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Approach To Problem Solving And Use Of Intuition By Engineering Technology Students, Meher R. Taleyarkhan, Anne M. Lucietto, Natalie L. F. Hobson, Therese M. Azevedo 2023 Purdue University

Approach To Problem Solving And Use Of Intuition By Engineering Technology Students, Meher R. Taleyarkhan, Anne M. Lucietto, Natalie L. F. Hobson, Therese M. Azevedo

Journal of Global Education and Research

Engineering technology students often forgo a methodical approach of solving or answering questions on assignments or exams in favor of an intuition-based approach, emphasizing educated guessing (Broberg et al., 2008). Faculty observations have noted these student solutions often provide explanations, usually sans calculations, to support answers the students believe to be reasonable when in reality deviated from the correct answer. An extensive study was developed to assess several distinctions between student intuition and use of cognition in problem solving, as related to a generalized student population. The study was comprised of a survey and interview. The survey utilized two instruments ...


Like You Search, Gipson Bachman 2023 Loyola Marymount University

Like You Search, Gipson Bachman

LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations

As consumers continue to make their purchases solely online without visiting brick-and-mortar stores, they increasingly look for ways to “touch, feel and try on” products without actually doing so. We believe social media influencers provide a way to do this, with the influencers themselves acting as “stand-ins” for consumers in their place. Finding influencers that look like you in 2022 sounds like it would be easy, but it isn’t. Until now.

LIKE YOU aims to answer this gap in the market by creating a proprietary search engine that, through answering a few questions, recommends a list of influencers that ...


A Review On Nanomaterials And Nanohybrids Based Bio-Nanocomposites For Food Packaging, Kalpani Y. Perera, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal 2022 Technological University Dublin

A Review On Nanomaterials And Nanohybrids Based Bio-Nanocomposites For Food Packaging, Kalpani Y. Perera, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

With an increasing demand for a novel, eco-friendly, high-performance packaging material “bio-nanocomposites” has attracted great attention in recent years. The review article aims at to evaluating recent innovation in bio-nanocomposites for food packaging applications. The current trends and research over the last three years of the various bio-nanocomposites including inorganic, organic nanomaterials, and nanohybrids, which are suitable as food packaging materials due to their advanced properties such as high mechanical, thermal, barrier, antimicrobial, and antioxidant are described in detail. In addition, the legislation, migration studies, and SWOT analysis on bio-nanocomposite film have been discussed. It has been observed that the ...


Live Imaging Of Micro And Macro Wettability Variations Of Carbonate Oil Reservoirs For Enhanced Oil Recovery And Co/ Trapping/Storage, Anastasia Ivanova, A. Orekhov, S. Markovic, Stefan Iglauer, P. Grishin, A. Cheremisin 2022 Edith Cowan University

Live Imaging Of Micro And Macro Wettability Variations Of Carbonate Oil Reservoirs For Enhanced Oil Recovery And Co/ Trapping/Storage, Anastasia Ivanova, A. Orekhov, S. Markovic, Stefan Iglauer, P. Grishin, A. Cheremisin

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs are considered as potential candidates for chemically enhanced oil recovery and for CO² geological storage. However, investigation of one main controlling parameter—wettability—is usually performed by conventional integral methods at the core-scale. Moreover, literature reports show that wettability distribution may vary at the micro-scale due to the chemical heterogeneity of the reservoir and residing fluids. These differences may profoundly affect the derivation of other reservoir parameters such as relative permeability and capillary pressure, thus rendering subsequent simulations inaccurate. Here we developed an innovative approach by comparing the wettability distribution on carbonates at micro and macro-scale by ...


A Novel Microgrid Fault Detection And Classification Method Using Maximal Overlap Discrete Wavelet Packet Transform And An Augmented Lagrangian Particle Swarm Optimization-Support Vector Machine, Masoud Ahmadipour, Muhammad Murtadha Othman, Rui Bo, Zainal Salam, Hussein Mohammed Ridha, Kamrul Hasan 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Novel Microgrid Fault Detection And Classification Method Using Maximal Overlap Discrete Wavelet Packet Transform And An Augmented Lagrangian Particle Swarm Optimization-Support Vector Machine, Masoud Ahmadipour, Muhammad Murtadha Othman, Rui Bo, Zainal Salam, Hussein Mohammed Ridha, Kamrul Hasan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this paper, an intelligent method for fault detection and classification for a microgrid (MG) was proposed. The idea was based on the combination of three computational tools: signal processing using the maximal overlap discrete wavelet packet transform (MODWPT), parameter optimization by the augmented Lagrangian particle swarm optimization (ALPSO), and machine learning using the support vector machine (SVM). The MODWPT was applied to preprocess half cycle of the post-fault current samples measured at both ends of feeders. The wavelet coefficients derived from the MODWPT were statistically evaluated using the mean, standard deviation, energy, skewness, kurtosis, logarithmic energy entropy, max, min ...


