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12,266 full-text articles. Page 353 of 354.

Elucidating Mechanisms Of Solvent Toxicity In Ethanologenic Escherichia Coli, Cong Trinh, Sarah Huffer, Melinda Clark, Harvey Blanch, Douglas Clark 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Elucidating Mechanisms Of Solvent Toxicity In Ethanologenic Escherichia Coli, Cong Trinh, Sarah Huffer, Melinda Clark, Harvey Blanch, Douglas Clark

Cong T Trinh

No abstract provided.


Building An Understanding Of Heat Transfer Concepts In Undergraduate Chemical Engineering Courses, Michael Prince, M. Vigeant, K. Nottis 2009 Bucknell University

Building An Understanding Of Heat Transfer Concepts In Undergraduate Chemical Engineering Courses, Michael Prince, M. Vigeant, K. Nottis

Michael J. Prince

No abstract provided.


On Algebraic Properties Of Extreme Pathways In Metabolic Networks, Dimitrije Jevremovic, Cong Trinh, Daniel Boley 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

On Algebraic Properties Of Extreme Pathways In Metabolic Networks, Dimitrije Jevremovic, Cong Trinh, Daniel Boley

Cong T Trinh

No abstract provided.


Molecular Simulation Images, David Keffer 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Molecular Simulation Images, David Keffer

David Keffer

These animations and interactive structures are created from various molecular dynamics simulations and quantum calculations. In order to view the interactive structures, you need the free "Chime" Plug-in. In order to view the movie files (in avi format), you will require the following codec: TSCC codec. This work has been supported by DOE BES, AFOSR, NSF and ACS PRF.


Evaluation Of Photon Absorption In An Aqueous Tio2 Slurry Reactor Using Monte Carlo Simulations And Macroscopic Balance., Jesus Moreira del Rio, Benito Serrano Rosales, Aaron Ortiz Gomez, Hugo de Lasa 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluation Of Photon Absorption In An Aqueous Tio2 Slurry Reactor Using Monte Carlo Simulations And Macroscopic Balance., Jesus Moreira Del Rio, Benito Serrano Rosales, Aaron Ortiz Gomez, Hugo De Lasa

Jesus Moreira del Rio

No abstract provided.


Effective Potentials Between Nanoparticles In Suspension, Gary Grest, Qifei Wang, Pieter in't Veld, David Keffer 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effective Potentials Between Nanoparticles In Suspension, Gary Grest, Qifei Wang, Pieter In't Veld, David Keffer

David Keffer

Results of molecular dynamics simulations are presented for the pair distribution function between nanoparticles in an explicit solvent as a function of nanoparticle diameter and interaction strength between the nanoparticle and solvent. The effect of including the solvent explicitly is demonstrated by comparing the pair distribution function of nanoparticles to that in an implicit solvent. The nanoparticles are modeled as a uniform distribution of Lennard-Jones particles, while the solvent is represented by standard Lennard-Jones particles. The diameter of the nanoparticle is varied from 10 to 25 times that of the solvent for a range of nanoparticle volume fractions. As the ...


Dynamics Of Individual Molecules Of Linear Polyethylene Liquids Under Shear: Atomistic Simulation And Comparison With A Free-Draining Bead-Rod Chain, David Keffer, J. Kim, B. Edwards, B. Khomami 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Dynamics Of Individual Molecules Of Linear Polyethylene Liquids Under Shear: Atomistic Simulation And Comparison With A Free-Draining Bead-Rod Chain, David Keffer, J. Kim, B. Edwards, B. Khomami

David Keffer

Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations of a dense liquid composed of linear polyethylene chains were performed to investigate the chain dynamics under shear. Brownian dynamics (BD) simulations of a freely jointed chain with equivalent contour length were also performed in the case of a dilute solution. This allowed for a close comparison of the chain dynamics of similar molecules for two very different types of liquids. Both simulations exhibited a distribution of the end-to-end vector, |Rete|, with Gaussian behavior at low Weissenberg number (Wi). At high Wi, the NEMD distribution was bimodal, with two peaks associated with rotation and ...


