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Synthetic Aperture Optical Imaging Interferometric Microscopy With Improved Image Quality, Preyom K. Dey 2021 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Synthetic Aperture Optical Imaging Interferometric Microscopy With Improved Image Quality, Preyom K. Dey

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

The resolution limit of optical microscopy can be extended by using Imaging Interferometric Microscopy (IIM), which uses a low numerical aperture (NA) objective lens to achieve resolution equivalent to that of a high-NA objective lens with multiple sub-images. Along with the resolution enhancement challenge, IIM often suffers from poor image quality. In this dissertation, several image quality improvement methods are proposed and verified with simulation and experimental results. Next, techniques to extend the resolution limit of IIM to ≤ 100nm using a low-NA objective lens are demonstrated. An experimental technique of using a grating coupler on …


Unmanned Ground Vehicle System To Collect Soil Moisture Data, Austin Edward Flynt 2021 Mississippi State University

Unmanned Ground Vehicle System To Collect Soil Moisture Data, Austin Edward Flynt

Theses and Dissertations

With an increased interest in precision agriculture, it is important to identify efficient ways to monitor soil moisture. Soil moisture can be monitored using handheld sensors, but this method is laborious and time consuming. Remote methods, such as radar systems can be used as well, but these methods require ground truth data to verify their accuracy. It becomes clear that to collect this data regularly and reliably, a mobile robotic device is necessary. This thesis proposes to implement mobile robot take soil moisture measurements with less human effort than existing methods while maintaining the same accuracy. This soil moisture data …


Smart Chatbot For User Authentication, Peter Voege 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Smart Chatbot For User Authentication, Peter Voege

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The field of authentication has a lot of room to develop in the age of big data and machine learning. Conventional high-accessibility authentication mechanisms including passwords or security questions struggle with critical vulnerabilities, creating a need for alternative authentication mechanisms able to cover said weaknesses.

We sought to create an authentication mechanism that creates dynamic, ever-changing security questions only the user can answer while remaining intuitive to use and as accessible as typical security questions by creating an authentication chatbot that leverages big data and natural language processing to pose dynamic authentication challenges.

We tested the components of our design …


Low-Noise, Low-Power Analog Front End For Dual Detector, Event-Driven Radioactive Isotope Identification, Joseph Medinger 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Low-Noise, Low-Power Analog Front End For Dual Detector, Event-Driven Radioactive Isotope Identification, Joseph Medinger

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

An analog front end (AFE) design for a low-noise, low-power, event-driven radioactive spectroscopy system is implemented in a 65 nm CMOS technology. The AFE is optimized for use with two scintillation based detectors, CsI(Na) and LaBr3(Ce), that utilize photo-multiplier tubes for charge amplification. The amplification within the AFE is accomplished through charge sensitive amplifier designs that are tailored to each detector type. The AFE includes adjustable bias generation circuits to allow amplifier tuning for process, voltage, and temperature variations. The presented AFE is implemented along with analog to digital acquisition circuits and a microcontroller to provide a single-chip radioactive spectroscopy …


Deep Learning-Guided Prediction Of Material’S Microstructures And Applications To Advanced Manufacturing, Jianan Tang 2021 Clemson University

Deep Learning-Guided Prediction Of Material’S Microstructures And Applications To Advanced Manufacturing, Jianan Tang

All Dissertations

Material microstructure prediction based on processing conditions is very useful in advanced manufacturing. Trial-and-error experiments are very time-consuming to exhaust numerous combinations of processing parameters and characterize the resulting microstructures. To accelerate process development and optimization, researchers have explored microstructure prediction methods, including physical-based modeling and feature-based machine learning. Nevertheless, they both have limitations. Physical-based modeling consumes too much computational power. And in feature-based machine learning, low-dimensional microstructural features are manually extracted to represent high-dimensional microstructures, which leads to information loss.

