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Shape Memory Alloy Capsule Micropump For Drug Delivery Applications, Youssef Mohamed Kotb 2024 American University in Cairo

Shape Memory Alloy Capsule Micropump For Drug Delivery Applications, Youssef Mohamed Kotb

Theses and Dissertations

Implantable drug delivery devices have many benefits over traditional drug administration techniques and have attracted a lot of attention in recent years. By delivering the medication directly to the tissue, they enable the use of larger localized concentrations, enhancing the efficacy of the treatment. Passive-release drug delivery systems, one of the various ways to provide medication, are great inventions. However, they cannot dispense the medication on demand since they are nonprogrammable. Therefore, active actuators are more advantageous in delivery applications. Smart material actuators, however, have greatly increased in popularity for manufacturing wearable and implantable micropumps due to their high energy …


Atom Probe Tomography Of Segregation At Grain Boundaries And Gas Bubbles In Neutron Irradiated U-10 Wt% Mo Fuel, Maalavan Arivu, Andrew Hoffman, Mukesh Bachhav, Assel Aitkaliyeva, Yaqiao Wu, Brandon Miller, Dennis Keiser, Jian Gan, Haiming Wen 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Atom Probe Tomography Of Segregation At Grain Boundaries And Gas Bubbles In Neutron Irradiated U-10 Wt% Mo Fuel, Maalavan Arivu, Andrew Hoffman, Mukesh Bachhav, Assel Aitkaliyeva, Yaqiao Wu, Brandon Miller, Dennis Keiser, Jian Gan, Haiming Wen

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

During Neutron Irradiation to Fission Densities > 5.2 X 1021 Fiss/cm3, Xe Agglomerates Forming Gas Bubbles of Varying Size within the U-Mo Fuel Matrix. Herein, Segregation of Fission Products to Xe Bubbles and Grain Boundaries (GB) Were Studied using Atom Probe Tomography (APT). Segregation Behavior Was Found to Vary among GBs, Small Bubbles (<10 >Nm), and Larger Bubbles (>10 Nm). Solid Fission Products Were Enriched at GBs and Larger Bubbles, But Not at Small Bubbles. a Denuded Zone Was Identified Adjacent to a > 10 Nm Xe Gas Bubble and a GB.


The Analysis Of Mechanical Exfoliation Of Graphene For Various Fabrication And Automation Techniques, Lance Yarbrough 2024 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Analysis Of Mechanical Exfoliation Of Graphene For Various Fabrication And Automation Techniques, Lance Yarbrough

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Mechanical Exfoliation of Graphene is an often-overlooked portion of the fabrication of quantum devices, and to create more devices quickly, optimizing this process to generate better flakes is critical. In addition, it would be valuable to simulate test pulls quickly, to gain insight on flake quality of various materials and exfoliation conditions. Physical pulls of graphene at various temperatures, pull forces, and pull repetitions were analyzed and compared to the results of ANSYS simulations, solved for similar results. Using ANSYS’ ability to predict trends in exfoliations, flake thickness and coverage using stress and deflection analyses were investigated. Generally, both strongly …


Quasi-Static And Dynamic Deformation Of Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced By Core-Shell Al35ti15cu10mn20cr20 High-Entropy Alloy Particulates, Dezhi Zhu, Tingting Chen, Xiaoqiang Jin, Haiming Wen, Zhiqiang Fu, Shengguan Qu 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Quasi-Static And Dynamic Deformation Of Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced By Core-Shell Al35ti15cu10mn20cr20 High-Entropy Alloy Particulates, Dezhi Zhu, Tingting Chen, Xiaoqiang Jin, Haiming Wen, Zhiqiang Fu, Shengguan Qu

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Core-Shell Structured Particles Are Potential Reinforcement Agents For Metal Matrix Composites. In This Work, Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced With Core-Shell Structured Al35Ti15Cu10Mn20Cr20 High-Entropy Alloy (HEA) Particles Were Fabricated By Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) And High-Temperature Diffusion Post-Treatment. Dynamic Compression Behavior And Adiabatic Shear Failure Mechanism In The Composites Were Investigated By Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB), Scanning Electron Microscopy And Transmission Electron Microscopy. Results Showed That The Shell Thickness Of The Core-Shell Particles Ranged From 0.4 To 1.6 Μm, Which Were Formed By Thermal Diffusion Between HEA Core And Aluminum Alloy. The 30 Vol% (Al35Ti15Cu10Mn20Cr20)p/2024Al Composite Showed A High Compressive …