Poly(Beta-Alanoid-Block-Beta-Alanine)S: Synthesis Via Cobalt-Catalyzed Carbonylative Polymerization And Self-Assembly, Shaohui Lin, Xinfei Yu, Yinfeng Tu, Hongyu Xu, Stephen Cheng, Li Jia 2009 University of Akron Main Campus

Poly(Beta-Alanoid-Block-Beta-Alanine)S: Synthesis Via Cobalt-Catalyzed Carbonylative Polymerization And Self-Assembly, Shaohui Lin, Xinfei Yu, Yinfeng Tu, Hongyu Xu, Stephen Cheng, Li Jia

Stephen Z. D. Cheng

The titled diblock copolymers are synthesized via cobalt-catalyzed living carbonylative polymerization of N-alkylaziridines under moderate pressures followed by a deprotection step. The poly(beta-alanine) block is solubilized by the poly(beta-alanoid) block in chloroform and remains fully hydrogen-bonded in the form of a sheet-like assembly.


A Tangent-Plane, Marker-Particle Method For The Computation Of Three-Dimensional Solid Surfaces Evolving By Surface Diffusion On A Substrate, Ping Du, Mikhail Khenner, Harris Wong 2009 Western Kentucky University

A Tangent-Plane, Marker-Particle Method For The Computation Of Three-Dimensional Solid Surfaces Evolving By Surface Diffusion On A Substrate, Ping Du, Mikhail Khenner, Harris Wong

Mikhail Khenner

We introduce a marker-particle method for the computation of three-dimensional solid surface morphologies evolving by surface diffusion. The method does not use gridding of surfaces or numerical differentiation, and applies to surfaces with finite slopes and overhangs. We demonstrate the method by computing the evolution of perturbed cylindrical wires on a substrate. We show that computed growth rates at early times agree with those predicted by the linear stability analysis. Furthermore, when the marker particles are redistributed periodically to maintain even spacing, the method can follow breakup of the wire.


Oscillatory And Monotonic Modes Of Long-Wave Marangoni Convection In A Thin Film, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev 2009 Western Kentucky University

Oscillatory And Monotonic Modes Of Long-Wave Marangoni Convection In A Thin Film, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mikhail Khenner

We study long-wave Marangoni convection in a layer heated from below. Using the scaling k=O#1;#3;Bi#2;, where k is the wave number and Bi is the Biot number, we derive a set of amplitude equations. Analysis of this set shows presence of monotonic and oscillatory modes of instability. Oscillatory mode has not been previously found for such direction of heating. Studies of weakly nonlinear dynamics demonstrate that stable steady and oscillatory patterns can be found near the stability threshold.


Thickness-Dependent Spontaneous Dewetting Morphology Of Ultrathin Ag Films, H Krishna, R Sachan, J Strader, C Favazza, Mikhail Khenner, Ramki Kalyanaraman 2009 Washington University in St Louis

Thickness-Dependent Spontaneous Dewetting Morphology Of Ultrathin Ag Films, H Krishna, R Sachan, J Strader, C Favazza, Mikhail Khenner, Ramki Kalyanaraman

Mikhail Khenner

We show here that the morphological pathway of spontaneous dewetting of ultrathin Ag films on SiO2 under nanosecond laser melting is found to be film thickness dependent. For films with thickness h between 2<=h<=9.5 nm, the intermediate stages of the morphology consisted of bicontinuous structures. For films 11.5<=h<=20 nm, the intermediate stages consisted of regularly-sized holes. Measurement of the characteristic length scales for different stages of dewetting as a function of film thickness showed a systematic increase, which is consistent with the spinodal dewetting instability over the entire thickness range investigated. This change in morphology with thickness is consistent with observations made previously for polymer films [A. Shama et al, Phys. Rev. Lett., v81, pp3463 (1998); R. Seemann et al, J. Phys. Cond. Matt., v13, pp4925, (2001)]. Based on the behavior of free energy curvature that incorporates intermolecular forces, we have estimated the morphological transition thickness for Ag on SiO2. The theory predictions agree well with observations for Ag. These results show that it is possible to form a variety of complex Ag nanomorphologies in a consistent manner, which could be useful in optical applications of Ag surfaces, such as in surface enhanced Raman sensing.


