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22,331 full-text articles. Page 641 of 643.

Effects Of Optimized And Sub-Optimum Two Degree Of Freedom Lining Tolerances On Modeled Inlet Acoustic Attenuation And Normal Incidence Impedance Measurement At Elevated Temperatures, David R. Burd 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effects Of Optimized And Sub-Optimum Two Degree Of Freedom Lining Tolerances On Modeled Inlet Acoustic Attenuation And Normal Incidence Impedance Measurement At Elevated Temperatures, David R. Burd

Doctoral Dissertations

"This work first investigates the effect of manufacturing tolerances on realized attenuation for two degree-of-freedom linings with the use of lining models and finite element duct propagation codes. Acoustic linings were created for two turbofan engines that optimize attenuation at takeoff/sideline and approach conditions. Lining physical and geometric parameters were set, which best meet the optimum impedance requirements at two target frequencies. Similar linings were created to investigate sub-optimum designs. Variations of these parameters representing realistic manufacturing tolerances were used to systematically examine the effect on installed impedance and predicted attenuation. Attenuation at sideline and approach conditions was found ...


Experimental And Computational Investigations Of Hydrogen Safety, Dispersion And Combustion For Transportation Applications, Shravan K. Vudumu 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Experimental And Computational Investigations Of Hydrogen Safety, Dispersion And Combustion For Transportation Applications, Shravan K. Vudumu

Doctoral Dissertations

"Hydrogen is an energy carrier that can be produced from a variety of sources, offering one of the viable solutions to the increasing demands for clean and sustainable energy. Compared to the conventional fuels, hydrogen has distinct properties that need to be properly accounted for during its safer storage and delivery as well as more efficient and cleaner utilization. The broader objective of this study is to contribute to the scientific knowledge necessary to overcome key technical barriers to the widespread implementation of hydrogen in transportation applications. Specifically, lower flammability limit of hydrogen is first measured with an enhanced experimental ...


Molecular Simulation Of The Infrared Absorption Cross Section And Thermophysical Properties Of A Polyatomic Fluid, Zhi Liang 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Molecular Simulation Of The Infrared Absorption Cross Section And Thermophysical Properties Of A Polyatomic Fluid, Zhi Liang

Doctoral Dissertations

"The work presented in this dissertation aims at ab initio calculations of the infrared absorption cross section, heat capacity, self-diffusion coefficient, shear viscosity and thermal conductivity of a polyatomic fluid with the aid of statistical mechanics. The simulation is firstly focused on calculating single-molecule properties such as molecular structure, vibrational energy eigen values and transition dipole moments using an efficient method based on the density functional theory. Based on these ab initio results, the infrared absorption cross sections are determined by the Fermi's Golden rule, and the thermophysical properties are determined from molecular dynamics simulations. Using carbon dioxide as ...


Design And Manufacture Of Tennis Ball Retriever, Philip Hurst 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Design And Manufacture Of Tennis Ball Retriever, Philip Hurst

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

No abstract provided.


Process Design For Aeration Of Facial Prosthetic, Nathaniel J. Urciuoli 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Process Design For Aeration Of Facial Prosthetic, Nathaniel J. Urciuoli

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Facial prosthetics are becoming a necessary step for the recovery of injured veterans and civilians who have suffered severe facial burning. Current users of such prosthetics are not able to wear the prosthetic for an extended period of time due to uncomfortable conditions created by the silicone material. A solution for this problem was to develop a process for creating small holes similar to skin pores that will both ventilate and aid in the evaporation of accumulated sweat under the prosthetic.

The main steps of this process were to create a flexible fixture capable of supporting and securing the prosthetic ...


Dual Axis Solar Tracker, Weston Sapia, Jason Birnie 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Dual Axis Solar Tracker, Weston Sapia, Jason Birnie

Electrical Engineering

No abstract provided.


Uncertainty Analysis And Instrument Selection Using A Web-Based Virtual Experiment, Praveen Malali, Pooja Bais, Robert Choate, Sushil Chaturvedi 2010 Old Dominion University

Uncertainty Analysis And Instrument Selection Using A Web-Based Virtual Experiment, Praveen Malali, Pooja Bais, Robert Choate, Sushil Chaturvedi

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

A methodology has been developed and successfully implemented for transforming physical experiments in an undergraduate thermo-fluids laboratory at Old Dominion University (ODU), a doctoral university, into web-based virtual experiments while the Mechanical Engineering (ME) faculty at Western Kentucky University (WKU), an undergraduate university, have developed and implemented a Design of Experiments (DOE) Plan to assure that graduates of their program have acquired the skills necessary to design and conduct experiments and analyze experimental results. This paper presents details about a web-based virtual experiment designed to teach students about selection of instruments based on the uncertainty estimated from the virtual experiment ...


