Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Civil and Environmental Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

30,193 Full-Text Articles 36,343 Authors 10,821,919 Downloads 174 Institutions

All Articles in Civil and Environmental Engineering

Faceted Search

30,193 full-text articles. Page 773 of 773.

Examination Of Factors Affecting The Frequency, Response Time, And Clearance Time Of Incidents On Freeways, Indrajit Ghosh 2010 Wayne State University

Examination Of Factors Affecting The Frequency, Response Time, And Clearance Time Of Incidents On Freeways, Indrajit Ghosh

Wayne State University Dissertations

Traffic incidents are the primary cause of non-recurrent congestion in urban areas, resulting in reductions in roadway capacity and significant safety hazards to other motorists, as well as first responders. Many communities have initiated incident management programs that detect and respond to incidents and restore freeways to full capacity by clearing the incident scene as soon as possible. In the Detroit metro area, the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) operates a Freeway Courtesy Patrol (FCP) program as part of its larger freeway incident management program from the Michigan Intelligent Transportation Systems (MITS) Center in downtown Detroit. The MITS Center maintains ...


Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Demonstration Network (Nawmdn): Integrating Research And Extension/Outreach, Suat Irmak, Jennifer M. Rees, Gary L. Zoubek, Brandy S. van DeWalle, William R. Rathje, Rodney DeBuhr, Dan Leininger, Darrel D. Siekman, James W. Schneider, Andrew P. Christiansen 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Demonstration Network (Nawmdn): Integrating Research And Extension/Outreach, Suat Irmak, Jennifer M. Rees, Gary L. Zoubek, Brandy S. Van Dewalle, William R. Rathje, Rodney Debuhr, Dan Leininger, Darrel D. Siekman, James W. Schneider, Andrew P. Christiansen

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Maximizing the net benefits of irrigated plant production through appropriately designed agricultural water management programs is of growing importance in Nebraska, and other western and Midwestern states, because many areas are involved in management and policy changes to conserve irrigation water. In Nebraska, farmers are being challenged to practice conservation methods and use water resources more efficiently while meeting plant water requirements and maintaining high yields. Another challenge Nebraska experiences in it's approximately 3.5‐million‐ha irrigated lands is limited adoption of newer technologies/tools to help farmers better manage irrigation, conserve water and energy, and increase plant ...


161. The Potential Role Of Extensor Muscle Fatigue In The Onset Of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Novel In Vivo Model, Mary Beth M. Grabowsky, Nicholas A. Pallota, Matthew W. Connelly, Brett Van Etten, Rebecca A. Wachs, Max Alley, Joseph C. Glennon, Andrew H. Dubin, John W. German, Richard L. Uhl, Eric H. Ledet 2010 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

161. The Potential Role Of Extensor Muscle Fatigue In The Onset Of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Novel In Vivo Model, Mary Beth M. Grabowsky, Nicholas A. Pallota, Matthew W. Connelly, Brett Van Etten, Rebecca A. Wachs, Max Alley, Joseph C. Glennon, Andrew H. Dubin, John W. German, Richard L. Uhl, Eric H. Ledet

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Occupation is strongly correlated to low back pain (LBP). Specific occupational activities associated with low back pain include poor posture, whole body vibration, and repetitive lifting. These activities have a common link: they result in fatigue of the primary spinal extensor musculature. This fatigue may lead to increased intervertebral loading - a stimulus for disc degeneration. If true, this association could provide a vital connection between detrimental physical activities and LBP. However, the link between muscle fatigue and increased load across the disc space has never been quantified in vivo.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop ...


Numerically Predicting Seepage Gradient Forces And Erosion: Sensitivity To Soil Hydraulic Properties, Garey A. Fox, Derek M. Heeren, Glenn V. Wilson, E. J. Langendoen, Amanda K. Fox, Maria L. Chu-Agor 2010 Oklahoma State University - Main Campus

Numerically Predicting Seepage Gradient Forces And Erosion: Sensitivity To Soil Hydraulic Properties, Garey A. Fox, Derek M. Heeren, Glenn V. Wilson, E. J. Langendoen, Amanda K. Fox, Maria L. Chu-Agor

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Research has suggested that streambank seepage can be an important mechanism of bank instability; however, limited information is available on the level of soil characterization necessary to accurately predict seepage gradient forces and erosion. The objective of this research was to quantify the expected range of predicted seepage gradients for various degrees of site characterization. Uncertainty analysis on seepage gradient predictions was performed relative to variability in soil hydraulic properties. A two-dimensional unsaturated/saturated groundwater flow model was used to simulate a homogeneous soil layer for sand and loamy sand soils packed at various bulk densities, ρb. A pedotransfer ...