High Temperature Validation Of A Line Heat Source Technique For In-Pile Thermal Conductivity Determination, Katelyn Wada, Allyssa Bateman, Tony Valayil Varghese, Austin Fleming, Brian J. Jaques, David Estrada 2024 Boise State University

High Temperature Validation Of A Line Heat Source Technique For In-Pile Thermal Conductivity Determination, Katelyn Wada, Allyssa Bateman, Tony Valayil Varghese, Austin Fleming, Brian J. Jaques, David Estrada

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In-pile instrumentation is critical for advancing operations and materials discovery in the nuclear industry. Ensuring optimal performance of sensors in high temperatures is the first step in demonstrating their viability in the harsh in-pile environment. This work demonstrates the high temperature capabilities of a line heat source and measurement technique previously shown to extract thermal conductivity of nuclear fuel sized samples within a laboratory environment at room temperature. This method uses a hybrid AC/DC measurement technique to obtain rapid measurements of the temperature dependent voltage change of a heater wire, which also acts as a resistance thermometer. Once the temperature …


Processing And Testing Commodity And Engineering Cfrtp Composites, Delia M. Derner, Kristine Osorio 2024 Winona State University

Processing And Testing Commodity And Engineering Cfrtp Composites, Delia M. Derner, Kristine Osorio

Research & Creative Achievement Day

Commodity thermoplastic polymers provide good load transfer to and protection of the reinforcing fibers.  However, their mechanical properties are inferior to high-performance thermoplastic polymer composites.  Findings of preliminary research conducted at WSU showed that continuous fiber reinforced (CFR) commodity polymers such as PETG and PP have better Izod impact resistance than their high-performance CFR counterparts.  Further investigation of these findings is conducted in this research project.  Quasi-isotropic laminates of GF/PETG and GF/PET-am are fabricated and tested in drop weight impact.  The results will be compared with previously determined results of high-performance CF/PPS, CF/PA12 and GF/PPS.  The samples are fabricated using …


Low-Velocity Drop Weight Impact And Compression After Impact Properties Of Symmetric Quasi-Isotropic Cfrtp Composites, Youyi Zhou, Kyungbin Min 2024 Winona State University

Low-Velocity Drop Weight Impact And Compression After Impact Properties Of Symmetric Quasi-Isotropic Cfrtp Composites, Youyi Zhou, Kyungbin Min

Research & Creative Achievement Day

Low-velocity impact properties and residual compression strength after impact performance are used to evaluate composite materials for many applications. In this research, low-velocity drop-weight impact and compression after impact performance of four continuous fiber reinforcement thermoplastic (CFRTP) composites are investigated. Quasi-isotropic samples of GF/PP, CF-PA12, CF-PA6, GF-PA6 were fabricated and tested according to ASTM standards. Three energy levels of 10, 15, and 20 J/mm, were employed in this research. Results indicate that GF/PP exhibits the highest damage resistance and rebound-ability, evidenced by its minimal indentation and damage area, the highest significant damage threshold force, and the highest ratio of impact …


Ergo Carbon Workspace, Ethan C. Atkinson, Joshua N. Hanner, Rachel A. Henderson, Anders Nielsen, Mohamed A. Salat 2024 Winona State University

Ergo Carbon Workspace, Ethan C. Atkinson, Joshua N. Hanner, Rachel A. Henderson, Anders Nielsen, Mohamed A. Salat

Research & Creative Achievement Day

The goal of the Ergo Carbon Workspace is to create a monitor stand that is both lightweight and easily transportable, catering to the needs of modern workspaces. Constructed from carbon fiber, epoxy resin, and a honeycomb core, this design emphasizes portability without sacrificing durability. Incorporating aerospace-grade honeycomb core as well as braided carbon fiber epoxy struts bolsters structural integrity while maintaining a lightweight part. The Ergo Carbon Workspace design facilitates effortless assembly and disassembly, simplifying transportation and packaging. Through the utilization of composite materials, the stand achieves an optimal balance of strength and portability. Ergo Carbon Workspace will also incorporate …


