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Development Of A Decellularized Hydrogel Composite And Its Application In A Novel Model Of Disc-Associated Low Back Pain In Female Sprague Dawley Rats, David Lillyman 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development Of A Decellularized Hydrogel Composite And Its Application In A Novel Model Of Disc-Associated Low Back Pain In Female Sprague Dawley Rats, David Lillyman

Department of Biological Systems Engineering: Dissertations and Theses

Chronic low back pain is a global socioeconomic crisis compounded by an absence of reliable, curative treatments. The predominant pathology associated with chronic low back pain is degeneration of intervertebral discs in the lumbar spine. During degeneration, nerves can sprout into the intervertebral disc tissue and be chronically subjected to inflammatory and mechanical stimuli, resulting in pain. Pain arising from the intervertebral disc, or disc-associated pain, is a complex, multi-faceted disorder which necessitates valid animal models to screen therapeutics and study pathomechanisms of pain.

While many research teams have created animal models of disc degeneration, the translation of these platforms …


Bbt Acoustic Alternative Top Bracing Cadd Data Set-Norev-2022jun28, Bill Hemphill 2022 East Tennessee State University

Bbt Acoustic Alternative Top Bracing Cadd Data Set-Norev-2022jun28, Bill Hemphill

STEM Guitar Project’s BBT Acoustic Kit

This electronic document file set consists of an overview presentation (PDF-formatted) file and companion video (MP4) and CADD files (DWG & DXF) for laser cutting the ETSU-developed alternate top bracing designs and marking templates for the STEM Guitar Project’s BBT (OM-sized) standard acoustic guitar kit. The three (3) alternative BBT top bracing designs in this release are
(a) a one-piece base for the standard kit's (Martin-style) bracing,
(b) 277 Ladder-style bracing, and
(c) an X-braced fan-style bracing similar to traditional European or so-called 'classical' acoustic guitars.

The CADD data set for each of the three (3) top bracing designs includes …


Super-Hydrophobic Hybrid Coatings Preparation Used By Methyltrithoxysilane (Mtes) And Tetraethylorthosilicate(Teos), Quanwei Li 2022 Purdue University

Super-Hydrophobic Hybrid Coatings Preparation Used By Methyltrithoxysilane (Mtes) And Tetraethylorthosilicate(Teos), Quanwei Li

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

超疏水材料由于其优异的疏水自洁性能,在航空航天、海洋工程、除冰防腐等领域具有广阔的应用前景。本文采用简单的溶胶-凝胶制备超疏水涂层。 . 以甲基三乙氧基硅烷(MTES)和原硅酸四乙酯(TEOS)为前驱体,水解缩合后形成粗糙结构,1H,1H,2H,2H-全氟癸基三乙氧基硅烷(FAS)为低表面能的表面活性剂,系统研究了各自的最佳配比零件。涂层的疏水性和形貌分别通过水接触角测量、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)表征。同时,其官能团通过红外光谱表征。基于大量的实验和优化测试,


Obtaining Wrapping Paper Used In Furniture Wrapping And Quality Delivery And Determining Its Quality Indicators, E A. Egamberdiyev, A R. Makhkamov, G R. Rakhmonberdiev 2022 Tashkent State Technical University named after Islam Karimov

Obtaining Wrapping Paper Used In Furniture Wrapping And Quality Delivery And Determining Its Quality Indicators, E A. Egamberdiyev, A R. Makhkamov, G R. Rakhmonberdiev

Technical science and innovation

Composite materials samples have been obtained from cellulose and bazalt fibers based on cellulose-containing plants. The properties of paper samples have been studied: the amound of cellulose, the amound of ash, water absorption and breaking load. Gained results show that the composite material with the addition of basalt fibers is more durable. Half-finished cellulose fibers obtained from basalt, straw and wastepaper are more prouse than ones obtained from cotton plant


Predictive Thermal Modeling And Characterization Of Ultrasonic Consolidation Process For Thermoplastic Composites, Madeline Kirby 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Predictive Thermal Modeling And Characterization Of Ultrasonic Consolidation Process For Thermoplastic Composites, Madeline Kirby

LSU Master's Theses

Ultrasonic consolidation (USC) of thermoplastic composites (TPCs) is a highly attractive and promising method to manufacture high-performance composites. This work focuses on USC of dry carbon fiber (CF) fabrics with high-temperature polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) films. Experimental trials to assess feasibility of the process are time-consuming. Consequently, a predictive thermal model would facilitate process parameters selection to reduce expensive trial-and-error approaches. This paper presents a 2D finite element model of samples under consolidation, incorporating equations for viscoelastic heating, matrix phase change, and material properties. Theoretical temperature profiles for nodes of interest were compared to the corresponding experimental temperature curves for various …


