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Reactive Control Of Autonomous Dynamical Systems, Jiangmin Chunyu 2010 University of Central Florida

Reactive Control Of Autonomous Dynamical Systems, Jiangmin Chunyu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis mainly consists of five independent papers concerning the reactive control design of autonomous mobile robots in the context of target tracking and cooperative formation keeping with obstacle avoidance in the static/dynamic environment. Technical contents of this thesis are divided into three parts. The first part consists of the first two papers, which consider the target-tracking and obstacle avoidance in the static environment. Especially, in the static environment, a fundamental issue of reactive control design is the local minima problem(LMP) inherent in the potential field methods(PFMs). Through introducing a state-dependent planned goal, the first paper proposes ...


Validation Of Wideband Ocean Emissivity Radiative Transfer Model, Sonya Crofton 2010 University of Central Florida

Validation Of Wideband Ocean Emissivity Radiative Transfer Model, Sonya Crofton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Radiative Transfer Models (RTM) have many applications in the satellite microwave remote sensing field, such as the retrieval of oceanic and atmospheric environmental parameters, including surface wind vectors and sea surface temperatures, integrated water vapor, cloud liquid, and precipitation. A key component of the ocean RTM is the emissivity model used to determine the brightness temperature (Tb) at the ocean’s surface. A new wideband ocean emissivity RTM developed by the Central Florida Remote Sensing Laboratory (CFRSL) calculates ocean emissivity over a wide range of frequencies, incidence angles, sea surface temperatures (SST), and wind speed. This thesis presents the validation ...


Design Of Low-Capacitance And High-Speed Electrostatic Discharge (Esd) Devices For Low-Voltage Protection Applications, You Li 2010 University of Central Florida

Design Of Low-Capacitance And High-Speed Electrostatic Discharge (Esd) Devices For Low-Voltage Protection Applications, You Li

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is defined as the transfer of charge between bodies at different potentials. The electrostatic discharge induced integrated circuit damages occur throughout the whole life of a product from the manufacturing, testing, shipping, handing, to end user operating stages. This is particularly true as microelectronics technology continues shrink to nano-metric dimensions. The ESD related failures is a major IC reliability concern and results in a loss of millions dollars to the semiconductor industry each year. Several ESD stress models and test methods have been developed to reproduce the real world ESD discharge events and quantify the sensitivity of ...


Evaluating The Benefits Of 3d Stereo In Modern Video Games, Tad Litwiller 2010 University of Central Florida

Evaluating The Benefits Of 3d Stereo In Modern Video Games, Tad Litwiller

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

We present a study that investigates user performance benefits of 3D stereo in modern video games. Based on an analysis of several video games that are best suited for use with commercial 3D stereo drivers and vision systems, we chose five modern titles focusing on racing, first person shooter, third person shooter, and sports game genres. For each game, quantitative and qualitative measures were taken to determine if users performed better and learned faster in the experimental group (3D stereo display) than in the control group (2D display). A game experience pre-questionnaire was used to classify participants into beginner, intermediate ...


Researches On Reverse Lookup Problem In Distributed File System, Junyao Zhang 2010 University of Central Florida

Researches On Reverse Lookup Problem In Distributed File System, Junyao Zhang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent years have witnessed an increasing demand for super data clusters. The super data clusters have reached the petabyte-scale can consist of thousands or tens of thousands storage nodes at a single site. For this architecture, reliability is becoming a great concern. In order to achieve a high reliability, data recovery and node reconstruction is a must. Although extensive research works have investigated how to sustain high performance and high reliability in case of node failures at large scale, a reverse lookup problem, namely finding the objects list for the failed node remains open. This is especially true for storage ...


Characterization Of Aluminum Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Films For Photovoltaic Applications, Bojanna P. Shantheyanda 2010 University of Central Florida

Characterization Of Aluminum Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Films For Photovoltaic Applications, Bojanna P. Shantheyanda

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Growing demand for clean source of energy in the recent years has increased the manufacture of solar cells for converting sun energy directly into electricity. Research has been carried out around the world to make a cheaper and more efficient solar cell technology by employing new architectural designs and developing new materials to serve as light absorbers and charge carriers. Aluminum doped Zinc Oxide thin film, a Transparent conductive Oxides (TCO) is used as a window material in the solar cell these days. Its increased stability in the reduced ambient, less expensive and more abundance make it popular among the ...


The Simulation And Control Of A Grid-Connected Wind Energy Conversion System, Shauna McCartney 2010 University of Central Florida

The Simulation And Control Of A Grid-Connected Wind Energy Conversion System, Shauna Mccartney

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the rising cost of petroleum, concerns about exhausting the fossil fuels we depend on for energy, and the subsequent impacts that the burning of these types of fuels have on the environment, countries around the world are paying close attention to the development of renewable types of energy. Consequently, researchers have been trying to develop ways to take advantage of different types of clean and renewable energy sources. Wind energy production, in particular, has been growing at an increasingly rapid rate, and will continue to do so in the future. In fact, it has become an integral part in ...