Application Of The Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Glass Corrosion Model To The Static Dissolution Of 24 Statistically-Designed Alkali-Borosilicate Waste Glasses, Sebastien N. Kerisit, James J. Neeway, Charmayne E. Lonergan, Benjamin Parruzot, Jarrod V. Crum, Richard C. Daniel, Gary L. Smith, R. Matthew Asmussen 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Application Of The Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Glass Corrosion Model To The Static Dissolution Of 24 Statistically-Designed Alkali-Borosilicate Waste Glasses, Sebastien N. Kerisit, James J. Neeway, Charmayne E. Lonergan, Benjamin Parruzot, Jarrod V. Crum, Richard C. Daniel, Gary L. Smith, R. Matthew Asmussen

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Glass corrosion models that capture the complex mechanisms of the glass-water reaction enable the prediction of nuclear waste glass durability in disposal scenarios. Parameterization of such models is challenging because of the need to capture changes in corrosion behavior with time, reaction conditions, and glass composition. Here, we describe and employ the ILAW (immobilized low-activity waste) glass corrosion model (IGCM) in geochemical simulations of static dissolution tests, at two temperatures (40 °C and 90 °C), for a matrix of 24 enhanced low-activity waste (eLAW) glasses statistically designed to cover a processable composition space defined by 8 major glass components (Al …


Decoding Crystallization Behavior Of Aluminoborosilicate Glasses: From Structural Descriptors To Quantitative Structure – Property Relationship (Qspr) Based Predictive Models, Yingcheng Zhang, Marco Bertani, Alfonso Pedone, Randall E. Youngman, Gregory Tricot, Aditya Kumar, Ashutosh Goel 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Decoding Crystallization Behavior Of Aluminoborosilicate Glasses: From Structural Descriptors To Quantitative Structure – Property Relationship (Qspr) Based Predictive Models, Yingcheng Zhang, Marco Bertani, Alfonso Pedone, Randall E. Youngman, Gregory Tricot, Aditya Kumar, Ashutosh Goel

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Successful decoding of structural descriptors controlling the crystallization in multicomponent functional glasses can pave the way for the transition from the trial-and-error approach and empirical modeling for glass/glass-ceramic composition design toward more rational and scientifically rigorous Quantitative Structure-Property Relationship (QSPR) based models. However, due to the compositional and structural complexity of multicomponent glasses and the longer time and length scales associated with nucleation, the development and validation of QSPR models are still in it's infancy. The work presented in the article is an attempt to leap forward in this pursuit by combining the strengths of experimental and computational materials science …


Globular Protein For Surface Modification Of Cellulosecontaining Materials, Nodira Saydaliyeva 2024 Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, PhD, saydalieva1nodi@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2876-7065Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan.

Globular Protein For Surface Modification Of Cellulosecontaining Materials, Nodira Saydaliyeva

Technical science and innovation

The purpose of this work is the chemical modification of cotton fabrics with natural globular protein. Modification was carried out in the process of finishing cotton fabrics, after decoction and bleaching in a continuous mode. The effect of modification on the strength, protein content and functional groups of cotton fabric has been studied. According to the results obtained using the AUTOGRAPH AGS-N machine, it was found that the modification of cotton fabrics with a solution of globular protein increases the strength of the treated fabrics, depending on the concentration of the modifier and the temperature regime. Treatment with a highly …


A Guide To Fifty Years Of Research At Montana Tech: Part 3-Decontamination Of Ratioactively Contaminated Steel By Melt Refining/Slagging Processing, Larry G. Twidwell, Samuel A. Worcester 2024 Montana Technological University

A Guide To Fifty Years Of Research At Montana Tech: Part 3-Decontamination Of Ratioactively Contaminated Steel By Melt Refining/Slagging Processing, Larry G. Twidwell, Samuel A. Worcester

Metallurgy

This presentation includes a discussion of the research conducted at Montana Tech in the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering. The discussion is focused on Decontamination of Radioactively Contaminated Steel by Melt Refining/Slagging. This presentation is based on the research of Master of Science graduate students, industrial and academic colleagues, at the Montana College of Mineral Science and Technology (which morphed to Montana Tech [1977], then to Montana Tech of The University of Montana [2000], then to Montana Technological University [2019]). The referenced work of each of the graduate students in this presentation is gratefully acknowledged. The following summary presentation …


Recent Advances In Solar Photo(Electro)Catalytic Nitrogen Fixation, Jun-Bo Ma, Sheng Lin, Zhiqun Lin, Lan Sun, Chang-Jian Lin 2024 State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Recent Advances In Solar Photo(Electro)Catalytic Nitrogen Fixation, Jun-Bo Ma, Sheng Lin, Zhiqun Lin, Lan Sun, Chang-Jian Lin