Temporal Lidar Scanning In Quantifying Cumulative Rockfall Volume And Hazard Assessment: A Case Study At Southwestern Saudi Arabia, Abdullah A. Alotaibi, Norbert H. Maerz, Kenneth J. Boyko, Ahmed M. Youssef, Biswajeet Pradhan 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Temporal Lidar Scanning In Quantifying Cumulative Rockfall Volume And Hazard Assessment: A Case Study At Southwestern Saudi Arabia, Abdullah A. Alotaibi, Norbert H. Maerz, Kenneth J. Boyko, Ahmed M. Youssef, Biswajeet Pradhan

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Rockfalls and unstable slopes pose a serious threat to people and property along roads/highways in the southwestern mountainous regions of Saudi Arabia. In this study, the application of terrestrial light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology was applied aiming to propose a strategy to analyze and accurately depict the detection of rockfall changes, calculation of rockfall volume, and evaluate rockfall hazards along the Habs Road, Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia. A series of temporal LiDAR scans were acquired at three selected sites. Our results show that these three sites have different degrees of hazard due to their geological differences. The mean ...


Time Dependent Orienteering Problem With Time Windows And Service Time Dependent Profits, M. Khodadadian, A. Divsalar, C. Verbeeck, Aldy GUNAWAN, P. Vansteenwegen 2022 Singapore Management University

Time Dependent Orienteering Problem With Time Windows And Service Time Dependent Profits, M. Khodadadian, A. Divsalar, C. Verbeeck, Aldy Gunawan, P. Vansteenwegen

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This paper addresses the time dependent orienteering problem with time windows and service time dependent profits (TDOPTW-STP). In the TDOPTW-STP, each vertex is assigned a minimum and a maximum service time and the profit collected at each vertex increases linearly with the service time. The goal is to maximize the total collected profit by determining a subset of vertices to be visited and assigning appropriate service time to each vertex, considering a given time budget and time windows. Moreover, travel times are dependent of the departure times. To solve this problem, a mixed integer linear model is formulated and a ...


Effect Of Organic Acids On Co2-Rock And Water-Rock Interfacial Tension: Implications For Co2 Geo-Storage, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Nurudeen Yekeen, Muhammad Ali, Nilanjan Pal, Amit Verma, Hesham Abdulelah, Hussein Hoteit, Mohammad Sarmadivaleh 2022 Edith Cowan University

Effect Of Organic Acids On Co2-Rock And Water-Rock Interfacial Tension: Implications For Co2 Geo-Storage, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Nurudeen Yekeen, Muhammad Ali, Nilanjan Pal, Amit Verma, Hesham Abdulelah, Hussein Hoteit, Mohammad Sarmadivaleh

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

A small concentration of organic acid in carbon dioxide (CO2) storage formations and caprocks could significantly alter the wettability of such formations into less water-wet conditions, decreasing the CO2-storage potential and containment security. Recent studies have attempted to infer the influence of the organic acid concentration on the wettability of rock–CO2–brine systems by measuring advancing and receding contact angles. However, no studies have investigated the influence of organic acid contamination on CO2-storage capacities from rock-fluid interfacial tension (IFT) data because solid-brine and solid-CO2 IFT values cannot be experimentally measured. Equilibrium contact angles and rock-fluid IFT datasets were used ...