Additive Manufacturing Of Sub-Micron Features And Mechanical Linkages, David K. Limberg 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Additive Manufacturing Of Sub-Micron Features And Mechanical Linkages, David K. Limberg

Doctoral Dissertations

In recent years material constraints have become the limiting factor in several fields, including batteries, robotics, and medicine, and these needs have prompted the development of materials with programmable properties. To this end, much effort has been dedicated to designing metamaterials that have unprecedented optical, mechanical, and thermal properties, along with systems for additive manufacturing to build their complex structures with high precision and throughput. The field of additive manufacturing has proved to be a platform for innovation across many industries yet is still limited with regards to feature sizes, print rates, and diversity of materials. Mechanical devices like linkages …


Phase Behavior Of Oppositely Charged Polymerized Ionic Liquids In Solution, Bulk, And Crosslinked Network States, Minjung Lee 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Phase Behavior Of Oppositely Charged Polymerized Ionic Liquids In Solution, Bulk, And Crosslinked Network States, Minjung Lee

Doctoral Dissertations

Polymerized ionic liquids (PILs), a class of polyelectrolytes, are fascinating materials for various applications utilizing ion transport, especially due to their advantageous properties including negligible vapor pressure, low flammability, thermal stability, high conductivity, and wide electrochemical stability windows. Furthermore, PILs are tunable in their properties such as ionic conductivity, glass transition temperature (Tg), solubility, and (electro-)chemical stability. In this thesis, we focus on fundamental studies of phase behaviors of PILs in the solution and bulk states in chapters 2 and 3, respectively. Specifically, non-aqueous systems are used to study the effect of solvent quality in the regime …


Bbt Side Mold Assy, Bill Hemphill 2022 East Tennessee State University

Bbt Side Mold Assy, Bill Hemphill

STEM Guitar Project’s BBT Acoustic Kit

This electronic document file set covers the design and fabrication information of the ETSU Guitar Building Project’s BBT (OM-sized) Side Mold Assy for use with the STEM Guitar Project’s standard acoustic guitar kit. The extended 'as built' data set contains an overview file and companion video, the 'parent' CADD drawing, CADD data for laser etching and cutting a drill &/or layout template, CADD drawings in AutoCAD .DWG and .DXF R12 formats of the centerline tool paths for creating the mold assembly pieces on an AXYZ CNC router, and support documentation for CAM applications including router bit specifications, feeds, speed, multi-pass …


In Situ Marine Biodegradation Of Poly(Lactic) Acid And Thermoplastic Starch Blends, Brittany DeNicholas 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

In Situ Marine Biodegradation Of Poly(Lactic) Acid And Thermoplastic Starch Blends, Brittany Denicholas

Materials Engineering

Marine life has been suffering from macro- and microplastics since the inception of petroleum-based plastic. Bio-based biodegradable polymers such as PLA and TPS can help mitigate the damage done by petroleum plastics. Blending PLA and TPS can reduce the cost while preventing a significant effect on the material properties. PLA/TPS blend compositions such as 90/10, 80/20, 70/30 could be candidates for a solution. The PLA/TPS blends have been submerged in a marine environment at the Cal Poly Pier in Avila Beach for 8 weeks. Three sample sets containing three of each blend composition were collected every week and tested in …


Citric Or Acetic Acid Effects On The Crosslinking Of Pvoh, Samuel Carr, Erika Szaldobagyi 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Citric Or Acetic Acid Effects On The Crosslinking Of Pvoh, Samuel Carr, Erika Szaldobagyi

Materials Engineering

Transportation and shipping processes are the most dangerous times for food due to harsh handling and frequent temperature changes. Plain corrugated boxes cannot withstand the damp environment caused by melting ice that is used to keep foods cold and fresh. To minimize damage, a protective polymer film coating can be applied. These coatings can be unsafe when used with food and will lead to excess waste by limiting the recyclability of the boxes. The purpose of this project was to produce nontoxic crosslinked PVOH films to determine suitability for a cost effective, biodegradable, and repulpable corrugated box coating. Polyvinyl alcohol …


Stabilization Of Palm Wood Using Water-Based Impregnation, David A. Barnes 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Stabilization Of Palm Wood Using Water-Based Impregnation, David A. Barnes

