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183 full-text articles. Page 5 of 9.

Biological Implications Of Satellite Cells For Scaffold-Based Muscle Regenerative Engineering, Maggie R. Del Ponte, Charter Chain, Meng Deng Dr., Feng Yue Dr., Shihuan Kuang Dr. 2014 Purdue University

Biological Implications Of Satellite Cells For Scaffold-Based Muscle Regenerative Engineering, Maggie R. Del Ponte, Charter Chain, Meng Deng Dr., Feng Yue Dr., Shihuan Kuang Dr.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Satellite cells are anatomically localized along the surface of muscle fibers and have been regarded as a population of muscle-specific progenitors that are responsible for muscle regeneration. In response to muscle injuries, satellite cells are activated to enter the cell cycle, then proliferate and differentiate into mature muscle cells to regenerate damaged myofibers. Unfortunately, this natural repair mechanism is interrupted in conditions such as muscle degenerative diseases or volumetric muscle loss. The function of stem cells is regulated by signals from their local microenvironment which is called the stem cell niche. Current satellite cell-based strategies such as direct cell transplantation ...


The Role Of Metal Oxide Layers In The Sensitivity Of Lactate Biosensors Subjected To Oxygen-Limited Conditions, Elizabeth Andreasen, Lia Stanciu, Aytekin Uzunoglu 2014 Purdue University

The Role Of Metal Oxide Layers In The Sensitivity Of Lactate Biosensors Subjected To Oxygen-Limited Conditions, Elizabeth Andreasen, Lia Stanciu, Aytekin Uzunoglu

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium


Amperometric lactate biosensors are used to detect lactate concentration in blood and tissues, which is integral in identifying cyanide poisoning, septic shock, and athletic condition. The construction of lactate biosensors with high sensitivity, selectivity, and stability is imperative to diagnose and determine these medical conditions. Lactate detection is currently limited to oxygen-rich environments due to the fact that oxygen is a limiting factor in the lactate reaction. To circumvent this problem, researchers have developed mediators or alternate, oxygen-free enzymes to improve sensitivity. In our study, ceria (CeO2) with high oxygen storage capacity (OSC) was introduced to the enzyme layer ...


Characterization Of Swelling Ratio And Water Content Of Hydrogels For Cartilage Engineering Applications, Emily E. Gill, Renay S.-C. Su, Julie C. Liu 2014 Purdue University

Characterization Of Swelling Ratio And Water Content Of Hydrogels For Cartilage Engineering Applications, Emily E. Gill, Renay S.-C. Su, Julie C. Liu

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Due to the high prevalence of arthritis and cartilage-related injuries, tissue engineers are studying ways to grow cartilage tissue replacements. Resilin, an elastomeric protein found in insect cuticles, is known for its extraordinary resilience and elasticity. In previous studies, recombinant resilin-based hydrogels, or cross-linked protein networks, exhibited potential for use in cartilage tissue scaffolds. Our lab successfully developed resilin-based proteins with a sequence based on the mosquito gene and showed that resilin-based hydrogels possess mechanical properties of the same order of magnitude as native articular cartilage. In addition, these mechanical properties can be controlled by changing the protein concentration. To ...


Material Transfer Controlled By Elastomeric Layer Thickness, Michael D. Bartlett, Alfred J. Crosby 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Material Transfer Controlled By Elastomeric Layer Thickness, Michael D. Bartlett, Alfred J. Crosby

Michael Bartlett

Transferring material components across substrates through the
control of interfacial adhesion is important for electronics, biology and
other fabrication processes. Here we show a transfer mechanism
which controls adhesive force through the thickness of supported
elastomeric substrates. This is experimentally demonstrated by
transferring millimeter and centimeter scale wafers to progressively
thinner substrates without any specific actuation, chemical treatment,
or surface topography. We extend this methodology by selectively
transferring objects with sub-surface patterns and demonstrate how
thickness control can enable roll-to-roll material transfer processes.
These experiments are supported by a theoretical model which
demonstrates how this mechanism is governed by the ...


Developent Of A Phospholipid Encapsulation Process For Quantum Dots To Be Used In Biologic Applications, Logan Grimes 2014 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Developent Of A Phospholipid Encapsulation Process For Quantum Dots To Be Used In Biologic Applications, Logan Grimes

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The American Cancer Society predicts that 1,665,540 people will be diagnosed with cancer, and 585,720 people will die from cancer in 2014. One of the most common types of cancer in the United States is skin cancer. Melanoma alone is predicted to account for 10,000 of the cancer related deaths in 2014. As a highly mobile and aggressive form of cancer, melanoma is difficult to fight once it has metastasized through the body. Early detection in such varieties of cancer is critical in improving survival rates in afflicted patients. Present methods of detection rely on visual ...