Unconventional Water Resources: Global Opportunities And Challenges, Zahra Karimidastenaei, Tamara Avellán, Mojtaba Sadegh, Bjørn Kløve, Ali Torabi Haghighi 2022 University of Oulu

Unconventional Water Resources: Global Opportunities And Challenges, Zahra Karimidastenaei, Tamara Avellán, Mojtaba Sadegh, Bjørn Kløve, Ali Torabi Haghighi

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Water is of central importance for reaching the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations. With predictions of dire global water scarcity, attention is turning to resources that are considered to be unconventional, and hence called Unconventional Water Resources (UWRs). These are considered as supplementary water resources that need specialized processes to be used as water supply. The literature encompasses a vast number of studies on various UWRs and their usefulness in certain environmental and/or socio-economic contexts. However, a recent, all-encompassing article that brings the collective knowledge on UWRs together is missing. Considering the increasing importance of UWRs ...


Nano-Enhanced Biolubricant In Sustainable Manufacturing: From Processability To Mechanisms, Yanbin ZHANG, Hao Nan LI, Changhe LI, Chuanzhen HUANG, Hafiz Muhammad ALI, Xuefeng XU, Cong MAO, Wenfeng DING, Xin CUI, Min YANG, Tianbiao YU, Muhammad JAMIL, Munish Kumar GUPTA, Dongzhou JIA, Zafar SAID 2022 School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266520, China

Nano-Enhanced Biolubricant In Sustainable Manufacturing: From Processability To Mechanisms, Yanbin Zhang, Hao Nan Li, Changhe Li, Chuanzhen Huang, Hafiz Muhammad Ali, Xuefeng Xu, Cong Mao, Wenfeng Ding, Xin Cui, Min Yang, Tianbiao Yu, Muhammad Jamil, Munish Kumar Gupta, Dongzhou Jia, Zafar Said

Friction

To eliminate the negative effect of traditional metal-working fluids and achieve sustainable manufacturing, the usage of nano-enhanced biolubricant (NEBL) is widely researched in minimum quantify lubrication (MQL) machining. It’s improved tool wear and surface integrity have been preliminarily verified by experimental studies. The previous review papers also concluded the major influencing factors of processability including nano-enhancer and lubricant types, NEBL concentration, micro droplet size, and so on. Nevertheless, the complex action of NEBL, from preparation, atomization, infiltration to heat transfer and anti-friction, is indistinct which limits preparation of process specifications and popularity in factories. Especially in the complex machining ...


Tribological Behavior Of Co-Textured Cylinder Liner-Piston Ring During Running-In, Chenwei MIAO, Zhiwei GUO, Chengqing YUAN 2022 School of Energy and Power Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China; Reliability Engineering Institute, National Engineering Research Center for Water Transportation Safety, Wuhan 430063, China

Tribological Behavior Of Co-Textured Cylinder Liner-Piston Ring During Running-In, Chenwei Miao, Zhiwei Guo, Chengqing Yuan

Friction

The running-in of cylinder liner-piston rings (CLPRs) is the most important process that must be performed before a marine diesel engine can be operated. The quality of running-in directly affects the reliability of a CLPR. The surface texture of a CLPR has been proven to significantly affect its lubrication performance. In this study, the tribological behavior of a CLPR during running-in is investigated. Three types of surface textures are generated on the CLPR via laser processing: dimple texture on piston rings, groove texture on cylinder liners, and co-texture on both sides. Subsequently, a series of tests are performed on a ...


Investigation Into Gas Lubrication Performance Of Porous Gas Bearing Considering Velocity Slip Boundary Condition, Xiangbo ZHANG, Shuiting DING, Farong DU, Fenzhu JI, Zheng XU, Jiang LIU, Qi ZHANG, Yu ZHOU 2022 School of Energy and Power Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China; Aircraft/Engine Integrated System Safety Beijing Key Laboratory, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China

Investigation Into Gas Lubrication Performance Of Porous Gas Bearing Considering Velocity Slip Boundary Condition, Xiangbo Zhang, Shuiting Ding, Farong Du, Fenzhu Ji, Zheng Xu, Jiang Liu, Qi Zhang, Yu Zhou

Friction

Porous gas bearings (PGBs) have a proactive application in aerospace and turbomachinery. This study investigates the gas lubrication performance of a PGB with the condition of velocity slip boundary (VSB) owing to the high Knudsen number in the gas film. The Darcy-Forchheimer laws and modified Navier-Stokes equations were adopted to describe the gas flow in the porous layer and gas film region, respectively. An improved bearing experimental platform was established to verify the accuracy of the derived theory and the reliability of the numerical analysis. The effects of various parameters on the pressure distribution, flow cycle, load capacity, mass flow ...


