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628 full-text articles. Page 7 of 26.

Fabrication Of Functional Nano-Structured Materials And Devices Using Supercritical Fluids, Shengkai Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Fabrication Of Functional Nano-Structured Materials And Devices Using Supercritical Fluids, Shengkai Li

Doctoral Dissertations

Nano-structured materials possess unconventional properties and enable miniaturization of devices. However, fabrications of such materials and devices are challenging and in many cases cumbersome, and development of nanofabrication techniques are essential to realizing novel designs and commercializing scientific ideas. Supercritical fluids possess a unique combination of gas-like diffusion properties and liquid-like dissolution power, and are suitable reaction media for fabricating materials at the nanometer scale.

This dissertation focuses on developing supercritical fluids-related techniques for fast and large-scale fabrication of novel composite materials and devices. Using supercritical fluid deposition (SFD) technique, cobalt thin films were deposited on a variety of substrates ...


Computational Modeling Of Percolation Conduction And Diffusion Of Heterogeneous Materials, Jian Qiu 2017 University of Denver

Computational Modeling Of Percolation Conduction And Diffusion Of Heterogeneous Materials, Jian Qiu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Heterogeneous materials provide a unique combination of desirable mechanical, thermal or electrical properties. This dissertation presents several micro-structure modeling approaches to predict the effective properties of heterogeneous materials and demonstrates its certain application toward two highly heterogeneous, unconventional structural composite materials (carbon fiber reinforced composite materials and graphene nanoplatelets composite). By using the efficient computational algorithm based on the FEA, a randomly oriented disk-shaped particles system are generated. A new element partition scheme based on the vector operations and geometry of inclusion has been implemented to mesh the intersected disks. The computed equivalent conductivity is expressed as a power-law function ...


Large-Scale Surface Strain Gauge For Health Monitoring Of Civil Structures, Simon Laflamme, Matthais Kollosche, Venkata Dharmateja Kollipara, Husaam S. Saleem, Guggi Kofod 2016 Iowa State University

Large-Scale Surface Strain Gauge For Health Monitoring Of Civil Structures, Simon Laflamme, Matthais Kollosche, Venkata Dharmateja Kollipara, Husaam S. Saleem, Guggi Kofod

Simon Laflamme

Health monitoring of civil structures is a process that aims at diagnosing and localizing structural damages. It is typically conducted by visual inspections, therefore relying vastly on the monitoring frequency and individual judgement of the inspectors. The automation of the monitoring process would be greatly beneficial by increasing life expectancy of civil structures via timely maintenance, thus improving their sustainability. In this paper, we present a sensing method for automatically localizing strain over large surfaces. The sensor consists of several soft capacitors arranged in a matrix form, which can be applied over large areas. Local strains are converted into changes ...


Experimental Methods And Practices For The Study Of Toroidal Inflated, Braided Fabric Members, Daniel J. Whitney 2016 University of Maine

Experimental Methods And Practices For The Study Of Toroidal Inflated, Braided Fabric Members, Daniel J. Whitney

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Inflatable structures have become a very important area of interest for many differing applications where lightweight packable structures are required. NASA is developing Hypersonic Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator (HIAD) technology that takes advantage of stacked, inflated fabric tori to form a decelerating spacecraft nose cone. The tori consist of a bladder, braided fabric shell, and reinforcing in the form of integral cords or externally bonded straps. The focus of this thesis is on the development of methods for the structural testing of inflated fabric tori and developing an enhanced understanding of their behavior. This is essential for providing insight into the ...


In Mold Flow Of Long Fibers In Compression Molding Process, Gleb Meirson 2016 The University of Western Ontario

In Mold Flow Of Long Fibers In Compression Molding Process, Gleb Meirson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Long Fiber Thermoplastics (LFT) are promising new materials with high physical properties and low density. These high properties are obtained by embedding very long fibers (~100 mm) into a thermoplastic matrix. Such a high fiber length dictates the use of a compression molding process for manufacturing as the length of discontinuous fibers in injection molding is limited by pellet length.

LFT composites are of great interest for the automotive industry. These materials are already used in some interior and exterior car parts such as bumpers, seat structures, door module etc. This research is inspired by the desire to manufacture load ...


Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory Portfolio, Gwendolyn F. Stark 2016 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory Portfolio, Gwendolyn F. Stark

N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies

The MCR 484 course is designed to provide students with the skills and knowledge to properly operate a Scanning Electron Microscope. In this collection are some of my best pictures from the course, as well as pictures that demonstrate the skills I have learned.


Scanning Electron Microscopy Student Image Portfolio, Matthew DaRin 2016 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Scanning Electron Microscopy Student Image Portfolio, Matthew Darin

N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies

Scanning Electron Microscopy Student Image Portfolio


Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory Portfolio, Michaela Tersmette 2016 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory Portfolio, Michaela Tersmette

N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies

No abstract provided.


Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook 2016 University of Maine

Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the development of robust numerical solution procedures for the generalized micromechanical analysis of linear and nonlinear constitutive behavior in heterogeneous materials. Although the methods developed are applicable in many engineering, geological, and materials science fields, three main areas are explored in this work. First, a numerical methodology is presented for the thermomechanical analysis of heterogeneous materials with a special focus on real polycrystalline microstructures obtained using electron backscatter diffraction techniques. Asymptotic expansion homogenization and finite element analysis are employed for micromechanical analysis of polycrystalline materials. Effective thermoelastic properties of polycrystalline materials are determined and compared ...


Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere

Doctoral Dissertations

Type IV cracking in weldments of steel pipes after creep deformation is a concern in modern fossil-fueled power plants. Two possible methods for minimizing or eliminating Type IV cracking will be discussed. The first method alters the initial microstructure of typical Grade 91 steel base metal before welding, while the second provides baseline microstructure characteristics and creep performance of a new alloy that is strengthened by the intermetallic Fe2Nb Laves phase. The initial microstructure of the Grade 91 steel can be controlled by Thermo-Mechanical Treatments, which aids in precipitation of fine (5-10 nm) MX particles in austenite before transformation to ...


Structure And Properties Of Cnt Yarns And Cnt/Cnf Reinforced Pan-Based Carbon Fibers, Nitilaksha Phalaxayya Hiremath 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Structure And Properties Of Cnt Yarns And Cnt/Cnf Reinforced Pan-Based Carbon Fibers, Nitilaksha Phalaxayya Hiremath

Doctoral Dissertations

There is continuing effort to enhance the strength and modulus of carbon fibers by various combinations of materials and processing. Carbon fibers are produced from various precursors, and the strength of the CFs are directly related to the type of precursor used to make them. Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have received a great deal of attention due to their unique structure and properties. Major focus of this research is on the evaluation of processing, structure and properties of CNT based yarns and composite fibers.

High strength and low cost carbon fibers (CFs) are needed for today’s applicatio ns. A low ...


Influence Of Concrete Compressive Strength On Transfer And Development Lengths Of Prestressed Concrete, Alberto Teodoro Ramirez-Garcia 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Influence Of Concrete Compressive Strength On Transfer And Development Lengths Of Prestressed Concrete, Alberto Teodoro Ramirez-Garcia

Theses and Dissertations

This research examines the relationship between concrete compressive strength and strand bond. The goal of this research was to develop an equation that relates strand bond to concrete compressive strength at strand release (approximately 1 day of age) and at 28 days of age, and those equations are presented in this investigation. Strand bond is assessed by measuring the transfer length and development length for prestressed beams cast in the laboratory. In the U.S., strand bond is predicted using transfer length and development length equations provided by the American Concrete Institute (ACI-318) Building Code and American Association of State ...


Creation And Evaluation Of Polymer/Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Films For Structural Vibration Control And Strain Sensing Properties, weiwei lin 2016 Florida International University

Creation And Evaluation Of Polymer/Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Films For Structural Vibration Control And Strain Sensing Properties, Weiwei Lin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Multifunctional materials both with damping properties and strain sensing properties are very important. They promise to be more weight-efficient, and provide volume-efficient performance, flexibility and potentially, less maintenance than traditional multi-component brass-board systems.

The goal of this dissertation work was to design, synthesize, investigate and apply polyaniline/Multiwall carbon nanotube (PANI/MWCNT) and polyurethane (PU) /MWCNT composites films for structural vibration control and strain sensors using free layer damping methods and static and dynamic strain sensing test methods.

The PANI/MWCNT was made by in situ polymerization of PANI in the presence of MWCNT, then frit compression was used to ...


