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A Neural Network Based Proportional Hazard Model For Iot Signal Fusion And Failure Prediction, Yuxin Wen, Xingxin Guo, Junbo Son, Jianguo Wu 2022 Chapman University

A Neural Network Based Proportional Hazard Model For Iot Signal Fusion And Failure Prediction, Yuxin Wen, Xingxin Guo, Junbo Son, Jianguo Wu

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Accurate prediction of remaining useful life (RUL) plays a critical role in optimizing condition-based maintenance decisions. In this paper, a novel joint prognostic modeling framework that simultaneously combines both time-to-event data and multi-sensor degradation signals is proposed. With the increasing use of IoT devices, unprecedented amounts of diverse signals associated with the underlying health condition of in-situ units have become easily accessible. To take full advantage of the modern IoT-enabled engineering systems, we propose a specialized framework for RUL prediction at the level of individual units. Specifically, a Bayesian linear regression model is developed for the multi-sensor degradation signals and …


Eye-Gaze-Controlled Hmds And Mfd For Military Aircraft, LRD Murthy, Abhishek Mukhopadhyay, Somnath Arjun, Varshith Yelleti, Peter Thomas, Dilli Babu Mohan, Pradipta Biswas 2022 Indian Institute of Science

Eye-Gaze-Controlled Hmds And Mfd For Military Aircraft, Lrd Murthy, Abhishek Mukhopadhyay, Somnath Arjun, Varshith Yelleti, Peter Thomas, Dilli Babu Mohan, Pradipta Biswas

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

Eye-gaze-controlled interfaces allow the direct manipulation of a graphical user interface by looking at it. This technology has great potential in military aviation, in particular, operating different displays in situations where pilots’ hands are occupied with flying the aircraft. This paper reports studies on analyzing the accuracy of eye-gaze-controlled interfaces inside aircraft undertaking representative flying missions. We report that using eye-gaze-controlled interfaces, pilots can undertake representative pointing and selection tasks at less than two seconds on average in a transport aircraft. Further, we analyzed the accuracy of eye-gaze-tracking glasses under various G load factors and analyzed the failure modes. We …


Sustainable Computing - Without The Hot Air, Noman Bashir, David irwin, Prashant Shenoy, Abel Souza 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Sustainable Computing - Without The Hot Air, Noman Bashir, David Irwin, Prashant Shenoy, Abel Souza

Publications

The demand for computing is continuing to grow exponentially. This growth will translate to exponential growth in computing's energy consumption unless improvements in its energy-efficiency can outpace increases in its demand. Yet, after decades of research, further improving energy-efficiency is becoming increasingly challenging, as it is already highly optimized. As a result, at some point, increases in computing demand are likely to outpace increases in its energy-efficiency, potentially by a wide margin. Such exponential growth, if left unchecked, will position computing as a substantial contributor to global carbon emissions. While prominent technology companies have recognized the problem and sought to …


Investigating The Capacitive Properties Of All-Inorganic Lead Halides Perovskite Solar Cells Using Energy Band Diagrams, Zahraa Ismail, eman Farouk Sawires, Fathy Zaki Amer, Sameh Osama Abdellatif Dr 2022 Helwan University

Investigating The Capacitive Properties Of All-Inorganic Lead Halides Perovskite Solar Cells Using Energy Band Diagrams, Zahraa Ismail, Eman Farouk Sawires, Fathy Zaki Amer, Sameh Osama Abdellatif Dr

Electrical Engineering

Capacitance response of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) can be oppressed to deduce underlying physical mechanisms, both in the materials at external interfaces and in bulk materials. Accordingly, this paper investigates the Capacitance-Voltage (C-V) characteristic curves of cesium lead halides (CsPbX3: X = I, Br, or Cl) used as an active layer in PSCs. The SCAPS-1D simulator was used to harness the actual device (CsPbX3: X = I Br, or Cl) with material parameters from previous experimental work. The energy-band diagrams, J-V curves, and C-V curves of the three PSC structures were constructed and compared to carry out and investigate their …


