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Critical Inquiry And Collaborative Action: Transforming A College Of Education To Recruit And Retain Underrepresented Populations To Teacher Education, Marilyn Chu, David Carroll, Maria Timmons Flores, Kristin French 2018 Portland State University

Critical Inquiry And Collaborative Action: Transforming A College Of Education To Recruit And Retain Underrepresented Populations To Teacher Education, Marilyn Chu, David Carroll, Maria Timmons Flores, Kristin French

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This documentary account describes how a task force comprised of college of education faculty and university admissions staff from a medium sized comprehensive university engaged in a critical inquiry process to address the issue of recruiting and retaining underrepresented students in teacher education (i.e., men and culturally and linguistically diverse students). The group examined the issues and challenges associated with an education college‘s recruitment, application, selection and retention processes. The paper suggests how critical inquiry groups of higher education faculty and staff may support the transformation of policies, practices and relationships needed to increase the number of teacher ...


Points Of Leverage: Navigating Tensions Between Socio-Culturally Relevant Teaching And Accountability Pressures, Kathryn McIntosh Ciechanowski 2018 Portland State University

Points Of Leverage: Navigating Tensions Between Socio-Culturally Relevant Teaching And Accountability Pressures, Kathryn Mcintosh Ciechanowski

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This qualitative study explores how an elementary teacher navigated tensions between accountability and bilingual learners‘ needs. Questions included: How did a teacher employ students‘ socio-cultural resources in content areas? How did accountability shape use of resources? What are points of leverage—i.e., promising instructional practices to be further developed and harnessed—to meet student needs? Findings show how Ms. Montclair briefly connected to students‘ resources, focusing on making content comprehensible, transmitting information, staying on pace, and practicing testing. Although familiar with project-based and family/community-oriented learning, accountability measures impacted instruction. Yet promising instruction integrates socio-cultural resources to promote innovation ...


Revisiting Teacher Leadership: Perceptions Of Teachers And Principals, Suzanne Harrison, Ginny Birky 2018 Portland State University

Revisiting Teacher Leadership: Perceptions Of Teachers And Principals, Suzanne Harrison, Ginny Birky

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

The purpose of this qualitative study was to discover perceptions of teachers and principals regarding teacher leadership. The researchers investigated how selected Oregon teachers and administrators defined teacher leadership, as well as how they perceived roles, characteristics, and qualities of teacher leaders. Four themes emerged from the results: collaboration, interpersonal relationships, managing the work, and teaching and learning. Results showed that teacher leaders often acted in a collaborative environment and expected colleagues and administrators to be collaborative. Developing and maintaining positive relational skills were of importance, particularly related to caring and serving, as well as the dispositions of honesty, empathy ...


Teacher As Researcher: An Essential Component Of Teacher Preparation, Kimberly Hill Campbell 2018 Portland State University

Teacher As Researcher: An Essential Component Of Teacher Preparation, Kimberly Hill Campbell

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This article provides a brief synthesis of research findings from studies of teacher education programs that include attention to teacher research. It then details findings from a study of beginning teachers who learned about and conducted teacher research in their preservice M.A.T. program. Surveys and follow-up interviews show that these beginning teachers (2-6 years in the field) utilize a variety of research strategies, and the data from their classroom inquiry informs and sustains their work. Teacher research is more than just a requirement of their teacher preparation program; it is an essential habit of their classroom practice.


Teaching 21st Century Skills: Voices From The Field, Andrew Kitchenham 2018 University of Northern British Columbia

Teaching 21st Century Skills: Voices From The Field, Andrew Kitchenham

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This article presents an overview of the 21st century student characteristics based on the professional literature. It then outlines specific pedagogical techniques that can be used to improve literacy in school-aged children. It also includes specific examples of these techniques used in North American classrooms.


Small Ponds: The Challenges Facing Gifted Students In Rural Communities, Julian Burton 2018 Portland State University

Small Ponds: The Challenges Facing Gifted Students In Rural Communities, Julian Burton

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Gifted students in rural schools often face academic and personal challenges not faced by their urban and suburban counterparts, a result of the unique educational and community environment of rural settings. New technologies and programs have had some success in mitigating the effect of the lack of academic resources and opportunities available to gifted ruralites, but challenges arising from the educational, socioeconomic, and cultural environments of rural communities remain. This paper examines several studies of the educational and affective development of gifted ruralites, with reference to the author's experience as a student and teacher in rural and remote educational ...


