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Automatic Classification And Segmentation Of Patterned Martian Ground Using Deep Learning Techniques, Ruthy Brito 2023 Western University

Automatic Classification And Segmentation Of Patterned Martian Ground Using Deep Learning Techniques, Ruthy Brito

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Science autonomy onboard spacecraft can optimize image return by prioritizing downlink of meaningful data. Martian polygonally cracked ground is actively studied by planetary geologists and may be indicative of subsurface water. Filtering images containing these polygonal features can be used as a case study for science autonomy and to reduce the overhead associated with parsing through Martian surface images. This thesis demonstrates the use of deep learning techniques in the classification of Martian polygonally patterned ground from HiRISE images. Three tasks are considered, a binary classification to identify images containing polygons, multiclass classification distinguishing different polygon types and semantic segmentation …


The Potential Of The Implementation Of Offline Robotic Programming Into Automation-Related Pedagogy, Max Rios Carballo, Xavier Brown 2023 CUNY, New York City College of Technology

The Potential Of The Implementation Of Offline Robotic Programming Into Automation-Related Pedagogy, Max Rios Carballo, Xavier Brown

Publications and Research

In this study, the offline programming tool RoboDK is used to program industrial robots for the automation sector. The study explores the feasibility of using this non-disruptive robot programming software for classroom use; assesses how well RoboDK can be used to program various robots used in the industry; creates and tests various applications; and pinpoints technical obstacles that prevent a smooth link between offline programming and actual robots. Initial results indicate that RoboDK is an effective tool for deploying its offline programming code to a Universal Robot, UR3e. There are many potential for advanced applications. The goal of the project …


Development Of A Raspberry Pi-Controlled Vex Robot For A Robotics Technology Course, Lili Ma, Justin Bartholomew, Yu Wang, Xiaohai Li 2023 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Development Of A Raspberry Pi-Controlled Vex Robot For A Robotics Technology Course, Lili Ma, Justin Bartholomew, Yu Wang, Xiaohai Li

Publications and Research

This paper describes the development of a Raspberry PI-controlled VEX robot for an undergraduate robotic course. The Raspberry PI controls the mobile base built using the VEX robotics kit without using the Cortex micro-controller that comes with the kit. The aim is to create a physical robot that is manageable, easily replicable, and capable of performing advanced robotic control tasks such as vision-based control.

The constructed robot adopts the great features of the PI and the VEX hardware. Firstly, the VEX hardware consists of various sensors and actuators for students to practice the construction and assembly of an autonomous robot. …


Introducing Ros-Projects To Undergraduate Robotic Curriculum, Lili Ma, Yu Wang, Chen Xu, Xiaohai Li 2023 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Introducing Ros-Projects To Undergraduate Robotic Curriculum, Lili Ma, Yu Wang, Chen Xu, Xiaohai Li

Publications and Research

This paper describes three MATLAB-ROS-based simulation projects developed for an undergraduate robotics course. The Robot Operating System (ROS) is an open-source framework that helps researchers and developers build and reuse code between robotics applications. Adoption of ROS in the undergraduate curricula is still rare due to its demanding requirements of C++/Python/Java programming skills and familiarity with Linux. Recently, MathWorks released its ROS Toolbox, making it easier to interact with simulators like the Gazebo and ROS-supported physical robots. The MATLAB-ROS-Gazebo simulation platform allows students to utilize other MATLAB Toolboxes, such as Image Processing, Computer Vision, Visualization, and Navigation Toolboxes, for fast …


Underwater Robot Path Planning In An Intermittent Communication System, Hunter Gallant 2023 Dartmouth College

Underwater Robot Path Planning In An Intermittent Communication System, Hunter Gallant

Dartmouth College Master’s Theses

Sunflower, a novel cross-medium localization system between an aerial drone and an underwater robot, has not yet been implemented in a multi-robot exploration system. This project’s aim was to simulate various configurations of multi-robot systems, and to create an algorithm, called AdjustPath, to improve exploration and avoid inter- robot collisions. With three, five, seven, and ten simulated underwater robots, there was significant improvement when the AdjustPath algorithm was used. Knowing this, future hardware using the Sunflower system could use this proposed algorithm to increase efficiency and avoid more collisions.


