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2019 Full-Text Articles 2891 Authors 426342 Downloads 56 Institutions

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Kasi: A Ka-Band And S-Band Cross-Track Interferometer, Gerard Ruiz Carregal 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Kasi: A Ka-Band And S-Band Cross-Track Interferometer, Gerard Ruiz Carregal

Masters Theses

A dual-frequency system is needed to better understand natural processes that constitute the environment and seasonal cycles of the Earth. A system working at two different wavelengths acquiring data simultaneously will give a valuable dataset since the conditions on the ground will be exactly the same. Hence, elements such as wind, soil moisture or any other changes on the ground will not interfere in the mea- surements. This thesis explains how an S-band radar was built and tested. Moreover, the experiments done with a Ka-band radar used as a scatterometer are explained as well as the data processing and analysis ...


Topography Measurements Using An Airborne Ka-Band Fmcw Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar, Kan Fu 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Topography Measurements Using An Airborne Ka-Band Fmcw Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar, Kan Fu

Doctoral Dissertations

Radar interferometry at millimeter-wave frequencies has the ability of topography measurement of different types of terrain, such as water surfaces and tree canopies. A Ka-band interferometric radar was mounted on an airborne platform, and flown over the Connecticut river region in western Massachusetts near Amherst on June 11, 2012. More than 20 Gigabytes of raw data was recorded. This dissertation outline presents the results of the data processing, which includes (1) the estimation and removal of the embedded high frequency phase error in the raw data; (2) the synthetic aperture processing; (3) the interferometric processing. The digital elevation model (DEM ...


Noise, Stability, And Linewidth Performance Of 10-Ghz Optical Frequency Combs Generated From The Nested Cavity Architecture, Kristina Bagnell 2017 University of Central Florida

Noise, Stability, And Linewidth Performance Of 10-Ghz Optical Frequency Combs Generated From The Nested Cavity Architecture, Kristina Bagnell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Optical frequency combs with wide mode spacing and low timing jitter are relied upon for both time domain and frequency domain applications. It has been previously demonstrated that surrounding a low-Q semiconductor laser chip with a long external fiber cavity and inserting a high finesse Fabry–Pérot etalon into this cavity can produce a mode-locked laser with the desired high repetition rate and narrow optical mode linewidths which are of benefit to applications like photonic analog-to-digital conversion and astronomical spectrograph calibration. With this nested cavity architecture, the quality factor of the resonator is effectively determined by the product of the ...


Smart Rocks For Bridge Scour Monitoring -- Design And Localization Using Electromagnetic Techniques And Embedded Orientation Sensors, Andro Radchenko 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Smart Rocks For Bridge Scour Monitoring -- Design And Localization Using Electromagnetic Techniques And Embedded Orientation Sensors, Andro Radchenko

Doctoral Dissertations

"River bridge scour is an erosion process in which flowing water removes sediment materials (such as sand, rocks) from a bridge foundation, river beds and banks. As a result, the level of the river bed near a bridge pier is lowering such that the bridge foundation stability can be compromised, and the bridge can collapse. The scour is a dynamic process, which can accelerate rapidly during a flood event. Thus, regular monitoring of the scour progress is necessary to be performed at most river bridges. Present techniques are usually expensive, require large man/hour efforts, and often lack the real-time ...


A Physics-Based Approach For Power Integrity In Multi-Layered Pcbs, Biyao Zhao 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Physics-Based Approach For Power Integrity In Multi-Layered Pcbs, Biyao Zhao

Masters Theses

"Developing a power distribution network (PDN) for ASICs and ICs to achieve the low-voltage ripple specifications for current digital designs is challenging with the high-speed and low-voltage ICs. Present methods are typically guided by best engineering practices for low impedance looking into the PDN from the IC. A pre-layout design methodology for power integrity in multi-layered PCB PDN geometry is proposed in the thesis. The PCB PDN geometry is segmented into four parts and every part is modelled using different methods based on the geometry details of the part. Physics-based circuit models are built for every part and the four ...


Generating Fast And Accurate Compliance Reports For Various Data Rates, Srinath Penugonda 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Generating Fast And Accurate Compliance Reports For Various Data Rates, Srinath Penugonda

Masters Theses

"As the demands on the industry data rates have increased there is a need for interoperable interfaces to function flawlessly. Added to this complexity, the number of I/O data lines are also increasing making it more time consuming to design and test. This in general leads to creating of compliance standards to which interfaces must adhere. The goal of this theses is to aid the Signal Integrity Engineers with a better and fast way of rendering a full picture of the interface compliance parameters.

Three different interfaces at various data rates were chosen. They are: 25Gbps Very Short Reach ...


Hybrid Parallelization Of The Nasa Gemini Electromagnetic Modeling Tool, Buxton L. Johnson Sr. 2017 University of Kentucky

Hybrid Parallelization Of The Nasa Gemini Electromagnetic Modeling Tool, Buxton L. Johnson Sr.

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Understanding, predicting, and controlling electromagnetic field interactions on and between complex RF platforms requires high fidelity computational electromagnetic (CEM) simulation. The primary CEM tool within NASA is GEMINI, an integral equation based method-of-moments (MoM) code for frequency domain electromagnetic modeling. However, GEMINI is currently limited in the size and complexity of problems that can be effectively handled. To extend GEMINI’S CEM capabilities beyond those currently available, primary research is devoted to integrating the MFDlib library developed at the University of Kentucky with GEMINI for efficient filling, factorization, and solution of large electromagnetic problems formulated using integral equation methods. A ...


Sparse Direct Solution Methods For Capacitive Extraction Problems On Closely-Spaced Geometries With High Aspect Ratios, Chee Kean Chang 2017 University of Kentucky

Sparse Direct Solution Methods For Capacitive Extraction Problems On Closely-Spaced Geometries With High Aspect Ratios, Chee Kean Chang

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

The method of moment (MoM) [1] is a widely used method in electromagnetics to solve static and dynamic electromagnetic problems on varying geometries. However, in closely spaced geometries coupled with large aspect ratios, e.g. a large parallel plate capacitor with very small separation gap, the problem exhibits several challenges. Firstly, the close proximity of the field and source elements presents problems with convergence in numerical evaluations of the interactions between them. Secondly, the aspect ratio of the geometry gives an approximation whereby to far field points, the source contributions from locations that are far apart appear to cancel each ...


Scatterometry Of 50 Nm Half Pitch Features, ruichao zhu 2016 university of new mexico

Scatterometry Of 50 Nm Half Pitch Features, Ruichao Zhu

Optical Science and Engineering ETDs

Metrology technologies are an essential adjunct to Integrated Circuit (I.C.) Semiconductor manufacturing. Scatterometry, an optical metrology, was chosen to measure 50 nm half pitch feature structures. A bread-board scatterometry system has been assembled to provide a non-contact, non-destructive, accurate and flexible measurement. A real-time, on-line scatterometry system has also been demonstrated and proven to provide a high throughput measurement.

Three different types of samples have been measured using the scatterometry setup. The wire-grid polarizer (WGP) sample has been made by Jet and Flash Nanoimprint Lithography with ~100 nm pitch and ~50 nm wide ~200 nm tall Al gratings on ...


Effects Of Position, Orientation, And Metal Loss On Ground Penetrating Radar Signals From Structural Rebar, David J. Eisenmann, Frank J. Margetan, Chien-Ping T. Chou, Shelby Ellis 2016 Iowa State University

Effects Of Position, Orientation, And Metal Loss On Ground Penetrating Radar Signals From Structural Rebar, David J. Eisenmann, Frank J. Margetan, Chien-Ping T. Chou, Shelby Ellis

David Eisenmann

Past experimental work on a highway bridge in central Iowa [1] suggested that ground penetrating radar (GPR) signals could possibly be used to differentiate intact rebar from those having substantial metal loss due to corrosion. That study made use of the amplitudes of GPR signals reflected by rebar, as obtained using a commercial instrument operated in pulse/echo mode. Many factors can contribute to the strength of the echo seen from a given rebar, including the rebar’s length, its distance from and tilt angle relative to the antenna, and the location and size of the metal-loss region. In this ...


