilation system is essential for maintaining a comfortable working environment and ensuring safety production in an underground coal mine. The automated fan switchover technique was developed for changing the main fan for maintenance with lower air flow volatility of underground mine in the switchover process. This article established the optimization model in the main fans switchover process, used the improved particle swarm optimization algorithm to solve the model, and achieved minimum air flow volatility in the fans switchover process. Compared to previous studies, computer simulations have shown that the proposed algorithm can effectively find the global optimal solution ...


Venezuela Undermines Gold Miner Crystallex's Attempts To Recover On Its Icsid Award, Sam Wesson 2019 Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School

Venezuela Undermines Gold Miner Crystallex's Attempts To Recover On Its Icsid Award, Sam Wesson

Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Cryptocurrency Mining On Mobile As An Alternative Monetization Approach, Nguyen Phan Sinh HUYNH, Kenny CHOO, Rajesh Krishna BALAN, Youngki LEE 2019 Singapore Management University

Cryptocurrency Mining On Mobile As An Alternative Monetization Approach, Nguyen Phan Sinh Huynh, Kenny Choo, Rajesh Krishna Balan, Youngki Lee

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Can cryptocurrency mining (crypto-mining) be a practical ad-free monetization approach for mobile app developers? We conducted a lab experiment and a user study with 228 real Android users to investigate different aspects of mobile crypto-mining. In particular, we show that mobile devices have computational resources to spare and that these can be utilized for crypto-mining with minimal impact on the mobile user experience. We also examined the profitability of mobile crypto-mining and its stability as compared to mobile advertising. In many cases, the profit of mining can exceed mobile advertising's. Most importantly, our study shows that the majority (72 ...


Landslides Near Enguri Dam (Caucasus, Georgia) And Possible Seismotectonic Effects, Alessandro Tibaldi, Paolo Oppizzi, John S. Gierke, Thomas Oommen, Nino Tsereteli, Zurab Gogoladze 2019 Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

Landslides Near Enguri Dam (Caucasus, Georgia) And Possible Seismotectonic Effects, Alessandro Tibaldi, Paolo Oppizzi, John S. Gierke, Thomas Oommen, Nino Tsereteli, Zurab Gogoladze

Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences Publications

The Enguri dam and water reservoir, nested in the southwestern Caucasus (Republic of Georgia), are surrounded by steep mountain slopes. At a distance of 2.5 km from the dam, a mountain ridge along the reservoir is affected by active deformations with a double vergence. The western slope, directly facing the reservoir, has deformations that affect a subaerial area of 1.2 km2. The head scarp affects the Jvari–Khaishi–Mestia main road with offsets of man-made features that indicate slip rates of 2–9 cm yr−1. Static, pseudostatic and Newmark analyses, based on field and seismological data ...


Assessment Of Post-Wildfire Debris Flow Occurrence Using Classifier Tree, Priscilla Addison, Thomas Oommen, Qiuying Sha 2019 Michigan Technological University

Assessment Of Post-Wildfire Debris Flow Occurrence Using Classifier Tree, Priscilla Addison, Thomas Oommen, Qiuying Sha

Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences Publications

Besides the dangers of an actively burning wildfire, a plethora of other hazardous consequences can occur afterwards. Debris flows are among the most hazardous of these, being known to cause fatalities and extensive damage to infrastructure. Although debris flows are not exclusive to fire affected areas, a wildfire can increase a location’s susceptibility by stripping its protective covers like vegetation and introducing destabilizing factors such as ash filling soil pores to increase runoff potential. Due to the associated dangers, researchers are developing statistical models to isolate susceptible locations. Existing models predominantly employ the logistic regression algorithm; however, previous studies ...


Investigation Of Long Term Pillar Stability In An Abandoned Gypsum Mine Based On Dissolution Models, Mohammadhossein Sadeghiamirshahidi 2019 Michigan Technological University

Investigation Of Long Term Pillar Stability In An Abandoned Gypsum Mine Based On Dissolution Models, Mohammadhossein Sadeghiamirshahidi

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The abandoned Domtar Mine in Grand Rapids, MI underlies Interstate I-196. The mine operated for over 140 years, mining a 30-meter-deep, four-meter thick gypsum seam. In 2000, the mine was abandoned with the removal of the mine’s dewatering pumps allowing groundwater to flood the mine. The initial flooding resulted in saturating the mine pillars along with some amount of pillar dissolution. Overtime, gypsum dissolution would cease as the water becomes saturated with the gypsum dissolution products. The mine, however, is located adjacent to the Grand River and has groundwater moving through the mine resulting in the potential for continuing ...


