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3,459 full-text articles. Page 7 of 65.

Hydronic Heated Pavement System Using Precast Concrete Pavement For Airport Applications, Hesham Abdualla, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Kristen Cetin 2018 Iowa State University

Hydronic Heated Pavement System Using Precast Concrete Pavement For Airport Applications, Hesham Abdualla, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Kristen Cetin

Halil Ceylan

The use of deicing chemical has the potential to cause environmental and safety concerns and pavement deterioration. Hydronic heated pavement systems (HHPS) have been widely used to melt or prevent ice and snow accumulation on paved surfaces. HHPS uses heated fluid circulated through pipes embedded in the concrete pavement to warm the surface of the concrete. The objective of this study is to develop a conceptual design framework and construction guidance for large-scale HHPS using precast concrete pavement (PCP) technology to expedite construction work and minimize air travel disruption. The detailed design and 3-D visualization of construction procedures has been ...


Otta Seal Construction For Asphalt Pavement Resurfacing, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Yang Zhang, Ali Nahvi, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim 2018 Iowa State University

Otta Seal Construction For Asphalt Pavement Resurfacing, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Yang Zhang, Ali Nahvi, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim

Halil Ceylan

Otta seal resurfacing methods have been widely demonstrated for unpaved roads and road rehabilitation in a few states in the U.S. as well as in Scandinavia and Africa. Application of Otta seal over a deteriorated hot mix asphalt (HMA) surface has been considered as the feasible concept that has not been applied for real construction. In this study, a double-layer Otta seal construction over HMA surface was monitored. The applied materials for the construction were introduced. The following performance of the constructed Otta seal layers was evaluated by measuring the international roughness index (IRI) and dust. The road IRI ...


Implementing Advanced Wireless Sensing System For Airfield Pavement Condition Monitoring, Shuo Yang, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Hesham Abdulla 2018 Iowa State University

Implementing Advanced Wireless Sensing System For Airfield Pavement Condition Monitoring, Shuo Yang, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Hesham Abdulla

Halil Ceylan

Real-time monitoring of pavement conditions is beneficial not only to more accurate predictions of airport pavement performance but also to more efficient pavement management activities. Although wireless-based sensing system have shown some advantages compared to wired sensing system, there are just few studies that describe instrumenting wireless sensors in the field for pavement condition monitoring. To bridge this gap, this paper presents case studies describing use of advanced wireless sensing system for airport pavement conditions monitoring at three test sites: the Des Moines International Airport (DSM), the Ohio State University (OSU) Airport, and the Texas A&M University (TAMU) Airport ...


Development Of Artificial Neural Networks Based Predictive Models For Dynamic Modulus Of Airfield Pavement Asphalt Mixtures, Orhan Kaya, Navneet Garg, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim 2018 Iowa State University

Development Of Artificial Neural Networks Based Predictive Models For Dynamic Modulus Of Airfield Pavement Asphalt Mixtures, Orhan Kaya, Navneet Garg, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim

Halil Ceylan

As part of asphalt mix design for flexible airfield pavements, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) collects asphalt volumetric mixture properties and aggregate gradations. Binder properties as well as laboratory dynamic modulus |E*| measurements for asphalt mixes are performed for flexible airfield pavements research. An artificial neural networks (ANN) model was developed using collected volumetric properties, aggregate gradation, and binder properties as well as laboratory |E*| measurements from seven hot-mix asphalt (HMA) and warm mix asphalt (WMA) mixtures. ANN model predictions were compared with the modified Witczak predictive model calculations for the same mixtures, and it was found that the developed ...


Cyclists' Queue Discharge Characteristics At Signalized Intersections, Kirk Thomas Paulsen 2018 Portland State University

Cyclists' Queue Discharge Characteristics At Signalized Intersections, Kirk Thomas Paulsen

Dissertations and Theses

Wider bike facilities intuitively accommodate a greater number of cyclists in the same amount of time, but specific queue discharge characteristics associated with varying widths and/or types of bike facilities have not been thoroughly documented.

