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Sensitivity Analysis Of The Johnson-Cook Plasticity Model For Hypervelocity Impacts: A Hydro-Code Study, Carlos David Castellanos 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Sensitivity Analysis Of The Johnson-Cook Plasticity Model For Hypervelocity Impacts: A Hydro-Code Study, Carlos David Castellanos

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Computer simulations have been in use for decades in the modeling of hypervelocity impacts and general large deformation problems. Several computer codes have been developed to simulate this type of problems under a variety of geometric configurations and for any number of materials. These codes make use of several constitutive material models to simulate the response of the material under a variety of thermo-mechanical conditions. The Johnson-Cook constitutive model is widely used in the simulation hypervelocity impacts for the simulation of crater formation and even perforation of target structures. This thesis presents the results of a sensitivity study of this ...


Selection Process, Modified Impact Testing And Failure Analysis Of An Electron-Beam-Melted Ti-6al-4v 3d Tessellation Based On The Eulerian Path Of The First Stellation Of The Rhombic Dodecahedron Open Unit Cell, Hugo Lopez 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Selection Process, Modified Impact Testing And Failure Analysis Of An Electron-Beam-Melted Ti-6al-4v 3d Tessellation Based On The Eulerian Path Of The First Stellation Of The Rhombic Dodecahedron Open Unit Cell, Hugo Lopez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Ti-6Al-4V lattice block structures manufactured through the electron beam melting (EBM) process are a promising field in design and research due to great advantages that the alloy, the process and the final product offer. Three lattice block structures were manufactured through the electron beam process using an ARCAM A2 machine. The structures were designed using the MATERIALIZETM software and were designed around different types of unit cells. Compression testing was performed and one unit cell was selected due to its anisotropic behavior for modified impact testing. The same unit cell was used and it was scaled up to add ...


Microstructure Investigation Of Al-Rich Titanium Aluminum Alloys, David Pham 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Microstructure Investigation Of Al-Rich Titanium Aluminum Alloys, David Pham

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The microstructures of Ti-Al alloys with 70-80 wt% Al were investigated. Aluminum wire (99.999%) and TiH2 powder (99.7%) were used to produce the sample compositions inside a vertical tube furnace at 1600oC in an Ar atmosphere. Argon is purified through a dehumidification and deoxidation system. Magnesium perchlorate Mg(ClO4)2 acts as a desiccant and titanium sponge pulls oxygen from the Ar in furnaces operating at 800oC and 750oC. X-ray diffraction and an optical microscope are used to identify phases and compositions


Spectroscopic Study Of The Inhibition Of Calcium Oxalate Calculi By Larrea Tridentata, Luis Alonso Pinales 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Spectroscopic Study Of The Inhibition Of Calcium Oxalate Calculi By Larrea Tridentata, Luis Alonso Pinales

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The causes of urolithiasis include such influences as diet, metabolic disorders, and genetic factors which have been documented as sources that aggravate urinary calculi depositions and aggregations, and, implicitly, as causes of urolithiasis. This study endeavors to detail the scientific mechanisms involved in calcium oxalate calculi formation, and, more importantly, their inhibition under growth conditions imposed by the traditional medicinal approach using the herbal extract, Larrea tridentata. The calculi were synthesized without and with Larrea tridentata infusion by employing the single diffusion gel technique. A visible decrease in calcium oxalate crystal growth with increasing amounts of Larrea tridentata herbal infusion ...


The Reactivity Of A Zr-Si Melt With B4c At Ultrahigh Temperatures, Alvaro Vega Sandate 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

The Reactivity Of A Zr-Si Melt With B4c At Ultrahigh Temperatures, Alvaro Vega Sandate

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Surfaces with exceptional properties are needed for next generation materials. Hypersonic re-entry space vehicles or turbines are subjected to both oxidizing and neutral environments and nose-caps or wings on such vehicles could easily reach operating temperatures of over 2000°C. Ultrahigh temperature ceramics like ZrB2 and HfB2 have melting temperatures of 3245°C and 3380°C respectively. However, these materials need to be protected from oxidation, usually with an oxide layer. Zirconium is more affordable and will be used to study its reaction with B4C and ZrSi2.

