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Adaptive Quantization In Wireless Sensor Networks With Encryption, Niharika Konakalla 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Adaptive Quantization In Wireless Sensor Networks With Encryption, Niharika Konakalla

LSU Master's Theses

We consider the estimation of a deterministic unknown parameter in an encrypted wireless sensor networks. Adaptive quantization is used on the sensor's observation and the outputs of the sensors are then encrypted using a probabilistic cipher. In a conventional fixed quantization scheme, estimation error grows exponentially with the difference between the threshold and the unknown parameter to be estimated. Hence, to avoid this, we used and adaptive quantization scheme where each sensor adaptively adjusts its quantization threshold. We find the Cramer-Rao Lower Bound for the Ally Fusion Center (AFC) and then find the optimal estimate of the unknown parameter ...


Excitation-Induced Germanium Quantum Dot Formation On Si (100)-(2×1), Ali Oguz Er, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali 2010 Old Dominion University

Excitation-Induced Germanium Quantum Dot Formation On Si (100)-(2×1), Ali Oguz Er, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali

Physics Faculty Publications

The effect of nanosecond pulsed laser excitation on the self-assembly of Ge quantum dots grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si (100)-(2×1) was studied. In situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction and ex situ atomic force microscopy were used to probe the quantum dot structure and morphology. At room temperature, applying the excitation laser decreased the surface roughness of the grown Ge film. With surface electronic excitation, crystalline Ge quantum dots were formed at 250 °C, a temperature too low for their formation without excitation. At a substrate temperature of 390 °C, electronic excitation during growth was found to ...


The Design And Manufacture Of A Light Emitting Diode Package For General Lighting, Michael S. Krist 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Design And Manufacture Of A Light Emitting Diode Package For General Lighting, Michael S. Krist

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Lighting technologies have evolved over the years to become higher quality, more efficient sources of light. LEDs are poised to become the market standard for general lighting because they are the most power efficient form of lighting and do not contain hazardous materials. Unfortunately, LEDs pose unique problems because advanced thermal management is required to remove the high heat fluxes generated by such relatively small devices. These problems have already been overcome with complex packaging and exotic materials, but high costs are preventing this technology from displacing current lighting technologies.

The purpose of this study is to develop a low-cost ...


The Weakening Of Branch Predictor Performance As An Inevitable Side Effect Of Exploiting Control Independence, Christopher Joseph Michael 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Weakening Of Branch Predictor Performance As An Inevitable Side Effect Of Exploiting Control Independence, Christopher Joseph Michael

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Many algorithms are inherently sequential and hard to explicitly parallelize. Cores designed to aggressively handle these problems exhibit deeper pipelines and wider fetch widths to exploit instruction-level parallelism via out-of-order execution. As these parameters increase, so does the amount of instructions fetched along an incorrect path when a branch is mispredicted. Many of the instructions squashed after a branch are control independent, meaning they will be fetched regardless of whether the candidate branch is taken or not. There has been much research in retaining these control independent instructions on misprediction of the candidate branch. This research shows that there is ...


Carbon Nanotube Interconnect Modeling For Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits, Yao Xu 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Carbon Nanotube Interconnect Modeling For Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits, Yao Xu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this research, we have studied and analyzed the physical and electrical properties of carbon nanotubes. Based on the reported models for current transport behavior in non-ballistic CNT-FETs, we have built a dynamic model for non-ballistic CNT-FETs. We have also extended the surface potential model of a non-ballistic CNT-FET to a ballistic CNT-FET and developed a current transport model for ballistic CNT-FETs. We have studied the current transport in metallic carbon nanotubes. By considering the electron-electron interactions, we have modified two-dimensional fluid model for electron transport to build a semi-classical one-dimensional fluid model to describe the electron transport in carbon ...


Quantification Of Energy Intake Using Food Image Analysis, Sertan Kaya 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Quantification Of Energy Intake Using Food Image Analysis, Sertan Kaya

LSU Master's Theses

Obtaining real-time and accurate estimates of energy intake while people reside in their natural environment is technically and methodologically challenging. The goal of this project is to estimate energy intake accurately in real-time and free-living conditions. In this study, we propose a computer vision based system to estimate energy intake based on food pictures taken and emailed by subjects participating in the experiment. The system introduces a reference card inclusion procedure, which is used for geometric and photometric corrections. Image classification and segmentation methods are also incorporated into the system to have fully-automated decision making.


Electro-Osmotic Flow Over A Charged Superhydrophobic Surface, Hui Zhao 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Electro-Osmotic Flow Over A Charged Superhydrophobic Surface, Hui Zhao

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Bubbles can be trapped inside textured structures such as grooves, forming a superhydrophobic surface. A superhydrophobic surface has a large effective hydrodynamic slip length compared to a smooth hydrophobic surface and holds the promise of enhancing electrokinetic flows that find many interesting applications in microfluidics. However, recent theoretical studies suggested that electro-osmotic flows over a weakly charged superhydrophobic surface

the zeta potential of the surface is smaller than the thermal potential (25 mV) can only be enhanced when liquid-gas interfaces are charged [T. M. Squires, Phys. Fluids 20, 092105 (2008); Bahga et al., J. Fluid Mech. 644, 245 (2010)]. So ...