Effect Of Wear Debris On Fretting Fatigue Crack Initiation, Shengjie WANG, Tongyan YUE, Dagang WANG, Magd ABDEL WAHAB 2022 Soete Laboratory, Department of Electrical Energy, Metals, Mechanical Construction & Systems, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Ghent University, Ghent 9052, Belgium

Effect Of Wear Debris On Fretting Fatigue Crack Initiation, Shengjie Wang, Tongyan Yue, Dagang Wang, Magd Abdel Wahab

Friction

Both wear and fatigue occur in fretting condition, and they interact with one another during the whole process. Fretting fatigue is commonly analysed without considering the effect of wear in partial slip regime, although wear affects the lifetime of crack initiation. This paper investigates, for the first time, the effect of wear debris on fretting fatigue crack initiation. To investigate the effect of debris, first fretting wear characteristics in partial slip regime are analysed for loading conditions. Then, the effect of wear on fretting fatigue crack initiation is investigated using Ruiz parameters and critical plane methods without considering the debris ...


Incipient Sliding Of Adhesive Contacts, Francesc PÉREZ-RÀFOLS, Lucia NICOLA 2022 Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, Padua I-35131, Italy

Incipient Sliding Of Adhesive Contacts, Francesc Pérez-Ràfols, Lucia Nicola

Friction

A model is proposed herein to investigate the incipient sliding of contacts in the presence of both friction and adhesion, where the interfacial response is modeled based on traction-separation laws. A Maugis-like parameter is defined to characterize the response in the tangential direction. Subsequently, the model is used to investigate the contact between a smooth cylinder and a flat body, where adhesion-friction interactions are strong. A range of behaviors are observed when a tangential displacement is imposed: When the parameter is low, the contact pressure exhibits a relatively constant profile; when it is high, a pressure spike is observed at ...


Water-Based Lubrication Of Niobium Nitride, Kaifei MIAO, Jia WANG, Qiang ZHAO, Kaiwen WANG, Mao WEN, Kan ZHANG 2022 State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Department of Materials Science, Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials, MOE, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China

Water-Based Lubrication Of Niobium Nitride, Kaifei Miao, Jia Wang, Qiang Zhao, Kaiwen Wang, Mao Wen, Kan Zhang

Friction

Water-based lubrication has attracted wide attention as an oil-free lubrication method owing to its greener and cleaner lubrication means. However, due to operating in the water environment, most moving parts would inevitably suffer from abrasion, rusting, and aging problems. Developing a novel solid-water composite system with ultra-low friction and wear will open new possibilities for innovative lubrication material research and development. Here, we first revealed the water-based lubrication behavior of a high-hardness niobium nitride coating (NbN). In a three-phase contact environment (water, air, and NbN), oxidation and hydrolytic reactions of NbN result in the formation of "colloidal solutions", containing Nb ...


Enhanced Tribological Properties Of Aligned Graphene-Epoxy Composites, Yuefeng DU, Zhenyu ZHANG, Dong WANG, Lezhen ZHANG, Junfeng CUI, Yapeng CHEN, Mingliang WU, Ruiyang KANG, Yunxiang LU, Jinhong YU, Nan JIANG 2022 Key Laboratory for Precision and Non-Traditional Machining Technology of Ministry of Education, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

Enhanced Tribological Properties Of Aligned Graphene-Epoxy Composites, Yuefeng Du, Zhenyu Zhang, Dong Wang, Lezhen Zhang, Junfeng Cui, Yapeng Chen, Mingliang Wu, Ruiyang Kang, Yunxiang Lu, Jinhong Yu, Nan Jiang

Friction

The random distribution of graphene in epoxy matrix hinders the further applications of graphene-epoxy composites in the field of tribology. Hence, in order to fully utilize the anisotropic properties of graphene, highly aligned graphene-epoxy composites (AGEC) with horizontally oriented structure have been fabricated via an improved vacuum filtration freeze-drying method. The frictional tests results indicated that the wear rate of AGEC slowly increased from 5.19×10-6 mm3/(N·m) to 2.87×10-5 mm3/(N·m) with the increasing of the normal load from 2 to 10 N, whereas the friction coefficient (COF) remained a ...