Apolar Ortho-Phenylene Ethynylene Oligomers: Conformational Ordering Without Intermolecular Aggregation, Jing Jiang, Morris M. Slutsky, Ticora V. Jones, Gregory N. Tew 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Apolar Ortho-Phenylene Ethynylene Oligomers: Conformational Ordering Without Intermolecular Aggregation, Jing Jiang, Morris M. Slutsky, Ticora V. Jones, Gregory N. Tew

Gregory N. Tew

This paper describes the characterization of solvent induced folding behavior for non-polar (NP) alkoxy substituted ortho-phenylene ethynylene (o-PE) oligomers. Oligomers of lengths up to nine units have been shown to adopt helical conformations in heptane by NMR and CD spectroscopy, while chloroform promotes extended conformations. Surprisingly, the molar ellipticity values found in heptane for these oligomers are very small compared to other literature values of meta-phenylene ethynylene (m-PE) folded systems; however, comparable molar ellipticity values were found for a closed macrocyclic o-PE suggesting the weak ellipticity is a molecular-feature rather than a quality of folding indicator.


Viscosities And Densities Of Binary And Ternary Blends Of Palm Oil + Palm Biodiesel + Diesel Fuel At Different Temperatures, Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman 2009 University of Malaya

Viscosities And Densities Of Binary And Ternary Blends Of Palm Oil + Palm Biodiesel + Diesel Fuel At Different Temperatures, Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman

Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman

Vegetable oil-based fuels are promising alternative fuels for diesel engines because of their environmental and strategic advantages. In this work, binary and ternary blends of palm oil, biodiesel, and diesel fuel were prepared, and dynamic viscosities and densities of blends were measured as functions of temperature. The binary and ternary blends demonstrate a temperature-dependent behavior, and viscosities and densities decreased nonlinearly and linearly with temperature, respectively. The evaluation of the measured viscosities of binary and ternary blends was completed, and the best correlation was obtained by a polynomial regression. © 2010 American Chemical Society.


Evolution Of Block-Copolymer Order Through A Moving Thermal Zone, Kevin G. Yager, Nathaniel J. Fredin, Xiaohua Zhang, Brian C. Berry, Alamgir Karim, Ronald L. Jones 2009 University of Akron

Evolution Of Block-Copolymer Order Through A Moving Thermal Zone, Kevin G. Yager, Nathaniel J. Fredin, Xiaohua Zhang, Brian C. Berry, Alamgir Karim, Ronald L. Jones

Alamgir Karim

We investigate block-copolymer (BCP) thin film ordering kinetics during annealing across a moving in-plane temperature gradient. We operate in the so-called cold zone annealing (CZA) regime, where ordering temperatures are above the glass-transition, but well below the order-disorder transition. By measuring the order through the in-plane gradient, using atomic force microscopy and grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS), we confirm that CZA greatly enhances ordering kinetics, as compared to uniform oven annealing. The maximal ordering occurs over a narrow range of the heating-up phase, and not during the subsequent cooling phase. The large grain sizes obtained using CZA are due to ...


Retrofit Of Distillation Columns In Biodiesel Production Plants, YASAR DEMIREL, N. Nguyen 2009 University of Nebraska Lincoln

Retrofit Of Distillation Columns In Biodiesel Production Plants, Yasar Demirel, N. Nguyen

YASAR DEMIREL

Column grand composite curves and the exergy loss profiles produced by the Column-Targeting Tool of the Aspen Plus simulator are used to assess the performance of the existing distillation columns, and reduce the costs of operation by appropriate retrofits in a biodiesel production plant. Effectiveness of the retrofits is assessed by means of thermodynamics and economic improvements. We have considered a biodiesel plant utilizing three distillation columns to purify biodiesel (fatty acid methyl ester) and byproduct glycerol as well as reduce the waste. The assessments of the base case simulation have indicated the need for modifications for the distillation columns ...