The focus of this research analyzed queues of cyclists at four signalized intersections in Portland, OR with varying widths on the approach and downstream intersection legs. A total of 2,820 cyclists within 630 groups of queued cyclists were observed at five different intersection layouts in Portland, Oregon. The layouts consisted of: a standard bike lane six feet wide connecting bicyclists to a standard ...


Robust Railroad Cable Detection In Rural Areas From Mls Point Clouds, Máté Cserép, Péter Hudoba, Zoltán Vincellér 2018 Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary

Robust Railroad Cable Detection In Rural Areas From Mls Point Clouds, Máté Cserép, Péter Hudoba, Zoltán Vincellér

Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G) Conference Proceedings

Monitoring of the railroad infrastructure is crucial for safety concerns and accident prevention. This task requires regular surveillance which is nowadays still carried out by expensive and time consuming manual visual inspections in many countries. The problem of railroad cable recognition (contact cables, catenary cables, return current cables) in rural areas based on LiDAR point clouds has it own methods, but current state of the art solutions suffer from extremely high computational load due the extensive size of the datasets. In this study we analyzed and compared novel robust solutions focusing on minimizing the assumptions (positions and distances of track ...


Development Of Artificial Neural Networks Based Predictive Models For Dynamic Modulus Of Airfield Pavement Asphalt Mixtures, Orhan Kaya, Navneet Garg, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim 2018 Iowa State University

Development Of Artificial Neural Networks Based Predictive Models For Dynamic Modulus Of Airfield Pavement Asphalt Mixtures, Orhan Kaya, Navneet Garg, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

As part of asphalt mix design for flexible airfield pavements, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) collects asphalt volumetric mixture properties and aggregate gradations. Binder properties as well as laboratory dynamic modulus |E*| measurements for asphalt mixes are performed for flexible airfield pavements research. An artificial neural networks (ANN) model was developed using collected volumetric properties, aggregate gradation, and binder properties as well as laboratory |E*| measurements from seven hot-mix asphalt (HMA) and warm mix asphalt (WMA) mixtures. ANN model predictions were compared with the modified Witczak predictive model calculations for the same mixtures, and it was found that the developed ...


Hydronic Heated Pavement System Using Precast Concrete Pavement For Airport Applications, Hesham Abdualla, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Kristen Cetin 2018 Iowa State University

Hydronic Heated Pavement System Using Precast Concrete Pavement For Airport Applications, Hesham Abdualla, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Kristen Cetin

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

The use of deicing chemical has the potential to cause environmental and safety concerns and pavement deterioration. Hydronic heated pavement systems (HHPS) have been widely used to melt or prevent ice and snow accumulation on paved surfaces. HHPS uses heated fluid circulated through pipes embedded in the concrete pavement to warm the surface of the concrete. The objective of this study is to develop a conceptual design framework and construction guidance for large-scale HHPS using precast concrete pavement (PCP) technology to expedite construction work and minimize air travel disruption. The detailed design and 3-D visualization of construction procedures has been ...


Implementing Advanced Wireless Sensing System For Airfield Pavement Condition Monitoring, Shuo Yang, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Hesham Abdulla 2018 Iowa State University

Implementing Advanced Wireless Sensing System For Airfield Pavement Condition Monitoring, Shuo Yang, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Hesham Abdulla

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Real-time monitoring of pavement conditions is beneficial not only to more accurate predictions of airport pavement performance but also to more efficient pavement management activities. Although wireless-based sensing system have shown some advantages compared to wired sensing system, there are just few studies that describe instrumenting wireless sensors in the field for pavement condition monitoring. To bridge this gap, this paper presents case studies describing use of advanced wireless sensing system for airport pavement conditions monitoring at three test sites: the Des Moines International Airport (DSM), the Ohio State University (OSU) Airport, and the Texas A&M University (TAMU) Airport ...


