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22,921 full-text articles. Page 6 of 662.

Subsurface Cooling Rates And Microstructural Response During Laser Based Metal Additive Manufacturing, Vivek Thampy, Anthony Y. Fong, Nicholas P. Calta, Jenny Wang, Aiden A. Martin, Philip J. Depond, Andrew M. Kiss, Gabe Guss, Qingfeng Xing, Ryan T. Ott, Anthony van Buuren, Michael F. Toney, Johanna Nelson Weker, Matthew J. Kramer, Manyalibo J. Matthews, Christopher J. Tassone, Kevin H. Stone 2020 SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Subsurface Cooling Rates And Microstructural Response During Laser Based Metal Additive Manufacturing, Vivek Thampy, Anthony Y. Fong, Nicholas P. Calta, Jenny Wang, Aiden A. Martin, Philip J. Depond, Andrew M. Kiss, Gabe Guss, Qingfeng Xing, Ryan T. Ott, Anthony Van Buuren, Michael F. Toney, Johanna Nelson Weker, Matthew J. Kramer, Manyalibo J. Matthews, Christopher J. Tassone, Kevin H. Stone

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is a method of additive manufacturing characterized by the rapid scanning of a high powered laser over a thin bed of metallic powder to create a single layer, which may then be built upon to form larger structures. Much of the melting, resolidification, and subsequent cooling take place at much higher rates and with much higher thermal gradients than in traditional metallurgical processes, with much of this occurring below the surface. We have used in situ high speed X-ray diffraction to extract subsurface cooling rates following resolidification from the melt and above the β-transus ...


Hybrid Phase-Change Lattice Boltzmann Simulation Of Vapor Condensation On Vertical Subcooled Walls, Wandong Zhao, Yuan Gao, Ruijie Li, Songgang Qiu, Yin Zhang, Ben Xu 2020 Nanchang University

Hybrid Phase-Change Lattice Boltzmann Simulation Of Vapor Condensation On Vertical Subcooled Walls, Wandong Zhao, Yuan Gao, Ruijie Li, Songgang Qiu, Yin Zhang, Ben Xu

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Saturated vapor condensation on homogenous and heterogeneous subcooled walls is presented in this study by adopting a hybrid phase-change multiple-relaxation-time Lattice Boltzmann model. The effects of wall wettability on the condensation process, including droplets’ growth, coalescence and falling, and the influence of vapor flow to condensation are investigated. The results demonstrate that the heat fluxes around the triple-phase contact lines are higher than that in other cold areas in homogeneous subcooled walls, which actually indicates the fact that filmwise condensation is preventing the continuous condensation process. Furthermore, the dropwise condensation can be formed more easily on the heterogeneous surface with ...


Experimental Study On Plugging Behavior Of Degradable Fibers And Particulates Within Acid-Etched Fracture, Lufeng Zhang, Fujian Zhou, Wei Feng, Maysam Pournik, Zhun Li 2020 China University of Petroleum

Experimental Study On Plugging Behavior Of Degradable Fibers And Particulates Within Acid-Etched Fracture, Lufeng Zhang, Fujian Zhou, Wei Feng, Maysam Pournik, Zhun Li

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

As proven from field practices in North America and Northwest China, temporary plugging and diverting acid fracturing is an indispensable technology to enhance stimulation effect and hydrocarbon production of complex carbonate reservoirs. It's well-known that the key to the success of this technology lies in creating a temporary plugging within the previously created fractures. Consequently, many scholars have conducted laboratory experiments to investigate the plugging behavior of fibers and particulates. However, the current devices nearly have certain limitations in simulating temporary plugging experiments. Aiming at this problem, this paper introduced the fracture temporary plugging evaluation system with large fracture ...


Reverse Osmosis; Addressing Freshwater Shortage With Sustainable Desalination, Jessica Savage 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Reverse Osmosis; Addressing Freshwater Shortage With Sustainable Desalination, Jessica Savage

Sustainability Conference

Water security is an imperative part of high-functioning societies. Currently, large populations of the globe live in water-impoverished or water-stressed areas. With climate change and growing global populations, projections show more people being impacted by issues of water shortage.

One solution to water security is the implementation of desalination, specifically with reverse osmosis systems. This presentation walks through the history, capabilities, future work, and explanations on how reverse osmosis systems work. With continued research on improving desalination, communities in both developed and developing nations around the world can work towards total water security.