In this dissertation, a deep learning-guided microstructure prediction framework is established. It uses a conditional generative adversarial network (CGAN) …


Machine Learning For Unmanned Aerial System (Uas) Networking, Jian Wang 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Machine Learning For Unmanned Aerial System (Uas) Networking, Jian Wang

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

Fueled by the advancement of 5G new radio (5G NR), rapid development has occurred in many fields. Compared with the conventional approaches, beamforming and network slicing enable 5G NR to have ten times decrease in latency, connection density, and experienced throughput than 4G long term evolution (4G LTE). These advantages pave the way for the evolution of Cyber-physical Systems (CPS) on a large scale. The reduction of consumption, the advancement of control engineering, and the simplification of Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) enable the UAS networking deployment on a large scale to become feasible. The UAS networking can finish multiple complex …


Genome Annotation Using Average Mutual Information, Garin P. Newcomb 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Genome Annotation Using Average Mutual Information, Garin P. Newcomb

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Advancements in high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies and ambitious goals for their use are resulting in the generation of a deluge of unannotated sequenced genomes. This makes computational tools that can aid in annotation increasingly valuable.

Here, we provide a detailed exploration of the utility as well as the limitations of average mutual information (AMI) in several steps of genome annotation. For a genomic sequence, AMI is a measure of the information a base contains about the base separated by a fixed lag. A profile is constructed by calculating AMI at multiple lags. In addition to traditional AMI, we employ two …


Risk-Based Machine Learning Approaches For Probabilistic Transient Stability, Umair Shahzad 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Risk-Based Machine Learning Approaches For Probabilistic Transient Stability, Umair Shahzad

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Power systems are getting more complex than ever and are consequently operating close to their limit of stability. Moreover, with the increasing demand of renewable wind generation, and the requirement to maintain a secure power system, the importance of transient stability cannot be overestimated. Considering its significance in power system security, it is important to propose a different approach for enhancing the transient stability, considering uncertainties. Current deterministic industry practices of transient stability assessment ignore the probabilistic nature of variables (fault type, fault location, fault clearing time, etc.). These approaches typically provide a conservative criterion and can result in expensive …


Evaluating Deep-Learning Models For Debris-Covered Glacier Mapping, Zhiyuan Xie, Vijayan K. Asari, Umesh K. Haritashya 2021 University of Dayton

Evaluating Deep-Learning Models For Debris-Covered Glacier Mapping, Zhiyuan Xie, Vijayan K. Asari, Umesh K. Haritashya

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

In recent decades, mountain glaciers have experienced the impact of climate change in the form of accelerated glacier retreat and other glacier-related hazards such as mass wasting and glacier lake outburst floods. Since there are wide-ranging societal consequences of glacier retreat and hazards, monitoring these glaciers as accurately and repeatedly as possible is important. However, the accurate glacier boundary, especially the debriscovered glacier (DCG) boundary, which is one of the primary inputs in many glacier analyses, remains a challenge even after many years of research using conventional remote sensing methods or machine-learning methods. The GlacierNet, a deep-learning-based approach, utilized the …


An Analysis Of Camera Configurations And Depth Estimation Algorithms For Triple-Camera Computer Vision Systems, Jared Peter-Contesse 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

An Analysis Of Camera Configurations And Depth Estimation Algorithms For Triple-Camera Computer Vision Systems, Jared Peter-Contesse

Master's Theses

The ability to accurately map and localize relevant objects surrounding a vehicle is an important task for autonomous vehicle systems. Currently, many of the environmental mapping approaches rely on the expensive LiDAR sensor. Researchers have been attempting to transition to cheaper sensors like the camera, but so far, the mapping accuracy of single-camera and dual-camera systems has not matched the accuracy of LiDAR systems. This thesis examines depth estimation algorithms and camera configurations of a triple-camera system to determine if sensor data from an additional perspective will improve the accuracy of camera-based systems. Using a synthetic dataset, the performance of …


Analysis Of Deep Learning Methods For Wired Ethernet Physical Layer Security Of Operational Technology, Lucas Torlay 2021 Clemson University

Analysis Of Deep Learning Methods For Wired Ethernet Physical Layer Security Of Operational Technology, Lucas Torlay

