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Metody Numeryczne Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Consulting Services

Metody Numeryczne Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Odnawialne Źródła Energii W., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Odnawialne Źródła Energii W., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Studies Of Dynamic Crack Propagation And Crack Branching With Peridynamics, Youn Doh Ha Ph.D., Florin Bobaru Ph.D. 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Studies Of Dynamic Crack Propagation And Crack Branching With Peridynamics, Youn Doh Ha Ph.D., Florin Bobaru Ph.D.

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

In this paper we discuss the peridynamic analysis of dynamic crack branching in brittle materials and show results of convergence studies under uniform grid refinement (m-convergence) and under decreasing the peridynamic horizon (δ-convergence). Comparisons with experimentally obtained values are made for the crack-tip propagation speed with three different peridynamic horizons.We also analyze the influence of the particular shape of themicro-modulus function and of different materials (Duran 50 glass and soda-lime glass) on the crack propagation behavior. We show that the peridynamic solution for this problem captures all the main features, observed experimentally, of dynamic crack propagation and branching, as ...


Processing Of Zrb2-Zrc-Zrxsiy Ceramic By Reactive Metal Penetration, Nischel B. Maheswaraiah 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Processing Of Zrb2-Zrc-Zrxsiy Ceramic By Reactive Metal Penetration, Nischel B. Maheswaraiah

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The processing of ZrB2-ZrC-ZrxSiy composite by reactive metal penetration was investigated as a successor to the ZrB2-SiC composites for hypersonic vehicles application, which cannot be used for extended time at temperatures greater than 1600C due to formation of SiO and CO gases. Zirconium (Zr), zirconium disilicide (ZrSi2), and boron carbide (B4C) were reacted in graphite crucibles for 60, 120, 180, and 240 minutes. Microscopy and x-ray diffraction (XRD) deduced the formation of a heterogeneous microstructure of ZrB2-ZrC-ZrxSiy precipitates surrounded by a solidified Zr-Si melt. Unreacted boron carbide was observed in samples held at 1860C for 60 minutes and 120 minutes ...


An Ab-Initio Study Of The Elastic Properties Of Important Group Iv Diborides At High Temperatures, Manny Gonzales 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

An Ab-Initio Study Of The Elastic Properties Of Important Group Iv Diborides At High Temperatures, Manny Gonzales

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Presented is an ab-initio Molecular Dynamics (MD) study, employing the Density Functional Theory (DFT), of the lattice parameter, thermal expansion coefficients and elastic constants of ZrB2, TiB2 and HfB2 as a function of temperature. The MD trajectories provide the equilibrium lattice parameters at finite temperatures, and the gradient of the energy from these equilibrium solutions is then used to calculate the components of the stiffness tensor. The results for ZrB2 are shown to agree well with reported experimental results for the lattice parameters and elastic constants as a function of temperature.


Hybrid Manufacturing: Integrating Stereolithography And Direct Print Technologies, Amit Lopes 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Hybrid Manufacturing: Integrating Stereolithography And Direct Print Technologies, Amit Lopes

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The focus of this research was the development of a hybrid manufacturing system that integrates stereolithography (SL) and direct print (DP) technologies to fabricate three dimensional (3D) structural electronic devices within a single set-up. The capabilities of this new additive manufacturing (AM) technology was explored in the context of fabricating and prototyping complex electronic devices in which conformal shape, rugged and light-weight integration, and a natural resistance to reverse engineering are all of paramount importance. Consequently, electronic components can be tightly integrated together in a rugged, light-weight 3D structure of arbitrary form. This research is a continuing advancement of the ...


Waves In Materials With Microstructure: Numerical Simulation, Mihhail Berezovski, Arkadi Berezovski, Juri Engelbrecht 2010 Tallinn University of Technology

Waves In Materials With Microstructure: Numerical Simulation, Mihhail Berezovski, Arkadi Berezovski, Juri Engelbrecht

Publications

Results of numerical experiments are presented in order to compare direct numerical calculations of wave propagation in a laminate with prescribed properties and corresponding results obtained for an effective medium with the microstructure modelling. These numerical experiments allowed us to analyse the advantages and weaknesses of the microstructure model.


The Characterization Of Leadership Within Undergraduate Engineering Design Teams Through Case Study Analysis, Gary Palmer ii 2010 Clemson University

The Characterization Of Leadership Within Undergraduate Engineering Design Teams Through Case Study Analysis, Gary Palmer Ii

All Theses

The purpose of this research is to clearly define leadership that exists within engineering project teams. Leadership can be applicable to any field of study and is heavily researched in business management. Sources which review leadership classify this topic in reference to managerial styles, leadership types and styles, emotional intelligence, and work climate. However, there are few sources which define leadership specifically within engineering environments. The motivation of this research is driven by the absence of defining and observing consistency in engineering leadership through the research‟s experience in engineering teams. Existing leadership is defined in this research through conducting ...


