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Acoustics, Dynamics, and Controls Commons

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Development Of Autonomous Vehicle Motion Planning And Control Algorithm With D* Planner And Model Predictive Control In A Dynamic Environment, Somnath Mondal 2021 Michigan Technological University

Development Of Autonomous Vehicle Motion Planning And Control Algorithm With D* Planner And Model Predictive Control In A Dynamic Environment, Somnath Mondal

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The research in this report incorporates the improvement in the autonomous driving capability of self-driving cars in a dynamic environment. Global and local path planning are implemented using the D* path planning algorithm with a combined Cubic B-Spline trajectory generator, which generates an optimal obstacle free trajectory for the vehicle to follow and avoid collision. Model Predictive Control (MPC) is used for the longitudinal and the lateral control of the vehicle. The presented motion planning and control algorithm is tested using Model-In-the-Loop (MIL) method with the help of MATLAB® Driving Scenario Designer and Unreal Engine® Simulator by Epic Games®. Different …


Defect Detection Using Dynamic Analysis For Additive Manufactured Metals, Gita Deonarain 2021 Michigan Technological University

Defect Detection Using Dynamic Analysis For Additive Manufactured Metals, Gita Deonarain

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Additive manufacturing (AM) has the ability to produce parts with complex geometries and internal features, however, for demanding applications such as the automotive and aerospace industries, it is crucial that the parts can meet the demanding functional and geometric requirements. Quality control for AM parts focuses on nondestructive methods of testing, but many of the current methods are expensive and time-consuming. The research presented in this report explores various methods of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) using dynamic analysis on stainless steel parts produced with selective laser melting (SLM). Methods include, but are not limited to, frequency response functions (FRF), impedance-based measurements, …


The Effect Of Dynamic Span Wise Bending On The Forces Of A Pitching Flat Plate, Manoj Prabakar Sargunaraj 2021 University of Central Florida

The Effect Of Dynamic Span Wise Bending On The Forces Of A Pitching Flat Plate, Manoj Prabakar Sargunaraj

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

A novel experiment has been conducted to investigate the effect of dynamic spanwise bending on the formation of a dynamic stall vortex on a rapidly pitching flat plate. Experiments have been performed in a towing tank at different nondimensional pitch rates (Kp) in the range of 0.4112 < Kp < 0.8225, and four maximum pitch angles (30° , 45°, 60°, and 90°) at a Reynolds number of 12,000. Synchronized direct force measurements and particle image velocimetry (PIV) are used to characterize the effect of bending on the unsteady forces and the flow field. An unsteady analytical model based on the bending and pitching kinematics is used to model the lift force histories. It is found that a spanwise bending of a pitching wing alleviated the unsteady lift forces. However, the main contribution was found to come from the non-circulatory forces. The circulation and pressure analysis of the pitching wing revealed little or no sensitivity to the wing bending motions examined.


The Beautiful Math Of Everything And You Included, E. Ozie 2020 University of Maryland, College Park

The Beautiful Math Of Everything And You Included, E. Ozie

The STEAM Journal

This a reflection on how there is beautiful math to everything. An author's interpretation of matrices and mechanics in its relationship to someone's identity.


Control Of Mr Damper Using Anfis And Pid Controller For Optimum Vehicle Ride Comfort, Mohammad Faisal Yakhni, Mohamad Ali, Mohamed El-Gohary 2020 Eng., Faculty of Engineering, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Control Of Mr Damper Using Anfis And Pid Controller For Optimum Vehicle Ride Comfort, Mohammad Faisal Yakhni, Mohamad Ali, Mohamed El-Gohary

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Suspension system design is an important challenging duty that facing car manufacturers, so the challenge has become to design the best system in terms of providing ride comfort and handling ability under all driving situations. The goal of this paper is to provide assistance in enhancing the effectiveness of the suspension system. A full car model with eight Degrees Of Freedom (DOF) was developed using MATLAB/Simulink. Validation of the Simulink model was obtained. The model was assumed to travel over a speed hump that has a half sine wave shape and amplitude that changing from 0.01 to 0.2 m. The …


Microparticle Propulsion For In Vivo Navigation, Louis Rogowski 2020 Southern Methodist University