In-Situ Mechanical Tester, Andrrew Murach, Gustavo Marquez, Kosimo Tonn, Jake Vormbaum 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

In-Situ Mechanical Tester, Andrrew Murach, Gustavo Marquez, Kosimo Tonn, Jake Vormbaum

Mechanical Engineering

Over the course of the 2022-23 Cal Poly SLO school year, a small tensile tester device was developed specifically for Dr. Long Wang to test thin film materials under a microscope and generate accurate force versus displacement graphs. A tensile tester was manufactured using purchased and machined components, electronics were consolidated in a separate box and connected, and a program and user interface were written to control the motion, provide custom inputs, and organize useful data for the researcher. Tests were conducted to compare the performance of the device to universal tensile testers available in the Composites lab. The device …


Using An Embedded System For A Quality Cup Of Coffee, Evan Powers, Joshua Stermer, Tsion Yohannes 2023 Eastern Washington University

Using An Embedded System For A Quality Cup Of Coffee, Evan Powers, Joshua Stermer, Tsion Yohannes

2023 Symposium

Many coffee lovers spend up to $5 on a cup of coffee everyday. To save money one could make them at home, but a quality machine with PIDs start at $1000. Using an embedded system one could spend less than $50 and a few hours implement PIDs into an existing $400 machine that will last a lifetime. microcontroller. Learning C language combined with hardware implementation applied to cheap and simple everyday objects can improve everyday quality of life and save money.

This is challenging because we have to incorporate the additional circuitry into a pre established circuit with limited space, …


Robot Learning To Pour Solid Objects Accurately, Juan Wilches, Yu Sun 2023 University of South Florida

Robot Learning To Pour Solid Objects Accurately, Juan Wilches, Yu Sun

36th Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

Pouring is an efficient way to transfer objects from
one container to another. This abstract summarizes a method
to accurately pour solid objects, such as ice cubes. It leverages
visual and proprioceptive feedback together with contextual
information to control the forward and backward rotation of the
pouring container. These feedback signals are fed to a recurrent
neural network that produces the control signal. The proposed
approach can achieve a human-like pouring accuracy in both a
simulation and a real setup.


Multi-Object Grasping -- Stochastic Grasping From A Pile, Tianze Chen, Adheesh Shenoy, Yu Sun 2023 University of California - Berkeley

Multi-Object Grasping -- Stochastic Grasping From A Pile, Tianze Chen, Adheesh Shenoy, Yu Sun

36th Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

Grasping multiple objects at once from a pile is common for humans. It makes us efficient in pick and transfer tasks. It is essential for a robot to gain multi-object grasping capability (MOG). This paper defines the multi-object grasping problem and introduces several novel multi-object grasping techniques. These techniques include probability-based pre-grasp potential calculation, a stochastic flexing/extending routine, obtaining end-grasp types, and estimating the number of objects in a grasp. It also proposes a new stochastic grasping strategy for grasping a desired number of objects.


Live Audiovisual Remote Assistance System (Laras) For Person With Visual Impairments, Zachary Frey, Nghia Vo, Varaha Maithreya, Tais Mota, Urvish Trivedi, Redwan Alqasemi, Rajiv Dubey 2023 University of South Florida

Live Audiovisual Remote Assistance System (Laras) For Person With Visual Impairments, Zachary Frey, Nghia Vo, Varaha Maithreya, Tais Mota, Urvish Trivedi, Redwan Alqasemi, Rajiv Dubey

36th Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

According to "The World Report on Vision" by World Health Organization (WHO) [1], there are more than 2.2 billion people who have near or distant vision Impairments, out of which 36 million people are classified as entirely blind. This report also emphasizes the importance of social and communal support in enabling individuals with vision impairments to integrate into society and reach their full potential. While performing daily activities and navigating the environment, people with visual impairments (PVIs) often require direct or synchronous assistance [2]. Consequently, there is a growing need for automated solutions to assist in this regard. However, existing …


Assistive Robotic Platform For Non‐Urgent Household Tasks: A New Design, Amanda Serger, Normandy Tanguilan, Hakki Erhan Sevil 2023 University of West Florida