Study The C-V Behavior Of Cesium-Lead Halides Perovskite Solar Cells Under Various Simulation Parameters, Zahraa Ismail, Eman Farouk Sawires, Fathy Zaki Amer, Sameh O. Abdellatif Dr 2022 Helwan University

Study The C-V Behavior Of Cesium-Lead Halides Perovskite Solar Cells Under Various Simulation Parameters, Zahraa Ismail, Eman Farouk Sawires, Fathy Zaki Amer, Sameh O. Abdellatif Dr

Electrical Engineering

Capacitance response of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) can be oppressed to deduce underlying physical mechanisms, both in the materials at external interfaces and in bulk materials. Accordingly, this paper investigates the Capacitance-Voltage (C-V) characteristic curves of cesium lead halides (CsPbX3: X = I, Br, or Cl) used as an active layer in PSCs. The SCAPS-1D simulator harnessed the actual device (CsPbX3: X = I Br, or Cl) with material parameters from previous experimental work. Three main simulation parameters were investigated: the thickness of the active layer, the doping, and the defects impacts.


Enhanced Study Of Complex Systems By Unveiling Hidden Symmetries With Dynamical Visibility, Nhat Vu Minh Nguyen 2022 Eastern Washington University

Enhanced Study Of Complex Systems By Unveiling Hidden Symmetries With Dynamical Visibility, Nhat Vu Minh Nguyen

2022 Symposium

One of the great challenges in complex and chaotic dynamics is to reveal its deterministic structures. These temporal dynamical structures are sometimes a consequence of hidden symmetries. Detecting and understanding them can allow the study of complex systems even without knowing the full underlying mathematical description of the system. Here we introduce a new technique, called Dynamical Visibility, that quantifies temporal correlations of the dynamics based upon some symmetry conditions. This visibility measures the departure of the dynamics from internal symmetries. We apply this technique to well-known chaotic systems, such as the logistic map and the circle map, as well …


Ai-Driven Automated Medical Imaging Analysis, Jingya Liu 2022 CUNY City College

Ai-Driven Automated Medical Imaging Analysis, Jingya Liu

Dissertations and Theses

Medical imaging has been applied widely in many clinical diagnoses to detect and differentiate abnormalities by revealing the internal structure of the human body at normal anatomical and physiological levels. Manual analyzing medical images demands attention and is time-consuming, requiring well-trained expertise. The speed, fatigue, and experience may limit the diagnostic performance, leading to delays and even false diagnoses that significantly impact patient treatment. Therefore, accurate systematic systems based on medical image analysis are crucial for timely clinical diagnosis.

This dissertation focuses on advancing automatic computer-aided diagnosis systems to detect cancer, assisting radiologists with early intervention to improve survival rates. …


Learning Approach For Fast Approximate Matrix Factorizations, Haiyan Yu 2022 University of Denver

Learning Approach For Fast Approximate Matrix Factorizations, Haiyan Yu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Efficiently computing an (approximate) orthonormal basis and low-rank approximation for the input data X plays a crucial role in data analysis. One of the most efficient algorithms for such tasks is the randomized algorithm, which proceeds by computing a projection XA with a random projection matrix A of much smaller size, and then computing the orthonormal basis as well as low-rank factorizations of the tall matrix XA. While a random matrix A is the de facto choice, in this work, we improve upon its performance by utilizing a learning approach to find an adaptive projection matrix A from a set …


Explainable Data-Driven Motor Condition Monitoring And Fault Disgnosis, Yuming Wang 2022 University of Kentucky

Explainable Data-Driven Motor Condition Monitoring And Fault Disgnosis, Yuming Wang

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Industrial motors are widely used in various fields such as power generation, mining, and manufacturing. Motor faults and time-consuming maintenance process will lead to serious economic losses in this context. To monitor motor faults and detect motor conditions, different types of sensors that can test vibration and current signals are mounted on motors. However, the main challenge was how to use information gained by sensors to analyze or diagnose motor conditions.

