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Just Around The Corner: The Future Of U.S. Public Transportation, Steven E. Polzin 2018 Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida

Just Around The Corner: The Future Of U.S. Public Transportation, Steven E. Polzin

Journal of Public Transportation

No abstract provided.


Does The Future Of Mobility Depend On Public Transportation?, Kari Watkins 2018 Georgia Institute of Technology

Does The Future Of Mobility Depend On Public Transportation?, Kari Watkins

Journal of Public Transportation

We’ve all seen the headlines. “Will self-driving cars, taxis make mass transit obsolete?” (Davidson 2017) and “What happens if Uber or Lyft outcompetes public transit?” (Sen 2017) or even “Department Of Transportation Says The Future Of Transit Looks Pretty Bleak” (Griggs 2015). We are entering the next great revolution in how people move about in cities. But does the future of transportation mean the end of transit?


Can Public Transportation Compete With Automated And Connected Cars?, Ralph Buehler 2018 Virginia Tech

Can Public Transportation Compete With Automated And Connected Cars?, Ralph Buehler

Journal of Public Transportation

Over the next 30 years, technological innovation will make automobile travel more convenient. Automated and connected vehicles will perform an increasing number of driving tasks without human input and will lure customers away from traditional public transportation. This paper first explores key characteristics of public transportation demand in the United States today--based on an international comparison with other Western countries. Next, the paper provides potential pathways on how public transportation agencies and local governments in the United States could respond to the emergence of automated and connected vehicles. The paper argues that space efficiency in urbanized areas and the rush ...


Study Of Input Space For State Estimation Of High-Rate Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson 2018 Iowa State University

Study Of Input Space For State Estimation Of High-Rate Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

High-rate dynamic systems are defined as systems being exposed to highly dynamic environments that comprise high-rate and high-amplitude events. Examples of such systems include civil structures exposed to blast, space shuttles prone to debris strikes, and aerial vehicles experiencing in-flight changes. The high-rate dynamic characteristics of these systems provides several possibilities for state estimators to improve performance, including a high potential to reduce injuries and save lives. In this paper, opportunities and challenges that are specific to state estimation of highrate dynamic systems are presented and discussed. It is argued that a possible path to design of state estimators for ...


The Need For Enhanced Physical Infrastructure In The United States, Tanvi Gandham 2018 Claremont McKenna College

The Need For Enhanced Physical Infrastructure In The United States, Tanvi Gandham

CMC Senior Theses

An examination of necessary infrastructure improvements in the United States.


Structural Cyber-Physical Systems: A Confluence Of Structural Health Monitoring And Control Technologies, Rosana E. Martínez-Castro, Shinae Jang 2018 University of Connecticut

Structural Cyber-Physical Systems: A Confluence Of Structural Health Monitoring And Control Technologies, Rosana E. Martínez-Castro, Shinae Jang

Articles

Many bridges in the nation’s transportation infrastructure network have been found to be structurally deficient. In face of a natural or man-made disaster, this poses a serious threat to the execution of emergency respondent logistics, as the failure of such structures could disconnect communities from the necessary provisions and services that must remain accessible after a disaster. To predict such an eventuality, dependable information on structural status for decision-making can be obtained from structural health monitoring (SHM) systems. However, the avoidance of such a situation is preferred. Structural control systems offer an option to improve structural response during extreme ...


Ishs_Ab_2018.Docx, A Ballu, G. Pineau, D. Calluaud, L. David 2017 Selected Works

Ishs_Ab_2018.Docx, A Ballu, G. Pineau, D. Calluaud, L. David

L. David

To restore the ecological continuity of European rivers and streams and more specifically the free circulation of aquatic species, vertical slot fishways (VSF) are built to offer the possibility for fish to cross dams or weirs. Initially, such devices were constructed to allow the migration of fish species with an important swimming capacity like salmonids. Currently, more and more VSFs are equipped with macro-roughnesses fixed on their bed to help small or benthic species to cross obstructions. Macro-roughnesses are most often stones or concrete cylinders and have been introduced to decrease the velocity and the turbulent kinetic energy of the ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn 2017 Touro Law Center

Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Chapter in "Engineering Standards for Forensic Application." (coauthored) Focuses on soveriegn immunity for highway designers.