Failure Mechanism Of Woven Roving Fabric/Vinyl Ester Composites In Freeze–Thaw Saline Environment, Elias Anis Toubia, Sadra Emami, Donald Klosterman 2016 University of Dayton

Failure Mechanism Of Woven Roving Fabric/Vinyl Ester Composites In Freeze–Thaw Saline Environment, Elias Anis Toubia, Sadra Emami, Donald Klosterman

Civil and Environmental Engineering and Engineering Mechanics Faculty Publications

This experimental study investigates the degradation mechanisms of a glass fiber-reinforced plastic material commonly used in civil engineering applications. A substantial reduction in tensile, shear, and compression properties was observed after 100 days of freeze–thaw cycling in saline environment (-20°C to 20°C). Non-destructive inspection techniques were progressively conducted on unexposed (ambient condition) and exposed (conditioned) specimens. The dynamic mechanical analysis showed permanent decrease in storage modulus that was attributed to physical degradation of the polymer and/or fiber–matrix interface. This indicated the formation of internal cracks inside the exposed glass fiber-reinforced plastic laminate. The 3D X-ray ...


Thin Film Concrete Coatings, Bobby W. Meade, Danny Wells, Theodore Hopwood II, Sudhir Palle 2016 University of Kentucky

Thin Film Concrete Coatings, Bobby W. Meade, Danny Wells, Theodore Hopwood Ii, Sudhir Palle

Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report

KTC researchers obtained eight types of concrete coatings to assess their performance and resistance to chloride penetration. Researchers evaluated eight of the systems in the field and seven in the laboratory. In the field, coatings were applied to a bridge pier that had suffered degradation and chloride contamination. This site will undergo long term monitoring in order to thoroughly evaluate the coating systems. Adhesion of all products in both field and laboratory application was sufficient to provide a durable coating, and ranged from approximately 500 psi to 1,600 psi. Researchers also tested color and gloss changes, which are early ...


High Temperature Oxidation Study Of Tantalum Carbide-Hafnium Carbide Solid Solutions Synthesized By Spark Plasma Sintering, Cheng Zhang 2016 Florida International University

High Temperature Oxidation Study Of Tantalum Carbide-Hafnium Carbide Solid Solutions Synthesized By Spark Plasma Sintering, Cheng Zhang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Tantalum carbide (TaC) and hafnium carbide (HfC) possess extremely high melting points, around 3900 oC, which are the highest among the known materials. TaC and HfC exhibit superior oxidation resistance under oxygen deficient and rich environments, respectively. A versatile material can be expected by forming solid solutions of TaC and HfC. However, the synthesis of fully dense solid solution carbide is a challenge due to their intrinsic covalent bonding which makes sintering challenging.

The aim of the present work is to synthesize full dense TaC-HfC solid solutions by spark plasma sintering with five compositions: pure HfC, HfC-20 vol.% TaC ...


Effect Of Preparation Technology On Arc Erosion Resistance Of Mgo/Cu Contact Materials, Xiuhua Guo, Kexing Song, Yanmin Zhang, Xuebin Zhang, Jianxin Gao 2016 Henan University of Science and Technology

Effect Of Preparation Technology On Arc Erosion Resistance Of Mgo/Cu Contact Materials, Xiuhua Guo, Kexing Song, Yanmin Zhang, Xuebin Zhang, Jianxin Gao

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Thermodynamic Calculation Of The Liquidus Surface Projection Of Multi-Component Aluminum Alloys, Jingrui Zhao, Yong Du, LIjun Zhang, Jixue Zhou, Yuansheng Yang 2016 Advanced Materials Institute, Shandong Academy of Sciences

Thermodynamic Calculation Of The Liquidus Surface Projection Of Multi-Component Aluminum Alloys, Jingrui Zhao, Yong Du, Lijun Zhang, Jixue Zhou, Yuansheng Yang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Study On Impact And Friction Properties Of Za45si3cu Alloy, Weihe Shi 2016 Baise University

Study On Impact And Friction Properties Of Za45si3cu Alloy, Weihe Shi

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Microstructures And Properties Of Sintered Cu–Mos2/Cu Functional Gradient Materials, Aiqin Wang 2016 Henan University of Science and Technology

Microstructures And Properties Of Sintered Cu–Mos2/Cu Functional Gradient Materials, Aiqin Wang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


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