Machine learning is a popular technology in recent years, and it's very suitable for crunching and analyzing data. As an important subset of machine learning, deep learning is suitable …


Adapting Deep Learning For Underwater Acoustic Communication Channel Modeling, Li Wei 2022 Michigan Technological University

Adapting Deep Learning For Underwater Acoustic Communication Channel Modeling, Li Wei

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The recent emerging applications of novel underwater systems lead to increasing demand for underwater acoustic (UWA) communication and networking techniques. However, due to the challenging UWA channel characteristics, conventional wireless techniques are rarely applicable to UWA communication and networking. The cognitive and software-defined communication and networking are considered promising architecture of a novel UWA system design. As an essential component of a cognitive communication system, the modeling and prediction of the UWA channel impulse response (CIR) with deep generative models are studied in this work.

Firstly, an underwater acoustic communication and networking testbed is developed for conducting various simulations and …


Low Insertion-Loss Nanophotonic Modulators Through Epsilon-Near-Zero Material-Based Plasmon-Assisted Approach For Integrated Photonics, Mohammad Ariful Hoque Sojib 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Low Insertion-Loss Nanophotonic Modulators Through Epsilon-Near-Zero Material-Based Plasmon-Assisted Approach For Integrated Photonics, Mohammad Ariful Hoque Sojib

Theses and Dissertations

Electro-optic/absorption Modulators (EOM/EAMs) encode high-frequency electrical signals into optical signals. With the requirement of large packing density, device miniaturization is possible by confining light in a sub-wavelength dimension by utilizing the plasmonic phenomenon. In plasmon, energy gets transferred from light to the form of oscillation of free electrons on a surface of a metal at an interface between the metal and a dielectric. Plasmonic provides increased light-matter interaction (LMI) and thus making the light more sensitive to local refractive index change. Plasmonic-based integrated nanophotonic modulators, despite their promising features, have one key limiting factor of large Insertion Loss (IL) which …


Smart City Management Using Machine Learning Techniques, Mostafa Zaman 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Smart City Management Using Machine Learning Techniques, Mostafa Zaman

Theses and Dissertations

In response to the growing urban population, "smart cities" are designed to improve people's quality of life by implementing cutting-edge technologies. The concept of a "smart city" refers to an effort to enhance a city's residents' economic and environmental well-being via implementing a centralized management system. With the use of sensors and actuators, smart cities can collect massive amounts of data, which can improve people's quality of life and design cities' services. Although smart cities contain vast amounts of data, only a percentage is used due to the noise and variety of the data sources. Information and communication technology (ICT) …


Removing Physical Presence Requirements For A Remote And Automated World - Api Controlled Patch Panel For Conformance Testing, Hunter George Wells 2022 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Removing Physical Presence Requirements For A Remote And Automated World - Api Controlled Patch Panel For Conformance Testing, Hunter George Wells

Honors Theses and Capstones

Quality assurance test engineers at the UNH-InterOperability Lab must run tests that require driving and monitoring a selection of DC signals. While the number of signals is numerous, there are limited ports on the test equipment, and only a few signals need patching for any given test. The selection of signals may vary between the 209 different tests and must be re-routed frequently. Currently, testers must leave their desk to manually modify the test setup in another room. This posed a considerable issue at the onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic when physical access was not possible. In order to enable …


Cloud-Based Machine Learning And Sentiment Analysis, Emmanuel C. Opara 2022 Georgia Southern University

Cloud-Based Machine Learning And Sentiment Analysis, Emmanuel C. Opara

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The role of a Data Scientist is becoming increasingly ubiquitous as companies and institutions see the need to gain additional insights and information from data to make better decisions to improve the quality-of-service delivery to customers. This thesis document contains three aspects of data science projects aimed at improving tools and techniques used in analyzing and evaluating data. The first research study involved the use of a standard cybersecurity dataset and cloud-based auto-machine learning algorithms were applied to detect vulnerabilities in the network traffic data. The performance of the algorithms was measured and compared using standard evaluation metrics. The second …


Use Of Battery Systems For Var Support In Con Edison’S Distribution Network/Substation, Elihu Nyemah 2022 CUNY City College

Use Of Battery Systems For Var Support In Con Edison’S Distribution Network/Substation, Elihu Nyemah

