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Brain Tumor In A Dish: Glioma/Astrocyte Co-Cultures As A Model For In Vitro Studies, Erin Eickman, Christina Wilson, Srivatsan Kidambi 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Brain Tumor In A Dish: Glioma/Astrocyte Co-Cultures As A Model For In Vitro Studies, Erin Eickman, Christina Wilson, Srivatsan Kidambi

UCARE Research Products

This study seeks to engineer an in vitro co-culture model to elucidate the role of glioma-astrocyte interactions on molecular changes in the tumor microenvironment. The use of patterned co-cultures created with polyelectrolyte multilayers and micromolding in capillaries will allow tthe investigation of cell-cell communication. This study will lead to better understanding of the role of healthy cells in cancer progression and potential treatment options.


Ionic Driven Embedment Of Hyaluronic Acid Coated Liposomes In Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films For Local Therapeutic Delivery, Stephen Lawrence Hayward, David Francis, Matthew J. Sis, Srivatsan Kidambi 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Ionic Driven Embedment Of Hyaluronic Acid Coated Liposomes In Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films For Local Therapeutic Delivery, Stephen Lawrence Hayward, David Francis, Matthew J. Sis, Srivatsan Kidambi

UCARE Research Products

The ability to control the spatial distribution and temporal release of a therapeutic remains a central challenge for biomedical research. Here, we report the development and optimization of a novel substrate mediated therapeutic delivery system comprising of hyaluronic acid covalently functionalized liposomes (HALNPs) embedded into polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) platform via ionic stabilization. The PEM platform was constructed from sequential deposition of Poly-LLysine (PLL) and Poly(Sodium styrene sulfonate) (SPS) “(PLL/SPS)4.5” followed by adsorption of anionic HALNPs. An adsorption affinity assay and saturation curve illustrated the preferential HALNP deposition density for precise therapeutic loading. (PLL/SPS)2.5 ...


Biomimetic Self-Assembling Copolymer-Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites With The Nanocrystal Size Controlled By Citrate, Y.-Y. Hu, X. P. Liu, X. Ma, A. Rawal, Tanya Prozorov, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr 2016 Ames Laboratory

Biomimetic Self-Assembling Copolymer-Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites With The Nanocrystal Size Controlled By Citrate, Y.-Y. Hu, X. P. Liu, X. Ma, A. Rawal, Tanya Prozorov, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr

Surya K. Mallapragada

Citrate binds strongly to the surface of calcium phosphate (apatite) nanocrystals in bone and is thought to prevent crystal thickening. In this work, citrate added as a regulatory element enabled molecular control of the size and stability of hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanocrystals in synthetic nanocomposites, fabricated with self-assembling block copolymer templates. The decrease of the HAp crystal size within the polymer matrix with increasing citrate concentration was documented by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), while the shapes of HAp nanocrystals were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Advanced NMR techniques were used to characterize the ...


Effect Of Surface Hydrophobicity On The Function Of The Immobilized Biomineralization Protein Mms6, Xunpei Liu, Honghu Zhang, Srikanth Nayak, German Parada, James W. Anderegg, Shuren Feng, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada 2016 Iowa State University

Effect Of Surface Hydrophobicity On The Function Of The Immobilized Biomineralization Protein Mms6, Xunpei Liu, Honghu Zhang, Srikanth Nayak, German Parada, James W. Anderegg, Shuren Feng, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada

Surya K. Mallapragada

Magnetotactic bacteria produce magnetic nanocrystals with uniform shapes and sizes in nature, which has inspired in vitro synthesis of uniformly sized magnetite nanocrystals under mild conditions. Mms6, a biomineralization protein from magnetotactic bacteria with a hydrophobic N-terminal domain and a hydrophilic C-terminal domain, can promote formation of magnetite nanocrystals in vitro with well-defined shape and size in gels under mild conditions. Here we investigate the role of surface hydrophobicity on the ability of Mms6 to template magnetite nanoparticle formation on surfaces. Our results confirmed that Mms6 can form a protein network structure on a monolayer of hydrophobic octadecanethiol (ODT)-coated ...