Investigation Into The Impact Of Grain Boundaries, Film Interface, And Crystallographic Orientation On The Ionic Conductivity Of Thin Film Gadolinium-Doped Ceria, Matthew M. Swanson 2010 Michigan Technological University

Investigation Into The Impact Of Grain Boundaries, Film Interface, And Crystallographic Orientation On The Ionic Conductivity Of Thin Film Gadolinium-Doped Ceria, Matthew M. Swanson

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

The research reported in this dissertation investigates the impact of grain boundaries, film interface, and crystallographic orientation on the ionic conductivity of thin film Gd-doped CeO2 (GDC).

Chapter 2 of this work addresses claims in the literature that submicron grain boundaries have the potential to dramatically increase the ionic conductivity of GDC films. Unambiguous testing of this claim requires directly comparing the ionic conductivity of single-crystal GDC films to films that are identical except for the presence of submicron grain boundaries. In this work techniques have been developed to grow GDC films by RF magnetron sputtering from a GDC target ...


Measuring The Elastic Modulus Of Polymers Using The Atomic Force Microscope, Daniel Hoffman 2010 Michigan Technological University

Measuring The Elastic Modulus Of Polymers Using The Atomic Force Microscope, Daniel Hoffman

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Testing a new method of nanoindentation using the atomic force microscope (AFM) was the purpose of this research. Nanoindentation is a useful technique to study the properties of materials on the sub-micron scale. The AFM has been used as a nanoindenter previously; however several parameters needed to obtain accurate results, including tip radius and cantilever sensitivity, can be difficult to determine. To solve this problem, a new method to determine the elastic modulus of a material using the atomic force microscope (AFM) has been proposed by Tang et al. This method models the cantilever and the sample as two springs ...


Temporal Scales For Transport Patterns In The Gulf Of Finland, Bert Viikmae, Tarmo Soomere, Mikk Viidebaum, Mihhail Berezovski 2010 Tallinn University of Technology

Temporal Scales For Transport Patterns In The Gulf Of Finland, Bert Viikmae, Tarmo Soomere, Mikk Viidebaum, Mihhail Berezovski

Publications

The basic time scales for current-induced net transport of surface water and associated time scales of reaching the nearshore in the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea, are analysed based on Lagrangian trajectories of water particles reconstructed from three-dimensional velocity fields by the Rossby Centre circulation model for 1987–1991. The number of particles reaching the nearshore exhibits substantial temporal variability whereas the rate of leaving the gulf is almost steady. It is recommended to use an about 3 grid cells wide nearshore area as a substitute to the coastal zone and about 10–15 day long trajectories for calculations ...


Phase Change Materials For Thermal Regulation Of Building Integrated Photovoltaics, Ahmad Hassan 2010 Technological University Dublin

Phase Change Materials For Thermal Regulation Of Building Integrated Photovoltaics, Ahmad Hassan

Doctoral

In outdoor deployed photovoltaics (PV), standard test conditions (STC) of 25 °C PV temperature, 1000 Wm-2 solar radiation intensity and 1.5 air-mass rarely prevail. PV temperature can rise 40-100 °C above STC inducing a power drop in crystalline silicon PV with a coefficient of -0.4 to -0.65 %/K above STC. Increased operating temperature also results in accelerated PV degradation due to cell delamination allowing moisture ingress. vConventional building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) cooling techniques using passive
or active heat removal by air or water flow are limited by (i) very low heat transfer or (ii) large capital as ...


A Study Of Demoulding Force Prediction Applied To Periodic Mould Surface Profiles, Kevin Delaney, Giuliano Bissacco, David Kennedy 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Study Of Demoulding Force Prediction Applied To Periodic Mould Surface Profiles, Kevin Delaney, Giuliano Bissacco, David Kennedy

Conference Papers

Demoulding components without damage to either the components or tool is critical to successful replication processes. Accurate demoulding force prediction prior to tool fabrication helps designers optimize replication tools to minimize the demoulding force and resultant stress on replicated parts. Various models have been proposed to predict demoulding forces. One such model, the stair-step model, was developed by Colton et al for stereolithographic moulding tools. This paper investigates applying the model to other periodic surfaces with validation using published experimental data. In addition validity of the model for application to micro mould surfaces produced by micro milling is discussed.


Fabrication And Analysis Of Compositionally Graded Functional Layers For Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Jared Ray McCoppin 2010 Wright State University

Fabrication And Analysis Of Compositionally Graded Functional Layers For Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Jared Ray Mccoppin

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) structures must be optimized for high performance, increased life, and low cost. Fabrication methods are an area of research interest in bringing down the total cost of SOFCs, and can also impact cell life and performance. Graded functional layers have been shown to enhance cell performance, but current fabrication methods require multiple fabrication steps. This thesis describes a novel fabrication method capable of compositional gradation of functional layers for SOFCs. Using colloidal spray deposition technology, a controlled co-deposition strategy was utilized to fabricate SOFC's with compositionally graded cathode and anode functional layers (CGCFL/CGAFL ...


A Critical Assessment Of The High Cycle Bending Fatigue Behavior Of Boron-Modified Ti-6al-4v, Casey M. Holycross 2010 Wright State University

A Critical Assessment Of The High Cycle Bending Fatigue Behavior Of Boron-Modified Ti-6al-4v, Casey M. Holycross

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Boron-modified Ti-6Al-4V alloys have shown increased performance in mechanical properties over unmodified alloys and are currently of interest for use in turbine engine applications. These alloys offer up to 40% increase in ultimate tensile strength, up to 30% increase in stiffness, and favorable damage characteristics while maintaining a ductility greater than 10%. These attractive properties are attributed to small additions of boron that refine the microstructure and form strong and stiff TiB whiskers. Previous research has found that these modified alloys compare favorably in fatigue. Samples machined from a powder-metallurgy forging with nominal composition Ti-6Al-4V-1B, were tested in fully-reversed bending ...


Surface Modification Of Carbon Structures For Biological Applications, Elizabeth Irene Maurer 2010 Wright State University

Surface Modification Of Carbon Structures For Biological Applications, Elizabeth Irene Maurer

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Carbon substrates have a wide variety of applications, many of which are enabled by appropriate surface modifications. In particular, the use of carbon-based substrates for biological devices can be quite advantageous due to their relative inertness and biocompatibility. Moreover, graphitic carbon can take many forms ranging from flat sheets to foams, fibers, and nanotubes. In this project, larger carbon substrates such as microcellular foam and flat graphite have been modified with carbon nanotubes, and their potential use in two types of biological applications was tested. The first study involved an investigation of the growth and proliferation of osteoblast cells on ...


Sensitivity Analysis Of The Johnson-Cook Plasticity Model For Hypervelocity Impacts: A Hydro-Code Study, Carlos David Castellanos 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Sensitivity Analysis Of The Johnson-Cook Plasticity Model For Hypervelocity Impacts: A Hydro-Code Study, Carlos David Castellanos

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Computer simulations have been in use for decades in the modeling of hypervelocity impacts and general large deformation problems. Several computer codes have been developed to simulate this type of problems under a variety of geometric configurations and for any number of materials. These codes make use of several constitutive material models to simulate the response of the material under a variety of thermo-mechanical conditions. The Johnson-Cook constitutive model is widely used in the simulation hypervelocity impacts for the simulation of crater formation and even perforation of target structures. This thesis presents the results of a sensitivity study of this ...


Selection Process, Modified Impact Testing And Failure Analysis Of An Electron-Beam-Melted Ti-6al-4v 3d Tessellation Based On The Eulerian Path Of The First Stellation Of The Rhombic Dodecahedron Open Unit Cell, Hugo Lopez 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Selection Process, Modified Impact Testing And Failure Analysis Of An Electron-Beam-Melted Ti-6al-4v 3d Tessellation Based On The Eulerian Path Of The First Stellation Of The Rhombic Dodecahedron Open Unit Cell, Hugo Lopez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Ti-6Al-4V lattice block structures manufactured through the electron beam melting (EBM) process are a promising field in design and research due to great advantages that the alloy, the process and the final product offer. Three lattice block structures were manufactured through the electron beam process using an ARCAM A2 machine. The structures were designed using the MATERIALIZETM software and were designed around different types of unit cells. Compression testing was performed and one unit cell was selected due to its anisotropic behavior for modified impact testing. The same unit cell was used and it was scaled up to add ...


Microstructure Investigation Of Al-Rich Titanium Aluminum Alloys, David Pham 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Microstructure Investigation Of Al-Rich Titanium Aluminum Alloys, David Pham

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The microstructures of Ti-Al alloys with 70-80 wt% Al were investigated. Aluminum wire (99.999%) and TiH2 powder (99.7%) were used to produce the sample compositions inside a vertical tube furnace at 1600oC in an Ar atmosphere. Argon is purified through a dehumidification and deoxidation system. Magnesium perchlorate Mg(ClO4)2 acts as a desiccant and titanium sponge pulls oxygen from the Ar in furnaces operating at 800oC and 750oC. X-ray diffraction and an optical microscope are used to identify phases and compositions


Spectroscopic Study Of The Inhibition Of Calcium Oxalate Calculi By Larrea Tridentata, Luis Alonso Pinales 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Spectroscopic Study Of The Inhibition Of Calcium Oxalate Calculi By Larrea Tridentata, Luis Alonso Pinales

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The causes of urolithiasis include such influences as diet, metabolic disorders, and genetic factors which have been documented as sources that aggravate urinary calculi depositions and aggregations, and, implicitly, as causes of urolithiasis. This study endeavors to detail the scientific mechanisms involved in calcium oxalate calculi formation, and, more importantly, their inhibition under growth conditions imposed by the traditional medicinal approach using the herbal extract, Larrea tridentata. The calculi were synthesized without and with Larrea tridentata infusion by employing the single diffusion gel technique. A visible decrease in calcium oxalate crystal growth with increasing amounts of Larrea tridentata herbal infusion ...


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