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Development Of Intermediate Band Solar Cell Through Ingan Quantum Well Structures, Kelly McKenzie 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Development Of Intermediate Band Solar Cell Through Ingan Quantum Well Structures, Kelly Mckenzie

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the search for high-efficiency solar cells, InxGa1-xN has come under scrutiny as a unique material with high potential. This is due to characteristics including an easily tunable bandgap, large range of potential bandgap values, and high heat resistance. However, one factor limiting its adaptation is the high density of crystal defects. In this thesis, the qualities of InGaN are discussed and the intermediate band solar cell structure is introduced. Additionally, the growth and characterization of two sets of InGaN-based solar cell devices are reported and evaluated.


Rural Broadband Mobile Communications: Spectrum Occupancy And Propagation Modeling In Western Montana, Erin Wiles 2017 Montana Tech

Rural Broadband Mobile Communications: Spectrum Occupancy And Propagation Modeling In Western Montana, Erin Wiles

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Fixed and mobile spectrum monitoring stations were implemented to study the spectrum range from 174 to 1000 MHz in rural and remote locations within the mountains of western Montana, USA. The measurements show that the majority of this spectrum range is underused and suitable for spectrum sharing. This work identifies available channels of 5-MHz bandwidth to test a remote mobile broadband network. Both TV broadcast stations and a cellular base station were modelled to test signal propagation and interference scenarios.


Performance Evaluation Of The Fbg Sensing Device And Comparison With Piezoelectric Sensors For Acoustic Emission Detection, Chuang Zhang, Leonard J. Bond 2017 Hebei University of Technology

Performance Evaluation Of The Fbg Sensing Device And Comparison With Piezoelectric Sensors For Acoustic Emission Detection, Chuang Zhang, Leonard J. Bond

Leonard J. Bond

In-service structural health monitoring (SHM) of engineering structures has assumed a significant role in assessing their safety and integrity. As the most mature technique in fiber-optic field, Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors have emerged as a reliable, in situ and nondestructive tool for monitoring and diagnostics in large-scale structure. Main objectives of this work are to evaluate and compare the acoustic emission (AE) sensing characteristics simultaneously with FBG sensor array and piezoelectric (PZ) sensors. The pencil-lead-break (PLB) test, ball dropping test and the excitation from the PZ transducer are treated as the AE source which conducted on the platy and ...


Chiral Light Intrinsically Couples To Extrinsic/Pseudo-Chiral Metasurfaces Made Of Tilted Gold Nanowires, Alessandro Belardini, Marco Centini, Grigore Leahu, David C. Hooper, Roberto Li Voti, Eugenio Fazio, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Ventsislav K. Valev, Concita Sibilia 2017 Sapienza Università di Roma

Chiral Light Intrinsically Couples To Extrinsic/Pseudo-Chiral Metasurfaces Made Of Tilted Gold Nanowires, Alessandro Belardini, Marco Centini, Grigore Leahu, David C. Hooper, Roberto Li Voti, Eugenio Fazio, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Ventsislav K. Valev, Concita Sibilia

Andrew Sarangan

Extrinsic or pseudo-chiral (meta)surfaces have an achiral structure, yet they can give rise to circular dichroism when the experiment itself becomes chiral. Although these surfaces are known to yield differences in reflected and transmitted circularly polarized light, the exact mechanism of the interaction has never been directly demonstrated. Here we present a comprehensive linear and nonlinear optical investigation of a metasurface composed of tilted gold nanowires. In the linear regime, we directly demonstrate the selective absorption of circularly polarised light depending on the orientation of the metasurface. In the nonlinear regime, we demonstrate for the first time how second ...


Chiral Light Intrinsically Couples To Extrinsic/Pseudo-Chiral Metasurfaces Made Of Tilted Gold Nanowires, Alessandro Belardini, Marco Centini, Grigore Leahu, David C. Hooper, Roberto Li Voti, Eugenio Fazio, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Ventsislav K. Valev, Concita Sibilia 2017 Sapienza Università di Roma

Chiral Light Intrinsically Couples To Extrinsic/Pseudo-Chiral Metasurfaces Made Of Tilted Gold Nanowires, Alessandro Belardini, Marco Centini, Grigore Leahu, David C. Hooper, Roberto Li Voti, Eugenio Fazio, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Ventsislav K. Valev, Concita Sibilia

Joseph W Haus

Extrinsic or pseudo-chiral (meta)surfaces have an achiral structure, yet they can give rise to circular dichroism when the experiment itself becomes chiral. Although these surfaces are known to yield differences in reflected and transmitted circularly polarized light, the exact mechanism of the interaction has never been directly demonstrated. Here we present a comprehensive linear and nonlinear optical investigation of a metasurface composed of tilted gold nanowires. In the linear regime, we directly demonstrate the selective absorption of circularly polarised light depending on the orientation of the metasurface. In the nonlinear regime, we demonstrate for the first time how second ...


