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Design And Validation Of A Dynamic Pressure-Based Loading Device And 3d Strain Tracking Protocol For Ventral Hernia Modeling, Griffin Kivitz 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Design And Validation Of A Dynamic Pressure-Based Loading Device And 3d Strain Tracking Protocol For Ventral Hernia Modeling, Griffin Kivitz

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

It is estimated that 350,000-500,000 ventral hernia repair surgeries are performed each year in the United States. While the long-term recurrence rate of ventral hernia repairs is not yet known, when tissues are exposed to the trauma of surgery, there is always the chance of recurrence. Commonly used ex vivo testing methods for determining the mechanical properties of the abdominal wall and biomaterials for hernia repair consist primarily of uniaxial and biaxial testing, which are not physiologically relevant loading environments. The need for a testing device that can exert physiologically relevant loads ex vivo to an abdominal wall ...


Hemodynamic Effects On Aortic Development Due To Outflow Tract Banding, Humza Ismail 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Hemodynamic Effects On Aortic Development Due To Outflow Tract Banding, Humza Ismail

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Hemodynamic forces drive remodeling of the early cardiac system in embryonic development. Perturbations of normal cardiac blood flow can cause the formation of defects and malformations within the cardiac system. Specifically, changes in hemodynamics can cause the formation of different congenital heart defects. The formation of heart defects has been studied; however, vasculature specific defects caused by changes in blood flow patterns in the early cardiac system have not been studied to the same degree. In this thesis, the effects of hemodynamic changes on arterial development were studied. Outflow tract banding (OTB) was used to cause a local increase in ...


Change Of Exposure Time Mid-Test In High Temperature Dic Measurement, Thinh Quang Thai, Adam J. Smith, Robert J. Rowley, Paul R. Gradl, Ryan B. Berke 2020 Utah State University

Change Of Exposure Time Mid-Test In High Temperature Dic Measurement, Thinh Quang Thai, Adam J. Smith, Robert J. Rowley, Paul R. Gradl, Ryan B. Berke

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Performing digital image correlation (DIC) at extreme temperatures has been greatly challenging due to the radiation which saturates the camera sensor. At such high temperatures, the light intensity emitted from an object is occasionally so powerful that the acquired images are overwhelmingly saturated. This induces data loss, potentially ruining the test, thus requiring the user to restart the test. For this reason, selection of an appropriate camera sensitivity plays a crucial role prior to beginning the test. Exposure time is a factor contributing to camera sensitivity and it is the easiest setting to manipulate during the test since it introduces ...


Research Tools And Their Uses For Determining The Thermal Inactivation Kinetics Of Salmonella In Low-Moisture Foods, Soon Kiat Lau 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Research Tools And Their Uses For Determining The Thermal Inactivation Kinetics Of Salmonella In Low-Moisture Foods, Soon Kiat Lau

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The reputation of low-moisture foods as safe foods has been crumbling over the past decade due to repeated involvement in foodborne illness outbreaks. Although various pasteurization technologies exist, a majority are thermal processes and have not been well-characterized for pasteurizing low-moisture foods. In addition, the nature of a low-moisture food matrix introduces various experimental complications that are not encountered in high-moisture foods. In this dissertation, the development, building instructions, and characterization of various open source tools for studying the inactivation kinetics of microorganisms in low-moisture foods are described. The first tool is the TDT Sandwich, a dry heating device for ...


A Study Of The Design And Manufacturing Of An Elevated Dog Feeder, Lena Turner 2020 University of Mississippi

A Study Of The Design And Manufacturing Of An Elevated Dog Feeder, Lena Turner

Honors Theses

ABSTRACT

The senior capstone which students in the Center for Manufacturing Excellence program partake in was the basis for project. The Dog Box is an elevated dog feeder with an internal food storage compartment. It was designed for medium to large dogs, and can hold over 40 lbs of dog food. The internal storage compartment has drawer access and contains a plastic tote that will hold the food. The purpose of the design was to create an aesthetically pleasing elevated dog feeder that would double as a storage device, and elevated feeding can help prevent health issues in large dog ...


Aerial Screw Vtol Rotorcraft, Macale Rielly, Alexa Culp, Thomas Osteen, Adeline Perry 2020 Kennesaw State University

Aerial Screw Vtol Rotorcraft, Macale Rielly, Alexa Culp, Thomas Osteen, Adeline Perry

Senior Design Project For Engineers

Known as the “Renaissance Man,” DaVinci’s impressive knowledge of mechanics and inventive prowess would influence engineers and innovators hundreds of years later to make human flight a reality. However, due to the limited capacity of engineering and manufacturing at the time, his invention had been shallowly investigated in a production setting. This project strove to properly acknowledge DaVinci’s invention by thorough examination and critical analysis of his concept with the hopes of gaining a better understanding of why it is considered the “foundation of vertical flight”.

An iterative design approach was employed, utilizing faculty and university resources, team ...