Understanding The Connection Between Blasting And Highwall Stability, Robert Quentin Eades, Kyle A. Perry 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Understanding The Connection Between Blasting And Highwall Stability, Robert Quentin Eades, Kyle A. Perry

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Surface mines continue to implement highwalls for several reasons, such as increasing recovery, improving margins, and justifying higher stripping ratios. Highwall stability is a complex issue that is dependent upon a variety of mining and geologic factors, and a safe design is necessary for a successful surface operation. To improve highwall stability, it is important to understand the connection between local geology and blasting. Explosives are employed throughout the mining industry for primary rock breakage. There are a number of controlled blasting techniques that can be implemented to improve highwall stability. These include line drilling, smooth wall blasting, trim blasting ...


Coupling Simulation Model Between Mine Ventilation Network And Gob Flow Field, F.I. Wu, Y. Luo, X-t Chang 2019 Xi'an University of Science and Technology

Coupling Simulation Model Between Mine Ventilation Network And Gob Flow Field, F.I. Wu, Y. Luo, X-T Chang

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Many numerical simulation studies of coal spontaneous combustion have focused on the leakage flow field in the mine gob. However, most of these studies isolate the gob from the mine ventilation system, failing to consider the effects of air leakage on gob boundary conditions. A novel model coupling the mine ventilation network (MVN) and gob flow field (GFF) has been developed to simulate the overall mine ventilation system. The concept of network boundary node was proposed and the corresponding air flow rate balance equations were developed based on the node pressure method for MVN calculation and the finite element method ...


Vertical Stress And Deformation Characteristics Of Roadside Backfilling Body In Gob-Side Entry For Thick Coal Seams With Different Pre-Split Angles, Yuqi Ren, Guorui Feng, Pengfei Wang, Jun Guo, Yi Luo, Ruipeng Qian, Qiang Sun, Songyu Li, Yonggan Yan 2019 Taiyuan University of Technology, Shanxi Province Research Center of Green Mining Engineering Technology

Vertical Stress And Deformation Characteristics Of Roadside Backfilling Body In Gob-Side Entry For Thick Coal Seams With Different Pre-Split Angles, Yuqi Ren, Guorui Feng, Pengfei Wang, Jun Guo, Yi Luo, Ruipeng Qian, Qiang Sun, Songyu Li, Yonggan Yan

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Retained gob-side entry (RGE) is a significant improvement for fully-mechanized longwall mining. The environment of surrounding rock directly affects its stability. Roadside backfilling body (RBB), a man-made structure in RGE plays the most important role in successful application of the technology. In the field, however, the vertical deformation of RBB is large during the panel extraction, which leads to malfunction of the RGE. In order to solve the problem, roof pre-split is employed. According to geological conditions as well as the physical modeling of roof behavior and deformation of surrounding rock, the support resistance of RBB is calculated. The environment ...


Simplifying Techniques Applied To Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling Of Methane Explosions, Laura Steeves 2019 University of Kentucky

Simplifying Techniques Applied To Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling Of Methane Explosions, Laura Steeves

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Traditional methods of studying underground coal mine explosions are limited to observations and data collected during experimental explosions. These experiments are expensive, time-consuming, and require major facilities, such as the Lake Lynn Experimental Mine. The development of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of explosions can help minimize the need for large-scale testing. This thesis utilized the commercial CFD software, SC/Tetra, to examine three case studies. The first case study modeled the combustion of methane in a scaled shock tube, measuring approximately 1 foot by 1 foot, by 20.5 feet long, with a methane cloud of 2.5 feet ...