Tapping Environmental History To Recreate America’S Colonial Hydrology, Christopher L. Pastore, Mark B. Green, Daniel J. Bain, Andrea Muñoz-Hernandez, Charles J. Vörösmarty, Jennifer Arrigo, Sara Brandt, Jonathan M. Duncan, Francesca Greco, Hyojin Kim, Sanjiv Kumar, Michael Lally, Anthony J. Parolari, Brian Pellerin, Nira Salant, Adam Schlosser, Kate Zalzal 2010 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Tapping Environmental History To Recreate America’S Colonial Hydrology, Christopher L. Pastore, Mark B. Green, Daniel J. Bain, Andrea Muñoz-Hernandez, Charles J. Vörösmarty, Jennifer Arrigo, Sara Brandt, Jonathan M. Duncan, Francesca Greco, Hyojin Kim, Sanjiv Kumar, Michael Lally, Anthony J. Parolari, Brian Pellerin, Nira Salant, Adam Schlosser, Kate Zalzal

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

To properly remediate, improve, or predict how hydrological systems behave, it is vital to establish their histories. However, modern-style records, assembled from instrumental data and remote sensing platforms, hardly exist back more than a few decades. As centuries of data is preferable given multidecadal fluxes of both meteorology/climatology and demographics, building such a history requires resources traditionally considered only useful in the social sciences and humanities. In this Feature, Pastore et al. discuss how they have undertaken the synthesis of historical records and modern techniques to understand the hydrology of the Northeastern U.S. from Colonial times to modern ...


Unconventional Uses Of Cantilevers For Chemical Sensing In Gas And Liquid Environments, Isabelle Dufour, Fabien Josse, Stephen M. Heinrich, C. Lucat, C. Ayela, F. Ménil, Oliver Brand 2010 Université de Bordeaux

Unconventional Uses Of Cantilevers For Chemical Sensing In Gas And Liquid Environments, Isabelle Dufour, Fabien Josse, Stephen M. Heinrich, C. Lucat, C. Ayela, F. Ménil, Oliver Brand

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Microcantilevers used as (bio)chemical sensors are usually coated with a chemically sensitive layer. The coated devices operate either in a static bending regime or in a dynamic flexural mode. While the coated devices operate generally well in both the static and dynamic mode, they do suffer from certain shortcomings depending on the medium of operation and the application, including lack of selectivity and of reversibility of the sensitive coating and a reduced quality factor due to the surrounding medium. In particular, the performance of microcantilevers excited in their standard out-of-plane dynamic mode drastically decreases in viscous liquid media. Moreover ...


New Twelve Node Serendipity Quadrilateral Plate Bending Element Based On Mindlin-Reissner Theory Using Integrated Force Method, Zamin Jumaat 2009 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

New Twelve Node Serendipity Quadrilateral Plate Bending Element Based On Mindlin-Reissner Theory Using Integrated Force Method, Zamin Jumaat

Zamin Jumaat

The Integrated Force Method (IFM) is a novel matrix formulation developed for analyzing the civil, mechanical and aerospace engineering structures. In this method all independent/internal forces are treated as unknown variables which are calculated by simultaneously imposing equations of equilibrium and compatibility conditions. This paper presents a new 12-node serendipity quadrilateral plate bending element MQP12 for the analysis of thin and thick plate problems using IFM. The MindlinReissner plate theory has been employed in the formulation which accounts the effect of shear deformation. The performance of this new element with respect to accuracy and convergence is studied by analyzing ...


