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Fabrication And Characterization Of Nanofiber Nylon-6-Mwcnt As An Electrochemical Sensor For Sodium Ions Concentration Detection In Sweat, Kelsey Mills 2019 The University of Akron

Fabrication And Characterization Of Nanofiber Nylon-6-Mwcnt As An Electrochemical Sensor For Sodium Ions Concentration Detection In Sweat, Kelsey Mills

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Fabrication and characterization nylon-6-MWCNT nanofiber as an electrochemical sensor to detect sodium ion concentrations specifically in sweat. Using contact angle to determine surface morphology and chronoamperometry testing to identify ideal sensor conditions, tests optimized parameters like weight percent of nylon or other polymers, carbon nanotube (CNT) isomer, and solution concentration to determine reproducibility of functional sensors. Utilizing the electric qualities of carbon nanotubes partnered with the sodium ion selectivity of calixarene treatment and polymers unique properties like flexibility and scalability create open an arena for optimizing sodium ion sensors for further development for functional prototypes. Morphology tests showed that the ...


Chronoamperometry Analysis Of Sweat Sensor Technology, Evan Fritz 2019 The University of Akron

Chronoamperometry Analysis Of Sweat Sensor Technology, Evan Fritz

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Due to the demand for in-situ electrolyte sodium sensors, prototype sensors have been produced to create a product for athletes and marathoners to monitor hydration levels. These senors address a desire in the marketplace for athletic monitoring for overall athlete wellness and performance. Sweat sensor samples were created using Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes functionalized on a Nylon-6 fiber mat using cyclo-oligomeric Calixarene. This production process produces sensors capable of detecting sodium ion concentration present in human sweat in presence of an electric current. Chronoamperometry analysis is used in this manner to determine the functionality of the sensors. Much of the research ...


Effects Of Micro-Features On Cell Detachment From Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide) Coated Polydimethylsiloxane Membranes, Luke Webel 2019 The University of Akron

Effects Of Micro-Features On Cell Detachment From Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide) Coated Polydimethylsiloxane Membranes, Luke Webel

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The tested hypothesis was that features on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surfaces coated with a poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)/aminopropyltriethoxysilane or pNIPAAM/APTES thin film would accelerate cell detachment than the film coated on a unfeatured surface. This project tested samples with features generated by molds, wrinkling, and sandpaper roughened substrates. Surface feature generation methods were limited to mechanical means, and characterized by microscopy and strain rates. 50/50 mixtures of 1.5 wt.% pNIPAAM/ APTES were used to coat thin films (30-40 nm) on PDMS membranes by spin-coating, and the coated membranes were thermally annealed to chemically graft pNIPAAm/APTES on the membrane ...


The Endocytotic Fate Of A Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticle Supported Lipid Bylayer Crispr Delivery Vehicle, Angelea Maestas-Olguin 2019 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

The Endocytotic Fate Of A Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticle Supported Lipid Bylayer Crispr Delivery Vehicle, Angelea Maestas-Olguin

2019 Award Winners

No abstract provided.


Single Enzyme Synthesis And Bio-Imitation Of Functional Nanocrystals, Abdolhamid Sadeghnejad 2019 Lehigh University

Single Enzyme Synthesis And Bio-Imitation Of Functional Nanocrystals, Abdolhamid Sadeghnejad

Theses and Dissertations

Green synthesis methods of inorganic materials have gained lots of attention due to lower pollution and toxic precursors during the synthesis. One of the modern green methods of synthesis is biosynthesis in which a DNA, small peptide molecule, or amino acids plays the main role of synthesis. Biomineralization, the biosynthesis process happens in the nature by elements, has been considered as a green, low cost, and scalable method of synthesis. In comparison with conventional synthesis methods, biomineralization happens under ambient conditions in aqueous phase that can be applied for synthesis of inorganic nanostructure metal sulfide semiconductors gained interest due to ...