The Redesigned Vortecone: A Maintenance-Free Wet Scrubber Device, Allison Taylor 2019 University of Kentucky

The Redesigned Vortecone: A Maintenance-Free Wet Scrubber Device, Allison Taylor

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Dust creates health and safety issues in mining and there are several different ways to reduce the amount of respirable dust created. Dust particles also affect the operation and efficiency of mining equipment. One device currently used to reduce dust in a coal mine is a flooded-bed dust scrubber. These type of scrubbers are found on continuous miners and are designed to capture dust particles close to the cutting head. However, the fibrous screens on the flooded-bed dust scrubber clog easily reducing both production and the quality and quantity of air miners are exposed too. The flooded-bed dust scrubber was ...


Predictive Modeling Of Dc Arc Flash In 125 Volt System, Austin Cody Gaunce 2019 University of Kentucky

Predictive Modeling Of Dc Arc Flash In 125 Volt System, Austin Cody Gaunce

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Arc flash is one of the two primary hazards encountered by workers near electrical equipment. Most applications where arc flash may be encountered are alternating current (AC) electrical systems. However, direct current (DC) electrical systems are becoming increasingly prevalent with industries implementing more renewable energy sources and energy storage devices. Little research has been performed with respect to arc flash hazards posed by DC electrical systems, particularly energy storage devices. Furthermore, current standards for performing arc flash calculations do not provide sufficient guidance when working in DC applications. IEEE 1584-2002 does not provide recommendations for DC electrical systems. NFPA 70E ...


Leaching Characteristics Of Rare Earth Elements From Bituminous Coal-Based Sources, Xinbo Yang 2019 University of Kentucky

Leaching Characteristics Of Rare Earth Elements From Bituminous Coal-Based Sources, Xinbo Yang

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

The demand for rare earth elements (REEs) has increased over the last decade due to applications in high technology devices including those in the defense industry. The recovery of REEs from primary sources such as rare earth minerals are viable using physical separations followed by chemical processing. However, weak market values and environmental concerns have limited the viability of such operations. On the other hand, REE recovery from secondary sources such as apatite ore, bauxite waste, and waste recycling, provides an opportunity to take advantage of a resource that does not require mining costs as well as other associated costs ...


Operation And Process Control Development For A Pilot-Scale Leaching And Solvent Extraction Circuit Recovering Rare Earth Elements From Coal-Based Sources, Douglas Kweku Addo 2019 University of Kentucky

Operation And Process Control Development For A Pilot-Scale Leaching And Solvent Extraction Circuit Recovering Rare Earth Elements From Coal-Based Sources, Douglas Kweku Addo

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

The US Department of Energy in 2010 has identified several rare earth elements as critical materials to enable clean technologies. As part of ongoing research in REEs (rare earth elements) recovery from coal sources, the University of Kentucky has designed, developed and is demonstrating a ¼ ton/hour pilot-scale processing plant to produce high-grade REEs from coal sources. Due to the need to control critical variables (e.g. pH, tank level, etc.), process control is required. To ensure adequate process control, a study was conducted on leaching and solvent extraction control to evaluate the potential of achieving low-cost REE recovery ...


Dust Transportation And Settling Within The Mine Ventilation Network, Anand Kumar 2019 University of Kentucky

Dust Transportation And Settling Within The Mine Ventilation Network, Anand Kumar

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Dust is ubiquitous in underground mine activities. Continuous inhalation of dust could lead to irreversible occupational diseases. Dust particles of size lower than 75.0 µm, also known as float coal dust, can trigger a coal dust explosion following a methane ignition. Ventilation air carries the float coal dust from the point of production to some distance before it’s deposited on the surfaces of underground coal mine. Sources of dust are widely studied, but study of dust transportation has been mainly based on experimental data and simplified models. An understanding of dust transportation in the mine airways is ...


Influence Of Water Injection Rate On The Vortecone, An Impingement Screen, And A Conventional Filter Screen Cleaning Efficiency, Oscar Velasquez 2019 University of Kentucky

Influence Of Water Injection Rate On The Vortecone, An Impingement Screen, And A Conventional Filter Screen Cleaning Efficiency, Oscar Velasquez

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Industrial produced respirable particles are known to affect the respirable tract of workers causing serious illness or even death. These particles can be found in any mining operation’s environment, new regulations by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) in 2014 reduced the allowable limit of dust exposure for underground workers. Dust control practices have been improving over the years to lower the number of incidents caused by these particles. In underground mining, water sprays and scrubber systems have become the most used dust control methods. Water sprays create numerous fine water droplets to capture dust once it has ...


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