Assistive Robotic Platform For Non‐Urgent Household Tasks: A New Design, Amanda Serger, Normandy Tanguilan, Hakki Erhan Sevil

36th Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

Humans overcome minor household inconveniences daily without fully recognizing how challenging these tasks could be for individuals such as elderly people or people with disabilities. Those people often times struggle to complete tasks, for instance opening a door or reaching for an item, leading them to rely on caregivers for help. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this caregiver support becomes an unsafe and unreliable solution that can result in a greater risk, thus the need for another solution arises: robotic technology. Recent developments in the robotics field have paved the way for this research, aiming to design a home assistance robot …


Reinforcement Learning And Place Cell Replay In Spatial Navigation, Chance Hamilton, Pablo Scleidorovich PhD, Alfredo Weitzenfeld PhD 2023 University of South Florida

Reinforcement Learning And Place Cell Replay In Spatial Navigation, Chance Hamilton, Pablo Scleidorovich Phd, Alfredo Weitzenfeld Phd

36th Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

In the last decade, studies have demonstrated that hippocampal place cells influence rats’ navigational learning ability. Moreover, researchers have observed that place cell sequences associated with routes leading to a reward are reactivated during rest periods. This phenomenon is known as Hippocampal Replay, which is thought to aid navigational learning and memory consolidation. These findings in neuroscience have inspired new robot navigation models that emulate the learning process of mammals. This study presents a novel model that encodes path information using place cell connections formed during online navigation. Our model employs these connections to generate sequences of
state-action pairs to …


Biologically Inspired Multi-Robot System Based On Wolf Hunting Behavior, Zachary Hinnen, Chance Hamilton, Alfredo Weitzenfeld 2023 University of South Florida

Biologically Inspired Multi-Robot System Based On Wolf Hunting Behavior, Zachary Hinnen, Chance Hamilton, Alfredo Weitzenfeld

36th Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

Studies involving the group predator behavior of wolves have inspired multiple robotic architectures to mimic these biological behaviors in their designs and research. In this work, we aim to use robotic systems to mimic wolf packs' single and group behavior. This work aims to extend the original research by Weitzenfeld et al [7] and evaluate under a new multi-robot robot system architecture. The multiple robot architecture includes a 'Prey' pursued by a wolf pack consisting of an 'Alpha' and 'Beta' robotic group. The Alpha Wolf' will be the group leader, searching and tracking the 'Prey.' At the same time, the …


Programming By Demonstration Using Learning Based Approach: A Mini Review, Atul Acharya, Rajiv Dubey, Redwan Alqasemi 2023 University of South Florida

Programming By Demonstration Using Learning Based Approach: A Mini Review, Atul Acharya, Rajiv Dubey, Redwan Alqasemi

36th Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

Wheelchair-mounted robotic arms are used in rehabilitation robotics to help physically impaired people perform ADL (Activity of daily living) tasks. However, the dexterity of manipulation tasks makes the teleoperation of the robotic arm challenging for the user, as it is difficult to control all degrees of freedom with a handheld joystick or a screen touch device. PbD (Programming by demonstration) allows the user to demonstrate the desired behavior and enables the system to learn from the demonstrations and adapt to a new environment. This learned model can perform a new set of actions in a new environment. Learning from a …


Targeted Adversarial Attacks Against Neural Network Trajectory Predictors, Kaiyuan Tan 2023 Washington University in St. Louis

Targeted Adversarial Attacks Against Neural Network Trajectory Predictors, Kaiyuan Tan

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Trajectory prediction is an integral component of modern autonomous systems as it allows for envisioning future intentions of nearby moving agents. Due to the lack of other agents' dynamics and control policies, deep neural network (DNN) models are often employed for trajectory forecasting tasks. Although there exists an extensive literature on improving the accuracy of these models, there is a very limited number of works studying their robustness against adversarially crafted input trajectories. To bridge this gap, in this paper, we propose a targeted adversarial attack against DNN models for trajectory forecasting tasks. We call the proposed attack TA4TP for …


Modeling, Simulation And Control Of Microrobots For The Microfactory., Zhong Yang 2023 University of Louisville