Experimentation was conducted by melting Zr slugs into a B4C and ZrSi2 packed ...


Resistive Switching Of Tin Dioxide (Sno2) For Memristor Applications, Sergio Fabian Almeida 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Resistive Switching Of Tin Dioxide (Sno2) For Memristor Applications, Sergio Fabian Almeida

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

In the last decades new electrical devices have been investigated in order to overcome problems caused by integrated circuit shrinking. Within these devices there is one that has attracted much attention due to its high scalability and simple structure. This device was proposed theoretically by Leon Chua in 1971 who gave it the name of "Memristor". In the recent years thin films structures composed of a metal/oxide/metal (MOM) stack have been linked to this new device, also known as "Resistive switching". There are several applications for the memristor; one of the most important is for resistive random access ...


Excitation-Induced Germanium Quantum Dot Formation On Si (100)-(2×1), Ali Oguz Er, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali 2010 Old Dominion University

Excitation-Induced Germanium Quantum Dot Formation On Si (100)-(2×1), Ali Oguz Er, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali

Physics Faculty Publications

The effect of nanosecond pulsed laser excitation on the self-assembly of Ge quantum dots grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si (100)-(2×1) was studied. In situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction and ex situ atomic force microscopy were used to probe the quantum dot structure and morphology. At room temperature, applying the excitation laser decreased the surface roughness of the grown Ge film. With surface electronic excitation, crystalline Ge quantum dots were formed at 250 °C, a temperature too low for their formation without excitation. At a substrate temperature of 390 °C, electronic excitation during growth was found to ...


The Properties And Structure Of Tin Phosphate Glasses Modified With Other Oxides, Jong Wook (Austin) Lim 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

The Properties And Structure Of Tin Phosphate Glasses Modified With Other Oxides, Jong Wook (Austin) Lim

Masters Theses

"The main objective of this research was to evaluate the properties and structures of glasses from the stannous (SnO) phosphate system for possible use in low temperature optical applications. Glasses in the binary xSnO-(100-x)P₂O₅ system (50 ≤ x ≤ 70) were prepared and their thermal and optical properties were evaluated. Differences in glass transition temperatures (Tg) measured here and reported in the literature were explained by differences in the residual water content in the glasses, as determined by infrared spectroscopy. In general, increasing the SnO content of the binary glasses increased the refractive index and the glass transition temperature ...


Lecture 15, Part 1: Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials Based Optical Microcavities And Applications, Lei Xu 2010 Fudan University

Lecture 15, Part 1: Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials Based Optical Microcavities And Applications, Lei Xu

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Lecture 13: Structure Formation Of Rare-Earth Ions Doped Transparent Glass Ceramics-Nucleation & Crystallization Of Nanocrystals In Glass Matrix, Yuansheng Wang 2010 Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Lecture 13: Structure Formation Of Rare-Earth Ions Doped Transparent Glass Ceramics-Nucleation & Crystallization Of Nanocrystals In Glass Matrix, Yuansheng Wang

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Lecture 15, Part 2: Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials Based Optical Microcavities And Applications, Lei Xu 2010 Fudan University

Lecture 15, Part 2: Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials Based Optical Microcavities And Applications, Lei Xu

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Lecture 8: Functional Glasses By Coatings Or Thin Films, Xiujian Zhao 2010 Wuhan University of Technology

Lecture 8: Functional Glasses By Coatings Or Thin Films, Xiujian Zhao

US-China Winter School China 2010

No abstract provided.