Observation Of A Characteristic Length Scale In The Healing Of Glassy Polymer Interfaces, Guangcui Yuan, Clive Li, Sushil K. Satija, Alamgir Karim, Jack F. Douglas, Charles C. Han 2009 University of Akron

Observation Of A Characteristic Length Scale In The Healing Of Glassy Polymer Interfaces, Guangcui Yuan, Clive Li, Sushil K. Satija, Alamgir Karim, Jack F. Douglas, Charles C. Han

Alamgir Karim

We examine the evolution (‘healing’) of the interface between two polymer films at various temperatures below the glass transition temperature, Tg. Specifically, neutron reflectometry is used to study the relaxation of the interface between both unentangled and entangled deuterated polystyrene (d-PS) and hydrogenated polystyrene (h-PS) films in the glass state where these bilayer films are supported on silicon substrates. We find that the initially sharp interface between the glassy polymer layers broadens with time (t), but the average interfacial thickness Δσ(t) between these layers then saturates after long time to a thickness (ξp) in a range between 1 nm ...


Spr Imaging Study Of Dna Wrapped Single Wall Carbon Nanotube (Ssdna-Swcnt) Adsorption On A Model Biological (Collagen) Substrate, Jung Jin Park, Jeffrey A. Fagan, Ji Yeon Huh, Kalman B. Migler, Alamgit Karim, Dharmaraj Raghaven 2009 University of Akron

Spr Imaging Study Of Dna Wrapped Single Wall Carbon Nanotube (Ssdna-Swcnt) Adsorption On A Model Biological (Collagen) Substrate, Jung Jin Park, Jeffrey A. Fagan, Ji Yeon Huh, Kalman B. Migler, Alamgit Karim, Dharmaraj Raghaven

Alamgir Karim

The adsorption kinetics of single stranded-DNA dispersed single wall carbon nanotubes (ssDNA-SWCNTs) onto an immobilized collagen layer in a microfluidic channel was probed using surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi). The adsorption was measured for a range of both nanotube and solution parameters including the nanotube concentration, nanotube length, solution pH, and the type of medium (buffer and river water). The kinetic adsorption data suggests that the adsorption of the nanotubes to the collagen layer is irreversible in HEPES buffer, pH ≈ 7.4, at room temperature, with the nanotube adsorption displaying two different kinetic adsorption regimes for different concentration ranges. A ...


2009 Report Of Crerg Research Activities, João F. Gomes 2009 Instituto Superior Engenharia Lisboa

2009 Report Of Crerg Research Activities, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

No abstract provided.


A Short Method For The Design Of Reactive Distillation Column, Marcelino Carrera-Rodriguez, Juan Gabriel Segovia-Hernandez, Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet 2009 Universidad de Guanajuato

A Short Method For The Design Of Reactive Distillation Column, Marcelino Carrera-Rodriguez, Juan Gabriel Segovia-Hernandez, Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet

Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet

In this study, a short method for the design of reactive distillation is presented. The method is based on distillation lines and tray-by-tray calculations, and a new strategy is suggested to locate the reflux ratio, the number of stages, and feed tray. The material balances are solved from the outside (top and bottom) to the inside of the distillation column (feed), to ensure that the product compositions are met. To reduce the numerical difficulties, the method is based on the application of reaction-invariant composition variables. The synthesis of MTBE with the presence of inert is used as case of study ...


Carbon Accounting Initiatives: Case Study Of A Petroleum Refinery In Malaysia To Prepare For Future Carbon Market, Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman 2009 University of Malaya

Carbon Accounting Initiatives: Case Study Of A Petroleum Refinery In Malaysia To Prepare For Future Carbon Market, Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman

Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman

Petroleum refining process produces a large amount of atmospheric pollutants including greenhouse gases which are attributed to global warming. The international community inevitably addressed the global warming issue by introducing a market-based mechanism known as Emission Trading Systems (ETS) under the Kyoto Protocol which imposes binding limits to developed nations using three flexibility mechanisms, including the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). © School of Engineering, Taylor's University College.


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