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Handbook Of Bioentrepreneurship (Book Review), Joseph R. Bell 2010 University of Arkansas

Handbook Of Bioentrepreneurship (Book Review), Joseph R. Bell

New England Journal of Entrepreneurship

Book review by Joseph R. Bell.

Patzelt, Holger and Thomas Brenner, eds. Handbook of Bioentrepreneurship. New York: Springer, 2008. ISBN 9780387483436

The Handbook of Bioentrepreneurship represents volume 4 in the International Handbook Series on Entrepreneurship.This book is a collection of articles covering the rapidly evolving biotechnology industry.


Swine Producer Appraisal Of The Community Assessment Model For Odor Dispersion (Cam), John Tyndall, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff 2010 Iowa State University

Swine Producer Appraisal Of The Community Assessment Model For Odor Dispersion (Cam), John Tyndall, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

The community assessment model (CAM) for odor dispersion is a tool to assist in the siting of swine production facilities. CAM considers the size and type of a swine production system, local historical weather conditions, and odor control implementation. It predicts the number of hours of exposure to various levels of odor, by month, for each receptor in a given community. A follow‐up survey of all CAM users since 2005 was conducted. The survey was designed to provide: 1) formative feedback for programming adjustments to improve Extension efficiency, usability, and reduce costs; and 2) summative feedback used to provide ...


Soil Loading Effects Of Planter Depth-Gauge Wheels On Early Corn Growth, H. Mark Hanna, Brian L. Steward, Landon Aldinger 2010 Iowa State University

Soil Loading Effects Of Planter Depth-Gauge Wheels On Early Corn Growth, H. Mark Hanna, Brian L. Steward, Landon Aldinger

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Final soil manipulation before seed germination occurs during the planting operation. Contact force of depth-gauge wheels adjacent to the seed opener potentially alters the environment for corn seed germination and early plant growth. A field experiment was conducted measuring seed spacing, spacing variability, seed depth, emergence rate, plant dry matter, final stand, crop growth stage, and extended leaf height with different soil contact loads [light, 180 to 490 N (40 to 110 lb); medium, 490 to 890 N (110 to 200 lb); and heavy, over 890 N (200 lb)] and a range of three soil moistures (dry, moist, wet). A ...


Evaluation Of Ultrasonic Pretreatment On Anaerobic Digestion Of Different Animal Manures, Wei Wu-haan, Robert T. Burns, Lara B. Moody, David A. Grewell, D. Raj Raman 2010 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Ultrasonic Pretreatment On Anaerobic Digestion Of Different Animal Manures, Wei Wu-Haan, Robert T. Burns, Lara B. Moody, David A. Grewell, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This article addresses the effect of ultrasonication as a pretreatment to anaerobic digestion of four types of animal manure, including swine slurry, beef feedlot manure, dairy manure slurry, and separated dairy manure effluent. The effect of ultrasonication on soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) and biochemical methane potential (BMP) were determined, and the energy efficiency of ultrasonic pretreatment was evaluated. Ultrasonic pretreatment was applied at two amplitudes (80 and 160 µmpp) and at two time settings (15 and 30 s) to each of the four manure types. The SCOD of each manure sample was determined before and after ultrasonic pretreatment. In ...


Effect Of Ammonia Soaking Pretreatment And Enzyme Addition On Biochemical Methane Potential Of Switchgrass, Jennifer Nicole Himmelsbach, D. Raj Raman, Robert P. Anex, Robert T. Burns, Carol Rose Faulhaber 2010 Iowa State University

Effect Of Ammonia Soaking Pretreatment And Enzyme Addition On Biochemical Methane Potential Of Switchgrass, Jennifer Nicole Himmelsbach, D. Raj Raman, Robert P. Anex, Robert T. Burns, Carol Rose Faulhaber

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This article presents the biochemical methane potential (BMP) results from the anaerobic digestion (AD) of switchgrass. Triplicate BMP assays were performed on: untreated switchgrass, aqueous ammonia soaking (AAS) pretreated switchgrass (soaked in 29.5% reagent-grade aqueous ammonia at 5 L kg-1 switchgrass for 5 d), and AAS-pretreated switchgrass plus cellulytic enzymes at 12.5, 25, 62.5, and 125 filter paper units (FPU) enzyme g-1 volatile solids (VS). Biogas production and biogas methane content were measured daily in all treatments for 21 d. Both biogas and corrected methane production varied significantly among treatments, especially during the first 7 d of ...