Electro-Optic And Magneto-Dielectric Properties Of Multifunctional Nitride And Oxide Materials, Ambesh Dixit 2010 Wayne State University

Electro-Optic And Magneto-Dielectric Properties Of Multifunctional Nitride And Oxide Materials, Ambesh Dixit

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Materials that simultaneously exhibit different physical properties provide a rich area of research leading to the development of new devices. For example, materials having a strong coupling between charge and spin degrees of freedom are essential to realizing a new class of devices referred to generally as spintronics. However, these multifunctional systems pose new scientific challenges in understanding the origin and mechanisms for cross-control of different functionalities. The core of this Ph.D. dissertation deals with multifunctional nitride and oxide compound semiconductors as well as multiferroic magnetic oxide systems by investigating structural, optical, electrical, magnetic, magnetodielectric and magnetoelectric properties ...


Validation Of Tool Mark Comparisons Obtained Using A Quantitative, Comparative, Statistical Algorithm, L. Scott Chumbley, Max D. Morris, M. James Kreiser, Charles Fisher, Jeremy Craft, Lawrence Genalo, Stephen Davis, David Faden, Julie Kidd 2010 Iowa State University

Validation Of Tool Mark Comparisons Obtained Using A Quantitative, Comparative, Statistical Algorithm, L. Scott Chumbley, Max D. Morris, M. James Kreiser, Charles Fisher, Jeremy Craft, Lawrence Genalo, Stephen Davis, David Faden, Julie Kidd

Ames Laboratory Publications

A statistical analysis and computational algorithm for comparing pairs of tool marks via profilometry data is described. Empirical validation of the method is established through experiments based on tool marks made at selected fixed angles from 50 sequentially manufactured screwdriver tips. Results obtained from three different comparison scenarios are presented and are in agreement with experiential knowledge possessed by practicing examiners. Further comparisons between scores produced by the algorithm and visual assessments of the same tool mark pairs by professional tool mark examiners in a blind study in general show good agreement between the algorithm and human experts. In specific ...


Microstructure Investigations Of Pt-Modified Γ′-Ni3al + Γ-Ni Coatings On Ni-Based Superalloys, Guanghui Cao, Taoping Ou, Hua Jiang, Alan M. Russell 2010 Shanghai University

Microstructure Investigations Of Pt-Modified Γ′-Ni3al + Γ-Ni Coatings On Ni-Based Superalloys, Guanghui Cao, Taoping Ou, Hua Jiang, Alan M. Russell

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The microstructure of Pt-modified γ′-Ni3Al + γ-Ni coating on CMSX-4 single-crystal superalloy has been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Cross-sectional TEM analyses showed the presence of precipitates in the coating. This precipitate was identified as the hexagonal topologically close-packed (TCP) μ phase with lattice parameters a = 0.473 nm and c = 2.565 nm. The energy-dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectrum of the μ phase suggested a refractory element rich compound comprising the elements Re, W, and Co. Twin domains parallel to (001) were found in the μ phase. The mechanisms of the μ phase and twinning formation were ...


Semicrystalline Woodpile Photonic Crystals Without Complicated Alignment Via Soft Lithography, Jae-Hwang Lee, Ping Kuang, Wai Y. Leung, Yong-Sung Kim, Joong Mok Park, Henry Kang, Kristen P. Constant, Kai-Ming Ho 2010 Iowa State University

Semicrystalline Woodpile Photonic Crystals Without Complicated Alignment Via Soft Lithography, Jae-Hwang Lee, Ping Kuang, Wai Y. Leung, Yong-Sung Kim, Joong Mok Park, Henry Kang, Kristen P. Constant, Kai-Ming Ho

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We report the fabrication and characterization of woodpile photonic crystals with up to 12 layers through titania nanoparticle infiltration of a polymer template made by soft lithography. Because the complicated alignment in the conventional layer-by-layer fabrication associated with diamondlike symmetry is replaced by a simple 90° alignment, the fabricatedphotonic crystal has semicrystalline phase. However, the crystal performs similarly to a perfectly aligned crystal for the light propagation integrated from the surface normal to 30° at the main photonic band gap.


