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Metnetge: Interactive Views Of Biological Networks And Ontologies, Jia Ming, Suh-Yeon Choi, Dirk Reiners, Eve S. Wurtele, Julie A. Dickerson 2010 Iowa State University

Metnetge: Interactive Views Of Biological Networks And Ontologies, Jia Ming, Suh-Yeon Choi, Dirk Reiners, Eve S. Wurtele, Julie A. Dickerson

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Background

Linking high-throughput experimental data with biological networks is a key step for understanding complex biological systems. Currently, visualization tools for large metabolic networks often result in a dense web of connections that is difficult to interpret biologically. The MetNetGE application organizes and visualizes biological networks in a meaningful way to improve performance and biological interpretability.

Results

MetNetGE is an interactive visualization tool based on the Google Earth platform. MetNetGE features novel visualization techniques for pathway and ontology information display. Instead of simply showing hundreds of pathways in a complex graph, MetNetGE gives an overview of the network using the ...


Integrated Retail And Wholesale Power System Operation With Smart-Grid Functionality, Dionysios C. Aliprantis, Scott Penick, Leigh Tesfatsion 2010 Iowa State University

Integrated Retail And Wholesale Power System Operation With Smart-Grid Functionality, Dionysios C. Aliprantis, Scott Penick, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Our research team is developing an agent-based test bed for the integrated study of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid functionality. This test bed seams together two existing test beds, the AMES Wholesale Power Market Test Bed and the GridLAB-D distribution platform. As a first step, we have designed an integrated retail/wholesale market module specifically based on the ERCOT (Texas) energy region, and we are using simplified versions of this module to study potential retail consumer response to real-time-pricing contracts supported by advanced metering. This study reports on the latter work.


Automatic Utility Meter Reading, Kaicheng Xie 2010 Cleveland State University

Automatic Utility Meter Reading, Kaicheng Xie

ETD Archive

This thesis discusses research in the automation of reading a utility meter. The hardware required is a wireless camera pointed at the meter to be read. This meter can be a water, electricity or gas meter. After the wireless camera collects the image from the utility meter it transmits the image to a computer through a receiver. The computer analyzes the image with pattern recognition technology to obtain the numbers. We use image processing techniques in this thesis, including image preprocessing, image segmentation (Otsu threshold method), and number recognition. Finally we create a graphical user interface using Visual C#®


Freeform Reflector Design With Extended Sources, Florian Fournier 2010 University of Central Florida

Freeform Reflector Design With Extended Sources, Florian Fournier

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Reflector design stemmed from the need to shape the light emitted by candles or lamps. Over 2,000 years ago people realized that a mirror shaped as a parabola can concentrate light, and thus significantly boosts its intensity, to the point where objects can be set afire. Nowadays many applications require an accurate control of light, such as automotive headlights, streetlights, projection displays, and medical illuminators. In all cases light emitted from a light source can be shaped into a desired target distribution with a reflective surface. Design methods for systems with rotational and translational symmetry were devised in the ...


Accelerating Optical Airy Beams, Georgios Siviloglou 2010 University of Central Florida

Accelerating Optical Airy Beams, Georgios Siviloglou

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Over the years, non-spreading or non-diffracting wave configurations have been systematically investigated in optics. Perhaps the best known example of a diffraction-free optical wave is the so-called Bessel beam, first suggested and observed by Durnin et al. This work sparked considerable theoretical and experimental activity and paved the way toward the discovery of other interesting non-diffracting solutions. In 1979 Berry and Balazs made an important observation within the context of quantum mechanics: they theoretically demonstrated that the Schrodinger equation describing a free particle can exhibit a non-spreading Airy wavepacket solution. This work remained largely unnoticed in the literature-partly because such ...


Computational Complexity Of Signal Processing Functions In Software Radio, Kushal Y. Shah 2010 Cleveland State University

Computational Complexity Of Signal Processing Functions In Software Radio, Kushal Y. Shah

ETD Archive

The increased usage of mobile communication devices has imposed a challenge of achieving efficient communication with minimum power consumption. Moreover, with the advent of software defined radios (SDR), it is highly possible that signal processing functions would be implemented in software in future mobile devices. Hence, the power consumption of these future devices will be directly related to the power consumed by the processor that executes SDR software. This thesis aims at analyzing the computational complexity of different modulation schemes and signal processing communication functions of IEEE WiFi standard. This analysis provides good insight on how the computational load varies ...


Dc-Dc Power Converter Design For Application In Welding Power Source For The Retail Market, Edward J. Oshaben 2010 Cleveland State University

Dc-Dc Power Converter Design For Application In Welding Power Source For The Retail Market, Edward J. Oshaben

ETD Archive

The purpose of this study is to design and analyze a DC-DC power converter for application in a welding power source that is cost-competitive with the more traditional, lower-tech welding power source topologies. This thesis first presents a background study of recent design approaches to DC-DC power converters, as they relate to application in welding power converters. The background study also surveys recent design approaches to welding power source controls. Evaluation of available options in DC-DC converter topologies and switching schemes for application in a welding power source is presented. Design methodology of a low-cost DC-DC converter for application in ...