Role Of Antenna Modes And Field Enhancement In Second Harmonic Generation From Dipole Nanoantennas, Domenico de Ceglia, Maria Antonietta Vincenti, Costantino De Angelis, Andrea Locatelli, Joseph W. Haus, Michael Scalora 2017 Charles M. Bowden Research Center

Role Of Antenna Modes And Field Enhancement In Second Harmonic Generation From Dipole Nanoantennas, Domenico De Ceglia, Maria Antonietta Vincenti, Costantino De Angelis, Andrea Locatelli, Joseph W. Haus, Michael Scalora

Joseph W Haus

We study optical second harmonic generation from metallic dipole antennas with narrow gaps. Enhancement of the fundamental-frequency field in the gap region plays a marginal role on conversion efficiency. In the symmetric configuration, i.e., with the gap located at the center of the antenna axis, reducing gap size induces a significant red-shift of the maximum conversion efficiency peak. Either enhancement or inhibition of second-harmonic emission may be observed as gap size is decreased, depending on the antenna mode excited at the harmonic frequency. The second-harmonic signal is extremely sensitive to the asymmetry introduced by gap’s displacements with respect ...


Simulation Of Anisoplanatic Imaging Through Optical Turbulence Using Numerical Wave Propagation With New Validation Analysis, Russell C. Hardie, Jonathan D. Power, Daniel A. LeMaster, Douglas R. Droege, Szymon Gladysz, Santasri Bose-Pillai 2017 University of Dayton

Simulation Of Anisoplanatic Imaging Through Optical Turbulence Using Numerical Wave Propagation With New Validation Analysis, Russell C. Hardie, Jonathan D. Power, Daniel A. Lemaster, Douglas R. Droege, Szymon Gladysz, Santasri Bose-Pillai

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

We present a numerical wave propagation method for simulating imaging of an extended scene under anisoplanatic conditions. While isoplanatic simulation is relatively common, few tools are specifically designed for simulating the imaging of extended scenes under anisoplanatic conditions. We provide a complete description of the proposed simulation tool, including the wave propagation method used. Our approach computes an array of point spread functions (PSFs) for a two-dimensional grid on the object plane. The PSFs are then used in a spatially varying weighted sum operation, with an ideal image, to produce a simulated image with realistic optical turbulence degradation. The degradation ...


Block Matching And Wiener Filtering Approach To Optical Turbulence Mitigation And Its Application To Simulated And Real Imagery With Quantitative Error Analysis, Russell C. Hardie, Michael Armand Rucci, Barry K. Karch, Alexander J. Dapore 2017 University of Dayton

Block Matching And Wiener Filtering Approach To Optical Turbulence Mitigation And Its Application To Simulated And Real Imagery With Quantitative Error Analysis, Russell C. Hardie, Michael Armand Rucci, Barry K. Karch, Alexander J. Dapore

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

We present a block-matching and Wiener filtering approach to atmospheric turbulence mitigation for long-range imaging of extended scenes. We evaluate the proposed method, along with some benchmark methods, using simulated and real-image sequences. The simulated data are generated with a simulation tool developed by one of the authors. These data provide objective truth and allow for quantitative error analysis. The proposed turbulence mitigation method takes a sequence of short-exposure frames of a static scene and outputs a single restored image. A block-matching registration algorithm is used to provide geometric correction for each of the individual input frames. The registered frames ...


Design Of Radio-Frequency Arrays For Ultra-High Field Mri, Ian R O Connell 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Design Of Radio-Frequency Arrays For Ultra-High Field Mri, Ian R O Connell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is an indispensable, non-invasive diagnostic tool for the assessment of disease and function. As an investigational device, MRI has found routine use in both basic science research and medicine for both human and non-human subjects.

Due to the potential increase in spatial resolution, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and the ability to exploit novel tissue contrasts, the main magnetic field strength of human MRI scanners has steadily increased since inception. Beginning in the early 1980’s, 0.15 T human MRI scanners have steadily risen in main magnetic field strength with ultra-high field (UHF) 8 T MRI systems ...