Effects Of Hofmeister Ions On Transition Temperature Of Two Thermo-Responsive Polymers, Joshua Moser 2019 The University of Akron

Effects Of Hofmeister Ions On Transition Temperature Of Two Thermo-Responsive Polymers, Joshua Moser

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

It was hypothesized that through the use of Hofmeister Ions, the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME) and poly(ethylene glycol)- poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PEG-b-pNIPAAm) block-copolymer could be controlled. Through literature searches and small lab experiments, our team found that there may be a connection between Hofmeister effects and phase transition of a thermo-responsive polymer. To try and prove this, the lab team decided to take four cations (Mg2+,Na+, Cs+, K+) in solution with the thermo-responsive polymers and compared their LCST to solutions of the thermo-responsive polymer in de-ionized (DI) water. From this ...


Impact Of Conformational Change, Solvation Environment, And Post-Translational Modification On Desulfurization Enzyme 2'-Hydroxybiphenyl-2-Sulfinate Desulfinase (Dszb) Stability And Activity, Landon C. Mills 2019 University of Kentucky

Impact Of Conformational Change, Solvation Environment, And Post-Translational Modification On Desulfurization Enzyme 2'-Hydroxybiphenyl-2-Sulfinate Desulfinase (Dszb) Stability And Activity, Landon C. Mills

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Naturally occurring enzymatic pathways enable highly specific, rapid thiophenic sulfur cleavage occurring at ambient temperature and pressure, which may be harnessed for the desulfurization of petroleum-based fuel. One pathway found in bacteria is a four-step catabolic pathway (the 4S pathway) converting dibenzothiophene (DBT), a common crude oil contaminant, into 2-hydroxybiphenyl (HBP) without disrupting the carbon-carbon bonds. 2’-Hydroxybiphenyl-2-sulfinate desulfinase (DszB), the rate-limiting enzyme in the enzyme cascade, is capable of selectively cleaving carbon-sulfur bonds. Accordingly, understanding the molecular mechanisms of DszB activity may enable development of the cascade as industrial biotechnology. Based on crystallographic evidence, we hypothesized that DszB undergoes ...


Nanoharvesting And Delivery Of Bioactive Materials Using Engineered Silica Nanoparticles, Md Arif Khan 2019 University of Kentucky

Nanoharvesting And Delivery Of Bioactive Materials Using Engineered Silica Nanoparticles, Md Arif Khan

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) possess large surface areas and ample pore space that can be readily modified with specific functional groups for targeted binding of bioactive materials to be transported through cellular barriers. Engineered silica nanoparticles (ESNP) have been used extensively to deliver bio-active materials to target intracellular sites, including as non-viral vectors for nucleic acid (DNA/RNA) delivery such as for siRNA induced interference. The reverse process guided by the same principles is called “nanoharvesting”, where valuable biomolecules are carried out and separated from living and functioning organisms using nano-carriers. This dissertation focuses on ESNP design principles for both ...


A Robust Strategy For Sustainable Organic Chemicals Utilizing Bioprivileged Molecules, Brent H. Shanks, Linda J. Broadbelt 2019 Iowa State University

A Robust Strategy For Sustainable Organic Chemicals Utilizing Bioprivileged Molecules, Brent H. Shanks, Linda J. Broadbelt

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Biobased chemicals will inevitably be an important part of a sustainable organic chemical industry. Current efforts in biobased chemicals are largely driven by opportunistic chemical product targets requiring complete technology development from feedstock to final product for a specific molecule. To enhance the development of biobased chemicals, it is important to create strategies that can be more systematic and can leverage advancements across multiple final products. Discussed here is the concept of bioprivileged molecules, which are chemical intermediates that have the potential to be efficiently converted into a range of product molecules that can both directly replace existing petrochemicals and ...