Implementation And Evaluation Of A Tdma Based Protocol For Wireless Sensor Networks, Robert M. Fiske 2010 Cleveland State University

Implementation And Evaluation Of A Tdma Based Protocol For Wireless Sensor Networks, Robert M. Fiske

ETD Archive

When evaluating MAC layer network protocols for wireless sensor networks performing simulations of a protocol's operation can provide great insight into the performance of the protocol. In order to prove that a protocol will work in a real setting and not just at the theoretical level, however, there is no substitute for evaluation with a physical implementation. This thesis discusses a physical implementation and evaluation of the Many-to-One-Sensor-to-Sink (MOSS) MAC layer protocol for sink based wireless sensor networks using the MAC Layer Architecture for TinyOS. MOSS is a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) based protocol first proposed in an ...


Establishing Degradation Rates And Service Lifetime Of Photovoltaic Systems, Albert Leyte-Vidal 2010 University of Central Florida

Establishing Degradation Rates And Service Lifetime Of Photovoltaic Systems, Albert Leyte-Vidal

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As fossil fuel sources continue to diminish, oil prices continue to increase, and global warming and CO2 emissions keep impacting the environment, it has been necessary to shift energy consumption and generation to a different path. Solar energy has proven to be one of the most promising sources of renewable energy because it is environmentally friendly, available anywhere in the world, and cost competitive. For photovoltaic (PV) system engineers, designing a PV system is not an easy task. Research demonstrates that different PV technologies behave differently under certain conditions; therefore energy production varies not only with capacity of the system ...


Class-E Cascode Power Amplifier Analysis And Design For Long Term Reliability, Karan Kutty 2010 University of Central Florida

Class-E Cascode Power Amplifier Analysis And Design For Long Term Reliability, Karan Kutty

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the Class-E power amplifier operating at 5.2 GHz. Since the operation of this amplifier applies a lot of stress on the switching transistor, a cascode topology was applied in order to reduce the drain-source voltage stress. Such an amplifier was designed and optimized in order to improve stability, power added efficiency, and matching. A layout for the said design was then created to be fabrication-ready using the TSMC 0.18 um technology. Post-layout simulations were performed in order to realize a more realistic circuit performance with the layout design in mind. Long-term stress effects, such as ...


Near-Field Optical Interactions And Applications, David Haefner 2010 University of Central Florida

Near-Field Optical Interactions And Applications, David Haefner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The propagation symmetry of electromagnetic fields is affected by encounters with material systems. The effects of such interactions, for example, modifications of intensity, phase, polarization, angular spectrum, frequency, etc. can be used to obtain information about the material system. However, the propagation of electromagnetic waves imposes a fundamental limit to the length scales over which the material properties can be observed. In the realm of near-field optics, this limitation is overcome only through a secondary interaction that couples the high-spatial-frequency (but non-propagating) field components to propagating waves that can be detected. The available information depends intrinsically on this secondary interaction ...


Development Of An Improved Microwave Ocean Surface Emissivity Radiative Transfer Model, Salem El-Nimri 2010 University of Central Florida

Development Of An Improved Microwave Ocean Surface Emissivity Radiative Transfer Model, Salem El-Nimri

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

An electromagnetic model is developed for predicting the microwave blackbody emission from the ocean surface over a wide range of frequencies, incidence angles, and wind vector (speed and direction) for both horizontal and vertical polarizations. This ocean surface emissivity model is intended to be incorporated into an oceanic radiative transfer model to be used for microwave radiometric applications including geophysical retrievals over oceans. The model development is based on a collection of published ocean emissivity measurements obtained from satellites, aircraft, field experiments, and laboratory measurements. This dissertation presents the details of methods used in the ocean surface emissivity model development ...


Evaluation And Comparison Of Mac Protocols In Wireless Sensor Networks, Sharmila Kollipara 2010 Cleveland State University

Evaluation And Comparison Of Mac Protocols In Wireless Sensor Networks, Sharmila Kollipara

ETD Archive

Wireless sensor network applications call for different kinds of network protocols at different levels of the network stack based on application requirements. A number of medium access control (MAC) protocols have been proposed in the literature. Evaluation of most of these MAC protocols have typically been based on simulation, and while such simulation provides interesting insight into the behavior of these protocols, artifacts caused by behavior of hardware is ignored. Further more, MAC protocols are usually evaluated by comparing the new protocol with others based on one or two metrics, the ones that determined the design decisions for the protocol ...