A Study Of Friction Testing Methods Applicable To Demoulding Force Prediction For Micro Replicated Parts, Kevin Delaney, David Kennedy, G. Bissacco 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Study Of Friction Testing Methods Applicable To Demoulding Force Prediction For Micro Replicated Parts, Kevin Delaney, David Kennedy, G. Bissacco

Conference Papers

For replication processes to be deemed successful it must be possible to remove the replicated parts from the tool after processing. With decreasing part and feature size the challenge of demoulding replicated parts increases since the resulting parts and replication tooling used are more delicate and can be easily damaged. Predictive demoulding force models can be used to optimise the part, tool and process parameters to maximise the likelihood of success. Developing accurate models for this process requires knowledge of the dominant interfacial contributions to friction and knowledge of the size scale at which the dominant contributions operate together with ...


Elastohydrodynamic Analysis Of Spur Gears Using Load-Sharing Concept: Running-In And Steady-State, Saleh Akbarzadeh 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Elastohydrodynamic Analysis Of Spur Gears Using Load-Sharing Concept: Running-In And Steady-State, Saleh Akbarzadeh

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Gears are widely used in industry and hence their performance is of vital importance. Under the typical operating conditions of gears, the lubricant layer formed between the teeth of the pinion and the gear cannot completely separate the surfaces and contact of asperities of the pinion and gear occurs. This case is usually referred to as mixed lubrication problem. In this research the load-sharing concept has been employed to predict the performance of the pinion-gear system. The load-sharing concept is an efficient method to solve the mixed lubrication problem and is capable to predict the thickness of the lubricant film ...


Modeling And Simulation For Shape Memory Polymer Based Self-Healing Syntactic Foam, Wei Xu 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Modeling And Simulation For Shape Memory Polymer Based Self-Healing Syntactic Foam, Wei Xu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Syntactic foams, renowned for their low density and high mechanical properties, are enjoying continuing growth in various civilian and military sectors. However, like laminated composites, foam cored structures are vulnerable to impact damages and suffering from inabilities in repairing macro-scale cracks. A self-healing mechanism for structural damage is genuinely desired. A recent development in self-healing structural damage is a two-step close then heal (CTH) scheme proposed by Li and Nettles [1] and elucidated by Li and Uppu [2], by mimicking the self-healing process of human skin. This concept has been further demonstrated in Nji and Li’s work [3] that ...


Experimental And Analytical Study Of The Surface Texturing Enhanced Lubrication Elements, Yifan Qiu 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Experimental And Analytical Study Of The Surface Texturing Enhanced Lubrication Elements, Yifan Qiu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Surface texturing is a method that modifies the frictional surface of a nominally flat tribocomponent by shallow patterns. It is found that with added patterns to the surface of a mechanical face seal or thrust bearing, their tribological performance improves, i.e. both friction and wear rate decrease. The current research concentrates on the analysis of hydrodynamic effect responsible for the performance enhancement of the spiral groove patterns and dimples on mechanical seal-like structures and the experimental evaluation of the tribological behavior of these structures. Surface textures considered are: dimple texture and spiral groove pattern. In the research on the ...


Characterization Of Composite Piezoelectric Materials For Smart Joint Applications, Hari Prasad Konka 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Characterization Of Composite Piezoelectric Materials For Smart Joint Applications, Hari Prasad Konka

LSU Master's Theses

Piezoelectric materials have the ability to provide desired transformation from mechanical to electrical energy and vice versa. When a mechanical force is applied to the piezoelectric material an electrical voltage is generated and when an electrical voltage is applied to the piezoelectric material it gets strained or deformed. Owing to these characteristics piezoelectric materials can be used as a sensor, an actuator, as well as a power generation unit. The high brittleness property of the original piezoelectric material is one of the major constraints in using them in the engineering applications. In order to overcome this disadvantage the composite piezoelectric ...


Macroinstability And Perturbation In Turbulent Stirred Tank Flows, Somnath Roy 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Macroinstability And Perturbation In Turbulent Stirred Tank Flows, Somnath Roy

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Impeller stirred tank reactors (STRs) are commonly used in the chemical processing industries for a variety of mixing and blending technologies. In this research, a numerical study of flow and mixing inside turbulently agitated STRs are carried out. An immersed boundary method (IBM) is utilized to represent moving impeller geometries in the background of multi-block structured curvilinear fluid. The IBM This curvilinear-IBM methodology is further combined with the large eddy simulation (LES) technique to address the issue of modeling unsteady turbulent flows in the STR. Verification of the combined IBM-LES implementation strategy in curvilinear coordinates is done through comparisons with ...


Study Of Microstructure Effect On The Thermal Properties Of Yttria-Stabilized-Zirconia Thermal Barrier Coatings Made By Atmospheric Plasma Spray And Pressing Machine, Monica Bohorquez de Silva 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Study Of Microstructure Effect On The Thermal Properties Of Yttria-Stabilized-Zirconia Thermal Barrier Coatings Made By Atmospheric Plasma Spray And Pressing Machine, Monica Bohorquez De Silva

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are used in gas turbine engines to achieve a higher working temperature and thus lead to better efficiency. Yttria-Stabilized-Zirconia (YSZ), a material with low thermal conductivity, is commonly used as the top coat layer to provide the thermal barrier effect. In this dissertation the thermo-physical properties of a variety of TBCs samples made out of different fabrication techniques were investigated and compared. The first set of samples was fabricated using a pressing machine device to fabricate 0.5 inch diameter disk shaped YSZ-Al2O3 samples. The YSZ-Al2O3 powder mixture was made of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 ...