Interleukin-1 Alpha Increases Anti-Tumor Efficacy Of Cetuximab In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Madelyn Espinosa-Cotton, Samuel N. Rodman III, Kathleen A. Ross, Isaac J. Jensen, Kenley Sangodeyi-Miller, Ayana J. McLaren, Rachel A. Dahl, Katherine N. Gibson-Corley, Adam T. Koch, Yang-Xin Fu, Vladimir P. Badovinac, Douglas Laux, Balaji Narasimhan, Andrean L. Simons 2019 University of Iowa

Interleukin-1 Alpha Increases Anti-Tumor Efficacy Of Cetuximab In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Madelyn Espinosa-Cotton, Samuel N. Rodman Iii, Kathleen A. Ross, Isaac J. Jensen, Kenley Sangodeyi-Miller, Ayana J. Mclaren, Rachel A. Dahl, Katherine N. Gibson-Corley, Adam T. Koch, Yang-Xin Fu, Vladimir P. Badovinac, Douglas Laux, Balaji Narasimhan, Andrean L. Simons

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Background: Despite the high prevalence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs), incorporation of the EGFR inhibitor cetuximab into the clinical management of HNSCC has not led to significant changes in long-term survival outcomes. Therefore, the identification of novel therapeutic approaches to enhance the clinical efficacy of cetuximab could lead to improved long-term survival for HNSCC patients. Our previous work suggests that EGFR inhibition activates the interleukin-1 (IL-1) pathway via tumor release of IL-1 alpha (IL-1α), although the clinical implications of activating this pathway are unclear in the context of cetuximab therapy ...


A Data Analytics Approach For Rational Design Of Nanomedicines With Programmable Drug Release, Adam S. Mullis, Scott R. Broderick, Andrea M. Binnebose, Nathan Peroutka-Bigus, Bryan H. Bellaire, Krishna Rajan, Balaji Narasimhan 2019 Iowa State University

A Data Analytics Approach For Rational Design Of Nanomedicines With Programmable Drug Release, Adam S. Mullis, Scott R. Broderick, Andrea M. Binnebose, Nathan Peroutka-Bigus, Bryan H. Bellaire, Krishna Rajan, Balaji Narasimhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Drug delivery vehicles can improve the functional efficacy of existing antimicrobial therapies by improving biodistribution and targeting. A critical property of such nanomedicine formulations is their ability to control the release kinetics of their payloads. The combination of (and interactions between) polymer, drug, and nanoparticle properties gives rise to nonlinear behavioral relationships and a large data space. These factors complicate both first-principles modeling and screening of nanomedicine formulations. Predictive analytics may offer a more efficient approach toward rational design of nanomedicines by identifying key descriptors and correlating them to nanoparticle release behavior. In this work, antibiotic release kinetics data were ...


Modification Of Lipid Microenvironments On Solid Support Structures For Use In Transmembrane Protein Assays, William J. Houlihan 2019 CUNY City College

Modification Of Lipid Microenvironments On Solid Support Structures For Use In Transmembrane Protein Assays, William J. Houlihan

Dissertations and Theses

Gamma-Secretase (γ-secretase) is a transmembrane protease of increasing interest, which has been shown to have significant connections to both cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. γ-secretase cleaves both Notch-1, a transmembrane signaling protein, and Amyloid precursor protein (APP), a transmembrane protein whose cleavage may result in the formation of β-amyloid plaques in the brain. Notch-1 and APP are widely studied proteins that have substantial impacts on the development and proliferation of cancer and Alzheimer’s disease, respectively. Notch-1 partakes in the signaling of apoptosis in damaged and mutated cells, thus its cleavage by γ-secretase within the plasma membrane has ramifications on ...


Accumulation Of Di-2-Ethylhexyl Phthalate From Polyvinyl Chloride Flooring Into Settled House Dust And The Effect On The Bacterial Community, Samantha Velazquez, Chenyang Bi, Jeff Kline, Susie Nunez, Richard Corsi, Ying Xu, Suzanne L. Ishaque 2019 University of Oregon

Accumulation Of Di-2-Ethylhexyl Phthalate From Polyvinyl Chloride Flooring Into Settled House Dust And The Effect On The Bacterial Community, Samantha Velazquez, Chenyang Bi, Jeff Kline, Susie Nunez, Richard Corsi, Ying Xu, Suzanne L. Ishaque

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is a plasticizer used in consumer products and building materials, including polyvinyl chloride flooring material. DEHP adsorbs from material and leaches into soil, water, or dust and presents an exposure risk to building occupants by inhalation, ingestion, or absorption. A number of bacterial isolates are demonstrated to degrade DEHP in culture, but bacteria may be susceptible to it as well, thus this study examined the relation of DEHP to bacterial communities in dust. Polyvinyl chloride flooring was seeded with homogenized house dust and incubated for up to 14 days, and bacterial communities in dust were identified at ...