Biomimetic Self-Assembling Copolymer-Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites With The Nanocrystal Size Controlled By Citrate, Y.-Y. Hu, X. P. Liu, X. Ma, A. Rawal, Tanya Prozorov, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr 2016 Ames Laboratory

Biomimetic Self-Assembling Copolymer-Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites With The Nanocrystal Size Controlled By Citrate, Y.-Y. Hu, X. P. Liu, X. Ma, A. Rawal, Tanya Prozorov, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr

Surya K. Mallapragada

Citrate binds strongly to the surface of calcium phosphate (apatite) nanocrystals in bone and is thought to prevent crystal thickening. In this work, citrate added as a regulatory element enabled molecular control of the size and stability of hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanocrystals in synthetic nanocomposites, fabricated with self-assembling block copolymer templates. The decrease of the HAp crystal size within the polymer matrix with increasing citrate concentration was documented by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), while the shapes of HAp nanocrystals were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Advanced NMR techniques were used to characterize the ...


Integrated Self-Assembly Of The Mms6 Magnetosome Protein To Form An Iron-Responsive Structure, Shuren Feng, Lijun Wang, Pierre E. Palo, Xunpei Liu, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton 2016 Iowa State University

Integrated Self-Assembly Of The Mms6 Magnetosome Protein To Form An Iron-Responsive Structure, Shuren Feng, Lijun Wang, Pierre E. Palo, Xunpei Liu, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton

Surya K. Mallapragada

A common feature of biomineralization proteins is their self-assembly to produce a surface consistent in size with the inorganic crystals that they produce. Mms6, a small protein of 60 amino acids from Magnetospirillum magneticum strain AMB-1 that promotes the in vitro growth of superparamagnetic magnetite nanocrystals, assembles in aqueous solution to form spherical micelles that could be visualized by TEM and AFM. The results reported here are consistent with the view that the N and C-terminal domains interact with each other within one polypeptide chain and across protein units in the assembly. From studies to determine the amino acid residues ...


Self-Assembly And Biphasic Iron-Binding Characteristics Of Mms6, A Bacterial Protein That Promotes The Formation Of Superparamagnetic Magnetite Nanoparticles Of Uniform Size And Shape, Lijun Wang, Tanya Prozorov, Pierre E. Palo, Xunpei Liu, David Vaknin, Ruslan Prozorov, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton 2016 Iowa State University

Self-Assembly And Biphasic Iron-Binding Characteristics Of Mms6, A Bacterial Protein That Promotes The Formation Of Superparamagnetic Magnetite Nanoparticles Of Uniform Size And Shape, Lijun Wang, Tanya Prozorov, Pierre E. Palo, Xunpei Liu, David Vaknin, Ruslan Prozorov, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton

Surya K. Mallapragada

Highly ordered mineralized structures created by living organisms are often hierarchical in structure with fundamental structural elements at nanometer scales. Proteins have been found responsible for forming many of these structures, but the mechanisms by which these biomineralization proteins function are generally poorly understood. To better understand its role in biomineralization, the magnetotactic bacterial protein, Mms6, which promotes the formation in vitro of superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles of uniform size and shape, was studied for its structure and function. Mms6 is shown to have two phases of iron binding: one high affinity and stoichiometric and the other low affinity, high capacity ...


Interfacial Properties And Iron Binding To Bacterial Proteins That Promote The Growth Of Magnetite Nanocrystals: X-Ray Reflectivity And Surface Spectroscopy Studies, Wenjie Wang, Wei Bu, Lijun Wang, Pierre E. Palo, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin 2016 Iowa State University

Interfacial Properties And Iron Binding To Bacterial Proteins That Promote The Growth Of Magnetite Nanocrystals: X-Ray Reflectivity And Surface Spectroscopy Studies, Wenjie Wang, Wei Bu, Lijun Wang, Pierre E. Palo, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin

Surya K. Mallapragada

Surface sensitive X-ray scattering and spectroscopic studies have been conducted to determine structural properties of Mms6, the protein in Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1 that is implicated as promoter of magnetite nanocrystals growth. Surface pressure versus molecular area isotherms indicate Mms6 forms stable monolayers at the aqueous/vapor interface that are strongly affected by ionic conditions of the subphase. Analysis of X-ray reflectivity from the monolayers shows that the protein conformation at the interface depends on surface pressure and on the presence of ions in the solutions, in particular of iron ions and its complexes. X-ray fluorescence at grazing angles of incidence ...