Hydrologic Modeling Of Runoff From A Livestock Manure Windrow Composting Site With A Fly Ash Pad Surface And Vegetative Filter Strip Buffers, David F. Webber, Steven K. Mickelson, Larry W. Wulf, Thomas L. Richard, Heekwon Ahn 2010 Iowa State University

Hydrologic Modeling Of Runoff From A Livestock Manure Windrow Composting Site With A Fly Ash Pad Surface And Vegetative Filter Strip Buffers, David F. Webber, Steven K. Mickelson, Larry W. Wulf, Thomas L. Richard, Heekwon Ahn

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Windrow composting of livestock manure materials provides a strategy for converting organic wastes into a recyclable soil fertility product that is less hazardous to the environment. Although outdoor windrow composting can produce runoff that is detrimental to surface water quality, vegetative filter strip (VFS) buffers were reported to significantly reduce runoff and contaminants from a windrow composting research site. To estimate the efficacy of VFS buffers and other best management practices on runoff from future windrow composting facilities, a computer hydrologic model may provide a valuable tool for predicting runoff losses from these proposed sites. This research evaluated a windrow ...


Use Of The Soil-Plant-Air-Water Model To Predict Hydraulic Performance Of Vegetative Treatment Areas Controlling Open Lot Runoff, Daniel S. Andersen, Robert T. Burns, Lara B. Moody, Matthew J. Helmers, Robert Horton Jr., Carl H. Pederson 2010 Iowa State University

Use Of The Soil-Plant-Air-Water Model To Predict Hydraulic Performance Of Vegetative Treatment Areas Controlling Open Lot Runoff, Daniel S. Andersen, Robert T. Burns, Lara B. Moody, Matthew J. Helmers, Robert Horton Jr., Carl H. Pederson

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Alternative treatment systems to control runoff from open beef feedlots may enhance environmental security and protect water quality. Several Midwestern states have issued National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permits allowing beef feedlots to use vegetative treatment systems (VTSs) to control and treat feedlot runoff. Monitoring VTSs has provided data to validate performance modeling strategies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of the Soil-Plant-Air-Water (SPAW) model to predict the hydraulic performance of vegetative treatment areas (VTAs). Two approaches, one using the field module and the other the pond module of the SPAW model, were investigated. The model ...


Technical Note: Hydraulic Property Determination Of Denitrifying Bioreactor Fill Media, Laura E. Christianson, Adrià Castelló, Reid D. Christianson, Matthew J. Helmers, Alok Bhandari 2010 Iowa State University

Technical Note: Hydraulic Property Determination Of Denitrifying Bioreactor Fill Media, Laura E. Christianson, Adrià Castelló, Reid D. Christianson, Matthew J. Helmers, Alok Bhandari

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Denitrification bioreactors are one of the newest options for nitrate removal in agricultural drainage waters. Optimization of denitrification bioreactor design requires the ability to identify concrete values for the hydraulic properties of bioreactor fill media. Hydraulic properties, chiefly saturated hydraulic conductivity but also porosity and particle size, are not known for many types of possible bioreactor media though they have a significant impact upon bioreactor design and performance. This work was undertaken to more fully quantify the hydraulic properties of the major type of fill media used in Iowa denitrification bioreactors through a series of porosity, hydraulic conductivity, and particle ...