Materials Engineering

Impregnation is a technique for stabilizing wood that involves saturating the material in a liquid and allowing it to cure before use. Stabilization methods such as this are employed for a variety of reasons; chiefly, the low dimensional stability of wood and palm means that they are subject to several failure modes that arise from changing environmental conditions, such as cracking, warping, and bending. Samples of Borassus flabellifer, black palm, provided by DuraPalm were impregnated with solvent-based and water-based stabilizers, and untreated wood samples used as a control group. Kop-Coat WoodYouth® Plus was used as a solvent-based stabilizer, and impregnation …


Determining The Efficacy Of A Silica And Bacterial Cellulose Composite Model System, Hannah Martin, Daisy Kamp 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Determining The Efficacy Of A Silica And Bacterial Cellulose Composite Model System, Hannah Martin, Daisy Kamp

Materials Engineering

Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a sustainable alternative to petroleum-based polymer films for synthetic leather applications. Synthesized by a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast, BC is a three-dimensional structure composed of cellulose microfibrils. However, pure BC lacks certain desirable properties such as high tensile strength. Previous studies have shown that loading BC with nanoparticles to form nanocomposites has improved BC’s mechanical properties. However, this was not studied as a function of particle size. This study focuses on using silica/BC nanocomposites to model the impact that particle size and silica soaking concentrations have on the uptake efficiency of these particles into …


Effects Of Release Materials And Temperature Ramp Rates On The Surface Finish Of Carbon-Fiber Composite Components, Sudeep Louis, Thucmy Dang, Ethan Schlocker 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effects Of Release Materials And Temperature Ramp Rates On The Surface Finish Of Carbon-Fiber Composite Components, Sudeep Louis, Thucmy Dang, Ethan Schlocker

Materials Engineering

Toray Advanced Composites is interested in improving their carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP) manufacturing process by enhancing their control on the amount of surface roughness for varied customer preference. Surface roughness of CFRP is important in post-production processes including coating, priming, and painting. This project seeks to determine the effects of three release materials and two temperature ramp rates on the surface finish of CFRP. The release materials used were Tooltech, FEP, and Frekote 770-NC. The two initial temperature ramp rates were 1°F/min and 2°F/min. Surface roughness was measured using a profilometer and analyzed using Ra values. Ra is an …


Analysis Of Novel Corrosion Resistant Maraging Steels For Use In Additive Manufacturing, Bradley Michael Samuel, James Knowlton Smith 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Analysis Of Novel Corrosion Resistant Maraging Steels For Use In Additive Manufacturing, Bradley Michael Samuel, James Knowlton Smith

Materials Engineering

Stainless maraging steel has been proven to be an industry standard material for plastic injection molds. Its high hardness and corrosion resistance extend the lifetime of the tool. This alloy system is also well-suited to additive manufacturing, which can be utilized to form internal cooling channels, further increasing tool life. Using Rapid Alloy Development (RAD) Oerilkon METCO is developing a new composition of stainless maraging tool steel that has high hardness/strength, is corrosion resistant, and has additive-capable melting and solidification properties. This study tests the hardness and corrosion resistance of the new RAD alloys against the current market competitor Corrax …


Evaluating The Effects Of Granulated Rubber And Glass Fibers In Polymer Concrete As A Structural Material For Wafer Grinding Machines, Kevin Gabriel Kuehn, Philip Randall Streeter 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Evaluating The Effects Of Granulated Rubber And Glass Fibers In Polymer Concrete As A Structural Material For Wafer Grinding Machines, Kevin Gabriel Kuehn, Philip Randall Streeter

Materials Engineering

Polymer concrete is a composite material used to replace cast iron and steel in wafer grinding machines for vibration damping. During the grinding and lapping processes of manufacturing silicon wafers, excessive vibrations may cause subsurface damage which requires additional polishing and reduces yield. Nine compositions containing various levels of granulated rubber and glass fibers were manufactured. CRM WRF-10 granulated rubber was examined at 0%, 5%, and 10% and Corning Cem-Fil glass fibers were added at 0%, 0.5%, and 1% by weight. Smooth-On EpoxAcast 690 epoxy resin was held constant at 16% for each composition. Crushed granite aggregate from Martin Marietta, …


Soil Degradation Of A Plastic Blend Of Opuntia Ficusindica Juice, Animal Protein And Beeswax, Isabel A. Gamez, Daniel R. Kava 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Soil Degradation Of A Plastic Blend Of Opuntia Ficusindica Juice, Animal Protein And Beeswax, Isabel A. Gamez, Daniel R. Kava

Materials Engineering

Since the introduction of single use plastics in the early 1900s, their usage has increased exponentially. Unfortunately, due to this exponential increase there are negative environmental implications of their production, which requires further consideration. Currently, there are various waste disposal practices for SUPs, including landfilling, incineration, and recycling. Recent data revealed that only 14 % of plastic waste was recycled, with 40% of plastic waste being landfilled, while the rest of the plastic waste was incinerated or released to the environment at 14 % and 32 %, respectively. A potential solution to the plastic waste issue is developing a polymer …