Hydrogen Vehicles: Impacts Of Doe Technical Targets On Market Acceptance And Societal Benefits, Jing Dong, Zhenhong Lin, David L. Greene 2017 Iowa State University

Hydrogen Vehicles: Impacts Of Doe Technical Targets On Market Acceptance And Societal Benefits, Jing Dong, Zhenhong Lin, David L. Greene

Jing Dong

Hydrogen vehicles (H2V), including H2 internal combustion engine, fuel cell and fuel cell plug-in hybrid, could greatly reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transportation sector. The U.S. Department of Energy has adopted targets for vehicle component technologies to address key technical barriers to widespread commercialization of H2Vs. This study estimates the market acceptance of H2Vs and the resulting societal benefits and subsidy in 41 scenarios that reflect a wide range of progress in meeting these technical targets. Important results include: (1) H2Vs could reach 20–70% market shares by 2050, depending on progress in achieving ...


Charging Infrastructure Planning For Promoting Battery Electric Vehicles: An Activity-Based Approach Using Multiday Travel Data, Jing Dong, Changzheng Liu, Zhenhong Lin 2017 Iowa State University

Charging Infrastructure Planning For Promoting Battery Electric Vehicles: An Activity-Based Approach Using Multiday Travel Data, Jing Dong, Changzheng Liu, Zhenhong Lin

Jing Dong

This paper studies electric vehicle charger location problems and analyzes the impact of public charging infrastructure deployment on increasing electric miles traveled, thus promoting battery electric vehicle (BEV) market penetration. An activity-based assessment method is proposed to evaluate BEV feasibility for the heterogeneous traveling population in the real world driving context. Genetic algorithm is applied to find (sub)optimal locations for siting public charging stations. A case study using the GPS-based travel survey data collected in the greater Seattle metropolitan area shows that electric miles and trips could be significantly increased by installing public chargers at popular destinations, with a ...


Development And Calibration Of A Long-Distance Passenger Traffic Assignment Model, Wen Wang, Xiubin Bruce Wang, Jing Dong 2017 Texas A&M University

Development And Calibration Of A Long-Distance Passenger Traffic Assignment Model, Wen Wang, Xiubin Bruce Wang, Jing Dong

Jing Dong

This paper studies the assignment of long-distance passenger traffic on a highway corridor network. First, we propose a traditional model for the long-distance traffic assignment considering interactions with local commuter traffic. It addresses the effect of local networks on highway corridors. An iterative algorithm is developed to solve for the exact solution. Then, to address the potential computational issues that arise therein, a decomposition method is proposed by introducing a new concept of corridor elasticity. An assignment procedure for long-distance passenger traffic is developed accordingly. Numerical tests show that the proposed decomposition method makes significant improvements in computational performance at ...


Moving Bed Biofilm Reactors: Evaluation Of Geometry, Attachment Surface Material And Biofilm Populations On The Uptake Of Ammonia And Synthetic Organic Contaminants In Wastewater., Patrick D. McLee 2017 University of New Mexico

Moving Bed Biofilm Reactors: Evaluation Of Geometry, Attachment Surface Material And Biofilm Populations On The Uptake Of Ammonia And Synthetic Organic Contaminants In Wastewater., Patrick D. Mclee

Civil Engineering ETDs

Plastic biofilm carriers are used in biological wastewater treatment to encourage the attachment and retention of microorganisms that metabolize pollutants. The following research was conducted to better understand how different characteristics of the biofilm carrier affect the treatment performance of the attached biofilms in moving bed bioreactors. Lab scale reactors were used in this study to grow nitrifying biofilms in reactors with contrasting and controlled conditions. The effect of surface geometry on nitrification performance was evaluated by testing commercially available moving bed bioreactor media that contrast in physical design, and by varying operational parameters. Additionally, mature biofilm from a similar ...