Otta Seal Construction For Asphalt Pavement Resurfacing, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Yang Zhang, Ali Nahvi, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim 2018 Iowa State University

Otta Seal Construction For Asphalt Pavement Resurfacing, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Yang Zhang, Ali Nahvi, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Otta seal resurfacing methods have been widely demonstrated for unpaved roads and road rehabilitation in a few states in the U.S. as well as in Scandinavia and Africa. Application of Otta seal over a deteriorated hot mix asphalt (HMA) surface has been considered as the feasible concept that has not been applied for real construction. In this study, a double-layer Otta seal construction over HMA surface was monitored. The applied materials for the construction were introduced. The following performance of the constructed Otta seal layers was evaluated by measuring the international roughness index (IRI) and dust. The road IRI ...


Understanding Transit System Performance Using Avl-Apc Data: An Analytics Platform With Case Studies For The Pittsburgh Region, Xidong Pi, Mark Egge, Jackson Whitmore, Amy Silbermann, Zhen Sean Qian 2018 Carnegie Mellon University

Understanding Transit System Performance Using Avl-Apc Data: An Analytics Platform With Case Studies For The Pittsburgh Region, Xidong Pi, Mark Egge, Jackson Whitmore, Amy Silbermann, Zhen Sean Qian

Journal of Public Transportation

This paper introduces a novel transit data analytics platform for public transit planning, assessing service quality and revealing service problems in high spatiotemporal resolution for public transit systems based on Automatic Passenger Counting (APC) and Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) technologies. The platform offers a systematic way for users and decision makers to understand system performance from many aspects of service quality, including passenger waiting time, stop-skipping frequency, bus bunching level, bus travel time, on-time performance, and bus fullness. The AVL-APC data from September 2012 to March 2016 were archived in a database to support the development of a user-friendly web ...


Development Of The Nebraska Department Of Transportation Winter Every Index, Mark R. Anderson, Behzad Esmaeili, Curtis L. Walker, Dylan Steinkruger, Sogand Hasanzadeh, Pouya Gholizadeh, Bac Dao 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Development Of The Nebraska Department Of Transportation Winter Every Index, Mark R. Anderson, Behzad Esmaeili, Curtis L. Walker, Dylan Steinkruger, Sogand Hasanzadeh, Pouya Gholizadeh, Bac Dao

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

Adverse weather conditions are responsible for millions of vehicular crashes, thousands of vehicular deaths and billions of dollars in economic and congestion costs. Many transportation agencies utilize a performance or mobility metric to assess how well they are maintaining road access. This research focuses on the development of a winter severity index for the State of Nebraska (NEWINS). NEWINS is an event-driven index that was derived for the Nebraska Department of Transportation (NDOT) and its districts across the state. The NEWINS framework includes a categorical storm classification framework and climatological aspect to capture atmospheric conditions more accurately across the diverse ...


Impact Of Pavement Surface Condition On Roadway Departure Crash Risk In Iowa, Ahmad Alhasan, Inya Nlenanya, Omar G. Smadi, Cameron A. MacKenzie 2018 Iowa State University

Impact Of Pavement Surface Condition On Roadway Departure Crash Risk In Iowa, Ahmad Alhasan, Inya Nlenanya, Omar G. Smadi, Cameron A. Mackenzie

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Safety performance is a crucial component of highway network performance evaluation. Besides their devastating impact on roadway users, traffic crashes lead to substantial economic losses on both personal and societal levels. Due to the complexity of crash events and the unique conditions in each country and state, empirical local calibration for the correlation between attributes of interest and the safety performance is always recommended. Limited studies have established a procedure to analyze the impact of pavement condition on traffic safety in a risk analysis scheme. This study presents a thorough analysis of some roadway departure crashes which occurred in Iowa ...


Webinar: Firsthand Data Collection: Students Get Behind The Wheel Of Vehicle Dynamics, Roger Lindgren, Jordan Preston 2018 Oregon Institute of Technology

Webinar: Firsthand Data Collection: Students Get Behind The Wheel Of Vehicle Dynamics, Roger Lindgren, Jordan Preston

TREC Webinar Series

Vehicle operating dynamics data have a fundamental impact on the design of roadways, but collecting this type of data is not part of your typical college curriculum. Instead, engineering students are handed a textbook, leaving them without a firsthand experience of how accelerations and decelerations “feel” to the driver, the ultimate consumer of their designs. Seeking to change this norm, Roger Lindgren and C.J. Riley, civil engineering professors at the Oregon Institute of Technology, undertook a NITC education project to incorporate more real-world data collection and analysis into transportation courses. This webinar will offer a detailed look at the ...