Using A Smartboard Smartly: Considering Digital Tools For Interaction, Collaboration And Storytelling, Susan Crichton, Jennifer McCaffrey, Barb Brown 2018 Portland State University

Using A Smartboard Smartly: Considering Digital Tools For Interaction, Collaboration And Storytelling, Susan Crichton, Jennifer Mccaffrey, Barb Brown

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This paper shares a book project completed in an urban Grade 1 school. While the project itself is not unique, the authentic use of multiple technologies to support the process to develop it is. The terms interaction, collaboration, and student ownership are often used to describe inquiry-based teaching and learning, and the project described here illustrates what they might mean in actual practice. Further, this paper situates the book project within the literature of Information, Communication Technology (ICT) and arts based instruction, providing an example of classroom-based technologies to enhance teaching and learning.


Programmatic Navel Gazing: One School Of Education’S Experiences Of A Comprehensive Review, Andrew Kitchenham 2018 University of Northern British Columbia

Programmatic Navel Gazing: One School Of Education’S Experiences Of A Comprehensive Review, Andrew Kitchenham

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This article describes a small study conducted within the School of Education as part of its internal and external reviews of the undergraduate and graduate programs. Using data collected from teaching faculty self-reports, archival information, surveys, and focus groups, the findings are presented. Although the UNBC School of Education does perform well based on reports from a variety of stakeholders, the internal and external review information will assist the School in strengthening both undergraduate and graduate programs.


Taming The Crammed Curriculum: Selective Abandonment As A Strategy In Professional Learning Communities, Vincent A. Aleccia 2018 Portland State University

Taming The Crammed Curriculum: Selective Abandonment As A Strategy In Professional Learning Communities, Vincent A. Aleccia

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Because time is one of the biggest limitations of teaching, lesson planning, and curriculum development, K-12 teachers must maximize this variable in their instruction by focusing on central priorities and practicing selective abandonment. One of the best venues for this is the Professional Learning Community (PLC). These groups of teachers must agree on a limited number of content standards, tailor instruction to them, and devise appropriate assessment instruments to gather data on student academic achievement. Even though 47 states have agreed to use the Common Core State Standards, it will take time for common assessments to be developed. Thus, PLCs ...


“I Feel Fairly Confident…”: Investigating Literacy Candidates’ Self Confidence Through An On-Line Standards-Based Survey, Sharryn Larsen Walker, Janet Finke, Carol Butterfield, Judy Backlund 2018 Portland State University

“I Feel Fairly Confident…”: Investigating Literacy Candidates’ Self Confidence Through An On-Line Standards-Based Survey, Sharryn Larsen Walker, Janet Finke, Carol Butterfield, Judy Backlund

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This article presents the perceived self-confidence of teacher education candidates who were pursing certification in elementary education or elementary education with an endorsement in reading. Using the state standards toward a reading endorsement as the basis for the statements, each candidate completed an on-line common core survey stating her/his confidence in teaching to the standard. To further support her/his selfrating, these candidates also added comments for each of the six common core standard areas. Results indicated that those pursing an endorsement in reading viewed themselves as more confident than those who were not. Additionally, the data provided strengths ...


Exploring Teacher Candidates’ Motivations To Teach, Maureen Siera, Steve Siera 2018 Portland State University

Exploring Teacher Candidates’ Motivations To Teach, Maureen Siera, Steve Siera

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This qualitative study explored teacher candidates’ motivations to become teachers. As part of the application process, students are required to complete an onsite essay about why they want to become a teacher. The authors examined application essays of 53 candidates to identify motivations for becoming a teacher. From the data, we identified tentative categories and themes that explained students’ motivations for pursuing a program in teacher education. Upon refinement, these categories seem to group into three, not always mutually exclusive, themes: Altruism (Developing the student and Making a difference), Personal Fulfillment (Making a difference, Sharing knowledge and experience, Dispositional motivators ...


Transformative Learning Through Cultural Immersion, Rebecca A. Addleman, Carol Jo Brazo, Tatiana Cevallos 2018 Portland State University

Transformative Learning Through Cultural Immersion, Rebecca A. Addleman, Carol Jo Brazo, Tatiana Cevallos

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This qualitative study explored avenues to increase students’ intercultural competence through transformative learning. School of Education graduate students and faculty from a small, private university traveled to Ecuador to participate in a cultural immersion practicum. In addition to these primary goals, the trip was designed to facilitate transformative learning about cultural conceptions, diversity, and the dynamics of student differences with the goal of understanding one’s own cultural framework and adapting to another culture to develop empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse students in the United States.


Secondary Education In Washington State: A Historical Look At Teaching Change In A Changing World, John Traynor 2018 Portland State University

Secondary Education In Washington State: A Historical Look At Teaching Change In A Changing World, John Traynor

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

High schools are under increasing demands to ensure that all students graduate ready for careers and college. This is a difficult task given the ever-changing characteristics of the students, the colleges/universities, and the labor markets that receive them upon graduation. This article provides an analysis of the earliest high schools in the State of Washington at the turn of the 19th century. The analysis illustrates a series of shifts and adaptations undertaken by schools to meet the rapidly changing landscape in the communities in which they were situated. The study was done through extensive archival research on the earliest ...


