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Anomaly Detection On Partial Point Clouds For The Purpose Of Identifying Damage On The Exterior Of Spacecrafts, Kaitlin T. Hutton 2023 Western University

Anomaly Detection On Partial Point Clouds For The Purpose Of Identifying Damage On The Exterior Of Spacecrafts, Kaitlin T. Hutton

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Canadarm3 is going to operate autonomously aboard the Lunar Gateway space station for the purpose of inspections and repairs. To make the repairs, damage to the spacecraft needs to be detected accurately and automatically. This research investigates methods for training Machine Learning models on 3D point clouds to identify anomalous structural damage. The PointNet algorithm was used to train models on point clouds without affecting their structure. The optimal training data style was found by comparing how well the different styles of data performed at classifying the point cloud testing data. Two different methods of anomaly detection were tested …


Para Cima Y Pa’ Abajo: Building Bridges Between Hci Research In Latin America And In The Global North, Pedro Reynolds-Cuéllar, Marisol Wong-Villacres, Karla A. Badillo-Urquiola, Mayra Donaji Barrera-Machuca, Franceli L. Cibrian, Marianela Ciolfi Felice, Carolina Fuentes, Laura Sanely Gaytán-Lugo, Vivian Genaro Motti, Monica Perusquía-Hernández, Oscar A. Lemus 2023 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Para Cima Y Pa’ Abajo: Building Bridges Between Hci Research In Latin America And In The Global North, Pedro Reynolds-Cuéllar, Marisol Wong-Villacres, Karla A. Badillo-Urquiola, Mayra Donaji Barrera-Machuca, Franceli L. Cibrian, Marianela Ciolfi Felice, Carolina Fuentes, Laura Sanely Gaytán-Lugo, Vivian Genaro Motti, Monica Perusquía-Hernández, Oscar A. Lemus

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

The Human-computer Interaction (HCI) community has the opportunity to foster the integration of research practices across the Global South and North to begin overcoming colonial relationships. In this paper, we focus on the case of Latin America (LATAM), where initiatives to increase the representation of HCI practitioners lack a consolidated understanding of the practices they employ, the factors that influence them, and the challenges that practitioners face. To address this knowledge gap, we employ a mixed-methods approach, comprising a survey (66 respondents) and in-depth interviews (19 interviewees). Our analyses characterize a set of research perspectives on how HCI is practiced …


A Parametric Numerical Analysis Investigation To Optimize The Performance Of The Ranque-Hilsch Vortex Tube, Muneer Ahmad Sungur 2023 United Arab Emirates University

A Parametric Numerical Analysis Investigation To Optimize The Performance Of The Ranque-Hilsch Vortex Tube, Muneer Ahmad Sungur

Theses

A vortex tube is a device that separates compressed air into two streams: one with a higher temperature (hot stream) and the other with a lower temperature (cold stream). It is a popular cooling option because it is small, safe, and affordable. The main objective of this thesis is to examine the energy separation performance of RHVT by varying the internal tapering angles of convergent angles (2°, 1.75°, 1.5°, 1.25°, 1°, 0.75°, and 0.5°), straight angles (0°), and divergent angles (0.5°, 1°, 2°, 4°, and 6°), While the cold mass fraction is constant (0.317). Length-to-diameter ratio (Lt/Dt), inlet pressure, and …


Implementing Commercial Inverse Design Tools For Compact, Phase-Encoded, Plasmonic Digital Logic Devices, Michael Efseaff, Kyle Wynne, Krishna Narayan, Mark C. Harrison 2023 Chapman University

Implementing Commercial Inverse Design Tools For Compact, Phase-Encoded, Plasmonic Digital Logic Devices, Michael Efseaff, Kyle Wynne, Krishna Narayan, Mark C. Harrison

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Numerical simulations have become an essential design tool in the field of photonics, especially for nanophotonics. In particular, 3D finite-difference-time-domain (FDTD) simulations are popular for their powerful design capabilities. Increasingly, researchers are developing or using inverse design tools to improve device footprints and performance. These tools often make use of 3D FDTD simulations and the adjoint optimization method. We implement a commercial inverse design tool with these features for several plasmonic devices that push the boundaries of the tool. We design a logic gate with complex design requirements as well as a y-splitter and waveguide crossing. With minimal code changes, …