Downscaling Surface Temperature Images With Tsharp, Wonsook Ha, Prasanna Gowda, Terry Howell, George Paul, Jairo Hernandez, Sukantu Basu 2009 Boise State University

Downscaling Surface Temperature Images With Tsharp, Wonsook Ha, Prasanna Gowda, Terry Howell, George Paul, Jairo Hernandez, Sukantu Basu

Jairo E. Hernández

Daily evapotranspiration (ET) maps would significantly improve assessing crop water requirements, especially in the Texas High Plains (THP) where the supply of irrigation water is limited. Evapotranspireation maps derived from satellite data with daily coverage such as MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) and GOES (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite) sensors are inadequate, because their thermal pixel size is larger than individual agricultural fields. However, there exists an opportunity to use simultaneously acquired high resolution visible, near-infrared, and shortwave-infrared images from MODIS, and thermal-infrared images from other high resolutions sensors such as LANDSAT 5 (Land Remote-Sensing Satellite) Thematic Mapper (TM) or ASTER ...


Biological Treatment Processes For Fish Processing Wastewater–A Review, Pankaj Chowdhury, T. Viraraghavan, A. Srinivasan 2009 Selected Works

Biological Treatment Processes For Fish Processing Wastewater–A Review, Pankaj Chowdhury, T. Viraraghavan, A. Srinivasan

PC

Water consumption in a fish-processing industry and high-strength wastewater from such an industry are of great concern world-wide. Liquid effluent regulations are becoming more stringent day by day. Biological treatment is the best option for such a wastewater. Anaerobic processes such as upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor, anaerobic filter (AF) and anaerobic fluidized bed (AFB) reactor can achieve high (80–90%) organics removal and produce biogas. Aerobic processes such as activated sludge, rotating biological contactor, trickling filter and lagoons are also suitable for organics removal. Anaerobic digestion followed by an aerobic process is an optimal process option for fish ...


Representing The Fundamental Diagram: The Pursuit Of Mathematical Elegance And Empirical Accuracy (Paper # 10-1354), Haizhong Wang, Jia Li, Qian-Yong Chen, Daiheng Ni 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Representing The Fundamental Diagram: The Pursuit Of Mathematical Elegance And Empirical Accuracy (Paper # 10-1354), Haizhong Wang, Jia Li, Qian-Yong Chen, Daiheng Ni

Daiheng Ni

The fundamental diagram, as the graphical representation of the relationships among traffic flow, speed, and density, has been the foundation of traffic flow theory and transportation engineering. 75 years after the seminal Greenshields model, a variety of models have been proposed to mathematically represent the speed-density relationship which underlies the fundamental diagram. Observed in these models was a clear path toward two competing goals: mathematical elegance and empirical accuracy. As the latest development of such a pursuit, this paper presents a family of speed-density models with varying numbers of parameters. All of these models perform satisfactorily and have physically meaningful ...


Scenario-Based Analysis Of Transportation Impacts In Case Of Dam Failure Flood Evacuation In Franklin County, Massachusetts (Paper # 10-1352), Haizhong Wang, Steven Andrews, John Collura, Daiheng Ni 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Scenario-Based Analysis Of Transportation Impacts In Case Of Dam Failure Flood Evacuation In Franklin County, Massachusetts (Paper # 10-1352), Haizhong Wang, Steven Andrews, John Collura, Daiheng Ni

Daiheng Ni

Emergency planning is an important practice that allows government officials and planners to prepare for disasters and to make prompt response s that can save lives and property . One of the foremost concern s during an emergency is to save as many lives as possible. Thus, whethe r people can leave the disaster areas safely and efficiently is a prime consideration in emergency planning and management. Usually, transportation planners use a four - step model to predict sy s- tem - level performance regarding how people move from on e place to another , and to determine the network ’ s weak points and ...


Impact Of A Large Medical Waste Incinerator On Air Quality, Robert Oleniacz 2009 AGH University o Science and Technology

Impact Of A Large Medical Waste Incinerator On Air Quality, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

In the paper, an assessment of the compliance with air emission limit values and the impact on air quality of one of the largest medical waste incinerators in Poland, with a total capacity of about 300 kg/h (two incineration lines) is presented. The assessment took the results of continuous and periodic measurements of emissions in the plant’s installation over a period of 12 months’ operation into account. For this period, a calculation was performed for the spread of air pollutants emitted by the two operating incineration lines. According to the analysis and calculations, the analysed medical waste incineration ...


2009 Report Of Crerg Research Activities, João F. Gomes 2009 Instituto Superior Engenharia Lisboa

2009 Report Of Crerg Research Activities, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

No abstract provided.


