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Hydrogen In Inn: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon In Molecular Beam Epitaxy Grown Material, V. Darakchieva, K. Lorenz, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, B. Monemar, Mathias Schubert, N. Franco, C. L. Hsiao, L. C. Chen, W. J. Schaff, L. W. Tu, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Nanishi 2010 Instituto Tecnológico e Nuclear, 2686-953 Sacavém, Portugal

Hydrogen In Inn: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon In Molecular Beam Epitaxy Grown Material, V. Darakchieva, K. Lorenz, N. P. Barradas, E. Alves, B. Monemar, Mathias Schubert, N. Franco, C. L. Hsiao, L. C. Chen, W. J. Schaff, L. W. Tu, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Nanishi

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

We study the unintentional H impurities in relation to the free electron properties of state-of-the-art InN films grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Enhanced concentrations of H are revealed in the near surface regions of the films, indicating postgrowth surface contamination by H. The near surface hydrogen could not be removed upon thermal annealing and may have significant implications for the surface and bulk free electron properties of InN. The bulk free electron concentrations were found to scale with the bulk H concentrations while no distinct correlation with dislocation density could be inferred, indicating a major role of hydrogen for ...


Crack Detectability And Durability Of Coaxial Cable Sensors In Reinforced Concrete Bridge Applications, Genda Chen, Ryan D. McDaniel, Michael A. Brower, David Pommerenke 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Crack Detectability And Durability Of Coaxial Cable Sensors In Reinforced Concrete Bridge Applications, Genda Chen, Ryan D. Mcdaniel, Michael A. Brower, David Pommerenke

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The working mechanism and the measurement principle of topology-based crack sensors made of coaxial cables are briefly reviewed. The sensitivity, spatial resolution, and ruggedness of two coaxial cable sensors, respectively made of rubber and Teflon dielectric materials, were compared and validated with laboratory testing of a 4/5-scale, T-shaped, reinforced concrete beam-column specimen. Two Teflon sensors were installed on one of the solid decks of a three-span continuous highway bridge to investigate their durability and measurement repeatability. Laboratory tests indicated that both types of sensors have high sensitivity, but the Teflon sensor has a higher spatial resolution and a negligible ...


Metnetge: Interactive Views Of Biological Networks And Ontologies, Jia Ming, Suh-Yeon Choi, Dirk Reiners, Eve S. Wurtele, Julie A. Dickerson 2010 Iowa State University

Metnetge: Interactive Views Of Biological Networks And Ontologies, Jia Ming, Suh-Yeon Choi, Dirk Reiners, Eve S. Wurtele, Julie A. Dickerson

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Background

Linking high-throughput experimental data with biological networks is a key step for understanding complex biological systems. Currently, visualization tools for large metabolic networks often result in a dense web of connections that is difficult to interpret biologically. The MetNetGE application organizes and visualizes biological networks in a meaningful way to improve performance and biological interpretability.

Results

MetNetGE is an interactive visualization tool based on the Google Earth platform. MetNetGE features novel visualization techniques for pathway and ontology information display. Instead of simply showing hundreds of pathways in a complex graph, MetNetGE gives an overview of the network using the ...


Internet-Based Treatment Options For Problem Gambling: A Review Of Existing Evidence And Models, Sally M. Gainsbury 2010 Southern Cross University

Internet-Based Treatment Options For Problem Gambling: A Review Of Existing Evidence And Models, Sally M. Gainsbury

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Wholesale Electric Power Market Rules And Financial Risk Management By Agent-Based Simulations, Nanpeng Yu 2010 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Wholesale Electric Power Market Rules And Financial Risk Management By Agent-Based Simulations, Nanpeng Yu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As U.S. regional electricity markets continue to refine their market structures, designs and rules of operation in various ways, two critical issues are emerging. First, although much experience has been gained and costly and valuable lessons have been learned, there is still a lack of a systematic platform for evaluation of the impact of a new market design from both engineering and economic points of view. Second, the transition from a monopoly paradigm characterized by a guaranteed rate of return to a competitive market created various unfamiliar financial risks for various market participants, especially for the Investor Owned Utilities ...


Efficient Processing Of System Scenarios In Statistical And Machine Learning Studies For Power System Operational And Investment Planning, Venkat Kumar Krishnan 2010 Iowa State University

Efficient Processing Of System Scenarios In Statistical And Machine Learning Studies For Power System Operational And Investment Planning, Venkat Kumar Krishnan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Power System security assessment and the associated planning studies are becoming more and more complex with ever increasing uncertainties in all time horizons. An effective means of performing operational and investment planning studies of network limitations associated with static or dynamic post-disturbance performance problems has been to take a Monte Carlo simulation based approach. The approach harnesses computing power to develop a database of post-contingency response over a wide range of different operating conditions, and then apply statistical or machine learning methods to extract useful planning and operational information from the database.

Key to the machine learning based planning approach ...