Adaptable Clean Energy Laboratory, Joao Marcelo Rocha Belmonte, Marc D. Compere 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Adaptable Clean Energy Laboratory, Joao Marcelo Rocha Belmonte, Marc D. Compere

Sustainability Conference

The Adaptable Clean Energy (ACE) Lab is a real-world, long term, test platform that will guide the courses of the Energy Systems track. The lab will provide realistic electrical and HVAC loads that mimic a solar powered office. The lab is a 20’ high cube shipping container modified with a door, windows, lights computers, air conditioner and appliances. The lab is Net-Zero and powered entirely from the sun. Two insulation test sections expose the exterior walls for research access to real external heat loads in a real building


Solar District Cup Competition, Qi Jiang, Kristen A. Holman, Benjamin F. Aulenbab, Adi Alharbi, Chenge Liu 2020 ERAU

Solar District Cup Competition, Qi Jiang, Kristen A. Holman, Benjamin F. Aulenbab, Adi Alharbi, Chenge Liu

Sustainability Conference

The Solar District Cup is a two-semester design competition sponsored by the U.S. Dept. of Energy in which teams from across the nation compete to design the most efficient and cost effective solar plus storage system for a unique district case. The Embry Riddle team was tasked with designing such a system for New Mexico State University in Las Cruses, NM.


Residential Thermal Storage And Cooling, Joao Marcelo Rocha Belmonte, Jacob Anderson, Andrew Clarke, Daphne Forester, Bianca Hardtke, Josh Hartman, Marc D. Compere 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Residential Thermal Storage And Cooling, Joao Marcelo Rocha Belmonte, Jacob Anderson, Andrew Clarke, Daphne Forester, Bianca Hardtke, Josh Hartman, Marc D. Compere

Sustainability Conference

No abstract provided.


Solar Powered Parking Lot Lights, Jordyn Taylor 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Solar Powered Parking Lot Lights, Jordyn Taylor

Sustainability Conference

Solar energy is a renewable resource growing exponentially around the country over the past few decades. Solar energy works through the use of photo-voltaic cells, which work to convert energy from sunlight into electricity. This is done within solar panels, which are then connected to batteries for energy storage to use as needed. As production has increased over past decades, the cost for solar panel hardware and installment has thus fallen to meet consumer need. While most common implementations include solar panels attached to one’s home or solar panel ‘fields’ for charging entire towns, there has been a steady ...


Differential Effect Of Magnetic Alignment On Additive Manufacturing Of Magnetocaloric Particles, Karam N. Al-Milaji, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Radhika Barua, Hong Zhao, Ravi L. Hadimani 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Differential Effect Of Magnetic Alignment On Additive Manufacturing Of Magnetocaloric Particles, Karam N. Al-Milaji, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Radhika Barua, Hong Zhao, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Additive manufacturing of materials using magnetic particles as feedstock has attracted tremendous attention during the past decade owing to its ability to tune both shape and magnetocrystalline anisotropy, which can significantly enhance the magnetic characteristics of materials. We demonstrate that the magnetic response of multilayered thin films of Gd5Si4 can be tailored by controlling the external magnetic field during inkjet printing. The external magnetic field aligns the magnetic particles along their magnetic easy axis, enhancing the magnetic anisotropy of the printed films. Our work demonstrates the ability to print thin magnetic films with a defined anisotropy in any chosen direction ...


Characterizing Meteorological Forecast Impact On Microgrid Optimization Performance And Design, Robert Jane, Gordon G. Parker, Gail Vaucher, Morris Berman 2020 US Army Futures Command

Characterizing Meteorological Forecast Impact On Microgrid Optimization Performance And Design, Robert Jane, Gordon G. Parker, Gail Vaucher, Morris Berman

Michigan Tech Publications

A microgrid consists of electrical generation sources, energy storage assets, loads, and the ability to function independently, or connect and share power with other electrical grids. Thefocus of this work is on the behavior of a microgrid, with both diesel generator and photovoltaic resources, whose heating or cooling loads are influenced by local meteorological conditions. Themicrogrid's fuel consumption and energy storage requirement were then examined as a function of the atmospheric conditions used by its energy management strategy (EMS). A fuel-optimal EMS, able to exploit meteorological forecasts, was developed and evaluated using a hybrid microgrid simulation. Weather forecast update ...