Radiometric Thermometry For Wearable Deep Tissue Monitoring, Parisa Momenroodaki 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Radiometric Thermometry For Wearable Deep Tissue Monitoring, Parisa Momenroodaki

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Microwave thermometry is an attractive non-invasive method for measuring internal body temperature. This approach has the potential of enabling a wearable device that can continuously monitor core body temperature. There are a number of health-related applications in both diagnostics and therapy, which can benefit from the knowledge of core body temperature. However,there are a limited number of device solutions, which are usually not wearable or cannot continuously monitor internal body temperature non-invasively. In this thesis, a possible path toward implementing such a thermometer is presented. The device operates in the "quiet" frequency band of 1.4 GHz which is ...


A Deterministic And Random Propagation Study With The Design Of An Open Path 320ghz To 340ghz Transmissometer, Lawrence James Scally 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

A Deterministic And Random Propagation Study With The Design Of An Open Path 320ghz To 340ghz Transmissometer, Lawrence James Scally

Electrical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

A Deterministic and Random Propagation Study with the Design of an Open Path THz 320GHz to 340GHz Transmissometer

Thesis directed by Prof. Albin J. Gasiewski

This program was implemented by Lawrence J. Scally for a Ph.D. under the EECE department at the University of Colorado at Boulder with most funding provided by the U.S. Army. Professor Gasiewski is the advisor and guider for the entire program; he has a strong history decades ago in this type of program. This program is developing a more advanced than previous years transmissometer, called Terahertz Atmospheric and Ionospheric Propagation, Absorption and Scattering ...


Hybrid Parallelization Of The Nasa Gemini Electromagnetic Modeling Tool, Buxton L. Johnson Sr. 2017 University of Kentucky

Hybrid Parallelization Of The Nasa Gemini Electromagnetic Modeling Tool, Buxton L. Johnson Sr.

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Understanding, predicting, and controlling electromagnetic field interactions on and between complex RF platforms requires high fidelity computational electromagnetic (CEM) simulation. The primary CEM tool within NASA is GEMINI, an integral equation based method-of-moments (MoM) code for frequency domain electromagnetic modeling. However, GEMINI is currently limited in the size and complexity of problems that can be effectively handled. To extend GEMINI’S CEM capabilities beyond those currently available, primary research is devoted to integrating the MFDlib library developed at the University of Kentucky with GEMINI for efficient filling, factorization, and solution of large electromagnetic problems formulated using integral equation methods. A ...


Sparse Direct Solution Methods For Capacitive Extraction Problems On Closely-Spaced Geometries With High Aspect Ratios, Chee Kean Chang 2017 University of Kentucky

Sparse Direct Solution Methods For Capacitive Extraction Problems On Closely-Spaced Geometries With High Aspect Ratios, Chee Kean Chang

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

The method of moment (MoM) [1] is a widely used method in electromagnetics to solve static and dynamic electromagnetic problems on varying geometries. However, in closely spaced geometries coupled with large aspect ratios, e.g. a large parallel plate capacitor with very small separation gap, the problem exhibits several challenges. Firstly, the close proximity of the field and source elements presents problems with convergence in numerical evaluations of the interactions between them. Secondly, the aspect ratio of the geometry gives an approximation whereby to far field points, the source contributions from locations that are far apart appear to cancel each ...


A Physics-Based Approach For Power Integrity In Multi-Layered Pcbs, Biyao Zhao 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Physics-Based Approach For Power Integrity In Multi-Layered Pcbs, Biyao Zhao

Masters Theses

"Developing a power distribution network (PDN) for ASICs and ICs to achieve the low-voltage ripple specifications for current digital designs is challenging with the high-speed and low-voltage ICs. Present methods are typically guided by best engineering practices for low impedance looking into the PDN from the IC. A pre-layout design methodology for power integrity in multi-layered PCB PDN geometry is proposed in the thesis. The PCB PDN geometry is segmented into four parts and every part is modelled using different methods based on the geometry details of the part. Physics-based circuit models are built for every part and the four ...


Generating Fast And Accurate Compliance Reports For Various Data Rates, Srinath Penugonda 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Generating Fast And Accurate Compliance Reports For Various Data Rates, Srinath Penugonda

Masters Theses

"As the demands on the industry data rates have increased there is a need for interoperable interfaces to function flawlessly. Added to this complexity, the number of I/O data lines are also increasing making it more time consuming to design and test. This in general leads to creating of compliance standards to which interfaces must adhere. The goal of this theses is to aid the Signal Integrity Engineers with a better and fast way of rendering a full picture of the interface compliance parameters.