Urban Cargo Transport Uav Final Design Review, Niko Giannakakos, Rafael Barreto Gutierrez, Tejas Bhavsar 2020 Kennesaw State University

Urban Cargo Transport Uav Final Design Review, Niko Giannakakos, Rafael Barreto Gutierrez, Tejas Bhavsar

Senior Design Project For Engineers

Delivery of goods to homes and offices over the last decades has seen a significant increase as more people and businesses need or want items sent directly to them. With the increase in demand, technology has also experienced a rapid growth, specifically in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Many major companies are currently researching UAVs as the future of their delivery operations. With this ever-growing demand, NASA has issued a design competition of a UAV developed for urban deliveries. This unmanned aircraft system (UAS) would need to be able to deliver small packages, in a timely manner, within ...


A Protocol For Automated A Posteriori Adaptive Meshing With Simvascular: A Test Case, Akash Gupta, Ethan Kung 2020 Clemson University

A Protocol For Automated A Posteriori Adaptive Meshing With Simvascular: A Test Case, Akash Gupta, Ethan Kung

Publications

Operational details regarding the use of the adaptive meshing (AM) algorithm available in the SimVascular package are scarce despite its application in several studies. Lacking these details, novice users of the AM algorithm may experience undesirable outcomes post-adaptation such as increases in mesh error metrics, unpredictable increases in mesh size, and losses in geometric fidelity. Here we present a test case using our proposed iterative protocol that will help prevent these undesirable outcomes and enhance the utility of the AM algorithm. We present three trials (conservative, moderate, and aggressive settings) applied to a scenario modelling a Fontan junction with a ...


Crystallographic Facet Selective Her Catalysis: Exemplified In Fep And Nip2 Single Crystals, Bryan Owens-Baird, Juliana P.S. Sousa, Yasmine Ziouani, Dmitri Y. Petrovykh, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Duane D. Johnson, Yury V. Kolen'ko, Kirill Kovnir 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Crystallographic Facet Selective Her Catalysis: Exemplified In Fep And Nip2 Single Crystals, Bryan Owens-Baird, Juliana P.S. Sousa, Yasmine Ziouani, Dmitri Y. Petrovykh, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Duane D. Johnson, Yury V. Kolen'ko, Kirill Kovnir

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

How the crystal structures of ordered transition-metal phosphide catalysts affect the hydrogen-evolution reaction (HER) is investigated by measuring the anisotropic catalytic activities of selected crystallographic facets on large (mm-sized) single crystals of iron-phosphide (FeP) and monoclinic nickel-diphosphide (m-NiP2). We find that different crystallographic facets exhibit distinct HER activities, in contrast to a commonly held assumption of severe surface restructuring during catalytic activity. Moreover, density-functional-theory-based computational studies show that the observed facet activity correlates well with the H-binding energy to P atoms on specific surface terminations. Direction dependent catalytic properties of two different phosphides with different transition metals, crystal structures, and ...


A Numerical Investigation Of Microgravity Evaporation, Daniel Peter Ringle 2020 Portland State University

A Numerical Investigation Of Microgravity Evaporation, Daniel Peter Ringle

Dissertations and Theses

Evaporation is important to myriad engineering processes such as cooling, distillation, thin film deposition, and others. In fact, NASA has renewed interest in using cabin air pressure evaporation as a means to recycle waste water in space. As one example, NASA recently conducted experiments aboard the International Space Station (ISS) to measure evaporation rates in microgravity and to determine the impacts of porous structure on the process. It has long been assumed that differences in evaporation rates between 1-g0 and microgravity are small. However, discrepancies by as much as 40% have been observed in practice. The assumption now is that ...


A97 Electrostatic Precipitator (Esp) Waste Elimination, Brian Acosta, Alyssa Young, Austin Straw 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

A97 Electrostatic Precipitator (Esp) Waste Elimination, Brian Acosta, Alyssa Young, Austin Straw

Scholar Week 2016 - present

This project focuses on the development of a waste elimination system. the Kankakee BASF site produces a waste known as acid ester waste through their air pollution system in area 97; this waste is highly corrosive and is causing damage to their process sewer. A waste elimination system had to be developed in order to remove the acid ester was from the process sewer without compromising the operation of the BASF Kankakee site.



Olivet Robotics, Caroline Orndorff, Allann Davidson, Jared Haworth, Nicholas Mills 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Olivet Robotics, Caroline Orndorff, Allann Davidson, Jared Haworth, Nicholas Mills

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The VEX Robotics Competition is a challenging event series for elementary to university students. Each year, VEX creates thought provoking games with goals that must be accomplished via robotics. The question ONU Robotics Team must answer is “how can one create the most effective strategies in order to win?” during the 2019-2020 Tower Takeover Game. The ONU Robotics Senior Design Team (ORSeT) will work to answer this question with principles from Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Computer Science. ORSeT will use this opportunity to not only create a winning robot, but also to challenge team members’ creative abilities and engineering ...