Development And Experimental Investigation Of Modular Crates For Industrial Packaging Applications, Marshal Louie, Kumar B 2020 College of Engineering, Guindy Campus, Anna University

Development And Experimental Investigation Of Modular Crates For Industrial Packaging Applications, Marshal Louie, Kumar B

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

For the increased product varieties, engineered plywood crate production technique could not facilitate box size optimization. This paper investigates the implementation of modularity function onto the plywood crate to resize the pack cube volume on customer requirement and to reduce space wastage inside the box. This is achieved by using a new joint technique called “Flat- Post Tongue Joint”. The full-sized experimental work is carried out comprising Flexural test analysis on Flat-Post Tongue joint, Tensile test analysis on tongue joint and Box Compression Test analysis on the two developed models of modular crates namely Modifiable Reinforced Plywood Crate (MRPC) and ...


Computer Vision And Machine Learning Enabled Soybean Root Phenotyping Pipeline, Kevin G. Falk, Talukder Z. Jubery, Seyed V. Mirnezami, Kyle A. Parmley, Soumik Sarkar, Arti Singh, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Asheesh K. Singh 2020 Iowa State University

Computer Vision And Machine Learning Enabled Soybean Root Phenotyping Pipeline, Kevin G. Falk, Talukder Z. Jubery, Seyed V. Mirnezami, Kyle A. Parmley, Soumik Sarkar, Arti Singh, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Asheesh K. Singh

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Background Root system architecture (RSA) traits are of interest for breeding selection; however, measurement of these traits is difficult, resource intensive, and results in large variability. The advent of computer vision and machine learning (ML) enabled trait extraction and measurement has renewed interest in utilizing RSA traits for genetic enhancement to develop more robust and resilient crop cultivars. We developed a mobile, low-cost, and high-resolution root phenotyping system composed of an imaging platform with computer vision and ML based segmentation approach to establish a seamless end-to-end pipeline - from obtaining large quantities of root samples through image based trait processing and ...


Frequency-Selective Metasurface Integrated Uncooled Microbolometers, Mahmoud Almasri, Edward C. Kinzel 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Frequency-Selective Metasurface Integrated Uncooled Microbolometers, Mahmoud Almasri, Edward C. Kinzel

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A metasurface integrated microbolometer having a sensing layer (e.g., SixGeyO1-x-y). The presence of the metasurface provides selectivity with respect to wavelength, polarization and angle-of-incidence. The presence of the metasurface into the microbolometer affects conversion of electromagnetic to thermal energy, thermal response, electrical integration of the microbolometer, and the tradeoff between resistivity and temperature coefficient of resistance, thereby allowing the ability to obtain a sensing with high temperature coefficient of resistance with lower resistivity values than that of films without the metasurface. The presence of the metasurface removes the need for a Fabry-Perot cavity.


The Desorption Kinetics Of Methane From Nonaqueous Fluids For Enhanced Well Control, James Lee Nielsen Jr. 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Desorption Kinetics Of Methane From Nonaqueous Fluids For Enhanced Well Control, James Lee Nielsen Jr.

LSU Master's Theses

The mass transfer of a dissolved gas evolving to return to the gaseous phase from a liquid is governed by many parameters. This process affects the development of an oil and gas well due to the possibility of gas contamination occurring from either an influx entering the wellbore, or drilling through gas-bearing formations. Once this dissolved hydrocarbon gas circulates up the wellbore, it will begin to evolve from solution and poses a potential risk to drilling equipment, the environment, and personnel at a drilling rig. Being able to predict the behavior of gas desorption based on a known set of ...


The Performance Of Sio2 And Tio2 Nanoparticles As Lubricant Additives In Sunflower Oil, Vicente Cortes, Karen Sanchez, Mataz Alcoutlabi, Javier A. Ortega 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Performance Of Sio2 And Tio2 Nanoparticles As Lubricant Additives In Sunflower Oil, Vicente Cortes, Karen Sanchez, Mataz Alcoutlabi, Javier A. Ortega

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In recent years, there has been growing concern regarding the use of petroleum-based lubricants. This concern has generated interest in readily biodegradable fluids such as vegetable oils. The present work evaluated the rheological and tribological characteristics of sunflower oil modified with silicon dioxide (SiO2) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles as lubricant additives at different concentrations. A parallel plate rheometer was used to evaluate the eects of concentration and shear rate on the shear viscosity, and the experimental data was compared with conventional models. The wear protection and friction characteristics of the oil-formulations were evaluated by conducting block-on-ring sliding tests. Surface ...