Self-Assembly And Biphasic Iron-Binding Characteristics Of Mms6, A Bacterial Protein That Promotes The Formation Of Superparamagnetic Magnetite Nanoparticles Of Uniform Size And Shape, Lijun Wang, Tanya Prozorov, Pierre E. Palo, Xunpei Liu, David Vaknin, Ruslan Prozorov, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton 2016 Iowa State University

Self-Assembly And Biphasic Iron-Binding Characteristics Of Mms6, A Bacterial Protein That Promotes The Formation Of Superparamagnetic Magnetite Nanoparticles Of Uniform Size And Shape, Lijun Wang, Tanya Prozorov, Pierre E. Palo, Xunpei Liu, David Vaknin, Ruslan Prozorov, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton

Surya K. Mallapragada

Highly ordered mineralized structures created by living organisms are often hierarchical in structure with fundamental structural elements at nanometer scales. Proteins have been found responsible for forming many of these structures, but the mechanisms by which these biomineralization proteins function are generally poorly understood. To better understand its role in biomineralization, the magnetotactic bacterial protein, Mms6, which promotes the formation in vitro of superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles of uniform size and shape, was studied for its structure and function. Mms6 is shown to have two phases of iron binding: one high affinity and stoichiometric and the other low affinity, high capacity ...


Effect Of Surface Hydrophobicity On The Function Of The Immobilized Biomineralization Protein Mms6, Xunpei Liu, Honghu Zhang, Srikanth Nayak, German Parada, James W. Anderegg, Shuren Feng, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada 2016 Iowa State University

Effect Of Surface Hydrophobicity On The Function Of The Immobilized Biomineralization Protein Mms6, Xunpei Liu, Honghu Zhang, Srikanth Nayak, German Parada, James W. Anderegg, Shuren Feng, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada

Surya K. Mallapragada

Magnetotactic bacteria produce magnetic nanocrystals with uniform shapes and sizes in nature, which has inspired in vitro synthesis of uniformly sized magnetite nanocrystals under mild conditions. Mms6, a biomineralization protein from magnetotactic bacteria with a hydrophobic N-terminal domain and a hydrophilic C-terminal domain, can promote formation of magnetite nanocrystals in vitro with well-defined shape and size in gels under mild conditions. Here we investigate the role of surface hydrophobicity on the ability of Mms6 to template magnetite nanoparticle formation on surfaces. Our results confirmed that Mms6 can form a protein network structure on a monolayer of hydrophobic octadecanethiol (ODT)-coated ...


Integrated Self-Assembly Of The Mms6 Magnetosome Protein To Form An Iron-Responsive Structure, Shuren Feng, Lijun Wang, Pierre E. Palo, Xunpei Liu, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton 2016 Iowa State University

Integrated Self-Assembly Of The Mms6 Magnetosome Protein To Form An Iron-Responsive Structure, Shuren Feng, Lijun Wang, Pierre E. Palo, Xunpei Liu, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton

Surya K. Mallapragada

A common feature of biomineralization proteins is their self-assembly to produce a surface consistent in size with the inorganic crystals that they produce. Mms6, a small protein of 60 amino acids from Magnetospirillum magneticum strain AMB-1 that promotes the in vitro growth of superparamagnetic magnetite nanocrystals, assembles in aqueous solution to form spherical micelles that could be visualized by TEM and AFM. The results reported here are consistent with the view that the N and C-terminal domains interact with each other within one polypeptide chain and across protein units in the assembly. From studies to determine the amino acid residues ...


Biomimetic Self-Assembling Copolymer-Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites With The Nanocrystal Size Controlled By Citrate, Y.-Y. Hu, X. P. Liu, X. Ma, A. Rawal, Tanya Prozorov, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr 2016 Ames Laboratory

Biomimetic Self-Assembling Copolymer-Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites With The Nanocrystal Size Controlled By Citrate, Y.-Y. Hu, X. P. Liu, X. Ma, A. Rawal, Tanya Prozorov, Mufit Akinc, Surya K. Mallapragada, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr

Surya K. Mallapragada

Citrate binds strongly to the surface of calcium phosphate (apatite) nanocrystals in bone and is thought to prevent crystal thickening. In this work, citrate added as a regulatory element enabled molecular control of the size and stability of hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanocrystals in synthetic nanocomposites, fabricated with self-assembling block copolymer templates. The decrease of the HAp crystal size within the polymer matrix with increasing citrate concentration was documented by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), while the shapes of HAp nanocrystals were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Advanced NMR techniques were used to characterize the ...