Optimizing The Tribological Performance Of Dlc-Coated Nbr Rubber: The Role Of Hydrogen In Films, Changning BAI, Li QIANG, Bin ZHANG, Kaixiong GAO, Junyan ZHANG 2022 Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Wear and Protection of Materials, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; Center of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Optimizing The Tribological Performance Of Dlc-Coated Nbr Rubber: The Role Of Hydrogen In Films, Changning Bai, Li Qiang, Bin Zhang, Kaixiong Gao, Junyan Zhang

Friction

Diamond-like carbon (DLC) films directly deposited on rubber substrate is undoubtedly one optimal option to improve the tribological properties due to its ultralow friction, high-hardness as well as good chemical compatibility with rubber. Investigating the relationship between film structure and tribological performance is vital for protecting rubber. In this study it was demonstrated that the etching effect induced by hydrogen incorporation played positive roles in reducing surface roughness of DLC films. In addition, the water contact angle (CA) of DLC-coated nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) was sensitive to the surface energy and sp2 carbon clustering of DLC films. Most importantly ...


Experimental And Modelling Studies Of The Transient Tribological Behaviour Of A Two-Phase Lubricant Under Complex Loading Conditions, Xiao YANG, Lemeng ZHANG, Denis J. POLITIS, Jie ZHANG, Mohammad M. GHARBI, David LEYVRAZ, Liliang WANG 2022 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK

Experimental And Modelling Studies Of The Transient Tribological Behaviour Of A Two-Phase Lubricant Under Complex Loading Conditions, Xiao Yang, Lemeng Zhang, Denis J. Politis, Jie Zhang, Mohammad M. Gharbi, David Leyvraz, Liliang Wang

Friction

The transient tribological phenomenon and premature lubricant breakdown have been widely observed in metal forming, leading to excessive friction at the contact interfaces. In this research, the transient tribological behaviour of a two-phase lubricant were studied under complex loading conditions, featuring abrupt interfacial temperature, contact load, and sliding speed changes, thus representing the severe interfacial conditions observed in warm/hot metal forming applications. The strong experimental evidence indicates that the evolution of friction was attributed to the physical diminution and chemical decomposition effects. As such, a visco-mechanochemical interactive friction model was developed to accurately predict the transient tribological behaviour of ...


A Finite-Element-Aided Ultrasonic Method For Measuring Central Oil-Film Thickness In A Roller-Raceway Tribo-Pair, Pan DOU, Tonghai WU, Zhaopeng LUO, Peiping YANG, Zhongxiao PENG, Min YU, Tom REDDYHOFF 2022 Key Laboratory of Education Ministry for Modern Design and Rotor-Bearing System, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China

A Finite-Element-Aided Ultrasonic Method For Measuring Central Oil-Film Thickness In A Roller-Raceway Tribo-Pair, Pan Dou, Tonghai Wu, Zhaopeng Luo, Peiping Yang, Zhongxiao Peng, Min Yu, Tom Reddyhoff

Friction

Roller bearings support heavy loads by riding on an ultra-thin oil film (between the roller and raceway), the thickness of which is critical as it reflects the lubrication performance. Ultrasonic interfacial reflection, which facilitates the non-destructive measurement of oil-film thickness, has been widely studied. However, insufficient spatial resolution around the rolling line contact zone remains a barrier despite the use of miniature piezoelectric transducers. In this study, a finite-element-aided method is utilized to simulate wave propagation through a three-layered structure of roller-oil-raceway under elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) with nonlinear characteristics of the i) deformed curvature of the cylindrical roller and ii ...


Single-Pass Inline Pipeline 3d Reconstruction Using Depth Camera Array, Zhexiong Shang, Zhigang Shen 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Single-Pass Inline Pipeline 3d Reconstruction Using Depth Camera Array, Zhexiong Shang, Zhigang Shen

Faculty Publications in Construction Engineering & Management

A novel inline inspection (ILI) approach using depth cameras array (DCA) is introduced to create high-fidelity, dense 3D pipeline models. A new camera calibration method is introduced to register the color and the depth information of the cameras into a unified pipe model. By incorporating the calibration outcomes into a robust camera motion estimation approach, dense and complete 3D pipe surface reconstruction is achieved by using only the inline image data collected by a self-powered ILI rover in a single pass through a straight pipeline. The outcomes of the laboratory experiments demonstrate one-millimeter geometrical accuracy and 0.1-pixel photometric accuracy ...


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