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Low Power Multi-Channel Interface For Charge Based Tactile Sensors, Samuel Hansen 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Low Power Multi-Channel Interface For Charge Based Tactile Sensors, Samuel Hansen

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Analog front end electronics are designed in 65 nm CMOS technology to process charge pulses arriving from a tactile sensor array. This is accomplished through the use of charge sensitive amplifiers and discrete time filters with tunable clock signals located in each of the analog front ends. Sensors were emulated using Gaussian pulses during simulation. The digital side of the system uses SAR (successive approximation register) ADCs for sampling of the processed sensor signals.

Adviser: Sina Balkır


A Stacking-Based Misbehavior Detection System In Vehicular Communication Networks, Troy Green 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Stacking-Based Misbehavior Detection System In Vehicular Communication Networks, Troy Green

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Over the past few decades communication systems for vehicles have continued to advance. Communications between these vehicles can be classified into safety related and non safety related messages. An example of a safety related message would be one vehicle warning others of an icy road it encountered, where a non safety related communication would be a passenger streaming a movie. In either case it's important to secure the communications so that the system continues to behave as expected. In this thesis we propose a Misbehavior Detection System (MDS), which is a system that monitors messages sent between vehicles, and detects …


Smartphone Detector, Ryan Coldiron 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Smartphone Detector, Ryan Coldiron

Electrical Engineering

There is a wide variety of times when it is unacceptable to be using a smartphone, and this device could help to minimize when people are using their devices. People have become more and more reliant on their various pieces of technology such as their smartphones, and are often using them when they should be paying attention in class, attending an important meeting, watching a movie, or should just be present to their other surroundings. A device that could detect the use of smartphones at these inopportune times would be something that would benefit a wide variety of people.

The …


A Low-Power, Low-Area 10-Bit Sar Adc With Length-Based Capacitive Dac, Zhili Pan 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Low-Power, Low-Area 10-Bit Sar Adc With Length-Based Capacitive Dac, Zhili Pan

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

A 2.5 V single-ended 10-bit successive-approximation-register analog-to-digital converter (SAR ADC) based on the TSMC 65 nm CMOS process is designed with the goal of achieving low power consumption (33.63 pJ/sample) and small area (2874 µm^2 ). It utilizes a novel length-based capacitive digital-to-analog converter (CDAC) layout to achieve low total capacitance for power efficiency, and a custom static asynchronous logic to free the dependence on a high-frequency external clock source. Two test chips have been designed and the problems found through testing the first chip are analyzed. Multiple improved versions of the ADC with minor variations are implemented on the …


Compilation Optimizations To Enhance Resilience Of Big Data Programs And Quantum Processors, Travis D. LeCompte 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Compilation Optimizations To Enhance Resilience Of Big Data Programs And Quantum Processors, Travis D. Lecompte

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Modern computers can experience a variety of transient errors due to the surrounding environment, known as soft faults. Although the frequency of these faults is low enough to not be noticeable on personal computers, they become a considerable concern during large-scale distributed computations or systems in more vulnerable environments like satellites. These faults occur as a bit flip of some value in a register, operation, or memory during execution. They surface as either program crashes, hangs, or silent data corruption (SDC), each of which can waste time, money, and resources. Hardware methods, such as shielding or error correcting memory (ECM), …


Spam Detection Using Machine Learning And Deep Learning, Olubodunde Agboola 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Spam Detection Using Machine Learning And Deep Learning, Olubodunde Agboola

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Text messages are essential these days; however, spam texts have contributed negatively to the success of this communication mode. The compromised authenticity of such messages has given rise to several security breaches. Using spam messages, malicious links have been sent to either harm the system or obtain information detrimental to the user. Spam SMS messages as well as emails have been used as media for attacks such as masquerading and smishing ( a phishing attack through text messaging), and this has threatened both the user and service providers. Therefore, given the waves of attacks, the need to identify and remove …


Ethics In Engineering Education: Is Abet Enough?, Alyssa DeLouise 2022 Purdue University

Ethics In Engineering Education: Is Abet Enough?, Alyssa Delouise

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


The Design Of A Point Of Care Fet Biosensor To Detect And Screen Covid-19, Nisreen Amer Mohammad Alnaji 2022 United Arab Emirates University

The Design Of A Point Of Care Fet Biosensor To Detect And Screen Covid-19, Nisreen Amer Mohammad Alnaji

Theses

This work proposes and demonstrates a biosensor with reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) based Field Effect Transistor (FET) for rapid and selective detection of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The main objective of this thesis is to detect the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein antigen on spot selectively and rapidly. The rGO channel is coated with the spike protein antibodies to achieve selectivity. Moreover, the biosensing performance and specificity are governed by decorating the sensor’s channel with Metal Nanoparticles (MNPs) such as, copper, and silver. The designed sensor successfully detects the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and shows singular electrical behavior for detection. …