Interfacial Properties And Iron Binding To Bacterial Proteins That Promote The Growth Of Magnetite Nanocrystals: X-Ray Reflectivity And Surface Spectroscopy Studies, Wenjie Wang, Wei Bu, Lijun Wang, Pierre E. Palo, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin 2016 Iowa State University

Interfacial Properties And Iron Binding To Bacterial Proteins That Promote The Growth Of Magnetite Nanocrystals: X-Ray Reflectivity And Surface Spectroscopy Studies, Wenjie Wang, Wei Bu, Lijun Wang, Pierre E. Palo, Surya K. Mallapragada, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin

Surya K. Mallapragada

Surface sensitive X-ray scattering and spectroscopic studies have been conducted to determine structural properties of Mms6, the protein in Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1 that is implicated as promoter of magnetite nanocrystals growth. Surface pressure versus molecular area isotherms indicate Mms6 forms stable monolayers at the aqueous/vapor interface that are strongly affected by ionic conditions of the subphase. Analysis of X-ray reflectivity from the monolayers shows that the protein conformation at the interface depends on surface pressure and on the presence of ions in the solutions, in particular of iron ions and its complexes. X-ray fluorescence at grazing angles of incidence ...


Recovery Of Valuable Chemicals From Agricultural Waste Through Pyrolysis, Mohammad M. Hossain 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Recovery Of Valuable Chemicals From Agricultural Waste Through Pyrolysis, Mohammad M. Hossain

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Agricultural crop residues are a source of inexpensive biomass to convert into bioproducts. The recovery of valuable chemicals from plant waste would partly solve the disposal issue and offer a more environmentally friendly alternative to synthetic chemical production. One approach to separate and concentrate valuable chemicals from biomass is pyrolysis using a batch reactor process. A mechanically fluidized reactor (MFR) was developed to pyrolyze biomass from ambient to temperatures near 600 °C, forming gases that are then condensed in an ice-chilled condenser to form a bio-oil. The bio-oil produced by the MFR can be separated within temperature ranges, termed one-dimensional ...


Polymeric Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Drug Delivery Applications, Leena Mohammed 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Polymeric Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles For Drug Delivery Applications, Leena Mohammed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Drug delivery systems based on magnetic nanoparticles present a promising avenue for controlled targeted therapeutics, especially in cancer therapy. Conventional systematic therapeutics encompasses numerous side effects due to its limited selectivity between healthy and cancerous cells. In this thesis, novel polymeric-metallic hybrid nanoaggregates were developed to address this challenge. Magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized via precipitation of iron oxide and was surface modified using a unique chitosan derivative, glycol chitosan (GC), loaded with progesterone for potential hormonal therapy application for breast cancer. Surface characterizations techniques, in vitro drug release kinetics, investigation of progesterone release mechanism by mathematical modeling, and cell cytotoxicity ...


A Study Of Low C/N Ratio Waste Water Treatment Using Fluidized Bed Bioreactor, Kai Li 2016 The University of Western Ontario

A Study Of Low C/N Ratio Waste Water Treatment Using Fluidized Bed Bioreactor, Kai Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In wastewater treatment field, one of the severe challenges is the handling of ammonia-rich wastewater with a low C/N ratio. The failure of nitrogen treatment can lead to adverse ecological and biological effects including depletion of dissolved oxygen, eutrophication, toxicity to aquatic life, and reduction in the suitability of water for reuse. Conventionally, extra organic carbon dosing is required in treating low C/N wastewater. Alternately, partial nitrification is of interest as an emerging technology for its’ lesser need of organic carbon addition and cost savings in aeration. In this study, a lab-scale partial nitrification fluidized bed bioreactor (PNFBR ...