Three different interfaces at various data rates were chosen. They are: 25Gbps Very Short Reach ...


Smart Rocks For Bridge Scour Monitoring -- Design And Localization Using Electromagnetic Techniques And Embedded Orientation Sensors, Andro Radchenko 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Smart Rocks For Bridge Scour Monitoring -- Design And Localization Using Electromagnetic Techniques And Embedded Orientation Sensors, Andro Radchenko

Doctoral Dissertations

"River bridge scour is an erosion process in which flowing water removes sediment materials (such as sand, rocks) from a bridge foundation, river beds and banks. As a result, the level of the river bed near a bridge pier is lowering such that the bridge foundation stability can be compromised, and the bridge can collapse. The scour is a dynamic process, which can accelerate rapidly during a flood event. Thus, regular monitoring of the scour progress is necessary to be performed at most river bridges. Present techniques are usually expensive, require large man/hour efforts, and often lack the real-time ...


Engineering Of Photo-Rechargeable Energy Storage, Ashim Gurung 2017 South Dakota State University

Engineering Of Photo-Rechargeable Energy Storage, Ashim Gurung

Theses and Dissertations

Solar photovoltaics (PV) is a very promising renewable energy technologies as it is abundant and pollution-free. However, the major drawback of PV power is its intermittency. Integration of batteries with solar modules can reduce overall PV system costs and increase the practicality of PV power. Integration of the photovoltaic cells with supercapacitor storage proved feasibility of combined photovoltaic energy generation and storage but the supercapacitors had low energy storage capacity. Photovoltaic cells with integrated Li-ion batteries as energy storage were demonstrated but had a complex structure due to multiple PV cells; low efficiency due to a mismatch between the PV ...


Optical Spectroscopy Of Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Heterostructures And Group-Iv Alloy Quantum Dots, Tanner A. Nakagawara 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Optical Spectroscopy Of Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Heterostructures And Group-Iv Alloy Quantum Dots, Tanner A. Nakagawara

Theses and Dissertations

Efficient and robust blue InGaN multiple quantum well (MQW) light emitters have become ubiquitous; however, they still have unattained theoretical potential. It is widely accepted that “localization” of carriers due to indium fluctuations theoretically enhance their efficiency by moderating defect-associated nonradiative recombination. To help develop a complete understanding of localization effects on carrier dynamics, this thesis explores degree of localization in InGaN MQWs and its dependence on well thickness and number of wells, through temperature and power dependent photoluminescence measurements. Additionally, silicon-compatible, nontoxic, colloidally synthesizable 2-5 nm Ge1-xSnx alloy quantum-dots (QDs) are explored for potential visible to ...


Noise, Stability, And Linewidth Performance Of 10-Ghz Optical Frequency Combs Generated From The Nested Cavity Architecture, Kristina Bagnell 2017 University of Central Florida

Noise, Stability, And Linewidth Performance Of 10-Ghz Optical Frequency Combs Generated From The Nested Cavity Architecture, Kristina Bagnell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Optical frequency combs with wide mode spacing and low timing jitter are relied upon for both time domain and frequency domain applications. It has been previously demonstrated that surrounding a low-Q semiconductor laser chip with a long external fiber cavity and inserting a high finesse Fabry–Pérot etalon into this cavity can produce a mode-locked laser with the desired high repetition rate and narrow optical mode linewidths which are of benefit to applications like photonic analog-to-digital conversion and astronomical spectrograph calibration. With this nested cavity architecture, the quality factor of the resonator is effectively determined by the product of the ...


Mode Evolution In Fiber Based Devices For Optical Communication Systems, Bin Huang 2017 University of Central Florida

Mode Evolution In Fiber Based Devices For Optical Communication Systems, Bin Huang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Space division multiplexing (SDM) is the most promising way of increasing the capacity of a single fiber. To enable the few mode fiber (FMF) or multi-mode fiber (MMF) transmission system, several major challenges have to be overcome. One is the urgent need of ideal mode multiplexer, the second is the perfect amplification for all spatial modes, another one is the modal delay spread (MDS) due to group velocity difference of spatial modes. The main subject of this dissertation is to model, fabricate and characterize the mode multiplexer for FMF transmission. First, we designed a novel resonant mode coupler (structured directional ...


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