Wireless Coupled Feed Structure For Additively Manufactured Conformal Antennas, Blake Roberts 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Wireless Coupled Feed Structure For Additively Manufactured Conformal Antennas, Blake Roberts

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

Due to advancements in additive manufacturing, it is possible to create electromagnetic devices that can be conformally printed directly onto 3D surfaces using conductive inks and dielectric pastes. Instance, the traditional antenna radomes that had the purpose of protecting the antenna on its inside can now become the antenna itself. With the components on the surface of the structure, instead of inside if it, a direct feed line would require cutting through dielectric layers and creating a direct electrical connection, also called vertical interconnect access (VIA). Such interconnects are frequent sources of failures, especially in applications that are subject to …


A Roller Coaster For The Mind: Virtual Reality Sickness Modes, Metrics, And Mitigation, Dalton C. Sparks 2022 University of Louisville

A Roller Coaster For The Mind: Virtual Reality Sickness Modes, Metrics, And Mitigation, Dalton C. Sparks

The Cardinal Edge

Understanding and preventing virtual reality sickness(VRS), or cybersickness, is vital in removing barriers for the technology's adoption. Thus, this article aims to synthesize a variety of academic sources to demonstrate the modes by which VRS occurs, the metrics by which it is judged, and the methods to mitigate it. The predominant theories on the biological origins of VRS are discussed, as well as the individual factors which increase the likelihood of a user developing VRS. Moreover, subjective and physiological measurements of VRS are discussed in addition to the development of a predictive model and conceptual framework. Finally, several methodologies of …


Efficient Discovery And Utilization Of Radio Information In Ultra-Dense Heterogeneous 3d Wireless Networks, Mattaka Gamage Samantha Sriyananda 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Efficient Discovery And Utilization Of Radio Information In Ultra-Dense Heterogeneous 3d Wireless Networks, Mattaka Gamage Samantha Sriyananda

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Emergence of new applications, industrial automation and the explosive boost of smart concepts have led to an environment with rapidly increasing device densification and service diversification. This revolutionary upward trend has led the upcoming 6th-Generation (6G) and beyond communication systems to be globally available communication, computing and intelligent systems seamlessly connecting devices, services and infrastructure facilities. In this kind of environment, scarcity of radio resources would be upshot to an unimaginably high level compelling them to be very efficiently utilized. In this case, timely action is taken to deviate from approximate site-specific 2-Dimensional (2D) network concepts in radio resource utilization …


Optimized And Automated Machine Learning Techniques Towards Iot Data Analytics And Cybersecurity, Li Yang 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Optimized And Automated Machine Learning Techniques Towards Iot Data Analytics And Cybersecurity, Li Yang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems have emerged as a prevalent technology in our daily lives. With the wide spread of sensors and smart devices in recent years, the data generation volume and speed of IoT systems have increased dramatically. In most IoT systems, massive volumes of data must be processed, transformed, and analyzed on a frequent basis to enable various IoT services and functionalities. Machine Learning (ML) approaches have shown their capacity for IoT data analytics. However, applying ML models to IoT data analytics tasks still faces many difficulties and challenges. The first challenge is to process large amounts of dynamic …


Data Preprocessing For Machine Learning Modules, Rawan El Moghrabi 2022 Western University

Data Preprocessing For Machine Learning Modules, Rawan El Moghrabi

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Data preprocessing is an essential step when building machine learning solutions. It significantly impacts the success of machine learning modules and the output of these algorithms. Typically, data preprocessing is made-up of data sanitization, feature engineering, normalization, and transformation. This paper outlines the data preprocessing methodology implemented for a data-driven predictive maintenance solution. The above-mentioned project entails acquiring historical electrical data from industrial assets and creating a health index indicating each asset's remaining useful life. This solution is built using machine learning algorithms and requires several data processing steps to increase the solution's accuracy and efficiency. In this project, the …


Evaluating Serverless Computing, Charitra Maharjan 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Evaluating Serverless Computing, Charitra Maharjan

LSU Master's Theses

Function as a Service (FaaS) is gaining admiration because of its way of deploying the computations to serverless backends in the different clouds. It transfers the complexity of provisioning and allocating the necessary resources for an application to the cloud providers. The cloud providers also give an illusion of always availability of resources to the users. Among the cloud providers, AWS serverless platform offers a new paradigm for developing cloud applications without worrying about the underlying hardware infrastructure. It manages not only the resource provisioning and scaling of an application but also provides an opportunity to reimagine the cloud infrastructure …


Load Modeling And Evaluation Of Leds For Hardware Test Bed Application, Jillian M. Ruff 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Load Modeling And Evaluation Of Leds For Hardware Test Bed Application, Jillian M. Ruff

Masters Theses

The lighting industry was revolutionized with the emergence of LED lighting. Over the last 15 years, LED lighting device sales and utilization have grown immensely. The growth and popularity of LEDs is due to improved operation of the device when compared to previous lighting technologies. Efficient performance of the device is critical due to the growth of global energy consumption.