Overview Of Homechem: House Observations Of Microbial And Environmental Chemistry, Delphine K. Farmer, Marina E. Vance, Jon P. D. Abbatt, Andrew Abeleira, Michael R. Alves, Richard Corsi, Peter F. DeCarlo, Allen H. Goldstein, Vicki H. Grassian, Lea Hildebrandt Ruiz, Jose L. Jimenez, Tara Kahan, multiple additional authors 2019 Colorado State University - Fort Collins

Overview Of Homechem: House Observations Of Microbial And Environmental Chemistry, Delphine K. Farmer, Marina E. Vance, Jon P. D. Abbatt, Andrew Abeleira, Michael R. Alves, Richard Corsi, Peter F. Decarlo, Allen H. Goldstein, Vicki H. Grassian, Lea Hildebrandt Ruiz, Jose L. Jimenez, Tara Kahan, Multiple Additional Authors

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The House Observations of Microbial and Environmental Chemistry (HOMEChem) study is a collaborative field investigation designed to probe how everyday activities influence the emissions, chemical transformations and removal of trace gases and particles in indoor air. Sequential and layered experiments in a research house included cooking, cleaning, variable occupancy, and window-opening. This paper describes the overall design of HOMEChem and presents preliminary case studies investigating the concentrations of reactive trace gases, aerosol particles, and surface films. Cooking was a large source of VOCs, CO2, NOx, and particles. By number, cooking particles were predominantly in the ultrafine mode. Organic aerosol dominated ...


The Use Of Biological Seed Coatings Based On Bacteriophages And Polymers Against Clavibacter Michiganensis Subsp. Nebraskensis In Maize Seeds, Chad Kimmelshue, A. Susana Goggi, Rebecca Cademartiri 2019 Iowa State University

The Use Of Biological Seed Coatings Based On Bacteriophages And Polymers Against Clavibacter Michiganensis Subsp. Nebraskensis In Maize Seeds, Chad Kimmelshue, A. Susana Goggi, Rebecca Cademartiri

Agronomy Publications

Biological control of bacteria with bacteriophages is a viable alternative to antibiotics. To be successful, biological control bacteriophages must be stable when exposed to the environment. Stabilization can be achieved through incorporation of bacteriophages into polymers and stabilizers that will be coated onto the seed. For this study, bacteriophages against Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis (Cmn), the causal agent of Goss’s wilt, were incorporated into polyvinyl polymers with alcohol, ether and pyrrolidone functional groups and coated onto maize (Zea mays L.) seeds. The objectives of this study were to evaluate polymers and stabilizers that can protect Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis ...


Self-Assembly Of Janus Dumbbell Nanocrystals And Their Enhanced 2 Surface Plasmon Resonance, Fei Liu, Shailja Goyal, Michael Forrester, Tao Ma, Kyle Miller, Yasmeen Mansoorieh, John Henjum, Lin Zhou, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang 2018 Iowa State University

Self-Assembly Of Janus Dumbbell Nanocrystals And Their Enhanced 2 Surface Plasmon Resonance, Fei Liu, Shailja Goyal, Michael Forrester, Tao Ma, Kyle Miller, Yasmeen Mansoorieh, John Henjum, Lin Zhou, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Self-assembly is a critical process that can greatly expand the existing structures and lead to new functionality of nanoparticle systems. Multicomponent superstructures self-assembled from nanocrystals have shown promise as multifunctional materials for various applications. Despite recent progress in assembly of homogeneous nanocrystals, synthesis and self-assembly of Janus nanocrystals with contrasting surface chemistry remains a significant challenge. Herein, we designed a novel Janus nanocrystal platform to control the self-assembly of nanoparticles in aqueous solutions by balancing the hydrophobic and hydrophilic moieties. A series of superstructures have been assembled by systematically varying the Janus balance and assembly conditions. Janus Au–Fe3O4 dumbbell ...