A Generalized Inverter Control Method For A Variable Speed Wind Power System Under Unbalanced Operating Conditions, Shuang Wu 2010 Cleveland State University

A Generalized Inverter Control Method For A Variable Speed Wind Power System Under Unbalanced Operating Conditions, Shuang Wu

ETD Archive

This thesis presents a generalized control method for complete harmonic elimination and adjustable power factor of a grid side inverter under unbalanced operating conditions used in variable speed wind power systems. The theoretical analysis of the proposed control method is described and verified by simulation in Simulink®. Two types of traditional control methods are also explained and applied in the wind power system for comparison, which are the indirect current control in a-b-c reference frame and the active and reactive power control in d-q synchronous frame. This method is verified for the gird fault right-through operation as well


Experimental Study Of Cooperative Communication Using Software Defined Radios, Murali Krishna Marunganti 2010 Cleveland State University

Experimental Study Of Cooperative Communication Using Software Defined Radios, Murali Krishna Marunganti

ETD Archive

The aim of this thesis is to implement and test a real time wireless communication environment. Cooperative Communication is one of the methods by which a reliable communication can be obtained. This is performed using a Software Defined Radio. The received output is compared with the actual signal that is transmitted over the wireless channel. The wireless communications are often hindered by the noisy environments and make the system unreliable. The interference from neighboring nodes also poses a major disadvantage. There is a necessity to improve the performance of the system where the neighbor nodes can work in coordination with ...


Plasmon Enhanced Near-Field Interactions In Surface Coupled Nanoparticle Arrays For Integrated Nanophotonic Devices, Amitabh Ghoshal 2010 University of Central Florida

Plasmon Enhanced Near-Field Interactions In Surface Coupled Nanoparticle Arrays For Integrated Nanophotonic Devices, Amitabh Ghoshal

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The current thrust towards developing silicon compatible integrated nanophotonic devices is driven by need to overcome critical challenges in electronic circuit technology related to information bandwidth and thermal management. Surface plasmon nanophotonics represents a hybrid technology at the interface of optics and electronics that could address several of the existing challenges. Surface plasmons are electronic charge density waves that can occur at a metal-dielectric interface at optical and infrared frequencies. Numerous plasmon based integrated optical devices such as waveguides, splitters, resonators and multimode interference devices have been developed, however no standard integrated device for coupling light into nanoscale optical circuits ...


Design Of Silicon Controlled Rectifers Sic] For Robust Electrostatic Discharge Protection Applications, Zhiwei Liu 2010 University of Central Florida

Design Of Silicon Controlled Rectifers Sic] For Robust Electrostatic Discharge Protection Applications, Zhiwei Liu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) phenomenon happens everywhere in our daily life. And it can occurs through the whole lifespan of an Integrated Circuit (IC), from the early wafer fabrication process, extending to assembly operation, and finally ending at the user‟s site. It has been reported that up to 35% of total IC field failures are ESD-induced, with estimated annual costs to the IC industry running to several billion dollars. The most straightforward way to avoid the ICs suffering from the threatening of ESD damages is to develop on-chip ESD protection circuits which can afford a robust, low-impedance bypassing path to ...


Application Of Antenna Synthesis And Digital Signal Processing Techniques For Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging Systems, Wilson Ariel Caba 2010 University of Central Florida

Application Of Antenna Synthesis And Digital Signal Processing Techniques For Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging Systems, Wilson Ariel Caba

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Millimeter-wave imaging has gathered attention in recent years for its ability to penetrate clothing, thin layers of soils, and certain construction materials. However, image quality remains a challenge that needs to be addressed. One way of improving image quality is by increasing the dimensions of the collecting aperture. A sparse array can be used to synthesize a larger aperture with a limited set of relatively small detectors. In this research we design, build, and test a test-bed having an active source at 94 GHz and an array of coherent detectors, mounted on arms that extend radially on a rotary table ...


Control Strategy For Maximizing Power Conversion Efficiency And Effectiveness Of Three Port Solar Charging Station For Electric Vehicles, Christopher Hamilton 2010 University of Central Florida

Control Strategy For Maximizing Power Conversion Efficiency And Effectiveness Of Three Port Solar Charging Station For Electric Vehicles, Christopher Hamilton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent trends in the energy sector have provided opportunities in the research of alternative energy sources and optimization of systems that harness these energy sources. With the rising cost of fossil fuel and rising concern about detrimental effects that fossil fuel consumption has on the environment, electric vehicles are becoming more prevalent. A study put out in 2009 gives a prediction that in the year 2025, 20% of new vehicles will be PHEVs.[1] As energy providers become more concerned about a growing population and diminishing energy source, they are looking into alternative energy sources such as wind and solar ...


Modeling And Design Of A Photonic Crystal Chip Hosting A Quantum Network Made Of Single Spins In Quantum Dots That Interact Via Single Photons, Hubert P. Seigneur 2010 University of Central Florida

Modeling And Design Of A Photonic Crystal Chip Hosting A Quantum Network Made Of Single Spins In Quantum Dots That Interact Via Single Photons, Hubert P. Seigneur

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, the prospect of a quantum technology based on a photonic crystal chip hosting a quantum network made of quantum dot spins interacting via single photons is investigated. The mathematical procedure to deal with the Liouville-Von Neumann equation, which describes the time-evolution of the density matrix, was derived for an arbitrary system, giving general equations. Using this theoretical groundwork, a numerical model was then developed to study the spatiotemporal dynamics of entanglement between various qubits produced in a controlled way over the entire quantum network. As a result, an efficient quantum interface was engineered allowing for storage qubits ...


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