Pricing Residential Water To Account For Scarcity In Cyprus, Theodoros Zachariadis 2009 Cyprus University of Technology

Pricing Residential Water To Account For Scarcity In Cyprus, Theodoros Zachariadis

Theodoros Zachariadis

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Spontaneous Gas Expansion And Mobilization On The Aqueous-Phase Concentrations Above A Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid Pool., Kevin G. Mumford, James Smith, Sarah E. Dickson 2009 Queen's University - Kingston, Ontario

Effect Of Spontaneous Gas Expansion And Mobilization On The Aqueous-Phase Concentrations Above A Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid Pool., Kevin G. Mumford, James Smith, Sarah E. Dickson

Sarah E Dickson

This paper presents a framework to quantify the overall variability of the model estimations of Total Polychlorinated Biphenyls (Total PCBs) concentrations in the Niagara River on the basis of the uncertainty of few model parameters and the natural variability embedded in some of the model input variables. The results of the uncertainty analysis are used to understand the importance of stochastic model components and their effect on the overall reliability of the model output and to evaluate multiple sources of uncertainty that might need to be further studied. The uncertainty analysis is performed using a newly developed point estimate method ...


Physicochemical Characteristics Of Phosphoric Acid Stabilized Bentonite, Amin Eisazadeh, Khairul Anuar Kassim, Hadi Hadi 2009 University Technology Malaysia

Physicochemical Characteristics Of Phosphoric Acid Stabilized Bentonite, Amin Eisazadeh, Khairul Anuar Kassim, Hadi Hadi

Hadi Nur

The expansive nature of soils containing high amounts of montmorillonite mineral can be altered through chemical stabilization, resulting in a material suitable for construction purposes. In this paper, the physicochemical behaviour of phosphoric acid treated samples was studied using X-ray Diffractometry (XRD), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDAX), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), and Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy (SS-NMR). It was found that in acid stabilized montmorillonitic soil, clay alumina was more susceptible to dissolution and mostly responsible for the formation of aluminate phosphate hydrate compounds that bonded the soil particles together. Furthermore, since ...


Degradation Of Organic Pollutants In Domestic Wastewaters By Concrete Plates Containing Of Photocatalyst Nanoparticles, Masoud Rastegar 2009 Selected Works

Degradation Of Organic Pollutants In Domestic Wastewaters By Concrete Plates Containing Of Photocatalyst Nanoparticles, Masoud Rastegar

Masoud Rastegar

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Mechanical And Bond Properties Of Oil Palm Kernel Shell Concrete With Normal Weight Concrete, Zamin Jumaat 2009 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

Comparison Of Mechanical And Bond Properties Of Oil Palm Kernel Shell Concrete With Normal Weight Concrete, Zamin Jumaat

Zamin Jumaat

The comparison of the fresh, mechanical and bond properties of grade 30 lightweight concrete, namely oil palm kernel shell concrete (OPKSC) with normal weight concrete (NWC) of similar strength is presented in this paper. Oil palm kernel shell (OPKS), an industrial waste has been used as lightweight aggregates (LWA) in the OPKSC. In addition, mineral admixtures, 10% of silica fume and 5% fly ash have been used. The OPKSC produced a density reduction of about 20% compared to NWC. The addition of silica fume enhanced the compressive strength and thus OPKSC produced 28-day compressive strength up to 37 MPa. The ...


Toxicological Assessment Of Coated Versus Uncoated Rubber Granulates Obtained From Used Tires For Use In Sport Facilities, João F. Gomes 2009 Instituto Superior Engenharia Lisboa

Toxicological Assessment Of Coated Versus Uncoated Rubber Granulates Obtained From Used Tires For Use In Sport Facilities, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

Reuse of tire crumb in sport facilities is currently a very cost-effective waste management measure. Considering that incorporation of the waste materials in artificial turf would be facilitated if the rubber materials were already colored green, coatings were specifically developed for this purpose. This paper presents an experimental toxicological and environmental assessment aimed at comparing the obtained emissions to the environment in terms of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), heavy metals, and ecotoxicity for coated and noncoated rubber granulates. This study is a comprehensive evaluation of the major potential critical factors related with the release of all of these classes of ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress