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Verifying Spi With Universal Verification Methodology (Uvm), Yueting Zhao 2021 Purdue University

Verifying Spi With Universal Verification Methodology (Uvm), Yueting Zhao

Discovery Undergraduate Interdisciplinary Research Internship

Nowadays, system-on-chips (SoC) are widely applied to perform any computing task. They are used in personal computers, embedded systems, and mobile computing. During the design of an SoC, testing and debugging play important roles to ensure the correct functionalities before sending the chip for fabrication. There are several different verification methods, among which the Universal Verification Methodology (UVM) is the one we are using. It is written in SystemVerilog and is an efficient method for verifying digital designs that is standardized in the industry. Following UVM, we can create scalable and well-formatted testbenches that can be reused for other components …


Smart Doggy Door, Jaret Helminski, Brandon Caldwell, Jason Marcum, Nathaniel Hall 2021 The University of Akron

Smart Doggy Door, Jaret Helminski, Brandon Caldwell, Jason Marcum, Nathaniel Hall

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The smart doggy door is an engineering senior design project which will be completed in the spring of 2021. The goal of this project is to design and implement a dog door that can detect when a dog is near. After that it will determine if the dog is allowed to use the door and it will then open if the dog is allowed to go through the door. This device will also send a notification to the dogs owner via an app on their phone. This device will allow dog owners to keep unwanted animals out as well as …


Soil Sensor Network, Andrea Wyder, Ross Klonowski, Alexis Alves, Luke Farnsworth 2021 The University of Akron

Soil Sensor Network, Andrea Wyder, Ross Klonowski, Alexis Alves, Luke Farnsworth

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Water management during crop irrigation is a problem for the agricultural industry. To help farmers better maintain water usage, a wireless soil sensor network comprised of a sensor pod and wireless communication has been designed and implemented. It was proven that the sensor pod can be installed 6-8 inches below the ground and communicate up to at least a 6km distance back to the gateway. The senor pod shells have a 2 mm thick shell to prevent the pod from shattering when coming into contact with the ground after being released from the planter, as calculated through the force of …


Automated Blind Control, Daniel Nahra, Matthew Lacek, Timothy Kurczewski, William Daulton Baksa 2021 The University of Akron

Automated Blind Control, Daniel Nahra, Matthew Lacek, Timothy Kurczewski, William Daulton Baksa

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The objective of this project would be to design and prototype an automated, light and temperature sensing window blinds system. The device would detect temperature, both inside and outside, and incoming sunlight to determine proper window blind position for maximum energy savings. The user would also have the ability to change the settings of the blind from a remote device to a setting that they desire at any given time


Hard Hat Ambient Liability Observer (Halo), Hunter Hykes, Nathan Kish, Brian Thomson 2021 The University of Akron

Hard Hat Ambient Liability Observer (Halo), Hunter Hykes, Nathan Kish, Brian Thomson

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Capturing workplace incident information is a growing area of concern for most companies. To assist with this, the design team proposed the H.A.L.O. This design uses time-of-flight sensors connected to LEDs to create a proximity-based hazard warning system. It also records incident data using an accelerometer and micro-SD card. This helps workers avoid some of the most common workplace injuries, slips, trips, and falls and accidental collisions.

Students have created a design with engineering, and marketing requirements that accomplish this task. The proposed design allows for this monitoring and mitigation systems to be attached to hard hats. Team members developed …


Design Project: Smart Headband, John Michel, Jack Durkin, Noah Lewis 2021 The University of Akron

Design Project: Smart Headband, John Michel, Jack Durkin, Noah Lewis

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Concussion in sports is a prevalent medical issue. It can be difficult for medical professionals to diagnose concussions. With the fast pace nature of many sports, and the damaging effects of concussions, it is important that any concussion risks are assessed immediately. There is a growing trend of wearable technology that collects data such as steps and provides the wearer with in-depth information regarding their performance. The Smart Headband project created a wearable that can record impact data and provide the wearer with a detailed analysis on their risk of sustaining a concussion. The Smart Headband uses accelerometers and gyroscopes …


Logical Modeling Of Adiabatic Logic Circuits Using Vhdl, Lee Belfore 2021 Old Dominion University

Logical Modeling Of Adiabatic Logic Circuits Using Vhdl, Lee Belfore

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The underlying nature of adiabatic circuits is most accurately characterized at the circuit level as it is for traditional technologies. In order to scale system designs for adiabatic logic technologies, modeling of adiabatic circuits at the logic level is necessary. Logic level models of adiabatic logic circuits can facilitate the design, development, and verification of large scale digital systems that may be infeasible using circuit simulators. Adiabatic logic circuits can be powered with a four stage power clock consisting of idle, charge, hold, and recover stages that provides for adiabatic charging and charge recovery to give adiabatic circuits their low …


Combining Approximate Computing And Adiabatic Logic For Low-Power And Energy-Efficient Iot Edge Computing, Wu Yang 2021 University of Kentucky