All Theses

The cybersecurity of power systems is jeopardized by the threat of spoofing and man-in-the-middle style attacks due to a lack of physical layer device authentication techniques for operational technology (OT) communication networks. OT networks cannot support the active probing cybersecurity methods that are popular in information technology (IT) networks. Furthermore, both active and passive scanning techniques are susceptible to medium access control (MAC) address spoofing when operating at Layer 2 of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model. This thesis aims to analyze the role of deep learning in passively authenticating Ethernet devices by their communication signals. This method operates at …


Let's Read: Designing A Smart Display Application To Support Codas When Learning Spoken Language, Katie Rodeghiero, Yingying Yuki Chen, Annika M. Hettmann, Franceli L. Cibrian 2021 Chapman University

Let's Read: Designing A Smart Display Application To Support Codas When Learning Spoken Language, Katie Rodeghiero, Yingying Yuki Chen, Annika M. Hettmann, Franceli L. Cibrian

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Hearing children of Deaf adults (CODAs) face many challenges including having difficulty learning spoken languages, experiencing social judgment, and encountering greater responsibilities at home. In this paper, we present a proposal for a smart display application called Let's Read that aims to support CODAs when learning spoken language. We conducted a qualitative analysis using online community content in English to develop the first version of the prototype. Then, we conducted a heuristic evaluation to improve the proposed prototype. As future work, we plan to use this prototype to conduct participatory design sessions with Deaf adults and CODAs to evaluate the …


Digital Markers Of Autism, Ivonne Monarca, Franceli L. Cibrian, Monica Tentori 2021 Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education of Ensenada (CICESE)

Digital Markers Of Autism, Ivonne Monarca, Franceli L. Cibrian, Monica Tentori

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurological condition that affects how a people communicate and interact with others. The use of screening tools during childhood is very important to detect those children who need to be referred for a diagnosis of ASD. However, most screening tools are based on parents' responses so the result can be subjective. In addition, most screening tools focus on social and communicative skills leaving aside sensory features, which have shown to have the potential to be ASD markers. Tactile processing has been little explored due to lack of tools to asses it, however with the …


Feel And Touch: A Haptic Mobile Game To Assess Tactile Processing, Ivonne Monarca, Monica Tentori, Franceli L. Cibrian 2021 Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education of Ensenada (CICESE)

Feel And Touch: A Haptic Mobile Game To Assess Tactile Processing, Ivonne Monarca, Monica Tentori, Franceli L. Cibrian

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Haptic interfaces have great potential for assessing the tactile processing of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), an area that has been under-explored due to the lack of tools to assess it. Until now, haptic interfaces for children have mostly been used as a teaching or therapeutic tool, so there are still open questions about how they could be used to assess tactile processing of children with ASD. This article presents the design process that led to the development of Feel and Touch, a mobile game augmented with vibrotactile stimuli to assess tactile processing. Our feasibility evaluation, with 5 children …


Resampling And Super-Resolution Of Hexagonally Sampled Images Using Deep Learning, Dylan Flaute, Russell C. Hardie, Hamed Elwarfalli 2021 University of Dayton

Resampling And Super-Resolution Of Hexagonally Sampled Images Using Deep Learning, Dylan Flaute, Russell C. Hardie, Hamed Elwarfalli

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Super-resolution (SR) aims to increase the resolution of imagery. Applications include security, medical imaging, and object recognition. We propose a deep learning-based SR system that takes a hexagonally sampled low-resolution image as an input and generates a rectangularly sampled SR image as an output. For training and testing, we use a realistic observation model that includes optical degradation from diffraction and sensor degradation from detector integration. Our SR approach first uses non-uniform interpolation to partially upsample the observed hexagonal imagery and convert it to a rectangular grid. We then leverage a state-of-the-art convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture designed for SR …


Parents’ Perspectives On A Smartwatch Intervention For Children With Adhd: Rapid Deployment And Feasibility Evaluation Of A Pilot Intervention To Support Distance Learning During Covid-19, Franceli L. Cibrian, Elissa Monteiro, Elizabeth Ankrah, Jesus A. Beltran, Arya Tavakoulnia, Sabrina E. B. Schuck, Gillian R. Hayes, Kimberley D. Lakes 2021 Chapman University