Journal of Electrochemistry

Ammonia (NH3) is an essential chemical in modern society. It is currently produced in industry by the Haber-Bosch process using H2 and N2 as reactants in the presence of iron-based catalysts at high-temperature (400–600 oC) and extremely highpressure (20–40 MPa) conditions. However, its efficiency is limited to 10% to 15%. At the same time, a large amount of energy is consumed, and CO2 emission is inevitably. The development of a sustainable, clean, and environmentally friendly energy system represents a key strategy to address energy crisis and environmental pollution, ultimately aiming to achieve carbon neutrality. …


Advancements In Characterization Of Ancient Potteries From Southeast Asia: A Review Of Analytical Techniques, Chitnarong Sirisathitkul 2024 Division of Physics, School of Science, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80160, Thailand

Advancements In Characterization Of Ancient Potteries From Southeast Asia: A Review Of Analytical Techniques, Chitnarong Sirisathitkul

Makara Journal of Science

Ancient potteries offer valuable information regarding technological advancements, life dynamics, cultural diversity, and trade routes in the past. Earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain from Southeast Asia have been characterized using several analytical techniques, as reviewed in this article. Fluorescent and diffracted X-rays give rise to elemental and phase compositions, respectively. Examination of molecular bonds requires vibrational spectroscopy, which is useful for the identification of organic materials in ancient potteries. With the advent of portable X-ray fluorescence and Raman spectrometry, on-site analysis of archeological ceramics is now possible. For in-depth analysis, synchrotron light sources can provide new insights into artifacts through X-ray …


Effect Of Fabrication Parameters On The Ferroelectricity Of Hafnium Zirconium Oxide Films: A Statistical Study, Guillermo A. Salcedo, Ahmad E. Islam, Elizabeth Reichley, Michael Dietz, Christine M. Schubert Kabban, Kevin D. Leedy, Tyson C. Back, Weison Wang, Andrew Green, Timothy S. Wolfe, James M. Sattler 2024 Air Force Institute of Technology

Effect Of Fabrication Parameters On The Ferroelectricity Of Hafnium Zirconium Oxide Films: A Statistical Study, Guillermo A. Salcedo, Ahmad E. Islam, Elizabeth Reichley, Michael Dietz, Christine M. Schubert Kabban, Kevin D. Leedy, Tyson C. Back, Weison Wang, Andrew Green, Timothy S. Wolfe, James M. Sattler

Faculty Publications

Ferroelectricity in hafnium zirconium oxide (Hf1−xZrxO2) and the factors that impact it have been a popular research topic since its discovery in 2011. Although the general trends are known, the interactions between fabrication parameters and their effect on the ferroelectricity of Hf1−xZrxO2 require further investigation. In this paper, we present a statistical study and a model that relates Zr concentration (x), film thickness (tf), and annealing temperature (Ta) with the remanent polarization (Pr) in tungsten (W)-capped Hf1−xZrxO2. …


Micropatterning And Functionalization Of Single Layer Graphene: Tuning Its Electron Transport Properties, Miao-Miao Cui, Lian-Huan Han, Lan-Ping Zeng, Jia-Yao Guo, Wei-Ying Song, Chuan Liu, Yuan-Fei Wu, Shi-Yi Luo, Yun-Hua Liu, Dong-Ping Zhan 2024 Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces (PCOSS); Engineering Research Center of Electrochemical Technologies of Ministry of Education; Xiamen University; Xiamen 361005, China

Micropatterning And Functionalization Of Single Layer Graphene: Tuning Its Electron Transport Properties, Miao-Miao Cui, Lian-Huan Han, Lan-Ping Zeng, Jia-Yao Guo, Wei-Ying Song, Chuan Liu, Yuan-Fei Wu, Shi-Yi Luo, Yun-Hua Liu, Dong-Ping Zhan

Journal of Electrochemistry

As a promising 2D material, graphene exhibits excellent physical properties including single-atom-scale thickness and remarkably high charge carrier mobility. However, its semi-metallic nature with a zero bandgap poses challenges for its application in high-performance field-effect transistors (FETs). In order to overcome these limitations, various approaches have been explored to modulate graphene's bandgap, including nanoscale confinement, external field induction, doping, and chemical micropatterning. Nevertheless, the stability and controllability still need to be improved. In this study, we propose a feasible method that combines electrochemical bromination and photolithography to precisely tune the electron transport properties of single layer graphene (SLG). Through this …