Fish Farming Aerator, Kylie Johnson, Therese Rosalez, Jordan Hendricker, Ryan Froidcoeur 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Fish Farming Aerator, Kylie Johnson, Therese Rosalez, Jordan Hendricker, Ryan Froidcoeur

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Designing, building and installing a functional and efficient aerator prototype suitable for small pond intensive aquaculture use in El Faro, Guatemala. The project’s purpose is to provide a solution for farming tilapia. A successful project outcome will help impoverished families to raise tilapia for food and income The team will install the aeration system on-site in El Faro, Guatemala.


Nucor Steel Storage Rack Design, Mac Hanson, Hannah Cataldo, Jason Ziganto, Robert Wozek 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Nucor Steel Storage Rack Design, Mac Hanson, Hannah Cataldo, Jason Ziganto, Robert Wozek

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The goal of this design project was to build effective steel storage racks for Nucor Steel Kankakee. The important criteria that the design team needed to meet was that the rack was adjustable, could fit all of the manufactured products that Nucor makes, and could fit various lengths of product. Nucor needs a new rack system because their current process makes the shipping process very inefficient.


Sae Baja Drivetrain, Troy Von Gillern, Kaitlyn Elmer, Nathan Tabor 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Sae Baja Drivetrain, Troy Von Gillern, Kaitlyn Elmer, Nathan Tabor

Scholar Week 2016 - present

A project to optimize the drivetrain on the ONU SAE Baja Team vehicle.


Basic Utilities Vehicle (Buv) Milk Transportation, Brian D. Reynolds, Sean Patrick Bayless Galligar, Emmitt Hanner, Joshua T. Pitts 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Basic Utilities Vehicle (Buv) Milk Transportation, Brian D. Reynolds, Sean Patrick Bayless Galligar, Emmitt Hanner, Joshua T. Pitts

Scholar Week 2016 - present

In developing countries, a need exists for the transportation of raw foods to communities without spoilage. Traditional methods of transporting goods don’t meet the needs of the consumer, and often times food is wasted due to the harsh climate and time constraints. Food often becomes salvage under the heat, causing a hurt to the profitability of vendors and family needs for fresh produce. In particular milk transportation has become difficult, due to the lack of cold storage in standard transit. As a response to the need for affordable raw food transport, our sponsor Basic Utilities Vehicle (BUV) has tasked ...


Thermal Modeling Of Additive Manufacturing Using Graph Theory: Validation With Directed Energy Deposition, Jordan Severson 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Thermal Modeling Of Additive Manufacturing Using Graph Theory: Validation With Directed Energy Deposition, Jordan Severson

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Metal additive manufacturing (AM/3D printing) offers unparalleled advantages over conventional manufacturing, including greater design freedom and a lower lead time. However, the use of AM parts in safety-critical industries, such as aerospace and biomedical, is limited by the tendency of the process to create flaws that can lead to sudden failure during use. The root cause of flaw formation in metal AM parts, such as porosity and deformation, is linked to the temperature inside the part during the process, called the thermal history. The thermal history is a function of the process parameters and part design.

Consequently, the first ...


Angle-Iron Feed Measuring Device, Jason Robertson, Alex Welling, Jacob Burns 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Angle-Iron Feed Measuring Device, Jason Robertson, Alex Welling, Jacob Burns

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Steel and iron are the building blocks with which we construct our world. From buildings to machines to transportation the use of these materials can be found in all aspects of life. In their crude form they do not have much use, so manufacturers standardize various shapes and sizes to create usable resources. These include bars, rods, beams, sheet, and angle iron. The team made up of three engineering students Jake Burns, Jason Robertson, and Alex Welling is working with a company called Peddinghaus. Peddinghaus produces equipment and machines to process steel and iron in their standard forms, such as ...


Itw Deltar Model Factory, Bri Hollowell, Tyler Rogers, Jake Klingelsmith 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Itw Deltar Model Factory, Bri Hollowell, Tyler Rogers, Jake Klingelsmith

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The project given to the design team was a request from ITW Deltar to improve their packaging system for some production machines in cell C. The primary goal of the project is to optimize the safety and workflow of the packaging systems in cell C. The safety of the packaging system will be determined using the REBA risk assessment number. The workflow improvement is determined through analysis of the packaging time and the walking distances of the workers.

The design team identified the functional requirements and design constraints that need to be met. These functional requirements include the packaging system ...


Olivet Nazarene University Telescope Vibration, Jake Butterfield, Kamil Michorczyk, Nathan Eckerle 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Olivet Nazarene University Telescope Vibration, Jake Butterfield, Kamil Michorczyk, Nathan Eckerle

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Our project entails the use of vibration analysis to come up with a solution to the vibrational issues the ONU Telescope on top of Reed Hall of Science is currently experiencing. In its current state, the telescope produces images that are shaky and unclear; thus, rendering it useless for its intended research purposes. This shaky image is a result of excessive vibrations on and around the telescope. Within this project we diagnosed the source of the vibrations, brainstormed different design possibilities, chose the best one that is most feasible and meets the client’s needs, and proposed a detailed final ...


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