Parents’ Perspectives On A Smartwatch Intervention For Children With Adhd: Rapid Deployment And Feasibility Evaluation Of A Pilot Intervention To Support Distance Learning During Covid-19, Franceli L. Cibrian, Elissa Monteiro, Elizabeth Ankrah, Jesus A. Beltran, Arya Tavakoulnia, Sabrina E. B. Schuck, Gillian R. Hayes, Kimberley D. Lakes

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Distance learning in response to the COVID-19 pandemic presented tremendous challenges for many families. Parents were expected to support children’s learning, often while also working from home. Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at particularly high risk for setbacks due to difficulties with organization and increased risk of not participating in scheduled online learning. This paper explores how smartwatch technology, including timing notifications, can support children with ADHD during distance learning due to COVID-19. We implemented a 6-week pilot study of a Digital Health Intervention (DHI) with ten families. The DHI included a smartwatch and a smartphone. Google …


Electrospinning Processing Techniques For The Manufacturing Of Composite Dielectric Elastomer Fibers, Rani Elhajjar 2021 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Electrospinning Processing Techniques For The Manufacturing Of Composite Dielectric Elastomer Fibers, Rani Elhajjar

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Articles

Dielectric elastomers (DE) are novel composite architectures capable of large actuation strains and the ability to be formed into a variety of actuator configurations. However, the high voltage requirement of DE actuators limits their applications for a variety of applications. Fiber actuators composed of DE fibers are particularly attractive as they can be formed into artificial muscle architectures. The interest in manufacturing micro or nanoscale DE fibers is increasing due to the possible applications in tissue engineering, filtration, drug delivery, catalysis, protective textiles, and sensors. Drawing, self-assembly, template-direct synthesis, and electrospinning processing have been explored to manufacture these fibers. Electrospinning …


Recent Advances And Trends Of Predictive Maintenance From Data-Driven Machine Prognostics Perspective, Yuxin Wen, Md. Fashiar Rahman, Honglun Xu, Tzu-Liang Bill Tseng 2021 Chapman University

Recent Advances And Trends Of Predictive Maintenance From Data-Driven Machine Prognostics Perspective, Yuxin Wen, Md. Fashiar Rahman, Honglun Xu, Tzu-Liang Bill Tseng

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

In the Engineering discipline, prognostics play an essential role in improving system safety, reliability and enabling predictive maintenance decision-making. Due to the adoption of emerging sensing techniques and big data analytics tools, data-driven prognostic approaches are gaining popularity. This paper aims to deliver an extensive review of recent advances and trends of data-driven machine prognostics, with a focus on their applications in practice. The primary purpose of this review is to categorize existing literature and report the latest research progress and directions to support researchers and practitioners in acquiring a clear comprehension of the subject area. This paper first summarizes …


A Unified Framework Of Deep Learning-Based Facial Expression Recognition System For Diversified Applications, Sanoar Hossain, Saiyed Umer, Vijayan K. Asari, Ranjeet Kumar Rout 2021 Aliah University

A Unified Framework Of Deep Learning-Based Facial Expression Recognition System For Diversified Applications, Sanoar Hossain, Saiyed Umer, Vijayan K. Asari, Ranjeet Kumar Rout

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

This work proposes a facial expression recognition system for a diversified field of appli- cations. The purpose of the proposed system is to predict the type of expressions in a human face region. The implementation of the proposed method is fragmented into three components. In the first component, from the given input image, a tree-structured part model has been applied that predicts some landmark points on the input image to detect facial regions. The detected face region was normalized to its fixed size and then down-sampled to its varying sizes such that the advantages, due to the effect of multi-resolution …


Metasurface Design And Optimization With Adjoint Method, Mahdad Mansouree 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Metasurface Design And Optimization With Adjoint Method, Mahdad Mansouree

Doctoral Dissertations

The invention and advancement of optical devices have tremendously changed our life. Devices such as cameras, displays and optical sensors are now an integral part of our lives. Moreover, with the rapid growth in new markets such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), autonomous vehicles and internet of things (IoT) the need for optical devices is expected to grow considerably. Recent advances in nano-fabrication techniques have spurred a new wave of interest in optical metasurfaces. Metasurfaces are arrays of wisely selected nano-scattereres that generate desired transformation on the incident light. Metasurfaces provide a new platform for the development of …


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