Diesel Particulate Generation, Matthew Ferdenzi 2018 Union College

Diesel Particulate Generation, Matthew Ferdenzi

Honors Theses

The goal of this project is to design a diesel particulate generator to test aerogels as diesel particulate filters. Diesel particulate generators are machines that generate diesel particulate matter, or diesel soot. Diesel particulate filters have been recently put into the market to help many car companies meet the ever-changing diesel emission regulations set by the EPA and other international agencies. The main goal of the filter is to block soot from exiting to the environment. Once the filter is full, the soot is oxidized and released. The problem with these filters is that they are large, costly, detrimental to ...


Assessment Of The Potential Of Proposed Stations Of The California High-Speed Rail As Major Hubs For Physical And Economic Development, Seitu Akira Coleman 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Assessment Of The Potential Of Proposed Stations Of The California High-Speed Rail As Major Hubs For Physical And Economic Development, Seitu Akira Coleman

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This study investigated the potential for development of station catchment areas around the proposed California High-Speed Rail System. The study was prompted by a review of practices of Japanese railway company groups that engage not only in train operations, but also in business diversification and property development within the station areas of their lines. These actions allow the company groups to diversify their revenues streams, increase ridership on their lines, and operate as a whole with net profits. This is in contrast to transit agencies in the United States, which only focus on transporting passengers along their lines and do ...


Optimizing Available Surveying Technology To Streamline Project Delivery, Christopher Van Dyke, Adam J. Kirk, Steven Waddle, Steven Douglas Kreis 2018 University of Kentucky

Optimizing Available Surveying Technology To Streamline Project Delivery, Christopher Van Dyke, Adam J. Kirk, Steven Waddle, Steven Douglas Kreis

Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report

Kentucky Transportation Cabinet (KYTC) Project Managers bear responsibility for preparing all phases of highway projects, from initial concept to letting, while Section Engineers manage all phases of highway construction projects, from letting to completion. To perform the activities for which they are responsible, these stakeholders require knowledge of best practices for leveraging current surveying methodologies and equipment. With survey technologies having advanced significantly over the past 15-20 years, staff attrition at the Cabinet depleting its in-house surveying expertise, and contractors frequently undertaking their own surveying, acquiring this knowledge has become increasingly difficult. Drawing on a series of interviews with KYTC ...


Development Of Carbon Fiber-Modified Electrically Conductive Concrete For Implementation In Des Moines International Airport, Alireza Sassani, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Ali Arabzadeh, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan 2018 Iowa State University

Development Of Carbon Fiber-Modified Electrically Conductive Concrete For Implementation In Des Moines International Airport, Alireza Sassani, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Ali Arabzadeh, Peter C. Taylor, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

This paper reports on the procedures of mix design preparation, production, placement, and performance evaluation of the first electrically conductive concrete (ECON) heated-pavement system (HPS) implemented at a U.S. airport. While ECON has drawn considerable attention as a paving material for multi-functional pavements, including HPS, the majority of ECON HPS applications and studies have been limited to laboratory scale or include materials/methods that do not conform to regulations enforced by airfield construction practices. Carbon fiber-reinforced ECON provides a promising prospective for application in airfield pavements. In this study, ECON mixtures were prepared in the laboratory using varying cementitious ...


Development And Evaluation Of Cooperative Intersection Management Algorithm Under Connected Vehicles Environment, Slobodan Gutesa 2018 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Development And Evaluation Of Cooperative Intersection Management Algorithm Under Connected Vehicles Environment, Slobodan Gutesa

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Managed Lane Strategies For The Rapid Deployment Of Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control Technology, Zijia Zhong 2018 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Managed Lane Strategies For The Rapid Deployment Of Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control Technology, Zijia Zhong

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


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