How Crosslinking Mechanisms Of Methacrylated Gellan Gum Hydrogels Alter Macrophage Phenotype, Zhuqing Li, Kaitlin M. Bratlie 2018 Iowa State University

How Crosslinking Mechanisms Of Methacrylated Gellan Gum Hydrogels Alter Macrophage Phenotype, Zhuqing Li, Kaitlin M. Bratlie

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

In tissue engineering scaffolds, macrophages play a critical role in determining the host response to implanted biomaterials. Macrophage phenotype is dynamic throughout the host response, and a balance of phenotypes is essential for timely progression from injury to proper wound healing. Therefore, it is important to predict how materials will modulate the response of macrophages. In this study, we investigated the effect of methacrylated gellan gum hydrogels on macrophage phenotype and proliferation with the ultimate goal of improving rational design of biomedical implants. Naïve, along with classically and alternatively activated RAW 264.7 macrophages were seeded on methacrylated gellan gum ...


Lipid Extraction From Spirulina Sp. And Schizochytrium Sp. Using Supercritical Co2 With Methanol, Shihong Liu, Husam A. Abu Hajar, Guy Riefler, Ben J. Stuart 2018 Old Dominion University

Lipid Extraction From Spirulina Sp. And Schizochytrium Sp. Using Supercritical Co2 With Methanol, Shihong Liu, Husam A. Abu Hajar, Guy Riefler, Ben J. Stuart

Civil & Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications

Microalgae are one of the most promising feedstocks for biodiesel production due to their high lipid content and easy farming. However, the extraction of lipids from microalgae is energy intensive and costly and involves the use of toxic organic solvents. Compared with organic solvent extraction, supercritical CO2 (SCCO2) has demonstrated advantages through lower toxicity and no solvent-liquid separation. Due to the nonpolar nature of SCCO2, polar organic solvents such as methanol may need to be added as a modifier in order to increase the extraction ability of SCCO2. In this paper, pilot scale lipid extraction using ...


Effects Of Arginine-Based Surface Modifications Of Liposomes For Drug Delivery In Caco-2 Colon Carcinoma Cells, Kendall Neuberger, Anuraag Boddupalli, Kaitlin M. Bratlie 2018 Iowa State University

Effects Of Arginine-Based Surface Modifications Of Liposomes For Drug Delivery In Caco-2 Colon Carcinoma Cells, Kendall Neuberger, Anuraag Boddupalli, Kaitlin M. Bratlie

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Liposomal encapsulation of chemotherapeutics improves circulation time and decreases off-target effects through the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. Improving the efficacy of these drug carriers through surface modification could benefit patients. A library of arginine derivatives was conjugated to liposomes through carbodiimide chemistry. Both unmodified and modified liposomes were loaded with doxorubicin and exposed to Caco-2 colon carcinoma cells to measure the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50). Most of the modifications improved the toxicity of doxorubicin. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to uncover correlations between physicochemical properties (lipophilicity (log P), partition coefficient (log D), number of hydrogen bond ...


Biophysical Features Of The Extracellular Matrix Direct Breast Cancer Metastasis, Alyssa Schwartz 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Biophysical Features Of The Extracellular Matrix Direct Breast Cancer Metastasis, Alyssa Schwartz

Doctoral Dissertations

Breast cancer is plagued by two key clinical challenges; drug resistance and metastasis. Most work to date probes these events on an extremely rigid plastic surface, which recapitulates few aspects of these processes in humans. A malignant cell first resides in breast tissue, then likely travels to the bone, brain, liver, or lung, each of which has a distinct mechanical and biochemical profile. Cells transmit mechanical forces into intracellular tension and biochemical signaling events, and here we hypothesize that this mechanotransduction influences drug response, growth, and migration.

To probe the impact of extracellular matrix on drug resistance, we defined a ...


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