Text Summarization Towards Scientific Information Extraction, Abigail Keller 2022 DePaul University

Text Summarization Towards Scientific Information Extraction, Abigail Keller

College of Computing and Digital Media Dissertations

Despite the exponential growth in scientific textual content, research publications are still the primary means for disseminating vital discoveries to experts within their respective fields. These texts are predominantly written for human consumption resulting in two primary challenges; experts cannot efficiently remain well-informed to leverage the latest discoveries, and applications that rely on valuable insights buried in these texts cannot effectively build upon published results. As a result, scientific progress stalls. Automatic Text Summarization (ATS) and Information Extraction (IE) are two essential fields that address this problem. While the two research topics are often studied independently, this work proposes to …


Copolymer Microphase Separation, Properties, And Applications, Daniel Weller 2022 The University of Southern Mississippi

Copolymer Microphase Separation, Properties, And Applications, Daniel Weller

Dissertations

Copolymers represent a broad, but critically important class of materials. Often having properties superior to either of its constituents, copolymers are used in virtually all industries including automotive, aerospace, coatings, packaging, and cosmetics. Certain copolymers microphase separate to form nanosized domains that improve the physical properties of the copolymer. The polymer community already has a thorough understanding of how phase separation occurs, but the commercialization of phase separating copolymers lags significantly behind academia. Many of the copolymers that exist that have been undercharacterized and underutilized. This dissertation examines two such polymers. The first, a hard polystyrene material with soft nanodomains. …


Receptor-Doped Organic Transistors: Transducing Anion Binding From Mixed Ionic-Electronic Transport, Anthony Benasco 2022 University of Southern Mississippi

Receptor-Doped Organic Transistors: Transducing Anion Binding From Mixed Ionic-Electronic Transport, Anthony Benasco

Dissertations

Organic semiconductors based on π-conjugated polymers show remarkable properties such as high tolerance to structural defects, low processing temperature requirements, biocompatibility, ease of fabrication, and tunable properties. Conjugated polymers integrated into device arrays can exhibit collective properties sensitive to minor perturbations in the surrounding media. However, these devices rely on serendipitous sensitivity to the analyte of interest, and strategies for specific detection remain a considerable change. There remains a compelling, global need for technologies to monitor phosphate due to its prevalence in agricultural runoff, leading to fish kills and economic decline for commercial and recreational fisheries. The strong hydration energies …


Biodegradable Active Bio-Nanocomposite Film For The Enhanced Shelf Life Of Tomatoes, Kalpani Y. Perera, Shubham Sharma, Brendan Duffy, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal 2022 Technological University Dublin

Biodegradable Active Bio-Nanocomposite Film For The Enhanced Shelf Life Of Tomatoes, Kalpani Y. Perera, Shubham Sharma, Brendan Duffy, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

The increased environmental pollution has led to finding sustainable solutions for non-renewable plastic-based food packaging materials. Thus, the use of biomaterial-based packaging material has become an immense trend. This work aims at developing an antimicrobial biodegradable chitosan-alginate bio-nano composite film with TiO2 nanoparticle (NPs) for food packaging applications. The film was developed by a solution casting method. The chemical, mechanical, thermal, barrier, antimicrobial, and biodegradable properties of the packaging films were evaluated. Packaging studies were performed for 15 days for cherry tomatoes. The designed packaging material had enhanced the mechanical properties with a significantly (p < 0.05) higher tensile strength of 15.76 folds and 2 fold higher elongation at break. The UV barrier properties increased by 88.6%, while the film transparency decreased by 87.23%. Molecular interaction of N-H covalent bonds was observed between alginate and chitosan together with TiO2 NPs. The developed bio-nano composite film showed antimicrobial activity against foodborne pathogens E. coli, S. aureus, S. typhi, and L. monocytogene with a log reduction of 7.08, 7.28, 6.04 & 6.02 log CFU/ml respectively at 24 hours incubation period. The film was completely biodegraded and a weight loss of 89.06% was observed in bio-nanocomposite film during the 3 months. Shelf-life estimation of cherry tomato using developed packaging films showed an increase in the shelf-life up to 8 days with stable pH, total soluble solids, and weight with no bacterial growth when packaged with prepared film. Owing to their improved mechanical, UV barrier, antibacterial, and biodegradability, the prepared active bio-nano composite packaging films could be considered a potential candidate for fruit packaging.


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