Combining Approximate Computing And Adiabatic Logic For Low-Power And Energy-Efficient Iot Edge Computing, Wu Yang

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

The growing data-intensive applications that run on IoT edge devices require the circuit to be low-power consumption and energy-efficient for limited resources. As conventional Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (CMOS) scales down to the nanometer technology node, it reaches its limits, such as leakage and power consumption. Adiabatic logic and approximate computing are emerging techniques for the low-power circuit. Adiabatic logic can recycle energy which is a promising solution for building energy-efficient circuits. However, the power clock scheme and dual-rail structure of adiabatic logic increase the overall area. Power consumption is further reduced by applying approximate computing while reducing the complexity and size …


Designing Novel Hardware Security Primitives For Smart Computing Devices, Amitkumar Degada 2021 University of Kentucky

Designing Novel Hardware Security Primitives For Smart Computing Devices, Amitkumar Degada

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Smart computing devices are miniaturized electronics devices that can sense their surroundings, communicate, and share information autonomously with other devices to work cohesively. Smart devices have played a major role in improving quality of the life and boosting the global economy. They are ubiquitously present, smart home, smart city, smart girds, industry, healthcare, controlling the hazardous environment, and military, etc. However, we have witnessed an exponential rise in potential threat vectors and physical attacks in recent years. The conventional software-based security approaches are not suitable in the smart computing device, therefore, hardware-enabled security solutions have emerged as an attractive choice. …


Solar Photovoltaic Performance Monitoring: A Bibliometric Review, Research Gaps And Opportunities, Javed Sayyad, Paresh Nasikkar 2020 Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune

Solar Photovoltaic Performance Monitoring: A Bibliometric Review, Research Gaps And Opportunities, Javed Sayyad, Paresh Nasikkar

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Electrical power generation has been revolutionized by growing demand and use of Renewable Energy (RE) sources such as Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) as the main electricity source in modern times. The main objective of this bibliometric analysis is to understand the scope of the literature available for SPV performance characterization. This detailed reviewed was performed on the documents related to SPV research considering all the subject categories from Scopus and Web of Science (WoS) databases. The patterns for the particular set of keywords were broke down with the recuperated outcomes from Scopus database in the language, publication type, year of publication, …


Efficient Hardware Architectures For Public-Key Cryptosystems, Mohammadamin Saburruhmonfared 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Efficient Hardware Architectures For Public-Key Cryptosystems, Mohammadamin Saburruhmonfared

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Finite field arithmetic plays an essential role in public-key cryptography as all the underlying operations are performed in these fields. The finite fields are either prime fields or binary fields. Binary field elements can mainly be represented on a polynomial basis or a normal basis (NB). NB representation offers a simple squaring operation, especially in hardware. However, multiplication is typically complex, and a particular subset of NB called Gaussian Normal Basis (GNB) features an efficient multiplication operation used in this work. The first part of this thesis has focused on improving finite field arithmetic architectures over GNB. Among different arithmetic …


Longitudinal Partitioning Waveform Relaxation Methods For The Analysis Of Transmission Line Circuits, Tarik Menkad 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Longitudinal Partitioning Waveform Relaxation Methods For The Analysis Of Transmission Line Circuits, Tarik Menkad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Three research projects are presented in this manuscript. Projects one and two describe two waveform relaxation algorithms (WR) with longitudinal partitioning for the time-domain analysis of transmission line circuits. Project three presents theoretical results about the convergence of WR for chains of general circuits.

The first WR algorithm uses a assignment-partition procedure that relies on inserting external series combinations of positive and negative resistances into the circuit to control the speed of convergence of the algorithm. The convergence of the subsequent WR method is examined, and fast convergence is cast as a generic optimization problem in the frequency-domain. An automatic …


Design And Implementation Of An Isfet Sensor With Integration Of An On-Chip Processor, Shaghayegh Aslanzadeh 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Design And Implementation Of An Isfet Sensor With Integration Of An On-Chip Processor, Shaghayegh Aslanzadeh

Doctoral Dissertations

Portable sensors are used in many applications. Among them, pH sensors are suitable for quantifying and identifying various analytes in real-time and doing so non-invasively. The analytes may have environmental impact such as in water quality monitoring. The analytes may also have biological impact such as monitoring cell culture or remote patient health assessment. CMOS based sensors are compact and enable low power consumption suitable for these portable applications.