Utilizing Inverse Design To Create Plasmonic Waveguide Devices, Michael Efseaff, Kyle Wynne, Mark C. Harrison 2023 Chapman University

Utilizing Inverse Design To Create Plasmonic Waveguide Devices, Michael Efseaff, Kyle Wynne, Mark C. Harrison

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

In modern communications networks, data is transmitted over long distances using optical fibers. At nodes in the network, the data is converted to an electrical signal to be processed, and then converted back into an optical signal to be sent over fiber optics. This process results in higher power consumption and adds to transmission time. However, by processing the data optically, we can begin to alleviate these issues and surpass systems which rely on electronics. One promising approach for this is plasmonic devices. Plasmonic waveguide devices have smaller footprints than silicon photonics for more compact photonic integrated circuits, although they …


Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian) 2023 Central University of South Bihar, Panchanpur, Gaya, Bihar

Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian)

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to explore ChatGPT’s potential as an innovative designer tool for the future development of artificial intelligence. Specifically, this conceptual investigation aims to analyze ChatGPT’s capabilities as a tool for designing and developing near about human intelligent systems for futuristic used and developed in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Also with the helps of this paper, researchers are analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of ChatGPT as a tool, and identify possible areas for improvement in its development and implementation. This investigation focused on the various features and functions of ChatGPT that …


Low-Power Redundant-Transition-Free Tspc Dual-Edge-Triggering Flip-Flop Using Single-Transistor-Clocked Buffer, Zisong Wang, Peiyi Zhao, Tom Springer, Congyi Zhu, Jaccob Mau, Andrew Wells, Yinshui Xia, Lingli Wang 2023 University of California, Irvine

Low-Power Redundant-Transition-Free Tspc Dual-Edge-Triggering Flip-Flop Using Single-Transistor-Clocked Buffer, Zisong Wang, Peiyi Zhao, Tom Springer, Congyi Zhu, Jaccob Mau, Andrew Wells, Yinshui Xia, Lingli Wang

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

In the modern graphics processing unit (GPU)/artificial intelligence (AI) era, flip-flop (FF) has become one of the most power-hungry blocks in processors. To address this issue, a novel single-phase-clock dual-edge-triggering (DET) FF using a single-transistor-clocked (STC) buffer (STCB) is proposed. The STCB uses a single-clocked transistor in the data sampling path, which completely removes clock redundant transitions (RTs) and internal RTs that exist in other DET designs. Verified by post-layout simulations in 22 nm fully depleted silicon on insulator (FD-SOI) CMOS, when operating at 10% switching activity, the proposed STC-DET outperforms prior state-of-the-art low-power DET in power consumption by 14% …


Unsupervised Learning Algorithm For Noise Suppression And Speech Enhancement Applications, Abdullah Zaini Alsheibi 2023 University of Denver

Unsupervised Learning Algorithm For Noise Suppression And Speech Enhancement Applications, Abdullah Zaini Alsheibi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Smart and intelligent devices are being integrated more and more into day-to-day life to perform a multitude of tasks. These tasks include, but are not limited to, job automation, smart utility management, etc., with the aim to improve quality of life and to make normal day-to-day chores as effortless as possible. These smart devices may or may not be connected to the internet to accomplish tasks. Additionally, human-machine interaction with such devices may be touch-screen based or based on voice commands. To understand and act upon received voice commands, these devices require to enhance and distinguish the (clean) speech signal …


In-Field Solar Panel Assessment And Fault Diagnosis, Muhammad Elgamal 2023 American University in Cairo

In-Field Solar Panel Assessment And Fault Diagnosis, Muhammad Elgamal

Theses and Dissertations

Photovoltaic energy is a green energy that suit from small houses to high-power stations spanning large areas. In such large areas, monitoring individual panels can be a tedious task, especially if it was required to identify operational faults of these panels. Photovoltaic 4.0 technology depend on collecting data from each station and feeding them to a central processing system that can analyze operation data and hopefully locate when a fault happens. In such method, it is crucial to be accurate as much as possible and for measuring device to be accurate as well to have a clear judgement. In this …