Dissertations and Theses

Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) can facilitate the integration of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and help create a more reliable grid by providing multiple services including reactive power (VAR) support. This research will investigate the use of smart inverters to provide VAR support, assess the impact it has on the lifetime of a BESS and determine how the adverse effects (if any) can be mitigated/eliminated. To achieved this, a 7.5MW/30MWh grid connected BESS located at Con Edison substations have been modeled in MATLAB/Simulink. Preliminary assessment of the system showed that DC current to/from the battery is oscillating (non-zero) during reactive …


"Demeter" Soil Monitoring System, Ryan Matthews, Rachel Rummer, Temilolu Fayomi, Alex Fuller 2022 The University of Akron

"Demeter" Soil Monitoring System, Ryan Matthews, Rachel Rummer, Temilolu Fayomi, Alex Fuller

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The purpose of this project is to develop a soil monitoring system that can remotely sense and relay soil conditions back to a user. The deMETER soil probe, Demeter is the Greek goddess of the harvest, is designed to aid hobbyist gardeners, small-scale farms, and nurseries to monitor their dynamic soil conditions and maximize their harvest. The probe is a self-powered system that can monitor the moisture and essential nutrients of the soil profile to determine which areas should receive water and fertilizer. This would significantly cut water and fertilizer waste. The solution will include an embedded system with sensors …


Landmark Enforcement And Principal Component Analysis For Improving Gan-Based Morphing, Samuel W. Price 2022 West Virginia University

Landmark Enforcement And Principal Component Analysis For Improving Gan-Based Morphing, Samuel W. Price

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Facial Recognition Systems (FRSs) are a key target for adversaries determined to circumvent security checkpoints. Morph images threaten FRS by presenting as multiple individuals, allowing an adversary to swap identities with another subject. Although morph generation using generative adversarial networks (GANs) results in high-quality morphs without possessing the spatial artifacts caused by landmarkbased methods, there is an apparent loss in identity with standard GAN-based morphing methods. In this thesis, we examine landmark-based and GAN-based morphing methods to fuse the advantages of both methodologies. We propose a novel StyleGAN2 morph generation technique by introducing a landmark enforcement method. Considering this method, …


Multimodal Adversarial Learning, Uche Osahor 2022 West Virginia University

Multimodal Adversarial Learning, Uche Osahor

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (DCNN) have proven to be an exceptional tool for object recognition, generative modelling, and multi-modal learning in various computer vision applications. However, recent findings have shown that such state-of-the-art models can be easily deceived by inserting slight imperceptible perturbations to key pixels in the input. A good target detection systems can accurately identify targets by localizing their coordinates on the input image of interest. This is ideally achieved by labeling each pixel in an image as a background or a potential target pixel. However, prior research still confirms that such state of the art targets models …


Synthetic Aperture Optical Imaging Interferometric Microscopy With Improved Image Quality, Preyom K. Dey 2021 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Synthetic Aperture Optical Imaging Interferometric Microscopy With Improved Image Quality, Preyom K. Dey

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

The resolution limit of optical microscopy can be extended by using Imaging Interferometric Microscopy (IIM), which uses a low numerical aperture (NA) objective lens to achieve resolution equivalent to that of a high-NA objective lens with multiple sub-images. Along with the resolution enhancement challenge, IIM often suffers from poor image quality. In this dissertation, several image quality improvement methods are proposed and verified with simulation and experimental results. Next, techniques to extend the resolution limit of IIM to ≤ 100nm using a low-NA objective lens are demonstrated. An experimental technique of using a grating coupler on …


Unmanned Ground Vehicle System To Collect Soil Moisture Data, Austin Edward Flynt 2021 Mississippi State University

Unmanned Ground Vehicle System To Collect Soil Moisture Data, Austin Edward Flynt

Theses and Dissertations

With an increased interest in precision agriculture, it is important to identify efficient ways to monitor soil moisture. Soil moisture can be monitored using handheld sensors, but this method is laborious and time consuming. Remote methods, such as radar systems can be used as well, but these methods require ground truth data to verify their accuracy. It becomes clear that to collect this data regularly and reliably, a mobile robotic device is necessary. This thesis proposes to implement mobile robot take soil moisture measurements with less human effort than existing methods while maintaining the same accuracy. This soil moisture data …


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