Combining Metabolic Engineering And Electrocatalysis: Application To The Production Of Polyamides From Sugar, Miguel Suastegui, John E. Matthiesen, Jack M. Carraher, Nacú Hernández, Natalia Rodriguez Quiroz, Adam Okerlund, Eric W. Cochran, Zengyi Shao, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier 2016 Iowa State University

Combining Metabolic Engineering And Electrocatalysis: Application To The Production Of Polyamides From Sugar, Miguel Suastegui, John E. Matthiesen, Jack M. Carraher, Nacú Hernández, Natalia Rodriguez Quiroz, Adam Okerlund, Eric W. Cochran, Zengyi Shao, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Biorefineries aim to convert biomass to a spectrum of products ranging from biofuels to specialty chemicals. To achieve economically sustainable conversion it is crucial to streamline the catalytic and downstream processing steps. Here we report a route that integrates bio- and chemical catalysis to convert glucose into bio-based unsaturated nylon 6,6. An engineered strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, with the highest reported muconic acid titer of 559.5 mg L-1 in yeast, was used as the initial biocatalyst to convert glucose into muconic acid. Without any separation, muconic acid was further electrocatalytically hydrogenated to 3-hexenedioic acid with 94% yield, despite ...


Identification Of Soil Microbes Capable Of Utilizing Cellobiosan, Jieni Lian, Jinlyung Choi, Yee Shiean Tan, Adina C. Howe, Zhiyou Wen, Laura R. Jarboe 2016 Iowa State University

Identification Of Soil Microbes Capable Of Utilizing Cellobiosan, Jieni Lian, Jinlyung Choi, Yee Shiean Tan, Adina C. Howe, Zhiyou Wen, Laura R. Jarboe

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Approximately 100 million tons of anhydrosugars, such as levoglucosan and cellobiosan, are produced through biomass burning every year. These sugars are also produced through fast pyrolysis, the controlled thermal depolymerization of biomass. While the microbial pathways associated with levoglucosan utilization have been characterized, there is little known about cellobiosan utilization. Here we describe the isolation and characterization of six cellobiosan-utilizing microbes from soil samples. Each of these organisms is capable of using both cellobiosan and levoglucosan as sole carbon source, though both minimal and rich media cellobiosan supported significantly higher biomass production than levoglucosan. Ribosomal sequencing was used to identify ...


Ab Initio Study Of Molecular Interactions In Cellulose Iα, Ajitha Devarajan, Sergiy Markutsya, Monica H. Lamm, Xiaolin Cheng, Jeremy C. Smith, John Ysrael Baluyut, Yana Kholod, Mark S. Gordon, Theresa Lynn Windus 2016 Iowa State University

Ab Initio Study Of Molecular Interactions In Cellulose Iα, Ajitha Devarajan, Sergiy Markutsya, Monica H. Lamm, Xiaolin Cheng, Jeremy C. Smith, John Ysrael Baluyut, Yana Kholod, Mark S. Gordon, Theresa Lynn Windus

Mark S. Gordon

Biomass recalcitrance, the resistance of cellulosic biomass to degradation, is due in part to the stability of the hydrogen bond network and stacking forces between the polysaccharide chains in cellulose microfibers. The fragment molecular orbital (FMO) method at the correlated Møller–Plesset second order perturbation level of theory was used on a model of the crystalline cellulose Iα core with a total of 144 glucose units. These computations show that the intersheet chain interactions are stronger than the intrasheet chain interactions for the crystalline structure, while they are more similar to each other for a relaxed structure. An FMO chain ...


Ab Initio Study Of Molecular Interactions In Cellulose Iα, Ajitha Devarajan, Sergiy Markutsya, Monica H. Lamm, Xiaolin Cheng, Jeremy C. Smith, John Ysrael Baluyut, Yana Kholod, Mark S. Gordon, Theresa Lynn Windus 2016 Iowa State University

Ab Initio Study Of Molecular Interactions In Cellulose Iα, Ajitha Devarajan, Sergiy Markutsya, Monica H. Lamm, Xiaolin Cheng, Jeremy C. Smith, John Ysrael Baluyut, Yana Kholod, Mark S. Gordon, Theresa Lynn Windus

Theresa Windus

Biomass recalcitrance, the resistance of cellulosic biomass to degradation, is due in part to the stability of the hydrogen bond network and stacking forces between the polysaccharide chains in cellulose microfibers. The fragment molecular orbital (FMO) method at the correlated Møller–Plesset second order perturbation level of theory was used on a model of the crystalline cellulose Iα core with a total of 144 glucose units. These computations show that the intersheet chain interactions are stronger than the intrasheet chain interactions for the crystalline structure, while they are more similar to each other for a relaxed structure. An FMO chain ...


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