Effect Of Phosphorus On Cleavage Fracture In Κ-Carbide, N. I. Medvedeva, Ryan A. Howell, David C. Van Aken, Julia E. Medvedeva 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effect Of Phosphorus On Cleavage Fracture In Κ-Carbide, N. I. Medvedeva, Ryan A. Howell, David C. Van Aken, Julia E. Medvedeva

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

To understand the origin of cleavage fracture which dominates in Fe(Mn)-Al-C alloys at a high phosphorus concentration, we performed first-principles study of the phosphorus effect on ideal cleavage energy and critical stress in κ-carbide, Fe3 AlC, a precipitate in the austenitic alloys. We find that phosphorus has higher solubility in Fe3 AlC than in γ-Fe and sharply reduces the cleavage characteristics of κ-carbide. We show that strong anisotropy of the Fe-P bonds in Fe3 (Al,P) C under tensile stress, leads to the appearance of large structural voids and may facilitate crack nucleation.


Low-Temperature Adsorption Of H2s On Ag(111), Selena M. Russell, Da-Jiang Liu, Maki Kawai, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel 2010 Iowa State University

Low-Temperature Adsorption Of H2s On Ag(111), Selena M. Russell, Da-Jiang Liu, Maki Kawai, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

H2S forms a rich variety of structures on Ag(111) at low temperature and submonolayer coverage. The molecules decorate step edges, exist as isolated entities on terraces, and aggregate into clusters and islands, under various conditions. One type of island exhibits a (×)R25.3° unit cell. Typically, molecules in the clusters and islands are separated by about 0.4 nm, the same as the S–S separation in crystalline H2S. Density functional theory indicates that hydrogen-bonded clusters contain two types of molecules. One is very similar to an isolated adsorbed H2S molecule, with both ...


Adsorbate-Enhanced Transport Of Metals On Metal Surfaces: Oxygen And Sulfur On Coinage Metals, Patricia A. Thiel, Mingmin Shen, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans 2010 Iowa State University

Adsorbate-Enhanced Transport Of Metals On Metal Surfaces: Oxygen And Sulfur On Coinage Metals, Patricia A. Thiel, Mingmin Shen, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans

Chemistry Publications

Coarsening (i.e., ripening) of single-atom-high, metal homoepitaxial islands provides a useful window on the mechanism and kinetics of mass transport at metal surfaces. This article focuses on this type of coarsening on the surfaces of coinage metals (Cu, Ag, Au), both clean and with an adsorbed chalcogen (O, S) present. For the clean surfaces, three aspects are summarized: (1) the balance between the two major mechanisms—Ostwald ripening (the most commonly anticipated mechanism) and Smoluchowski ripening—and how that balance depends on island size; (2) the nature of the mass transport agents, which are metal adatoms in almost all ...


Variation Of Growth Morphology With Chemical Composition Of Terraces: Ag On A Twofold Surface Of A Decagonal Al-Cu-Co Quasicrystal, T. Duguet, Barış Ünal, Yong Han, James W. Evans, J. Ledieu, Cynthia J. Jenks, J.-M. Dubois, V. Fournée, Patricia A. Thiel 2010 Institut Jean Lamour

Variation Of Growth Morphology With Chemical Composition Of Terraces: Ag On A Twofold Surface Of A Decagonal Al-Cu-Co Quasicrystal, T. Duguet, Barış Ünal, Yong Han, James W. Evans, J. Ledieu, Cynthia J. Jenks, J.-M. Dubois, V. Fournée, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Growth of Ag thin films on the twofold surface of a decagonal Al-Cu-Co quasicrystal is characterized by scanning tunneling microscopy, at different temperatures, and for coverages ranging from submonolayer to 11 monolayers. From prior work, three types of clean surface terraces are known to exist. By correlation with a bulk structural model, the major difference between them lies in their transition-metal (TM) content, two being aluminum-rich (0 and 15 at. % TM) and one being TM-rich (40–50 at. % TM). The present article focuses on understanding the difference between Ag film morphologies on these terminations, in terms of their chemical content ...


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