Modeling The Early Visual System, Nicholas Lanning 2023 University of Kentucky

Modeling The Early Visual System, Nicholas Lanning

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

There are two encoding schema present in simple cells in the early visual system of vertebrates: the retinal simple cells activate highly when the receptive field contains a center surround stimulus, while the primary visual cortex’s (V1) simple cells activate highly when the receptive field contains visual edges. Work has been done in the past to enforce constraints on visual machine learning such that the retinal or V1 encoding is learned, but this work is often done to emulate retinal and V1 encoding in a vacuum. Recent work using convolutional neural networks focuses on anatomical constraints along with a supervised …


Wireless Kick Pedal, Jacob Wise, Ryan Kinyo, Bradley Toth, Ian Zanath 2023 The University of Akron

Wireless Kick Pedal, Jacob Wise, Ryan Kinyo, Bradley Toth, Ian Zanath

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The goal of the project is to build a wireless kick pedal that allows accessibility to drummers that have leg or foot disabilities and add versatility to multi-instrumentalists looking to add percussion while playing another instrument. The proposed pedal is designed in two main parts, a wearable band that tracks the player’s movement, and a hammer mechanism that receives actuation commands from the wearable band to move the hammer and deliver a drumbeat. The band is designed to be worn on several parts of the body, including the ankle, knee, thigh, or even the arm depending on the user’s situation. …


Development Of Sensing And Programming Activities For Engineering Technology Pathways Using A Virtual Arduino Simulation Platform, Murat Kuzlu, Vukica Jovanovic, Otilia Popescu, Salih Sarp 2023 Old Dominion University

Development Of Sensing And Programming Activities For Engineering Technology Pathways Using A Virtual Arduino Simulation Platform, Murat Kuzlu, Vukica Jovanovic, Otilia Popescu, Salih Sarp

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

The Arduino platform has long been an efficient tool in teaching electrical engineering technology, electrical engineering, and computer science concepts in schools and universities and introducing new learners to programming and microcontrollers. Numerous Arduino projects are widely available through the open-source community, and they can help students to have hands-on experience in building circuits and programming electronics with a wide variety of topics that can make learning electrical prototyping fun. The educational fields of electrical engineering and electrical engineering technology need continuous updating to keep up with the continuous evolution of the computer system. Although the traditional Arduino platform has …


Community And Key Player Detection For Disrupting Illicit Drug Supply Networks In Social Media Platforms – Especially On Instagram, Akassi Rachel Niamke Aman 2023 West Virginia University

Community And Key Player Detection For Disrupting Illicit Drug Supply Networks In Social Media Platforms – Especially On Instagram, Akassi Rachel Niamke Aman

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

This thesis focuses on the pressing issue of illicit drug trafficking and its impact on public health and safety at a global level. With the advent of digital technologies and social media platforms, combating drug trafficking has become increasingly challenging for law enforcement and researchers alike. Among these platforms, Instagram, a popular photo and video-sharing social networking platform, has emerged as a prominent hub for drug trafficking activities.

In this study, we delve into the effectiveness of community and key player detection algorithms in identifying and disrupting illicit drug supply networks on Instagram. To conduct our research, we collected real …


Investigating The Impact Of Demographic Factors On Contactless Fingerprint Interoperability, Aeddon David Berti 2023 West Virginia University

Investigating The Impact Of Demographic Factors On Contactless Fingerprint Interoperability, Aeddon David Berti

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Improvements in contactless fingerprinting have resulted in contactless fingerprints becoming a faster and more convenient alternative to contact fingerprints. The interoperability between contactless fingerprints and contact fingerprints and how demographic factors can change interoperability has been challenging since COVID-19; the need for hygienic alternatives has only grown because of the sudden focus during the pandemic. Past work has shown issues with the interoperability of contactless prints from kiosk devices and phone fingerprint collection apps. Demographic bias in photography for facial recognition could affect photographed fingerprints. The paper focuses on evaluating match performance between contact and contactless fingerprints and evaluating match …


Weakly-Supervised Learning Method For The Recognition Of Potato Leaf Diseases, Junde Chen, Xiaofang Deng, Yuxin Wen, Weirong Chen, Adnan Zeb, Defu Zhang 2022 Chapman University

Weakly-Supervised Learning Method For The Recognition Of Potato Leaf Diseases, Junde Chen, Xiaofang Deng, Yuxin Wen, Weirong Chen, Adnan Zeb, Defu Zhang