A Novel Concrete-Based Sensor For Detection Of Ice And Water On Roads And Bridges, Habib Tabatabai, Mohammed Aljuboori 2017 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

A Novel Concrete-Based Sensor For Detection Of Ice And Water On Roads And Bridges, Habib Tabatabai, Mohammed Aljuboori

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Articles

Hundreds of people are killed or injured annually in the United States in accidents related to ice formation on roadways and bridge decks. In this paper, a novel embedded sensor system is proposed for the detection of black ice as well as wet, dry and frozen pavement conditions on roads, runways, and bridges. The proposed sensor works by detecting changes in electrical resistance between two sets of stainless steel poles embedded in the concrete sensor to assess surface and near-surface conditions. A preliminary decision algorithm is developed that utilizes sensor outputs indicating resistance changes and surface temperature. The sensor consists ...


Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed 2017 The Universty of Western Ontario

Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The fast diminishing of fossil fuels in the near future, as well as the global warming caused by increasing greenhouse gases have motivated the urgent quest to develop advanced materials as cost-effective photoanodes for solar light harvesting and many other photocatalytic applications. Recently, titania nanotube arrays (TNTAs) fabricated by anodization process has attracted great interest due to their excellent properties such as: high surface area, vertically oriented, highly organized, one-dimensional, nanotubular structure, photoactivity, chemical stability and biocompatibility. This unique combination of excellent properties makes TNTAs an excellent photoanode for solar light harvesting. However, the relatively wide band gap energy of ...


Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Analysis Of Evaporation From Unsaturated Soils, Seyed Morteza Mousavi 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Analysis Of Evaporation From Unsaturated Soils, Seyed Morteza Mousavi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

ABSTRACT

Estimating evaporation from unsaturated soil is important for many applications including agriculture, climate, hydrology, water resources, saturated and unsaturated groundwater flow, slope stability, and soil covers. As an example, the long term performance of soil covers, which are widely used in mining and landfill applications to protect the environment, strongly depends on evaporation from their surfaces.

Evaporation depends on both moisture flow within an unsaturated soil mass, which is generally coupled with heat flow, and void ratio and hydraulic and air conductivities, which are in turn affected by stress and strain and resulting soil settlement. This makes thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM ...


Drone-Enabled Remote Sensing For Transportation Infrastructure Assessment, Colin Brooks 2017 Michigan Technological University

Drone-Enabled Remote Sensing For Transportation Infrastructure Assessment, Colin Brooks

Archived Webinars

Unmanned aerial systems (UAS or “drones”) are a rapidly developing technology that can help meet the needs of transportation agencies for reliable, repeatable data that can save money and increase safety for the data collection process. By taking advantage of flexible platforms that can deploy a variety of sensors, transportation agencies and their information suppliers can help meet these data needs for operations, asset management, and other areas. Location-specific data on infrastructure condition and distresses can help with improved management of assets.

In this presentation, recent applied research led by a Michigan Technological University team is reviewed, with a focus ...


Potential Impacts Of Climate Change On U.S. Transportation, William J. Gutowski Jr., H. G. Schwartz, A. C. Clark, G. E. Dickey, G. C. Eads, R. E. Gallamore, G. Giuliano, R. H. Iwasaki, K. H. Jacob, T. R. Karl, R. J. Lempert, L. Paiewonsky, S. G. H. Philander, C. R. Zeppie 2017 Iowa State University

Potential Impacts Of Climate Change On U.S. Transportation, William J. Gutowski Jr., H. G. Schwartz, A. C. Clark, G. E. Dickey, G. C. Eads, R. E. Gallamore, G. Giuliano, R. H. Iwasaki, K. H. Jacob, T. R. Karl, R. J. Lempert, L. Paiewonsky, S. G. H. Philander, C. R. Zeppie

William J. Gutowski, Jr.

No abstract provided.


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