The Relevance Of Time-To-Digital Converters To Small Platform Direction Finding Systems, Paul Jeffrey Nelson 2010 University of Central Florida

The Relevance Of Time-To-Digital Converters To Small Platform Direction Finding Systems, Paul Jeffrey Nelson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores a Time-Difference-of-Arrival (TDOA) approach to radio direction finding, utilizing picosecond-resolution Time-to-Digital Converters (TDCs). By measuring the relative time of arrival of a pulsed RF signal impinging on an antenna array, direction of arrival (DOA) can be ascertained. This technology enables versatile DOA calculation on platforms only several meters in length, and offers various size, weight, power, and cost advantages when compared to present DF technologies. A short baseline S-band TDOA DF system utilizing TDCs is designed, fabricated, and tested in a laboratory environment. This research suggests that such a DF system based on TDCs provides sufficient accuracy ...


High-Density And High-Efficiency Soft Switching Modular Bi-Directional Dc-Dc Converter For Hybrid Electric Vehicles, John Elmes 2010 University of Central Florida

High-Density And High-Efficiency Soft Switching Modular Bi-Directional Dc-Dc Converter For Hybrid Electric Vehicles, John Elmes

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation1 presents the design of a high-density and high-efficiency soft-switching bi-directional DC-DC converter for hybrid-electric vehicles. The converter operates in a new bidirectional interleaved variable-frequency quasi-square-wave (QSW) mode, which enables high efficiency, high switching frequency, and high power-density. The converter presented utilizes a new variable frequency interleaving approach which allows for each module to operate in an interleaved position while allowing for tolerance in inductance and snubber capacitor values. The variable frequency interleaved soft-switching operation paired with a high-density nanocrystalline inductor and high-density system structure results in a very high performance converter, well exceeding that of the current technology ...


Extreme Ultraviolet Spectral Streak Camera, John Michael Szilagyi 2010 University of Central Florida

Extreme Ultraviolet Spectral Streak Camera, John Michael Szilagyi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The recent development of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) sources has increased the need for diagnostic tools, and has opened up a previously limited portion of the spectrum. With ultrafast laser systems and spectroscopy moving into shorter timescales and wavelengths, the need for nanosecond scale imaging of EUV is increasing. EUV’s high absorption has limited the number of imaging options due to the many atomic resonances in this spectrum. Currently EUV is imaged with photodiodes and X-ray CCDs. However photodiodes are limited in that they can only resolve intensity with respect to time and X-ray CCDs are limited to temporal resolution ...


Robust Dialog Management Through A Context-Centric Architecture, Victor C. Hung 2010 University of Central Florida

Robust Dialog Management Through A Context-Centric Architecture, Victor C. Hung

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents and evaluates a method of managing spoken dialog interactions with a robust attention to fulfilling the human user’s goals in the presence of speech recognition limitations. Assistive speech-based embodied conversation agents are computer-based entities that interact with humans to help accomplish a certain task or communicate information via spoken input and output. A challenging aspect of this task involves open dialog, where the user is free to converse in an unstructured manner. With this style of input, the machine’s ability to communicate may be hindered by poor reception of utterances, caused by a user’s ...


Reconfigurable Architecture For H.264/Avc Variable Block Size Motion Estimation Based On Motion Activity And Adaptive Search Range, Sumedha Kodipyaka 2010 University of Central Florida

Reconfigurable Architecture For H.264/Avc Variable Block Size Motion Estimation Based On Motion Activity And Adaptive Search Range, Sumedha Kodipyaka

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Motion Estimation (ME) technique plays a key role in the video coding systems to achieve high compression ratios by removing temporal redundancies among video frames. Especially in the newest H.264/AVC video coding standard, ME engine demands large amount of computational capabilities due to its support for wide range of different block sizes for a given macroblock in order to increase accuracy in finding best matching block in the previous frames. We propose scalable architecture for H.264/AVC Variable Block Size (VBS) Motion Estimation with adaptive computing capability to support various search ranges, input video resolutions, and frame ...


Conventional And Zvt Synchronous Buck Converter Design, Analysis, And Measurement, Mark Cory 2010 University of Central Florida

Conventional And Zvt Synchronous Buck Converter Design, Analysis, And Measurement, Mark Cory

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The role played by power converting circuits is extremely important to almost any electronic system built today. Circuits that use converters of any type depend on power that is consistent in form and reliable in order to properly function. In addition, today's demands require more efficient use of energy, from large stationary systems such as power plants all the way down to small mobile devices such as laptops and cell phones. This places a need to reduce any losses to a minimum. The power conversion circuitry in a system is a very good place to reduce a large amount ...