Model-Based Nonlinear Control Of Active Tilting-Pad Bearings, An Wu 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Model-Based Nonlinear Control Of Active Tilting-Pad Bearings, An Wu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

A promising mechanical bearing candidate for active operation is the tilting-pad bearing. The proposed active tilting-pad bearing has linear actuators that radially translate each pad. The use of feedback control in determining the actuator forces allows for the automatic, continuous adjustment of the pad position during the operation of the rotating machine. In the first part of the dissertation, we develop a nonlinear dynamic model of the active bearing system. The hydrodynamic force produced by the fluid film is modeled as a nonlinear, squeeze-film damper plus repellent spring. A model-based nonlinear controller is then designed to exponentially regulate the rotor ...


Computational Examination Of Compaction Wave-Boundary Interaction In Granular Explosive, Anirban Mandal 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Computational Examination Of Compaction Wave-Boundary Interaction In Granular Explosive, Anirban Mandal

LSU Master's Theses

Interactions between initially planar, piston supported compaction waves in heterogeneous energetic solids and macro-scale rigid boundaries were computationally examined for a wide range of piston impact speeds (20 ≤ Up ≤ 500 m/s) and initial solid volume fractions of the material (0.73 ≤ ϕ0 ≤ 0.90). The response of the material was described by a continuum theory that accounts for both elastic and inelastic compaction in a thermodynamically consistent manner. Initial conditions were imposed by interpolating the spatial structure of one-dimensional steady compaction waves onto two-dimensional domains considered in this study. For a planar wedge boundary, the peak solid ...


The Effect Of Anisotropic Surface Energy On The Stability Of Micro And Nano Wires, Ping Du 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Effect Of Anisotropic Surface Energy On The Stability Of Micro And Nano Wires, Ping Du

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

A liquid thread of radius R will break up into drops if the axial wavelength of the surface perturbation L > 2πR. If L < 2πR, the thread is stable and will remain intact. This is Rayleigh’s stability criterion based on a continuum model. We use molecular dynamics to simulate the evolution of Lennard-Jones liquid threads with equilibrium radius R = 2.3-6.6, where R has been non-dimensionalized by the distance at which the Lennard-Jones potential equals zero. We find that if R is fixed, the wavelength L is bounded by Lmin and Lmax. For L > Lmax the thread always breaks up and stays as drops, and for L < Lmin the thread remains intact. However, for Lmin < L < Lmax, the thread oscillates continuously among several shapes. The appearance of various shapes can be explained by the energy fluctuation of the system.

We also simulate the evolution of Lennard-Jones nanowires with equilibrium radius R = 1.57, 2.58, 3.59, and 4.60 by molecular dynamics. The ...


A Portable Phonatory Feedback Device For Patients With Speech Disorders, Richie Sajan 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Portable Phonatory Feedback Device For Patients With Speech Disorders, Richie Sajan

LSU Master's Theses

Vocal intensity-related speech disorders such as dysarthria and vocal nodules can limit quality of life and reduce the patient’s ability to interact with family, socialize, or pursue employment. Behavioral speech therapies exist to address these issues but have limited effectiveness because they are expensive and clinic-based. The ability to monitor vocal intensity outside of the clinical setting will greatly aid in the treatment of these speech disorders, enabling patients to make quicker progress by reinforcing techniques learned in the clinic. The Voice Volume Monitor (VVM) is a portable and cost-effective therapeutic aid designed for this purpose, providing real-time feedback ...


Enhancement Of Single-Lap Joint Strength Under Tension Using Piezoelectric Actuation, Ryan Michael Meyer 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Enhancement Of Single-Lap Joint Strength Under Tension Using Piezoelectric Actuation, Ryan Michael Meyer

LSU Master's Theses

Composite adhesively bonded joint structures have seen increased use over conventional riveted due to their ease of manufacturing and quality strength-to-weight ratios. However, adhesively bonded joints lack the rigidity and failure strength of riveted assemblies, due to high stress concentrations which develop in the adhesive layer, which makes them prone to undesirable deformation and failure. Piezoelectric materials feature the ability to produce mechanical strain when subjected to an applied voltage and vice-versa. Therefore, it is proposed to use piezoelectric actuators to transmit counterbalancing forces to increase the rigidity and strength of composite joints. Existing studies have been limited in that ...


Design And Fabrication Of Micronozzles For Drug Delivery Applications, Yuxuan Zhou 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Design And Fabrication Of Micronozzles For Drug Delivery Applications, Yuxuan Zhou

LSU Master's Theses

Inhaled drug is an important drug delivery route. It is widely used in medications for respiratory disorders. However, it has some significant limitations, for examples, concentration of drug, output, and particles size, are not accurately controlled in most of the available drug delivery systems today. Various new devices and technologies continue to be developed and introduced. Vibrating orifice is one of them. The critical issue of vibrating orifice technology is the fabrication of micro-nozzles. Traditional technique to fabricate these nozzles is to use dry etching method, which tends to be expensive and inconvenient for mass production. Other two optional fabrication ...


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