Detection Statistics Of Multiple-Pulse Optical Signals Through Atmospheric Turbulence, Jacob C. Brandenburg 2010 Wayne State University

Detection Statistics Of Multiple-Pulse Optical Signals Through Atmospheric Turbulence, Jacob C. Brandenburg

Wayne State University Dissertations

Statistics are studied for signal detection in optical communication systems operating through the atmosphere. Optical communication systems with which this study is concerned are those that employ intensity modulation and direct detection. Atmospheric turbulence, which is fluctuations in the atmosphere's optical index of refraction, is a hindrance to optical wireless communications because of the signal fades, called scintillation, it causes at the optical receiver. In order to mitigate the deteriorative effect of turbulence on the communications system, the signal length and detection threshold for the signal detector must be properly chosen.

In this study, mathematical models for photoelectron generation ...


Highly Integrated Dc-Dc Converters, Hongwei Jia 2010 University of Central Florida

Highly Integrated Dc-Dc Converters, Hongwei Jia

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A monolithically integrated smart rectifier has been presented first in this work. The smart rectifier, which integrates a power MOSFET, gate driver and control circuitry, operates in a self-synchronized fashion based on its drain-source voltage, and does not need external control input. The analysis, simulation, and design considerations are described in detail. A 5V, 5-µm CMOS process was used to fabricate the prototype. Experimental results show that the proposed rectifier functions as expected in the design. Since no dead-time control needs to be used to switch the sync-FET and ctrl-FET, it is expected that the body diode losses can be ...


Freeform Reflector Design With Extended Sources, Florian Fournier 2010 University of Central Florida

Freeform Reflector Design With Extended Sources, Florian Fournier

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Reflector design stemmed from the need to shape the light emitted by candles or lamps. Over 2,000 years ago people realized that a mirror shaped as a parabola can concentrate light, and thus significantly boosts its intensity, to the point where objects can be set afire. Nowadays many applications require an accurate control of light, such as automotive headlights, streetlights, projection displays, and medical illuminators. In all cases light emitted from a light source can be shaped into a desired target distribution with a reflective surface. Design methods for systems with rotational and translational symmetry were devised in the ...


Electro-Optical And All-Optical Switching In Multimode Interference Waveguides Incorporating Semiconductor Nanostructures, Nathan Bickel 2010 University of Central Florida

Electro-Optical And All-Optical Switching In Multimode Interference Waveguides Incorporating Semiconductor Nanostructures, Nathan Bickel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The application of epitaxially grown, III-V semiconductor-based nanostructures to the development of electro-optical and all-optical switches is investigated through the fabrication and testing of integrated photonic devices designed using multimode interference (MMI) waveguides. The properties and limitations of the materials are explored with respect to the operation of those devices through electrical carrier injection and optical pumping. MMI waveguide geometry was employed as it offered advantages such as a very compact device footprint, low polarization sensitivity, large bandwidth and relaxed fabrication tolerances when compared with conventional single-mode waveguide formats. The first portion of this dissertation focuses on the characterization of ...


Researches On Reverse Lookup Problem In Distributed File System, Junyao Zhang 2010 University of Central Florida

Researches On Reverse Lookup Problem In Distributed File System, Junyao Zhang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent years have witnessed an increasing demand for super data clusters. The super data clusters have reached the petabyte-scale can consist of thousands or tens of thousands storage nodes at a single site. For this architecture, reliability is becoming a great concern. In order to achieve a high reliability, data recovery and node reconstruction is a must. Although extensive research works have investigated how to sustain high performance and high reliability in case of node failures at large scale, a reverse lookup problem, namely finding the objects list for the failed node remains open. This is especially true for storage ...


Response-Calibration Techniques For Antenna-Coupled Infrared Sensors, Peter Krenz 2010 University of Central Florida

Response-Calibration Techniques For Antenna-Coupled Infrared Sensors, Peter Krenz

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Infrared antennas are employed in sensing applications requiring specific spectral, polarization, and directional properties. Because of their inherently small dimensions, there is significant interaction, both thermal and electromagnetic, between the antenna, the antenna-coupled sensor, and the low-frequency readout structures necessary for signal extraction at the baseband modulation frequency. Validation of design models against measurements requires separation of these effects so that the response of the antenna-coupled sensor alone can be measured in a calibrated manner. Such validations will allow confident extension of design techniques to more complex infrared-antenna configurations. Two general techniques are explored to accomplish this goal. The extraneous ...


Processing And Conversion Of Algae To Bioethanol, Sara Katherine Kampfe 2010 College of William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

Processing And Conversion Of Algae To Bioethanol, Sara Katherine Kampfe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (Mems) And Agile Lensing-Based Modules For Communications, Sensing And Signal Processing., Syed Reza 2010 University of Central Florida

Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (Mems) And Agile Lensing-Based Modules For Communications, Sensing And Signal Processing., Syed Reza

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation proposes the use of the emerging Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and agile lensing optical device technologies to design novel and powerful signal conditioning and sensing modules for advanced applications in optical communications, physical parameter sensing and RF/optical signal processing. For example, these new module designs have experimentally demonstrated exceptional features such as stable loss broadband operations and high > 60 dB optical dynamic range signal filtering capabilities. The first part of the dissertation describes the design and demonstration of digital MEMS-based signal processing modules for communication systems and sensor networks using the TI DLP (Digital Light Processing) technology. Examples ...