Microparticle Propulsion For In Vivo Navigation, Louis Rogowski

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

Microscale propulsion impacts a diverse array of fields, with simplistic microrobots allowing for novel innovations in microscale surgery and drug delivery. Propulsion at the microscale is constrained by physics, with time-reversal and geometric symmetries limiting available propulsion mechanisms. However, certain fluid environments and surface coatings allow for the propulsion of microparticles through externally applied magnetic fields. Presented here is a detailed analysis of microparticles propelling using spontaneous symmetry breaking, flagella surface coatings, and multi-modal actuation mechanisms. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in nonlinearly viscoelastic fluids is presented for the first time in literature, with two equal and opposite propulsion states existing along …


3. Localization, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao 2020 University of Mississippi

3. Localization, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao

Gulf Research Program Data Sets

This data set contains the results for oil leakage source localization.


4. Metadata Files, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao 2020 University of Mississippi

4. Metadata Files, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao

Gulf Research Program Data Sets

This data set contains all ReadMe files for test data, modeling data, and localization data, as well as the corresponding codes.


6. Supplemental Materials, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao 2020 University of Mississippi

6. Supplemental Materials, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao

Gulf Research Program Data Sets

This data set contains all conference presentations, manuscripts, technical reports, posters.


1. Test Data, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao 2020 University of Mississippi

1. Test Data, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao

Gulf Research Program Data Sets

This data set contains recorded and processed bubble sounds under different conditions: a few bubbles vs. constant flow bubbles. Each condition is tested with nitrogen and with methane.


5. Programs And Algorithms, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao 2020 University of Mississippi

5. Programs And Algorithms, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao

Gulf Research Program Data Sets

This data set contains all codes for the study.


2. Modeling, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao 2020 University of Mississippi

2. Modeling, Zhiqu Lu, Likun Zhang, Lei Cao

Gulf Research Program Data Sets

This data set contains the results for acoustic bubble modeling.


Understanding Of Aerosol Transmission Of Covid 19 In Indoor Environments, Adama Barro, Cathal O'Toole, Jacob S. Lopez, Matthew Quinones, Sherene Moore 2020 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Understanding Of Aerosol Transmission Of Covid 19 In Indoor Environments, Adama Barro, Cathal O'Toole, Jacob S. Lopez, Matthew Quinones, Sherene Moore

Publications and Research

Our reason for discussing severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or 2019 novel corona virus (Covid-19), is to understand its aerosol transmission characteristics in indoor spaces and to mitigate further spread of this disease by designing a new HVAC system. The problem that we are tackling is the spread of covid-19 droplets through aerosol transmission by looking at potential engineering solutions to the existing HVAC systems. The purpose is to eradicate the spread of the COVID-19 by testing indoor spaces in an effort to understand the effectiveness of ventilation controls. We believe that scientists and engineers have not …


Spin Stabilization Of An Air Ambulance Litter, Christopher Forden CDT'20, Yanuel Trinidad CDT'20, Ryan von Chance-Stutler CDT'20, Andrew Bellocchio, James E. Bluman, Mary Lanzerotti 2020 United States Military Academy

Spin Stabilization Of An Air Ambulance Litter, Christopher Forden Cdt'20, Yanuel Trinidad Cdt'20, Ryan Von Chance-Stutler Cdt'20, Andrew Bellocchio, James E. Bluman, Mary Lanzerotti

West Point Research Papers

This paper proposes a new approach to stabilize the spin of a suspended litter during air ambulance rescue hoist operations. Complex forces generated by the helicopter’s downwash may cause a patient suspended in a rescue litter to spin violently. In severe cases, the spin destabilizes the suspended load, risks injury to the patient, and jeopardizes the safety of the aircrew. The presented design employs an anti-torque device to arrest the spin that is safer and faster than a tagline and is without the tactical constraints of the tagline. The device follows tailored control laws to accelerate a flywheel attached to …


Experimental Investigation Of Liquid Height Estimation And Simulation Verification Of Bolt Tension Quantification Using Surface Acoustic Waves, Hani Alhazmi 2020 University of South Florida

Experimental Investigation Of Liquid Height Estimation And Simulation Verification Of Bolt Tension Quantification Using Surface Acoustic Waves, Hani Alhazmi

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, two separate applications that are related to surface acoustic waves in a solid media are presented. The first study concerns simulating and validating an experimentally study for quantifying the bolt tension in the bolted joints using the surface acoustic wave. The second study experimentally investigates measuring the level of a liquid existing on a solid surface via surface acoustic waves and exploring the effect of liquid existence on the propagation of surface acoustic waves over the solid surface.