Data Logging System For A Synthetic Aperture Radar Unit, Nicholas J. Testin, Philip Davis, Ian Dorell, Alexander Gillespie 2016 Kennesaw State University

Data Logging System For A Synthetic Aperture Radar Unit, Nicholas J. Testin, Philip Davis, Ian Dorell, Alexander Gillespie

Honors College Capstones and Theses

A small, existing radar unit lacked the ability to automatically store the data it was receiving, which made its use clunky and cumbersome. A system was constructed to allow an on-board microprocessor to track distance traveled, and automatically store the data output from the radar unit to a portable memory unit for later data processing. Distance traveled is determined using a specially designed mobile cart, which electronically converts the rotation of a wheel into an electrical signal while also providing stability for taking accurate radar measurements. The output data from the radar unit is stored as a properly-formatted sound file ...


Time Domain Analysis Of Terahertz Photoconductive Antennas Using High- Frequency Structure Simulator (Hfss), David Carballo 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Time Domain Analysis Of Terahertz Photoconductive Antennas Using High- Frequency Structure Simulator (Hfss), David Carballo

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this thesis, an in-depth guide and description on how to model and perform frequency and mainly time domain analysis of a THz photoconductive antenna using HFSS will be presented. The main purpose of this thesis is to master and document the procedures for transient domain analysis in HFSS to fill the lack of documentation about this topic. Moreover, another goal is to compare the results from HFSS with the ones from another program, COMSOL (conducted by a PhD student), in order to validate the correctness of the procedure.

From this thesis, it can be concluded that in order to ...


Photoluminescence Studies Of Amorphous Boron Carbide And Tungsten Diselenide Thin Films, David M. Allendorfer 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Photoluminescence Studies Of Amorphous Boron Carbide And Tungsten Diselenide Thin Films, David M. Allendorfer

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

For many years scientists and engineers have been researching semi-conducting materials for use in a broad array of electronic devices. With the growing demand for faster, smaller and more efficient electronics, new materials must be characterized and their properties quantified. The focus of this thesis is to develop a system to measure photoluminescence in opto-electronic materials. Photoluminescence measurements are important because it can give researchers valuable information about a material’s band structure. This thesis begins by presenting the carrier recombination mechanisms and how they apply to photoluminescence. A system was developed to measure photoluminescence spectroscopy. This system was tested ...


Vector Magneto-Optical Generalized Ellipsometry For Determining Magneto-Optical Properties Of Thin Films, Chad Briley 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Vector Magneto-Optical Generalized Ellipsometry For Determining Magneto-Optical Properties Of Thin Films, Chad Briley

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Modern growth techniques allow for highly complex nano scale thin films to be created. These new films possess highly anisotropic properties structurally, optically, and magnetically that are significantly different from that of their bulk counterparts and must be accurately characterized in order to optimize desired properties for applications in next generation devices. Current magnetometry techniques focus on high symmetry characterization, namely in and out of the sample plane, and therefore do not possess the capabilities to fully explore these anisotropic properties without complicated setups and multiple sample manipulations. The author describes a setup that combines generalized ellipsometry with an octu-pole ...


Development Of Breast Tissue Phantoms For Enhanced Terahertz Imaging Utilizing Microdiamond And Nano-Onion Particles, Alec Walter 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Development Of Breast Tissue Phantoms For Enhanced Terahertz Imaging Utilizing Microdiamond And Nano-Onion Particles, Alec Walter

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis presents the work performed to develop tissue phantoms and a contrast agent that will be used in future research of terahertz time-domain imaging of breast tumor margins. Since an excised breast tumor can contain healthy fibrous and fatty tissues along with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), three phantom materials were developed. Solid phantom materials were made by using TX151 to solidify water in order to tune the refractive index and absorption coefficient of the fibrous tissue phantom and IDC phantom to the properties of freshly excised breast tissue. Various amounts of olive oil were added to the water prior ...