Measurement And Modeling Of Infrared Nonlinear Absorption Coefficients And Laser-Induced Damage Thresholds In Ge And Gasb, T. J. Wagner, M. A. Bohn, Ronald A. Coutu Jr., L. P. Gonzalez, J. M. Murray, K. L. Schepler, S. Guha 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Measurement And Modeling Of Infrared Nonlinear Absorption Coefficients And Laser-Induced Damage Thresholds In Ge And Gasb, T. J. Wagner, M. A. Bohn, Ronald A. Coutu Jr., L. P. Gonzalez, J. M. Murray, K. L. Schepler, S. Guha

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Using a simultaneous fitting technique to extract nonlinear absorption coefficients from data at two pulse widths, we measure two-photon and free-carrier absorption coefficients for Ge and GaSb at 2.05 and 2.5 μm for the first time, to our knowledge. Results agreed well with published theory. Single-shot damage thresholds were also measured at 2.5 μm and agreed well with modeled thresholds using experimentally determined parameters including nonlinear absorption coefficients and temperature dependent linear absorption. The damage threshold for a single-layer Al2O3 anti-reflective coating on Ge was 55% or 35% lower than the uncoated threshold for ...


Calculations Of The Binding Affinities Of Protein-Protein Complexes With The Fast Multipole Method, Bongkeun Kim, Jiming Song, Xueyu Song 2010 Iowa State University

Calculations Of The Binding Affinities Of Protein-Protein Complexes With The Fast Multipole Method, Bongkeun Kim, Jiming Song, Xueyu Song

Chemistry Publications

In this paper, we used a coarse-grained model at the residue level to calculate the binding free energies of three protein-protein complexes. General formulations to calculate the electrostatic binding free energy and the van der Waals free energy are presented by solving linearized Poisson–Boltzmann equations using the boundary element method in combination with the fast multipole method. The residue level model with the fast multipole method allows us to efficiently investigate how the mutations on the active site of the protein-protein interface affect the changes in binding affinities of protein complexes. Good correlations between the calculated results and the ...


Near Infrared Photovoltaic Micro-Cell For Optical Fibre Based Power Harvesting, Gary Allwood 2010 Edith Cowan University

Near Infrared Photovoltaic Micro-Cell For Optical Fibre Based Power Harvesting, Gary Allwood

Theses : Honours

A photonic power system using a silicon or germanium based device as a photonic power converter was proposed. The properties of each device were investigated to determine the optimum structure, design, configuration and efficiency for power conversion. These included, but were not limited to, device geometry, doping concentration and the wavelength of the incident beam. Relevant inferences were made from the results obtained and compared to previous work. Currently, research into photovoltaic power converters is focused on the efficiencies of complex heterostuctures made from gallium-arsenide compounds. Here, the properties of a silicon device were investigated in detail as the predicted ...


The Effect Of Curvature Rate On The Received Power In Parabolic Reflector, Amean Al_Safi 2009 Western Michigan University

The Effect Of Curvature Rate On The Received Power In Parabolic Reflector, Amean Al_Safi

Amean S Al_Safi

In this paper we study the effect of curvature rate on the generated electric field at the focus point if the frequency and diameter are constants .We assume that the incident electromagnetic waves distributed uniformly on each point of the reflector surface ;hence we can imagine that this reflector has uniform surface charge ,and this body will generate an electric field on all points in front of it (including the focus point) . This field can be obtained by using coulomb’s law .The derived expression for electric field show that X and Y components will vanish and the electric field ...


100nm Thick Aluminum Nitride Based Piezoelectric Nano Switches Exhibiting 1mv Threshold Voltage Via Body-Biasing, Nipun Sinha, Zhijun Guo, Valeriy Felmetsger, Gianluca Piazza 2009 University of Pennsylvania

100nm Thick Aluminum Nitride Based Piezoelectric Nano Switches Exhibiting 1mv Threshold Voltage Via Body-Biasing, Nipun Sinha, Zhijun Guo, Valeriy Felmetsger, Gianluca Piazza

Nipun Sinha

This paper reports on the first demonstration of aluminum nitride (AlN) piezoelectric logic switches that were fabricated with ultra-thin (100nm) AlN films and exhibit a 1 mV threshold voltage via the body-biasing scheme. The application of a relatively low (< 6 V) fixed potential to the body terminal of a 4-terminal switch has resulted in a repeatable threshold voltage of 1 mV. The nano-switch has been cycled to > 109 cycles and, although the contact resistance was found to be high (~ 1 MΩ), the nano-films have functioned throughout to show high piezoelectric nano-film reliability.


Embedded Systems As Datacenters, Robert Iannucci 2009 RAI Laboratory LLC

Embedded Systems As Datacenters, Robert Iannucci

Robert A Iannucci

No abstract provided.


Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle Navigation, Raúl Ordóñez 2009 University of Dayton

Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle Navigation, Raúl Ordóñez

Raúl Ordóñez

Co-PI, funded by AFRL, $3.5M, year: 2010-2012.


Super-High-Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Rf Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza 2009 University of Pennsylvania

Super-High-Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Rf Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of a new class of thin-film (250 nm) super-high-frequency laterally-vibrating piezoelectric microelectromechanical (MEMS) resonators suitable for the fabrication of narrow-band MEMS filters operating at frequencies above 3 GHz. The device dimensions have been opportunely scaled both in the lateral and vertical dimensions to excite a contour-extensional mode of vibration in nanofeatures of an ultra-thin (250 nm) AlN film. In this first demonstration, 2-port resonators vibrating up to 4.5 GHz have been fabricated on the same die and attained electromechanical coupling, kt2, in excess of 1.5%. These devices are employed ...


New Aspects From Of Haplotype Inference From Snp Fragments, Huimin Chen 2009 University of New Orleans

New Aspects From Of Haplotype Inference From Snp Fragments, Huimin Chen

Huimin Chen

No abstract provided.


Demonstration Of Low Voltage And Functionally Complete Logic Operations Using Body-Biased Complementary And Ultra-Thin Aln Piezoelectric Mechanical Switches, Nipun Sinha, Timothy S. Jones, Zhijun Guo, Gianluca Piazza 2009 University of Pennsylvania

Demonstration Of Low Voltage And Functionally Complete Logic Operations Using Body-Biased Complementary And Ultra-Thin Aln Piezoelectric Mechanical Switches, Nipun Sinha, Timothy S. Jones, Zhijun Guo, Gianluca Piazza

Nipun Sinha

This paper reports, for the first time, on the demonstration of low voltage and functionally complete logic elements (NAND and NOR) implemented by using body-biased complementary and ultra-thin (250 nm thick) Aluminum Nitride (AlN) based piezoelectric mechanical switches. This work presents, firstly, the importance of scaling AlN films for the demonstration of ultra-thin AlN switches and, secondly, the implementation of a new actuation scheme based on body biasing to lower the switch threshold voltage. Four of these ultra-thin switches were connected together to synthesize functionally complete MEMS logic gates (NAND and NOR) with a ± 2V swing and a body-bias voltage < 8 V.


The Effect Of The Digit Slicing Architecture On The Fft Butterfly, Yazan Samir, Rozita Teymourzadeh 2009 Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built Environment UCSI University

The Effect Of The Digit Slicing Architecture On The Fft Butterfly, Yazan Samir, Rozita Teymourzadeh

Dr. Rozita Teymourzadeh, CEng.

Most communications systems tend to achieve bandwidth, power and cost efficiencies to capable to describe modulation scheme. Hence for signal modulation orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transceiver is introduced to cover communications demand in four generation. However high performance Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) as a main heart of OFDM acts beyond the view. In order to achieve capable FFT, design and realization of its efficient internal structure is key issues of this research work. In this paper implementation of high performance butterfly for FFT by applying digit slicing technique is presented. The proposed design focused on the trade-off between the ...


Vlsi Implementation Of Novel Class Of High Speed Pipelined Digital Signal Processing Filter For Wireless Receivers, Rozita Teymourzadeh, Yazan Samir, Shabuil Islam, Masuri Othman, Mok VH 2009 Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built Environment UCSI University

Vlsi Implementation Of Novel Class Of High Speed Pipelined Digital Signal Processing Filter For Wireless Receivers, Rozita Teymourzadeh, Yazan Samir, Shabuil Islam, Masuri Othman, Mok Vh

Dr. Rozita Teymourzadeh, CEng.

The need for high performance transceiver with high Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) has driven the communication system to utilize latest technique identified as over sampling systems. It was the most economical modulator and decimation in communication system. It has been proven to increase the SNR and is used in many high performance systems such as in the Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) for wireless transceiver. This research work presented the design of the novel class of decimation and its VLSI implementation which was the sub-component in the over sampling technique. The design and realization of main unit of decimation ...


Design Of Automatic Soil Humidity Control Using Maximum Power Point Tracking Controller, Hoe CK, Vaithlingam A.C., Rozita Teymourzadeh, Rajkumar R 2009 Faculty of Engineering, Technology and Built Environment UCSI University

Design Of Automatic Soil Humidity Control Using Maximum Power Point Tracking Controller, Hoe Ck, Vaithlingam A.C., Rozita Teymourzadeh, Rajkumar R

Dr. Rozita Teymourzadeh, CEng.

The photovoltaic system uses the photovoltaic array as a source of electrical power for the direct conversion of the sun’s radiation to direct current without any environmental hazards. The main purpose of this research is to design of a converter with Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) algorithm for any typical application of soil humidity control. Using this setup the major energy from the solar panel is used for the control of soil humidity. The design of the converter with MPPT together with the soil humidity control logic is presented in this paper. Experimental testing of the design controller is ...


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