Quantifying bolt tension and ensuring that bolts are appropriately tightened for large-scale civil infrastructures are crucial. This study investigates …


Cooperative Aerial Search And Localization Using Lissajous Patterns, Josiah Steckenrider, Spencer Leamy, Tomonari Furukawa 2020 United States Military Academy

Cooperative Aerial Search And Localization Using Lissajous Patterns, Josiah Steckenrider, Spencer Leamy, Tomonari Furukawa

West Point Research Papers

This paper presents a cooperative aerial search-and-localization framework for applications where knowledge about the target of concern is minimal. The proposed framework leverages the sweeping oscillatory properties of Lissajous curves to improve an agent's chances of encountering a target. To accurately estimate the states of cooperative search drones, a discrete-time linear Lissajous motion model approximation is presented in such a way that uncertainty in physical model parameters can be accounted for. These uncertainties are propagated through estimation formulas to improve both agent and target localization relative to a static base station. Numerous experiments conducted in a physics-driven simulation environment show …


Leveraging Abet Accreditation To Promote Inclusion Of Noise Control Engineering Concepts In Engineering Programs, Lily M. Wang, Bryan Beamer 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Leveraging Abet Accreditation To Promote Inclusion Of Noise Control Engineering Concepts In Engineering Programs, Lily M. Wang, Bryan Beamer

Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering

Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc. (ABET) accreditation is an internationally recognized system ensuring consistency and quality in engineering education programs. As a part of ABET accreditation, there is no set requirement for any general engineering program to include noise control engineering concepts in their curricula. However, one of the seven student outcomes that each ABET accredited engineering program must document is their students’ “ability to apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare…” Controlling noise in the authors’ view is a fundamental strategy for protecting workers from occupational …


A Quantitative Approach For Tuning A Mountain Bike Suspension, Steven Robert Waal 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Quantitative Approach For Tuning A Mountain Bike Suspension, Steven Robert Waal

Master's Theses

A method for tuning the spring rate and damping rate of a mountain bike suspension based on a data-driven procedure is presented. The design and development of a custom data acquisition system, known as the "MTB DAQ," capable of measuring acceleration data at the front and rear axles of a bike are discussed. These data are input into a model that is used to calculate the vertical acceleration and pitching angular acceleration response of the bike and rider. All geometric and dynamic properties of the bike and rider system are measured and built into the model. The model is tested …


Semi Open Partitions: A Defense Strategy For Airborne Disease, Kerrie Marshall, Arik Palileo, Eric A. Schiff 2020 Syracuse University

Semi Open Partitions: A Defense Strategy For Airborne Disease, Kerrie Marshall, Arik Palileo, Eric A. Schiff

SyracuseCoE Research Brief Series

This brief summarizes research on two measures that reduce the risk of transmitting COVID-19 from an infected person to a virus-free individual. Semi-partitioned spaces can reduce airborne disease transmission when combined with a proper ventilation flow pattern in a room. With advanced displacement ventilation risk can be reduced by at least 4 times.


Sound Vortex Diffraction Via Topological Charge In Phase Gradient Metagratings, Yangyang Fu, Chen Shen, Xiaohui Zhu, Junfei Li, Youwen Liu, Steven A. Crummer 2020 Rowan University

Sound Vortex Diffraction Via Topological Charge In Phase Gradient Metagratings, Yangyang Fu, Chen Shen, Xiaohui Zhu, Junfei Li, Youwen Liu, Steven A. Crummer

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

Wave fields with orbital angular momentum (OAM) have been widely investigated in metasurfaces. By engineering acoustic metasurfaces with phase gradient elements, phase twisting is commonly used to obtain acoustic OAM. However, it has limited ability to manipulate sound vortices, and a more powerful mechanism for sound vortex manipulation is strongly desired. Here, we propose the diffraction mechanism to manipulate sound vortices in a cylindrical waveguide with phase gradient metagratings (PGMs). A sound vortex diffraction law is theoretically revealed based on the generalized conservation principle of topological charge. This diffraction law can explain and predict the complicated diffraction phenomena of sound …


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