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

As a crucial food crop, potatoes are highly consumed worldwide, while they are also susceptible to being infected by diverse diseases. Early detection and diagnosis can prevent the epidemic of plant diseases and raise crop yields. To this end, this study proposed a weakly-supervised learning approach for the identification of potato plant diseases. The foundation network was applied with the lightweight MobileNet V2, and to enhance the learning ability for minute lesion features, we modified the existing MobileNet-V2 architecture using the fine-tuning approach conducted by transfer learning. Then, the atrous convolution along with the SPP module was embedded into the …


Comparing Importance Of Knowledge And Professional Skill Areas For Engineering Programming Utilizing A Two Group Delphi Survey, John F. Hutton 2022 Mississippi State University

Comparing Importance Of Knowledge And Professional Skill Areas For Engineering Programming Utilizing A Two Group Delphi Survey, John F. Hutton

Theses and Dissertations

All engineering careers require some level of programming proficiency. However, beginning programming classes are challenging for many students. Difficulties have been well-documented and contribute to high drop-out rates which prevent students from pursuing engineering. While many approaches have been tried to improve the performance of students and reduce the dropout rate, continued work is needed. This research seeks to re-examine what items are critical for programming education and how those might inform what is taught in introductory programming classes (CS1). Following trends coming from accreditation and academic boards on the importance of professional skills, we desire to rank knowledge and …


A Low-Cost, Low-Power, Scada Testbed Solution For Secure Remote Monitoring, Connor Berger 2022 Kennesaw State University

A Low-Cost, Low-Power, Scada Testbed Solution For Secure Remote Monitoring, Connor Berger

Symposium of Student Scholars

Similar to software application systems adopted by companies and businesses for product logging, payroll, human resources, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems control the distributed processes with multiple components located on different machines that communicate and coordinate actions in order to appear as a single coherent system. SCADA systems severely lack the appropriate security and hack prevention measures. We propose a low cost, low power SCADA testbed solution for secure remote monitoring. The goal of this research is to implement and test the testbed’s security by emulating attack vectors on both hardware components and communication channels to probe the …


A Robust Platform For Mobile Robotics Teaching And Developing Using Arduino’S Integrated Development Environment (Ide) For Programming The Arduino Mega 2560, Sajjad Alhassan 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Robust Platform For Mobile Robotics Teaching And Developing Using Arduino’S Integrated Development Environment (Ide) For Programming The Arduino Mega 2560, Sajjad Alhassan

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

In light of the rapid pace at which development happens with modern technology, mobile robots play an important role in our daily lives. This is due to their great importance in facilitating the affairs of life in various economic, commercial, industrial, scientific, and many other fields. In this research and project, we have restructured the microcontroller and system for one of the mobile robots (CEENBOT) that was designed by the University of Nebraska and replaced it with an Arduino Mega 2560.

The purpose of using the Arduino Mega 2560 robot is to provide alternative programming for the CEENBOT platform to …


Depth Estimation Using 2d Rgb Images, Taher Naderi 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Depth Estimation Using 2d Rgb Images, Taher Naderi

Doctoral Dissertations

Single image depth estimation is an ill-posed problem. That is, it is not mathematically possible to uniquely estimate the 3rd dimension (or depth) from a single 2D image. Hence, additional constraints need to be incorporated in order to regulate the solution space. As a result, in the first part of this dissertation, the idea of constraining the model for more accurate depth estimation by taking advantage of the similarity between the RGB image and the corresponding depth map at the geometric edges of the 3D scene is explored. Although deep learning based methods are very successful in computer vision and …


Low Power Multi-Channel Interface For Charge Based Tactile Sensors, Samuel Hansen 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Low Power Multi-Channel Interface For Charge Based Tactile Sensors, Samuel Hansen

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Analog front end electronics are designed in 65 nm CMOS technology to process charge pulses arriving from a tactile sensor array. This is accomplished through the use of charge sensitive amplifiers and discrete time filters with tunable clock signals located in each of the analog front ends. Sensors were emulated using Gaussian pulses during simulation. The digital side of the system uses SAR (successive approximation register) ADCs for sampling of the processed sensor signals.

Adviser: Sina Balkır


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