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The Importance Of Professional Dispositions: A Survey Of Diverse Teacher Educators, Kelly M. Benson, Naomi Jeffery Petersen 2018 Portland State University

The Importance Of Professional Dispositions: A Survey Of Diverse Teacher Educators, Kelly M. Benson, Naomi Jeffery Petersen

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Dispositions are undisputedly crucial for teaching success and academic achievement, but what are they and which ones are most important for candidates to develop before student teaching? Can we identify, define, influence or assess dispositions for a common language among all stakeholders in teacher education? In order to find out if stakeholders from 30 certification areas share common definitions of essential teacher dispositions, and whether their range of opinions can be reduced to major constructs, we surveyed faculty and staff in 30 NCATE-accredited certification programs housed in three colleges of a large public comprehensive university. This article presents the qualitative ...


Collaborating To Teach Research Methods In Education, Todd Milford, Catherine Etmanski 2018 Portland State University

Collaborating To Teach Research Methods In Education, Todd Milford, Catherine Etmanski

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

The purpose of this paper is to describe a pedagogical collaboration between two research methods instructors in a Faculty of Education in Canada. Both instructors represent different paradigms in the classic quantitative vs. qualitative dichotomy in that they were trained in vastly different ways and have tended to approach their research along these same lines. However, despite these differences the paper explores how they each viewed this as a potential limitation in their methods teaching and how through crossing over to each other’s classrooms were able to both expand their own understanding as well as offer a more balanced ...


Because It’S A Girl Cake!: Because It’S A Girl Cake!: Fostering Dialogue About Gender Identity In Elementary Classrooms, Niko Wacker, Amy E. Ryken 2018 Portland State University

Because It’S A Girl Cake!: Because It’S A Girl Cake!: Fostering Dialogue About Gender Identity In Elementary Classrooms, Niko Wacker, Amy E. Ryken

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

In this documentary account, a kindergarten teacher and teacher educator describe our efforts to explore how young children think and reason about gender expression in and beyond the classroom. We describe our ongoing collaboration to develop a framework for teacher-initiated and student-initiated conversations about gender, which often result from students’ spontaneous remarks and questions about gender norms. We explore the question, How can educators create relevant and engaging learning opportunities to invite young learners to discuss gender norms within the classroom? In this paper we share kindergartners’ conversations about gender and three examples of their writing about this topic. We ...


“Community Building Makes It Nice For Everybody”?: Elementary Teachers’ Understandings And Practices Of Classroom Management, Hillary Merk 2018 Portland State University

“Community Building Makes It Nice For Everybody”?: Elementary Teachers’ Understandings And Practices Of Classroom Management, Hillary Merk

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This qualitative research study explored elementary teachers’ understandings and practices of classroom management, particularly in regard to their own and students’ power, race, gender, and social class. In the first theme, the community building framework “makes it nice for everybody”, I work to understand how these white, middleclass teachers embrace this approach due to their race, gender, and class, which engender their desire for pleasantry. The second theme, “hard kids are hard kids”: a common sense ideology of difference, emerged from these teachers’ understandings of how race, gender, social class, and power influence student behavior and their classroom management practices.


The Efficacy Of Inquiry-Based Learning In Undergraduate Physiology, James DePaepe, Tracy Campion 2018 Portland State University

The Efficacy Of Inquiry-Based Learning In Undergraduate Physiology, James Depaepe, Tracy Campion

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Lecture, where learning is passive, remains a prevalent instructional method of teaching content. Contextualized approaches like Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) where students are more actively engaged remains less common. For 25 years the literature has supported contextualized approaches. Nevertheless, recent papers have claimed IBL to be an unguided approach that has produced content knowledge deficits. Therefore, we tested whether undergraduate physiology content could be learned using IBL. Four groups of undergraduates (mean ages=23, N=60) took a ten-week physiology course using IBL. A content valid pretest and posttest measured content knowledge. A one-way ANOVA indicated no significant differences within or ...


Enhancing Rural Internships: Considering The Post-Intern Voice, Edwin Ralph, Keith D. Walker 2018 Portland State University

Enhancing Rural Internships: Considering The Post-Intern Voice, Edwin Ralph, Keith D. Walker

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

A lingering issue that has faced rural-practicum planners across all the professions relates to enhancing the overall quality of rural internships. In this report, the authors address a key facet of this subject by considering the viewpoint of post-interns regarding their own rural practicum experiences. The authors compare the perspectives of a recent group of Education post-practicum students regarding the quality of rural internships with findings from previous research related to the subject. The post-interns participating in the present study recently completed their 16-week extended practicum in rural schools in one Western Canadian province. They submitted written responses to questions ...