Real-Time Pressure And Flow Dynamics Due To Boom Section And Individual Nozzle Control On Agricultural Sprayers, Ajay Sharda, John P. Fulton, Timothy P. McDonald, Wesley C. Zech, Matthew J. Darr, Christian J. Brodbeck 2010 Auburn University

Real-Time Pressure And Flow Dynamics Due To Boom Section And Individual Nozzle Control On Agricultural Sprayers, Ajay Sharda, John P. Fulton, Timothy P. Mcdonald, Wesley C. Zech, Matthew J. Darr, Christian J. Brodbeck

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Most modern spray controllers when coupled with a differential global positioning system (DGPS) receiver can provide automatic section or swath (boom section or nozzle) control capabilities that minimize overlap and application into undesirable areas. This technology can improve application accuracy of pesticides and fertilizers, thereby reducing the number of inputs while promoting environmental stewardship. However, dynamic system response for sprayer boom operation, which includes cycling or using auto-swath technology, has not been investigated. Therefore, a study was conducted to develop a methodology and subsequently perform experiments to evaluate tip pressure and system flow variations on a typical agricultural sprayer equipped ...


Optimal Coverage Path Planning For Arable Farming On 2d Surfaces, Jian Jin, Lie Tang 2010 Iowa State University

Optimal Coverage Path Planning For Arable Farming On 2d Surfaces, Jian Jin, Lie Tang

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

With the rapid adoption of automatic guidance systems in agriculture, automated path planning has great potential to further optimize field operations. Field operations should be done in a manner that minimizes time and travel over field surfaces and should be coordinated with specific field operation requirements, machine characteristics, and topographical features of arable lands. To reach this goal, an intelligent coverage path planning algorithm is the key. To determine the full coverage pattern of a given field by using boustrophedon paths, it is necessary to know whether to and how to decompose a field into sub-regions and how to determine ...


Prediction Of Indoor Climate And Long-Term Air Quality Using The Bta-Aqp Model: Part Ii. Overall Model Evaluation And Application, Gang Sun, Steven J. Hoff 2010 Iowa State University

Prediction Of Indoor Climate And Long-Term Air Quality Using The Bta-Aqp Model: Part Ii. Overall Model Evaluation And Application, Gang Sun, Steven J. Hoff

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The objective of this research was to develop a building thermal analysis and air quality predictive (BTA-AQP) model to predict indoor climate and long-term air quality (NH3, H2S, and CO2 concentrations and emissions) for swine deep-pit buildings. This article presents part II of this research, in which the performance of the BTA-AQP model is evaluated using typical meteorological year (TMY3) data in predicting long-term air quality trends. The good model performance ratings (MAE/SD < 0.5, CRM ˜ 0; IoA ˜ 1; and NSEF > 0.5 for all the predicted parameters) and the graphical presentations reveal that the BTA-AQP model was able to accurately forecast indoor climate and gas concentrations ...


Prediction Of Indoor Climate And Long-Term Air Quality Using The Bta-Aqp Model: Part I. Bta Model Development And Evaluation, Gang Sun, Steven J. Hoff 2010 Iowa State University

Prediction Of Indoor Climate And Long-Term Air Quality Using The Bta-Aqp Model: Part I. Bta Model Development And Evaluation, Gang Sun, Steven J. Hoff

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The objective of this research was to develop a building thermal analysis and air quality predictive (BTA-AQP) model to predict ventilation rate, indoor temperature, and long-term air quality (NH3, H2S, and CO2 concentrations and emissions) for swine deep-pit buildings. This article, part I of II, presents a lumped capacitance model (BTA model) to predict the transient behavior of ventilation rate and indoor air temperature according to the thermo-physical properties of a typical swine building, setpoint temperature scheme, fan staging scheme, transient outside temperature, and the heat fluxes from pigs and supplemental heaters. The obtained ventilation rate and resulting indoor air ...