Fabrication And Testing Of Arabinan Cellulose Nanocomposites, Ross Johnson, Austin Rosso, Nick Semansky 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Fabrication And Testing Of Arabinan Cellulose Nanocomposites, Ross Johnson, Austin Rosso, Nick Semansky

Materials Engineering

Inspired by the structure and composition of cactus spines found in nature, arabinan-cellulose nanocomposites were fabricated into thin films and tested for mechanical stiffness. The composites consisted of varying amounts of nanocrystalline cellulose reinforcement suspended in an arabinan matrix. Both materials are polysaccharides and are known to be biodegradable and food safe. The thin film samples were tensile tested using a dynamic mechanical analysis machine both as-cast and after a heat-treatment. The heat treatment of the arabinan itself resulted in an order of magnitude increase in stiffness, while the cellulose reinforced composites increased roughly six fold. The arabinan-50 wt% cellulose ...


Synthesis And Functionalization Of Virus-Mimicking Cationic Block Copolymers With Pathogen-Associated Carbohydrates As Potential Vaccine Adjuvants, J. R. Adams, M. Goswami, N. L.B. Pohl, Surya K. Mallapragada 2014 Iowa State University

Synthesis And Functionalization Of Virus-Mimicking Cationic Block Copolymers With Pathogen-Associated Carbohydrates As Potential Vaccine Adjuvants, J. R. Adams, M. Goswami, N. L.B. Pohl, Surya K. Mallapragada

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

We report the synthesis of a family of amphiphilic pentablock polymers with different cationic blocks and with controlled architectures as potential vaccine carriers for subunit vaccines. The temperature and pH-dependent micellization and gelation of these pentablock copolymers can provide a depot for sustained protein and gene delivery. The amphiphilic central triblock promotes cellular endocytosis, good gene delivery and has been used effectively as a vaccine adjuvant. The pentablock copolymer outer blocks condense DNA spontaneously as a result of electrostatic interactions for sustained combinational therapy. This family of polymers with different cationic groups was evaluated based on DNA complexation-ability and cytotoxicity ...


Mixed Culture Electrochemically Active Biofilms And Their Microscopic And Spectroelectrochemical Studies, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. H. Lee, J. Lee, M. H. Cho 2014 Universiti Brunei Darussalaam

Mixed Culture Electrochemically Active Biofilms And Their Microscopic And Spectroelectrochemical Studies, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. H. Lee, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Mixed culture electrochemically active biofilms (EABs) were developed on carbon paper using a sludge with mixed culture bacteria for microscopic and pectroelectrochemical studies because a naturally mixed culture bacterial strain is more applicable than a pure culture strain. EAB development was confirmed by microbial fuel cells (MFCs) by obtaining a constant increase in potential (∼0.36 V). Microscopic and spectroscopic studies showed that a mixed culture EABs formed on the support. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which are nondestructive voltammetry techniques, indicated that the EABs could be source of electrons and used effectively ...


The Development And Biocompatibility Of Low Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic (Ltcc) For Microfluidic And Biosensor Applications, Jin Luo 2014 University of Kentucky

The Development And Biocompatibility Of Low Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic (Ltcc) For Microfluidic And Biosensor Applications, Jin Luo

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Low temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) electronic packaging materials are applied for their electrical and mechanical properties, high reliability, chemical stability and ease of fabrication. Three dimensional features can also be prepared allowing integration of microfluidic channels and cavities inside LTCC modules. Mechanical, optical, electrical, microfluidic functions have been realized in single LTCC modules. For these reasons LTCC is attractive for biomedical microfluidics and Lab-on-a-Chip systems. However, commercial LTCC systems, optimized for microelectrics applications, have unknown cytocompatibility, and are not compatible with common surface functionalization chemistries.

The first goal of this work is to develop biocompatible LTCC materials for biomedical applications ...


Agen/Bsen 344: Biological And Environmental Transport Processes—A Peer Review Of Teaching Project Benchmark Portfolio, Shadi F. Othman 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Agen/Bsen 344: Biological And Environmental Transport Processes—A Peer Review Of Teaching Project Benchmark Portfolio, Shadi F. Othman

UNL Faculty Course Portfolios

The course I am providing a portfolio for is BSEN/AGEN 344 which is a required course for all our undergraduate students. The Department provides an assessment for the course to align itself with the ABET's Accreditation Process. I taught the course in Spring 2012 adapting a new Team Based Learning Approach. I have three main objective from my portfolio: (1) refine my methods in documenting the linkage between my course goals and assessment measures, (2) document the efficacy of team based learning approach, (3) refine team based learning approach for the current course and adapt the approach to ...