Quantum Dot Based Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers And Applications, Jimyung Kim 2010 University of Central Florida

Quantum Dot Based Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers And Applications, Jimyung Kim

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, self-assembled InAs/InGaAs quantum dot Fabry-Perot lasers and mode-locked lasers are investigated. The mode-locked lasers investigated include monolithic and curved two-section devices, and colliding pulse mode-locked diode lasers. Ridge waveguide semiconductor lasers have been designed and fabricated by wet etching processes. Electroluminescence of the quantum dot lasers is studied. Cavity length dependent lasing via ground state and/or excited state transitions is observed from quantum dot lasers and the optical gain from both transitions is measured. Stable optical pulse trains via ground and excited state transitions are generated using a grating coupled external cavity with a curved ...


Characterization And Modeling Of A High Power Thin Disk Laster, Omar Rodriguez-Valls 2010 University of Central Florida

Characterization And Modeling Of A High Power Thin Disk Laster, Omar Rodriguez-Valls

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

High power lasers have been adapted to material processing, energy, military and medical applications. In the Laser Plasma Laboratory at CREOL, UCF, high power lasers are used to produce highly ionized plasmas to generate EUV emission. This thesis examines the quality of a recently acquired high power thin disk laser through thermal modeling and beam parameter measurements. High power lasers suffer from thermally induced issues which degrade their operation. Thin disk lasers use an innovative heat extraction mechanism that eliminates the transverse thermal gradient within the gain medium associated with thermal lensing. A thorough review of current thin disk laser ...


Multi-Pole Permanent Magnet Motor Design And Control For High Performance Electromechanical Actuation In All Electric Aircraft, Jared C. Bindl 2010 University of Central Florida

Multi-Pole Permanent Magnet Motor Design And Control For High Performance Electromechanical Actuation In All Electric Aircraft, Jared C. Bindl

HIM 1990-2015

The evolution of aircraft has led into a large increase in the demand for electrically integrated subsystems. Part of this demand is the transformation of a centralized hydraulic systems to independently operated electrical subsystems. The result of this overhaul will decrease aircraft weight, increase reliability, reduce aircraft lifetime maintenance and cost, and help to increase the control of power distribution. This thesis proposes the design methodology of a multi-pole permanent magnet (PM) motor with a capability to operate at high temperature. High temperature capability is one of the key requirements to implement electromechanical actuation for aircraft flight control, replace hydraulic ...


Fadaptive Backstepping Control Of Active Magnetic Bearings, Silu You 2010 Cleveland State University

Fadaptive Backstepping Control Of Active Magnetic Bearings, Silu You

ETD Archive

A new control methodology, adaptive backstepping control (ABC), is applied to a linearized model of an active magnetic bearing (AMB). Our control objective is to regulate the deviation of the magnetic bearing from its equilibrium position in the presence of an external disturbance. The control approach is based on adaptive backstepping control, which is a combination of a recursive Lyapunov controller and adaptive laws. In this thesis, two types of adaptive backstepping methods are used. The first method is based on full-state feedback, for which all three states in the linearized AMB model (velocity, position, and current) are used to ...


Sensing And Control Of Mems Accelerometers Using Kalman Filter, Kai Zhang 2010 Cleveland State University

Sensing And Control Of Mems Accelerometers Using Kalman Filter, Kai Zhang

ETD Archive

Surface micromachined low-capacitance MEMS capacitive accelerometers which integrated CMOS readout circuit generally have a noise above 0.02g. Force-to-rebalance feedback control that is commonly used in MEMS accelerometers can improve the performances of accelerometers such as increasing their stability, bandwidth and dynamic range. However, the controller also increases the noise floor. There are two major sources of the noise in MEMS accelerometer. They are electronic noise from the CMOS readout circuit and thermal-mechanical Brownian noise caused by damping. Kalman filter is an effective solution to the problem of reducing the effects of the noises through estimating and canceling the states ...


Dynamics And Control Of An Electric Power Assist Steering System, Prasanth Babu Kandula 2010 Cleveland State University

Dynamics And Control Of An Electric Power Assist Steering System, Prasanth Babu Kandula

ETD Archive

In this thesis an Active Disturbance Rejection Controller (ADRC) is applied to Electrical Power Assist Steering (EPAS) system which assists the driver in steering the steering wheel of an automobile. Our control objective is to reduce the steering torque exerted by a driver, so that good steering feel of the driver will be achieved in the presence of external disturbances and system uncertainties which are very common in the EPAS system. The robustness and stability of ADRC controlled EPAS system is investigated through frequency-domain analyses. The Bode diagrams and stability margins demonstrate that the control system is stable during the ...


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