Heart Valve Isogeometric Sequentially-Coupled Fsi Analysis With The Space–Time Topology Change Method, Takuya Terahara, Kenji Takizawa, Tayfun E. Tezduyar, Yuri Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu 2020 Waseda University

Heart Valve Isogeometric Sequentially-Coupled Fsi Analysis With The Space–Time Topology Change Method, Takuya Terahara, Kenji Takizawa, Tayfun E. Tezduyar, Yuri Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Heart valve fluid–structure interaction (FSI) analysis is one of the computationally challenging cases in cardiovascular fluid mechanics. The challenges include unsteady flow through a complex geometry, solid surfaces with large motion, and contact between the valve leaflets. We introduce here an isogeometric sequentially-coupled FSI (SCFSI) method that can address the challenges with an outcome of high-fidelity flow solutions. The SCFSI analysis enables dealing with the fluid and structure parts individually at different steps of the solutions sequence, and also enables using different methods or different mesh resolution levels at different steps. In the isogeometric SCFSI analysis here, the first ...


Multi-Mode Guided Wave Detection Of Various Composite Damage Types, Hanfei Mei, Robin James, Victor Giurgiutiu 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Multi-Mode Guided Wave Detection Of Various Composite Damage Types, Hanfei Mei, Robin James, Victor Giurgiutiu

Faculty Publications

This paper presents a new methodology for detecting various types of composite damage, such as delamination and impact damage, through the application of multimode guided waves. The basic idea is that various wave modes have different interactions with various types of composite damage. Using this method, selective excitations of pure-mode guided waves were achieved using adjustable angle beam transducers (ABTs). The tuning angles of various wave modes were calculated using Snell’s law applied to the theoretical dispersion curves of composite plates. Pitch–catch experiments were conducted on a 2-mm quasi-isotropic carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite plate to validate the ...


Near-Field Pressure Signature Splicing For Low-Fidelity Design Space Exploration Of Supersonic Aircraft, Christian R. Bolander, Douglas F. Hunsaker 2020 Utah State University

Near-Field Pressure Signature Splicing For Low-Fidelity Design Space Exploration Of Supersonic Aircraft, Christian R. Bolander, Douglas F. Hunsaker

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Student Publications and Presentations

As interest in supersonic overland flight intensifies, new ways to meet government restrictions on sonic boom loudness must be implemented. Low-fidelity aerodynamic tools, such as PANAIR, can estimate the near-field pressure signature that ultimately determines the loudness of the sonic boom at the ground. These tools can greatly benefit the exploration of large design spaces due to their computational efficiency. One of the limitations of low-fidelity tools is the accuracy of the solution produced, which is dependent on the fundamental physical assumptions made in the development of the governing equations. If flow patterns are produced that severely violate these fundamental ...


Minimum Induced Drag For Tapered Wings Including Structural Constraints, Jeffrey D. Taylor, Doug F. Hunsaker 2020 Utah State University

Minimum Induced Drag For Tapered Wings Including Structural Constraints, Jeffrey D. Taylor, Doug F. Hunsaker

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Student Publications and Presentations

For a wing in steady level flight, the lift distribution that minimizes induced drag depends on a tradeoff between wingspan and wing-structure weight. In 1933, Prandtl suggested that tapered wings have an advantage over rectangular wings due to this tradeoff. However, Prandtl’s solutions were obtained using assumptions that correspond to rectangular wings. Therefore, his claim was not analytically proven by his 1933 publication. Here, an approach similar to Prandtl’s is taken with more general approximations that apply to wings of arbitrary planform. This more general development is used to study Prandtl’s claim about tapered wings. Closed-form solutions ...


Electrathon Vehicle: Steering, Lathan Halaapiapi 2020 Central Washington University

Electrathon Vehicle: Steering, Lathan Halaapiapi

All Undergraduate Projects

The Electrathon Vehicle project is an ongoing project that dates back to 2012. The Electrathon Vehicle began as a frame and three wheels when given to the EV club. In past projects the vehicle has had frame and suspension work. The current design is only partially assembled and does not allow for any steering in the vehicle. A steering system needed to be developed in order for the vehicle to be controlled while a person is sitting in the seat. A steering system was designed that could withstand the force of maneuvering the vehicle in excess of 30 mph. This ...


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