Changes In The Ultrastructural Features Of Estrogen Deficient Ovine Bone, Peter Mauer 2014 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Changes In The Ultrastructural Features Of Estrogen Deficient Ovine Bone, Peter Mauer

PhD theses

Osteoporosis is “a skeletal disorder characterised by compromised bone strength predis- posing to an increased risk of fracture” (NIH, 2001). Every second woman and every fifth man will suffer an osteoporotic fracture (Kanis et al., 2000). Of all people that suffer an age-related fracture, the current gold standard of osteoporosis diagnosis, DEXA scanning, misclassifies 80% of them to be non-osteoporotic (Sanders et al., 2006). Bone quantity is easily measured, however, bone strength is an interplay of bone quantity and quality — and the latter is hard to determine. More reliable clinical methods to diagnose osteoporosis are needed as well as widening ...


Nanometer-Scale Membrane Electrode Systems For Active Protein Separation, Enzyme Immobilization And Cellular Electroporation, Zhiqiang Chen 2014 University of Kentucky

Nanometer-Scale Membrane Electrode Systems For Active Protein Separation, Enzyme Immobilization And Cellular Electroporation, Zhiqiang Chen

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Automated and continuous processes are the future trends in downstream protein purification. A functionalized nanometer-scale membrane electrode system, mimicking the function of cell wall transporters, can selectively capture genetically modified proteins and subsequently pump them through the system under programmed voltage pulses. Numerical study of the two-step pulse pumping cycles coupled with experimental His-GFP releasing study reveals the optimal 14s/1s pumping/repel pulse pumping condition at 10 mM bulk imidazole concentration in the permeate side. A separation factor for GFP: BSA of 9.7 was achieved with observed GFP electrophoretic mobility of 3.1×10-6 cm2 s ...


Cnt Membrane Platforms For Transdermal Drug Delivery And Aptamer Modulated Transport, Tao Chen 2014 University of Kentucky

Cnt Membrane Platforms For Transdermal Drug Delivery And Aptamer Modulated Transport, Tao Chen

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

CNT membrane platforms are biomimetic polymeric membranes imbedded with carbon nanotubes which show fast fluid flow, electric conductivity, and the ability to be grafted with chemistry. A novel micro-dialysis probe nicotine concentration sampling technique was proposed and proved in vitro, which could greatly improve the efficiency and accuracy of future animal transdermal studies. To enhance the scope of transdermal drug delivery which was limited to passive diffusion of small, potent lipophilic drugs, a wire mesh lateral electroporation design was also proposed which could periodically disrupt the skin barrier and enhance drug flux.

It was shown that AMP binding aptamer at ...


Highly Luminescent Salts Containing Well-Shielded Lanthanide-Centered Complex Anions And Bulky Imidazolium Countercations, Si-Fu Tang, Chantel Lorbeer, Xinjiao Wang, Pushpal Ghosh, Anja V. Mudring 2014 Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology

Highly Luminescent Salts Containing Well-Shielded Lanthanide-Centered Complex Anions And Bulky Imidazolium Countercations, Si-Fu Tang, Chantel Lorbeer, Xinjiao Wang, Pushpal Ghosh, Anja V. Mudring

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

In this paper, we report on the syntheses, structures, and characterization of four molten salts containing imidazolium cations and europium(III)- or terbium(III)-centered complex anions. In the complex anions, the lanthanide centers are wrapped by four pseudodiketonate anionic ligands, which prevent them from contacting with high-frequency oscillators and allow them to show intense characteristic europium(III) or terbium(III) emission, small line widths, high color purity, high quantum yields (30−49%), and long decay times (>2 ms).


Assembled Monolayers Depends Upon The Roughness Of The Substrate And The Orientation Of The Terminal Moiety, Lucas B. Newcomb, Ian Tevis, Manza B. J. Atkinson, Symon M. Gathiaka, Rafael E. Luna, Martin M. Thuo 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Assembled Monolayers Depends Upon The Roughness Of The Substrate And The Orientation Of The Terminal Moiety, Lucas B. Newcomb, Ian Tevis, Manza B. J. Atkinson, Symon M. Gathiaka, Rafael E. Luna, Martin M. Thuo

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The origin of the odd even effect in properties of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) and/or technologies derived from them is poorly understood. We report that hydrophobicity and, hence, surface wetting of SAMs are dominated by the nature of the substrate (surface roughness and identity) and SAM tilt angle, which influences surface dipoles/orientation of the terminal moiety. We measured static contact angles (theta(s)) made by water droplets on n-alkanethiolate SAMs with an odd (SAM(O)) or even (SAM(E)) number of carbons (average theta(s) range of 105.8-112.1 degrees). When SAMs were fabricated on smooth "template-stripped" metal ...