Swine Producer Appraisal Of The Community Assessment Model For Odor Dispersion (Cam), John C. Tyndall, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff 2010 Iowa State University

Swine Producer Appraisal Of The Community Assessment Model For Odor Dispersion (Cam), John C. Tyndall, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The community assessment model (CAM) for odor dispersion is a tool to assist in the siting of swine production facilities. CAM considers the size and type of a swine production system, local historical weather conditions, and odor control implementation. It predicts the number of hours of exposure to various levels of odor, by month, for each receptor in a given community. A follow-up survey of all CAM users since 2005 was conducted. The survey was designed to provide: 1) formative feedback for programming adjustments to improve Extension efficiency, usability, and reduce costs; and 2) summative feedback used to provide an ...


Characterization Of Two Types Of Covered Creep Boxes For Piglet Usage And Piglet Performance In A Naturally Ventilated Swine Farrowing Building, Zhao Bing Gu, Hongwei Xin, Chaoyuan Wang, Zhengxiang Shi, Wei Cao, Zuohua Liu, Baoming Li 2010 Chongqing Academy of Animal Sciences

Characterization Of Two Types Of Covered Creep Boxes For Piglet Usage And Piglet Performance In A Naturally Ventilated Swine Farrowing Building, Zhao Bing Gu, Hongwei Xin, Chaoyuan Wang, Zhengxiang Shi, Wei Cao, Zuohua Liu, Baoming Li

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This study investigates two types of covered piglet creep boxes in a naturally ventilated swine farrowing building with regards to air quality (ammonia and carbon dioxide levels), piglet usage of the box, and piglet health and performance. The covered creep boxes featured either double plastic curtains along the entire width of the box (designated as the DC box) or an arc-shaped access opening occupying about one-third of the box width (designated as the AO box). The study was conducted with 12 farrowing crates, six per box regimen, during wintertime. Continuous, 24-h video observations of the piglet behaviors were made at ...


Lab-Scale Assessment Of Gaseous Emissions From Laying-Hen Manure Storage As Affected By Physical And Environmental Factors, Hong Li, Hongwei Xin 2010 Iowa State University

Lab-Scale Assessment Of Gaseous Emissions From Laying-Hen Manure Storage As Affected By Physical And Environmental Factors, Hong Li, Hongwei Xin

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Manure-belt (MB) and high-rise (HR) laying-hen houses are the two predominant housing types in the U.S. Compared with HR houses, MB houses have better indoor air quality and lower aerial emissions as a result of frequent (every 1 to 4 d) manure removal from the hen houses into separate manure storage. However, emissions from on-farm manure storage are integral parts of the whole-farm emissions and need to be quantified. This series of lab-scale studies assesses emission rates (ER) of ammonia (NH3) and greenhouse gases (CH4, CO2, and N2O) from stored laying-hen manure as affected by the following physical and ...


Extrusion Systems: Components, Qi Fang, Milford Hanna 2010 Banner Pharmacaps, Inc., High Point, North Carolina

Extrusion Systems: Components, Qi Fang, Milford Hanna

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

An extrusion system can be very simple to very complex. The complexity, or versatility, of a particular system is determined by the range of feedstocks to be processed, the desired transformations of the feedstocks, and the desired form of the products resulting from the process. These determine the specific design requirements of the various components of an extrusion system.


Opto-Electrophoretic Detection Of Bio-Molecules Using Conducting Chalcogenide Glass Sensors, Zhiyong Yang, Megan K. Fah, Kelly A. Reynolds, Jonathan D. Sexton, Mark R. Riley, Marie-Laure Anne, Bruno Bureau, Pierre Lucas 2010 University of Arizona

Opto-Electrophoretic Detection Of Bio-Molecules Using Conducting Chalcogenide Glass Sensors, Zhiyong Yang, Megan K. Fah, Kelly A. Reynolds, Jonathan D. Sexton, Mark R. Riley, Marie-Laure Anne, Bruno Bureau, Pierre Lucas