A Multi-Channel 3d-Printed Bioreactor For Evaluation Of Growth And Production In The Microalga Dunaliella Sp, Cristian A. Cox 2016 University of Maine

A Multi-Channel 3d-Printed Bioreactor For Evaluation Of Growth And Production In The Microalga Dunaliella Sp, Cristian A. Cox

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

We explored the capabilities of additive manufacturing using a photo-cured jetted material 3D printer to manufacture a milli-microfluidic device with direct application in microalgae Dunaliella sp growth and intracellular compounds biosynthesis tests. A continuous microbioreactor for microalgae culture was CAD designed and successfully built in 1 hour and 49 minutes using black photopolymer cured by UV and a support material. The microreactor was made up of 2 parts including the bioreactor itself and a microchannel network for culture media fluids and microalgae. Both parts were assembled to form a single unit. Additional optical and auxiliar components were added. An external ...


Design, Fabrication And Measurement Of A Plasmonic Enhanced Terahertz Photoconductive Antenna, Nathan Matthias Burford 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design, Fabrication And Measurement Of A Plasmonic Enhanced Terahertz Photoconductive Antenna, Nathan Matthias Burford

Theses and Dissertations

Generation of broadband terahertz (THz) pulses from ultrafast photoconductive antennas (PCAs) is an attractive method for THz spectroscopy and imaging. This provides a wide frequency bandwidth (0.1-4 THz) as well as the straightforward recovery of both the magnitude and phase of the transmitted and/or reflected signals. The achieved output THz power is low, approximately a few microwatts. This is due to the poor conversion of the femtosecond laser used as the optical pump to useable current inside the antenna semiconducting material. The majority of THz power comes from the photocarriers generated within ~ 100 nm distance from the antenna ...


Interactive Physics And Characteristics Of Photons And Photoelectrons In Hyperbranched Zinc Oxide Nanostructures, Garrett Edward Torix 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Interactive Physics And Characteristics Of Photons And Photoelectrons In Hyperbranched Zinc Oxide Nanostructures, Garrett Edward Torix

Theses and Dissertations

As is commonly known, the world is full of technological wonders, where a multitude of electronic devices and instruments continuously help push the boundaries of scientific knowledge and discovery. These new devices and instruments of science must be utilized at peak efficiency in order to benefit humanity with the most advanced scientific knowledge. In order to attain this level of efficiency, the materials which make up these electronics, or possibly more important, the fundamental characteristics of these materials, must be fully understood. The following research attempted to uncover the properties and characteristics of a selected family of materials. Herein, zinc ...


Investigation Of The Optical Properties Of Pbse/Pbx Nanocrystals For Photodetector Applications, Haley Ann Morris 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Investigation Of The Optical Properties Of Pbse/Pbx Nanocrystals For Photodetector Applications, Haley Ann Morris

Theses and Dissertations

Lead selenide and lead selenide/lead sulfide core/shell nanocrystals were investigated for use in near infrared photodetectors. A colloidal synthesis method was used for both the core and core/shell configurations. The lead sulfide shell was examined in order to mitigate oxidation of the nanoparticle surface. Absorbance and photoluminescence spectra were measured at room temperature and 77 K, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy images were also obtained to confirm crystallography and size. Bulk lead selenide was simulated in WIEN2k utilizing the linear-augmented plane wave method of solving density functional theory to better understand the electronic structure of PbSe. The crystal ...


Rain Attenuation Effects On Signal Propagation At W/V-Band Frequencies, Nadine Daoud 2016 University of New Mexico

Rain Attenuation Effects On Signal Propagation At W/V-Band Frequencies, Nadine Daoud

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

The current frequency spectrum congestion in space is begging for the exploration and utilization of a new range of frequencies. The W/V-band Terrestrial Link Experiment (WTLE) project run jointly by AFRL, NASA and the University of New Mexico, focuses on using higher frequencies for satellite communications, more precisely, at 72 GHz and 84 GHz.

In this thesis, the rain effect on the propagating signal is studied. First, instantaneous comparisons between the experiment and two different models, the ITU-R and the Siva-Mello, is presented. Second, the WTLE link was analyzed statistically over a period of approximately 10 months, and the ...


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