Effect Of Surface Modification And Macrophage Phenotype On Particle Internalization, Daniel Wang, Ngoc Phan, Christopher Isely, Lucas Bruene, Kaitlin M. Bratlie 2014 Iowa State University

Effect Of Surface Modification And Macrophage Phenotype On Particle Internalization, Daniel Wang, Ngoc Phan, Christopher Isely, Lucas Bruene, Kaitlin M. Bratlie

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Material properties play a key role in the cellular internalization of polymeric particles. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of material characteristics such as water contact angle, zeta potential, melting temperature, and alternative activation of complement on particle internalization for pro-inflammatory, pro-angiogenic, and naïve macrophages by using biopolymers (∼600 nm), functionalized with 13 different molecules. Understanding how material parameters influence particle internalization for different macrophage phenotypes is important for targeted delivery to specific cell populations. Here, we demonstrate that material parameters affect the alternative pathway of complement activation as well as particle internalization for different macrophage phenotypes ...


The Significance Of Macrophage Phenotype In Cancer And Biomaterials, Hannah C. Bygd, Kiva D. Forsmark, Kaitlin M. Bratlie 2014 Iowa State University

The Significance Of Macrophage Phenotype In Cancer And Biomaterials, Hannah C. Bygd, Kiva D. Forsmark, Kaitlin M. Bratlie

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Macrophages have long been known to exhibit heterogeneous and plastic phenotypes. They show functional diversity with roles in homeostasis, tissue repair, immunity and disease. There exists a spectrum of macrophage phenotypes with varied effector functions, molecular determinants, cytokine and chemokine profiles, as well as receptor expression. In tumor microenvironments, the subset of macrophages known as tumor-associated macrophages generates byproducts that enhance tumor growth and angiogenesis, making them attractive targets for anti-cancer therapeutics. With respect to wound healing and the foreign body response, there is a necessity for balance between pro-inflammatory, wound healing, and regulatory macrophages in order to achieve successful ...


The Advancement Of Bacterial Cellulose As A Bone And Vascular Scaffolds, Ryan Lee Hammonds 2013 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Advancement Of Bacterial Cellulose As A Bone And Vascular Scaffolds, Ryan Lee Hammonds

Doctoral Dissertations

Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a natural hydrogel made of nanofibers. This material has been used in commercial products, including wound dressings. BC can be modified and optimized for improved performance in multiple applications. This work will focus on producing and characterizing resorbable cellulose, a composite for bone applications, and a composite for a synthetic venous valve leaflet.

BC can be produced and modified to perform as a degradable tissue scaffold. This is achieved by an oxidation procedure after the initial production and purification of native BC. A material characterization of oxidized BC was performed to identify the changes in properties ...


Iron-Magnesium Alloy Bioabsorbable Blood Stent, Kaitlyn Jarry, L Stanciu 2013 Purdue University

Iron-Magnesium Alloy Bioabsorbable Blood Stent, Kaitlyn Jarry, L Stanciu

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Bioabsorbable materials are fairly new and proper alloys for implantation in the body have not yet been established. There are a few polymers that have showed promise, but they do not provide the proper mechanical support that metal does. These materials would be used to create devices such as blood stents and orthopedic screws. Investigation into the properties of different alloys can help to establish a material that can be used for implanted devices that are only needed for a limited amount of time. In order to investigate these alloys many different experiments will to be run to test the ...


Scaling Reversible Adhesion In Synthetic And Biological Systems, Michael D. Bartlett 2013 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Scaling Reversible Adhesion In Synthetic And Biological Systems, Michael D. Bartlett

Michael Bartlett

Geckos and other insects have fascinated scientists and casual observers with their
ability to effortlessly climb up walls and across ceilings. This capability has inspired
high capacity, easy release synthetic adhesives, which have focused on mimicking the
fibrillar features found on the foot pads of these climbing organisms. However, without a
fundamental framework that connects biological and synthetic adhesives from
nanoscopic to macroscopic features, synthetic mimics have failed to perform favorably at
large contact areas. In this thesis, we present a scaling approach which leads to an
understanding of reversible adhesion in both synthetic and biological systems over
multiple length ...


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