Modeling, Simulation And Control Of Microrobots For The Microfactory., Zhong Yang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Future assembly technologies will involve higher levels of automation in order to satisfy increased microscale or nanoscale precision requirements. Traditionally, assembly using a top-down robotic approach has been well-studied and applied to the microelectronics and MEMS industries, but less so in nanotechnology. With the boom of nanotechnology since the 1990s, newly designed products with new materials, coatings, and nanoparticles are gradually entering everyone’s lives, while the industry has grown into a billion-dollar volume worldwide. Traditionally, nanotechnology products are assembled using bottom-up methods, such as self-assembly, rather than top-down robotic assembly. This is due to considerations of volume handling of large …


Roboretrieve--In A Dual Role As A Hand-Held Surgical Robot And A Collaborative Robot End-Effector To Perform Spillage-Free Specimen Retrieval In Laparoscopy, Siqin Dong 2023 Old Dominion University

Roboretrieve--In A Dual Role As A Hand-Held Surgical Robot And A Collaborative Robot End-Effector To Perform Spillage-Free Specimen Retrieval In Laparoscopy, Siqin Dong

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Recent advances in surgical robotics attempt to overcome limitations of manual surgery by augmenting the surgeon’s capabilities while performing suturing, incision, retraction, and retrieval tasks. This dissertation presents novel approaches for spillage-free specimen retrieval in confined spaces, targeted toward the surgical domain of minimally invasive robotic surgery. The retrieval task involves extraction of a resected specimen, residing in the abdominal cavity, completely outside of the patient’s body. A major challenge in this context is the spillage of content being retrieved, which may cause dissemination of malignancy. To address this challenge, this dissertation develops RoboRetrieve, a portable hand-held robot that …


Power Amplifier Based On Composite Injection-Voltaic Transistors, Nodira Batirdjanovna Alimova 2023 Tashkent State Technical University. Address: 2 Universitetskaya st., 100095, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan. E-mail: nali71@yandex.ru, Phone: +998 90-30-44-71.

Power Amplifier Based On Composite Injection-Voltaic Transistors, Nodira Batirdjanovna Alimova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The problem of high-current radio engineering devices is related to the fact that the use of high-power transistors and other semiconductor devices is limited by such a phenomenon as a secondary breakdown, in which there is a sharp decrease in the voltage on the device with simultaneous internal current lacing, and the device fails. To solve the problem of secondary breakdown, schemes have been proposed that operate stably at reverse voltage values 4-5 times higher than usual and at power dissipation 2-3 times higher than the maximum allowable power for an individual device. The problem is proposed to be solved …


Motion Control Simulation Of A Hexapod Robot, Weishu Zhan 2023 Dartmouth College

Motion Control Simulation Of A Hexapod Robot, Weishu Zhan

Dartmouth College Master’s Theses

This thesis addresses hexapod robot motion control. Insect morphology and locomotion patterns inform the design of a robotic model, and motion control is achieved via trajectory planning and bio-inspired principles. Additionally, deep learning and multi-agent reinforcement learning are employed to train the robot motion control strategy with leg coordination achieves using a multi-agent deep reinforcement learning framework. The thesis makes the following contributions:

First, research on legged robots is synthesized, with a focus on hexapod robot motion control. Insect anatomy analysis informs the hexagonal robot body and three-joint single robotic leg design, which is assembled using SolidWorks. Different gaits are …


Implementation Of Static Rfid Landmarks In Slam For Planogram Compliance, Brennan L. Drake 2023 Georgia Southern University

Implementation Of Static Rfid Landmarks In Slam For Planogram Compliance, Brennan L. Drake

Honors College Theses

Autonomous robotic systems are becoming increasingly prevalent in everyday life and exhibit robust solutions in a wide range of applications. They face many obstacles with the foremost of which being SLAM, or Simultaneous Localization and Mapping, that encompasses both creation of the map of an unknown environment and localization of the robot in said environment. In this experiment, researchers propose the use of RFID tags in a semi-dynamic commercial environment to provide concrete landmarks for localization and mapping in pursuit of increased locational certainty. With this obtained, the ultimate goal of the research is to construct a robotics platform for …


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