Modeling And Design Of Multi-Port Dc/Dc Converters, Zhijun Qian 2010 University of Central Florida

Modeling And Design Of Multi-Port Dc/Dc Converters, Zhijun Qian

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, a new satellite platform power architecture based on paralleled three-port DC/DC converters is proposed to reduce the total satellite power system mass. Moreover, a fourport DC/DC converter is proposed for renewable energy applications where several renewable sources are employed. Compared to the traditional two-port converter, three-port or four-port converters are classified as multi-port converters. Multi-port converters have less component count and less conversion stage than the traditional power processing solution which adopts several independent two-port converters. Due to their advantages multi-port converters recently have attracted much attention in academia, resulting in many topologies for various ...


Three-Port Micro-Inverter With Power Decoupling Capability For Photovoltaic (Pv) Systems Applications, Souhib Harb 2010 University of Central Florida

Three-Port Micro-Inverter With Power Decoupling Capability For Photovoltaic (Pv) Systems Applications, Souhib Harb

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Photovoltaic (PV) systems have been realized using different architectures, starting with the string and centralized PV system to the modular PV system. Presently, decentralized inverters are being developed at the PV panel power level (known as AC – PV Modules). Such new PV systems are becoming more attractive and many expect this will be the trend of the future. The AC-Module PV system consists of an inverter attached to one PV panel. This integration requires that both devices have the same life-span. Although, the available commercial inverters have a relatively short life-span (10 years) compared to the 25 –year PV ...


Bit-Rate Aware Reconfigurable Architecture For H.264/Avc Deblocking Filter, Rakan Khraisha 2010 University of Central Florida

Bit-Rate Aware Reconfigurable Architecture For H.264/Avc Deblocking Filter, Rakan Khraisha

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In H.264/AVC, DeBlocking Filter (DBF) achieves bit rate savings and it is used to improve visual quality by reducing the presence of blocking artifacts. However, these advantages come at the expense of increasing computational complexity of the DBF due to highly adaptive mode decision and small 4x4 block size. The DBF easily accounts for one third of the computational complexity of the decoder. The computational complexity required for various target applications from mobile to high definition video applications varies significantly. Therefore, it becomes apparent to design efficient architecture to adapt to different requirements. In this work, we exploit ...


Control Strategy For Maximizing Power Conversion Efficiency And Effectiveness Of Three Port Solar Charging Station For Electric Vehicles, Christopher Hamilton 2010 University of Central Florida

Control Strategy For Maximizing Power Conversion Efficiency And Effectiveness Of Three Port Solar Charging Station For Electric Vehicles, Christopher Hamilton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent trends in the energy sector have provided opportunities in the research of alternative energy sources and optimization of systems that harness these energy sources. With the rising cost of fossil fuel and rising concern about detrimental effects that fossil fuel consumption has on the environment, electric vehicles are becoming more prevalent. A study put out in 2009 gives a prediction that in the year 2025, 20% of new vehicles will be PHEVs.[1] As energy providers become more concerned about a growing population and diminishing energy source, they are looking into alternative energy sources such as wind and solar ...


Phoneme-Based Video Indexing Using Phonetic Disparity Search, Carlos Leon Barth 2010 University of Central Florida

Phoneme-Based Video Indexing Using Phonetic Disparity Search, Carlos Leon Barth

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents and evaluates a method to the video indexing problem by investigating a categorization method that transcribes audio content through Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) combined with Dynamic Contextualization (DC), Phonetic Disparity Search (PDS) and Metaphone indexation. The suggested approach applies genome pattern matching algorithms with computational summarization to build a database infrastructure that provides an indexed summary of the original audio content. PDS complements the contextual phoneme indexing approach by optimizing topic seek performance and accuracy in large video content structures. A prototype was established to translate news broadcast video into text and phonemes automatically by using ASR ...


Design Of Silicon Controlled Rectifers Sic] For Robust Electrostatic Discharge Protection Applications, Zhiwei Liu 2010 University of Central Florida

Design Of Silicon Controlled Rectifers Sic] For Robust Electrostatic Discharge Protection Applications, Zhiwei Liu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) phenomenon happens everywhere in our daily life. And it can occurs through the whole lifespan of an Integrated Circuit (IC), from the early wafer fabrication process, extending to assembly operation, and finally ending at the user‟s site. It has been reported that up to 35% of total IC field failures are ESD-induced, with estimated annual costs to the IC industry running to several billion dollars. The most straightforward way to avoid the ICs suffering from the threatening of ESD damages is to develop on-chip ESD protection circuits which can afford a robust, low-impedance bypassing path to ...


The Next Generation Botnet Attacks And Defenses, Ping Wang 2010 University of Central Florida

The Next Generation Botnet Attacks And Defenses, Ping Wang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A "botnet" is a network of compromised computers (bots) that are controlled by an attacker (botmasters). Botnets are one of the most serious threats to today’s Internet; they are the root cause of many current Internet attacks, such as email spam, distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks , click fraud, etc. There have been many researches on how to detect, monitor, and defend against botnets that have appeared and their attack techniques. However, it is equally important for us to investigate possible attack techniques that could be used by the next generation botnets, and develop effective defense techniques accordingly in ...


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