Towards A New Ethnicity: Canada’S Western Plains First Nations, John W. Friesen 2018 Portland State University

Towards A New Ethnicity: Canada’S Western Plains First Nations, John W. Friesen

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Although social scientists have for a long time refrained from employing the term "ethnic" when describing First Nations cultures, recent developments in those communities have necessitated a second look at this practice. If the ethnic designation is applicable to any group of people typically related through common filiation, or blood, and whose members also usually feel a sense of attachment to a particular place, a history, and a culture (including a common language, food, and clothing), then Canada’s First Peoples may also be considered ethnic. The educational implications of this reality are that the needs of Indigenous students are ...


Changing Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions Of Literacy In Content Classes: The Role Of Expert-Novice Dialogues, Peter Thacker, Sally Hood 2018 Portland State University

Changing Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions Of Literacy In Content Classes: The Role Of Expert-Novice Dialogues, Peter Thacker, Sally Hood

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This manuscript details an exploratory study of an assignment in a literacy across the curriculum course that assisted teacher candidates to recognize the distance between expert and novice readers in their content specific teaching. The study explores how teacher candidates discovered strategies necessary to build comprehension of disciplinebased texts, particularly for novice readers. Data collection included multiple entries from thirty teacher candidate journals that were generated during partnered dialogues. Journals were analyzed for clues as to how teachers can better approach helping students to read varied disciplines’ texts with greater comprehension. Findings suggest that by placing teacher candidates in the ...


Using Exploratory Interviews To Re-Frame Planned Research On Classroom Issues, Julia Ellis, Vera Janjic-Watrich, Vicki Macris, Richelle Marynowski 2018 Portland State University

Using Exploratory Interviews To Re-Frame Planned Research On Classroom Issues, Julia Ellis, Vera Janjic-Watrich, Vicki Macris, Richelle Marynowski

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

In this paper we describe and illustrate the use of an exploratory first interview to refine research questions or interviewing ideas prior to finalizing plans for a study about classroom issues or practices. Three researchers give accounts of their exploratory interviews concerning student “aliteracy,” the school experience of immigrant students, and mathematics teachers’ experience of assessment and grading. The researchers endeavored to acquire an holistic understanding of their participants’ experiences by: using open-ended questions about both the topic and the participants’ lives in general; asking participants to complete pre-interview activities such as drawings or diagrams about either the topic or ...


Chinese Students In U.S. Universities: A Qualitative Study Of Cross-Cultural Learning Experiences, Transition And Adaptation, Josefina E. Oramas, Hagai Gringarten, Lloyd Mitchell 2018 St. Thomas University

Chinese Students In U.S. Universities: A Qualitative Study Of Cross-Cultural Learning Experiences, Transition And Adaptation, Josefina E. Oramas, Hagai Gringarten, Lloyd Mitchell

Journal of International & Interdisciplinary Business Research

Chinese students represent the largest single group among international students enrolled in the U.S, and globalization has played an important role in impacting Chinese students’ perceptions of what it means to study abroad. According to The Wall Street Journal, there are 85 percent more international students enrolled today in U.S. schools than ten years ago, adding more than 35 billion dollars to the nation’s economy in 2015 (Belkin & Purnell, 2017). This qualitative study adds to the limited research available regarding Chinese students’ cross-cultural transition and academic adaptation to American universities (Kusek, 2015; Yan & Berliner, 2009). Findings add a new perspective regarding the students’ perceptions and expectations in China compared to their true experiences in the U.S. universities. Results show that ...


Introductory Pages, Christopher W. Tremblay, Patrick O'Connor 2018 Western Michigan University

Introductory Pages, Christopher W. Tremblay, Patrick O'Connor

Journal of College Access

No abstract provided.


Lessons Learned From A Summer Melt Prevention Program, Wendy L. Tackett, Kelley Pasatta, Evan Pauken 2018 Western Michigan University

Lessons Learned From A Summer Melt Prevention Program, Wendy L. Tackett, Kelley Pasatta, Evan Pauken

Journal of College Access

The overarching goal of CACAN is to increase college enrollment, with an emphasis on closing the existing gap between economically disadvantaged and non-economically disadvantaged students. The pilot of the summer melt prevention program accomplished that. Students who participated in the program were 1.4 times more likely to go to college the fall after high school graduation when compared to the matched comparison group and 3.4 times more likely to go when compared to students who disengaged from the program.


Complete Issue, Christopher W. Tremblay, Patrick O'Connor 2018 Western Michigan University

Complete Issue, Christopher W. Tremblay, Patrick O'Connor

Journal of College Access

No abstract provided.


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