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Novel telluride glasses with high electrical conductivity, wide infrared transparency and good resistance to crystallization are used to design an opto-electrophoretic sensor for detection and identification of hazardous microorganisms. The sensor is based on an attenuated total reflectance element made of Ge-As-Te glass that serves as both an optical sensing zone and an electrode for driving the migration of bio-molecules within the evanescent wave of the sensor. An electric field is applied between the optical element and a counter electrode in order to induce the migration of bio-molecules carrying surface charges. The effect of concentration and applied voltage is tested ...


Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Demonstration Network (Nawmdn): Integrating Research And Extension/Outreach, Suat Irmak, Jennifer M. Rees, Gary L. Zoubek, Brandy S. van DeWalle, William R. Rathje, Rodney DeBuhr, Dan Leininger, Darrel D. Siekman, James W. Schneider, Andrew P. Christiansen 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Demonstration Network (Nawmdn): Integrating Research And Extension/Outreach, Suat Irmak, Jennifer M. Rees, Gary L. Zoubek, Brandy S. Van Dewalle, William R. Rathje, Rodney Debuhr, Dan Leininger, Darrel D. Siekman, James W. Schneider, Andrew P. Christiansen

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Maximizing the net benefits of irrigated plant production through appropriately designed agricultural water management programs is of growing importance in Nebraska, and other western and Midwestern states, because many areas are involved in management and policy changes to conserve irrigation water. In Nebraska, farmers are being challenged to practice conservation methods and use water resources more efficiently while meeting plant water requirements and maintaining high yields. Another challenge Nebraska experiences in it's approximately 3.5‐million‐ha irrigated lands is limited adoption of newer technologies/tools to help farmers better manage irrigation, conserve water and energy, and increase plant ...


On The Dynamics Of Canopy Resistance: Generalized Linear Estimation And Relationships With Primary Micrometeorological Variables, Suat Irmak, Denis Mutiibwa 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

On The Dynamics Of Canopy Resistance: Generalized Linear Estimation And Relationships With Primary Micrometeorological Variables, Suat Irmak, Denis Mutiibwa

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

The 1‐D and single layer combination‐based energy balance Penman‐Monteith (PM) model has limitations in practical application due to the lack of canopy resistance (rc) data for different vegetation surfaces. rc could be estimated by inversion of the PM model if the actual evapotranspiration (ETa) rate is known, but this approach has its own set of issues. Instead, an empirical method of estimating rc is suggested in this study. We investigated the relationships between primary micrometeorological parameters and rc and developed seven models to estimate rc for a nonstressed maize canopy on an ...


161. The Potential Role Of Extensor Muscle Fatigue In The Onset Of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Novel In Vivo Model, Mary Beth M. Grabowsky, Nicholas A. Pallota, Matthew W. Connelly, Brett Van Etten, Rebecca A. Wachs, Max Alley, Joseph C. Glennon, Andrew H. Dubin, John W. German, Richard L. Uhl, Eric H. Ledet 2010 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

161. The Potential Role Of Extensor Muscle Fatigue In The Onset Of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Novel In Vivo Model, Mary Beth M. Grabowsky, Nicholas A. Pallota, Matthew W. Connelly, Brett Van Etten, Rebecca A. Wachs, Max Alley, Joseph C. Glennon, Andrew H. Dubin, John W. German, Richard L. Uhl, Eric H. Ledet

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Occupation is strongly correlated to low back pain (LBP). Specific occupational activities associated with low back pain include poor posture, whole body vibration, and repetitive lifting. These activities have a common link: they result in fatigue of the primary spinal extensor musculature. This fatigue may lead to increased intervertebral loading - a stimulus for disc degeneration. If true, this association could provide a vital connection between detrimental physical activities and LBP. However, the link between muscle fatigue and increased load across the disc space has never been quantified in vivo.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop ...


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