This work reports on the development of a portable CMOS based pH sensor. The contributions of this dissertation are as follows. First, a differential pH sensor, with two different sized electrodes …


Fractional Order Identification Method And Control: Development Of Control For Non-Minimum Phase Fractional Order System, Majid Abdullah Alhomim 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Fractional Order Identification Method And Control: Development Of Control For Non-Minimum Phase Fractional Order System, Majid Abdullah Alhomim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The increasing use of renewable energy has resulted in the need for improved a dc-dc converters. This type of electronic-based equipment is needed to interface the dc voltages normally encountered with solar arrays and battery systems to voltage levels suitable for connecting three phase inverters to distribution level networks. As grid-connected solar power levels continue to increase, there is a corresponding need for improved modeling and control of power electronic converters. In particular, higher levels of boost ratios are needed to connect low voltage circuits (less than 1000 V) to medium voltage levels in the range of 13 kV to …


A Note From The Editor, Daphne Fauber 2020 Purdue University

A Note From The Editor, Daphne Fauber

Ideas: Exhibit Catalog for the Honors College Visiting Scholars Series

This piece is a letter from Daphne Fauber, the editor of this issue of Ideas. In the letter, the editor introduces the work of Dr. Paschalis Gkoupidenis as well as the moment in time in which his Visiting Scholars talk occurs.


Digital And Mixed Domain Hardware Reduction Algorithms And Implementations For Massive Mimo, Najath A. Mohomed 2020 Florida International University

Digital And Mixed Domain Hardware Reduction Algorithms And Implementations For Massive Mimo, Najath A. Mohomed

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Emerging 5G and 6G based wireless communications systems largely rely on multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems to reduce inherently extensive path losses, facilitate high data rates, and high spatial diversity. Massive MIMO systems used in mmWave and sub-THz applications consists of hundreds perhaps thousands of antenna elements at base stations. Digital beamforming techniques provide the highest flexibility and better degrees of freedom for phased antenna arrays as compared to its analog and hybrid alternatives but has the highest hardware complexity.

Conventional digital beamformers at the receiver require a dedicated analog to digital converter (ADC) for every antenna element, leading to ADCs for …


Resistive Switching In Fto/Cuo-Cu2o/Au Memory Devices, Amir Shariffar, Haider Salman, Tanveer A. Siddique, Wafaa Gebril, M. Omar Manasreh 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Resistive Switching In Fto/Cuo-Cu2o/Au Memory Devices, Amir Shariffar, Haider Salman, Tanveer A. Siddique, Wafaa Gebril, M. Omar Manasreh

Electrical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Memristors are considered to be next-generation non-volatile memory devices owing to their fast switching and low power consumption. Metal oxide memristors have been extensively investigated and reported to be promising devices, although they still suffer from poor stability and laborious fabrication process. Herein, we report a stable and power-efficient memristor with novel heterogenous electrodes structure and facile fabrication based on CuO-Cu2O complex thin films. The proposed structure of the memristor contains an active complex layer of cupric oxide (CuO) and cuprous oxide (Cu2O) sandwiched between fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) and gold (Au) electrodes. The fabricated memristors demonstrate bipolar resistive switching …


Performance Evaluation, Comparison And Improvement Of The Hardware Implementations Of The Advanced Encryption Standard S-Box, Doaa Ashmawy 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Performance Evaluation, Comparison And Improvement Of The Hardware Implementations Of The Advanced Encryption Standard S-Box, Doaa Ashmawy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is the most popular algorithm used in symmetric key cryptography. The efficient computation of AES is essential for many computing platforms. The S-box is the only nonlinear transformation step of the AES algorithm. Efficient implementation of the AES S-box is very crucial for AES hardware. The AES S-box could be implemented by using look-up table method or by using finite field arithmetic. The finite field arithmetic design approach to implement the AES S-box is superior in saving the hardware resources. The main objective of this thesis is to evaluate, compare and improve the hardware implementations …


A 2.56 Gbps Serial Wireline Transceiver That Supports An Auxiliary Channel And A Hybrid Line Driver To Compensate Large Channel Loss, Xiaoran Wang 2020 Southern Methodist University

A 2.56 Gbps Serial Wireline Transceiver That Supports An Auxiliary Channel And A Hybrid Line Driver To Compensate Large Channel Loss, Xiaoran Wang

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

Serial transceiver links are widely used for high-speed point-to-point communications. This dissertation describes two transceiver link designs for two different applications.

In serial wireline communications, security is an increasingly important factor to concern. Securing an information processing system at the application and system software layers is regarded as a necessary but incomplete defense against the cyber security threats. In this dissertation, an asynchronous serial transceiver that is capable of transmitting and receiving an auxiliary data stream concurrently with the primary data stream is described. The transceiver instantiates the auxiliary data stream by modulating the phase of the primary data without …


Signals And Systems, Jingxian Wu 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Signals And Systems, Jingxian Wu

Open Educational Resources

Signals and Systems is a core Electrical Engineering undergraduate course. This course covers the topics of signal and system analysis, with an emphasis on the analysis of linear time-invariant systems. The materials presented in this course are designed for a 15-week course for junior or senior level students. The open access materials for this course include:

Course outline and guides: a detailed guideline that provides a week-by-week teaching schedule for a 15-week semester.

Lecture notes: a complete set of lecture notes with detailed explanations and a large number of examples that cover all the contents that are offered in this …


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