Effects Of Polymer-Nanoparticle Interactions On The Dynamics Of Attractive Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Nanocomposites, Walter W. Young 2024 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Effects Of Polymer-Nanoparticle Interactions On The Dynamics Of Attractive Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Nanocomposites, Walter W. Young

Doctoral Dissertations

Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) had long been recognized as a critical building block for inorganic-organic hybrid materials with unique and desirable properties and performance. Through synthesis and characterization of polymer/POSS nanocomposites, direct insights into the significant effects of the polymer/POSS interactions on the resulting material properties are obtained. Random copolymers of a hydrogen-bond accepting monomer and a non-interacting monomer are synthesized and loaded with a model amine-functionalized hydrogen bond donating POSS molecule via solution casting, to create a material with well-controlled dynamical heterogeneity. The increase in the glass transition temperature (Tg) of these materials is found to strongly depend on …


Machine Learning Prediction Of Photoluminescence In Mos2: Challenges In Data Acquisition And A Solution Via Improved Crystal Synthesis, Ethan Swonger, John Mann, Jared Horstmann, Daniel Yang 2024 Pepperdine University

Machine Learning Prediction Of Photoluminescence In Mos2: Challenges In Data Acquisition And A Solution Via Improved Crystal Synthesis, Ethan Swonger, John Mann, Jared Horstmann, Daniel Yang

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) like molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) possess unique electronic and optical properties, making them promising materials for nanotechnology. Photoluminescence (PL) is a key indicator of MoS2 crystal quality. This study aimed to develop a machine-learning model capable of predicting the peak PL wavelength of single MoS2 crystals based on micrograph analysis. Our limited ability to consistently synthesize high-quality MoS2 crystals hampered our ability to create a large set of training data. The project focus shifted towards improving MoS2 crystal synthesis to generate improved training data. We implemented a novel approach utilizing low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD) combined with …


La1-Xsrxcoo3 Perovskite Nanomaterial: Synthesis, Characterization, And Its Biomedical Application, Adhira Tippur, Anyet Shohag, Luke Franco, Ahmed Touhami, Swati Mohan, Mohammed Uddin 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

La1-Xsrxcoo3 Perovskite Nanomaterial: Synthesis, Characterization, And Its Biomedical Application, Adhira Tippur, Anyet Shohag, Luke Franco, Ahmed Touhami, Swati Mohan, Mohammed Uddin

Research Symposium

Early cancer detection is paramount for effective treatment and potential cures. This research explores the application of perovskite materials, specifically Sr2+-doped Lanthanum Cobaltite (La1-xSrxCoO3) nanomaterials, in cancer detection, with a focus on rats as an experimental model. The ferroelectric nature of these materials, synthesized through a combination of sol-gel and molten-salt processes, was examined at varying Sr2+ doping levels (1-20 wt%). Rigorous characterization, employing X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, confirmed the uniform morphology of nano cubes, laying the foundation for subsequent investigations. The magnetic properties of the perovskite nanoparticles were probed, suggesting their potential as a diagnostic tool for …


On The Use Of Machine Learning And Data-Transformation Methods To Predict Hydration Kinetics And Strength Of Alkali-Activated Mine Tailings-Based Binders, Sahil Surehali, Taihao Han, Jie Huang, Aditya Kumar, Narayanan Neithalath 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

On The Use Of Machine Learning And Data-Transformation Methods To Predict Hydration Kinetics And Strength Of Alkali-Activated Mine Tailings-Based Binders, Sahil Surehali, Taihao Han, Jie Huang, Aditya Kumar, Narayanan Neithalath

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The escalating production of mine tailings (MT), a byproduct of the mining industry, constitutes significant environmental and health hazards, thereby requiring a cost-effective and sustainable solution for its disposal or reuse. This study proposes the use of MT as the primary ingredient (≥70%mass) in binders for construction applications, thereby ensuring their efficient upcycling as well as drastic reduction of environmental impacts associated with the use of ordinary Portland cement (OPC). The early-age hydration kinetics and compressive strength of MT-based binders are evaluated with an emphasis on elucidating the influence of alkali activation parameters and the amount of slag or cement …


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