As nonrenewable generation fuel is finite, utilities have begun the transition to renewable energy generation. Generation and distribution systems become inherently complex to comprehend and maintain with incorporation of emerging supply and load technologies. With the unprecedented growth of LED …


A Novel Testbed For Evaluation Of Operational Technology Communications Protocols And Their On-Device Implementations, Matthew Boeding 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Novel Testbed For Evaluation Of Operational Technology Communications Protocols And Their On-Device Implementations, Matthew Boeding

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Operational Technology (OT) and Infrastructure Technology (IT) systems are converging with the rapid addition of centralized remote management in OT systems. Previously air-gapped systems are now interconnected through the internet with application-specific protocols. This has led to systems that had limited access points being remotely accessible. In different OT sectors, legacy protocols previously transmitted over serial communication were updated to allow internet communication with legacy devices. New protocols such as IEC-61850 were also introduced for monitoring of different OT resources. The IEC-61850 standard’s Generic Object Oriented Substation Event (GOOSE) protocol outlines the representation and communication of a variety of different …


Femtosecond Laser Surface Processing To Create Self-Organized Micro- And Nano-Scale Features On Composite And Ceramic Materials, Nate Koeppe 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Femtosecond Laser Surface Processing To Create Self-Organized Micro- And Nano-Scale Features On Composite And Ceramic Materials, Nate Koeppe

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) is applied to a range of materials in this thesis. The materials studied were a carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP), a thermosetting polymer, silicon nitride (Si3N4), and ceramic alumina. The CFRP is a composite material consisting of a thermosetting polymer and carbon fibers. The CFRP are referred to as a composite and the thermosetting polymer is referred to as a resin in this thesis. Alumina can exist in many different forms. The alumina used is 0.5 mm thick nonporous alumina sheets purchased from McMaster-Carr, and will be referred to as alumina …


Classifying Toe Walking Gait Patterns Among Children Diagnosed With Idiopathic Toe Walking Using Wearable Sensors And Machine Learning Algorithms, Rahul Soangra, Yuxin Wen, Hualin Yang, Marybeth Grant-Beuttler 2022 Chapman University

Classifying Toe Walking Gait Patterns Among Children Diagnosed With Idiopathic Toe Walking Using Wearable Sensors And Machine Learning Algorithms, Rahul Soangra, Yuxin Wen, Hualin Yang, Marybeth Grant-Beuttler

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Idiopathic toe walking (ITW) is a gait abnormality in which children’s toes touch at initial contact and demonstrate limited or no heel contact throughout the gait cycle. Toe walking results in poor balance, increased risk of falling, and developmental delays among children. Identifying toe walking steps during walking can facilitate targeted intervention among children diagnosed with ITW. With recent advances in wearable sensing, communication technologies, and machine learning, new avenues of managing toe walking behavior among children are feasible. In this study, we investigate the capabilities of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms in identifying initial foot contact (heel strike versus toe …


A Comparison Of Correlation-Agnostic Techniques For Magnetic Navigation, Clark N. Taylor, Josh Hiatt 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Comparison Of Correlation-Agnostic Techniques For Magnetic Navigation, Clark N. Taylor, Josh Hiatt

Faculty Publications

Navigation using a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is common for autonomous vehicles (ground or air). Unfortunately, GNSS-based navigation solutions are often susceptible to jamming, interference, and a limited number of satellites. A proposed technique to aid in navigation when a GNSS-based system fails is magnetic navigation - navigation using the Earth's magnetic anomaly field. This solution comes with its own set of problems including the need for quality magnetic maps in every area in which magnetic navigation will be used. Many of the currently available magnetic maps are generated from a combination of dated magnetic surveys, resulting in maps …


Modeling And Analysis Of A 12kw Solar-Wind Hybrid Renewable Energy System, Ekaterina Muravleva 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Modeling And Analysis Of A 12kw Solar-Wind Hybrid Renewable Energy System, Ekaterina Muravleva

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The increase in rate of depletion of natural resources in the last decade as well as the increased global focus on climate change has made the transition to renewable resources of energy a priority for various countries and organizations across the globe. The sporadic nature of energy generated by photovoltaic systems and wind energy conversion systems has led to an increased utilization of more reliable hybrid renewable energy systems. A combination of both solar and wind energy-based power generations systems reduces the impact of seasonal variation on the amount of power generated and therefore, can be used under varying weather …


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