Latinos In Action: Cultivating Academics, Access, Equity, And Future Bilingual Educators, Maria Timmons Flores, Marilyn Chu, Michael Sampson 2018 Portland State University

Latinos In Action: Cultivating Academics, Access, Equity, And Future Bilingual Educators, Maria Timmons Flores, Marilyn Chu, Michael Sampson

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Developing bilingual teachers is critical in closing the achievement gap experienced by bilingual and Latino children. This qualitative case study investigated the benefits of an academically grounded cross-age tutoring program designed to support low-income, bilingual high school students to graduate, pursue higher education, and explore education as a possible career. Data sources included observations, interviews, program artifacts, and quantitative academic indicators. Data were analyzed using grounded theory and narrative analysis. Theoretically framed as social design experiment (Gutierrez & Vossoughi, 2010), the study employs cultural historical perspectives and qualitative research to define underlying principles of transformative practice. Findings demonstrate shifts in individuals ...


Secondary School Students’ Lack Of Mathematics Understanding, Masomeh Jamshid Nejad 2018 Portland State University

Secondary School Students’ Lack Of Mathematics Understanding, Masomeh Jamshid Nejad

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

A study was conducted to investigate the influence of pupils’ beliefs on their performance in problem solving. Twenty-seven students from Grade 8 participated in this study. The findings showed that there is a positive correlation between participants’ belief, some subscales of belief and participants’ performance in problem solving. Further research was then suggested. A study was conducted to investigate the influence of pupils’ beliefs on their performance in problem solving. Twenty-seven students from Grade 8 participated in this study. The findings showed that there is a positive correlation between participants’ belief, some subscales of belief and participants’ performance in problem ...


Improving Student Engagement With 21st Century Learning Practices, Thelma M. Gunn, Maurice Hollingsworth 2018 Portland State University

Improving Student Engagement With 21st Century Learning Practices, Thelma M. Gunn, Maurice Hollingsworth

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

There is sufficient evidence to support the importance of adaptive student engagement with respect to improved school behavior, academic achievement, and high school completion rates. Students who are more engaged exhibit high levels of adaptive attention, cognition, and behaviour as well as create social, physical, and intellectual resources (i.e., Appleton, Christenson, & Furlong, 2008; Fredrickson, 2001). A three-year study designed to investigate and track student engagement and academic achievement with Grade 9 and 10 students has demonstrated that 21st century instructional practices have the potential to improve students’ perceptions of community, orientation to school, and in particular, their academic strategies.


The Importance Of Using Technology-Enhanced 21st Century Literacy Skills To Support Culture And Diversity In The Classroom, Sonia Isabel Lopez-Lopez, Ibtesam Hussein, Maysoun Ali 2018 Portland State University

The Importance Of Using Technology-Enhanced 21st Century Literacy Skills To Support Culture And Diversity In The Classroom, Sonia Isabel Lopez-Lopez, Ibtesam Hussein, Maysoun Ali

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Teaching in today‘s classrooms is not the same as it has been in the past; that is what teachers claim. There is a new generation of students, with new expectations and capacities, coming into the classroom. The Internet and technology in general are used everywhere to communicate and interact with others. Today, students are looking for different interactions and ways of learning in the classroom. Therefore, technology should be used not only because students are using new technologies ubiquitously outside of the classroom, but also because the use of technology can enrich students‘ understandings of diversity and culture, which ...


The Schools Ain’T What They Used To Be And Never Was – 21st Century Schools, Learners, And Teachers, Colleen Kawalilak, Jim Paul 2018 Portland State University

The Schools Ain’T What They Used To Be And Never Was – 21st Century Schools, Learners, And Teachers, Colleen Kawalilak, Jim Paul

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This writing presents our views, as university teacher educators and scholars, concerning some issues pertaining to the readiness of contemporary Canadian education to move forward, well, with confidence and competence, into the mid-21st Century. We posit that all which is possible, educationally, lives in the give and take between Canadian education‘s geo-political, economic and linguistic past, the current functioning of contemporary schools as contested learning and teaching sites, and the increasing impacts of globalisation. We draw from guiding adult education principles in support of an enriched and expanded commitment to teacher professional development as a pathway to sustainable education ...


Constructivism In Practice: The Potential Of Ubiquitous, “Low-Tech” Audio Devices For Literacy Development In The 21st Century, Dennis Jablonski 2018 Portland State University

Constructivism In Practice: The Potential Of Ubiquitous, “Low-Tech” Audio Devices For Literacy Development In The 21st Century, Dennis Jablonski

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

In this study, four graduate level preservice teachers used inexpensive, MP3 players preloaded with audiobooks with the objective of increasing the reading fluency and digital literacy of elementary school children. The data collected included preintervention surveys, pre/post oral reading fluency scores, a log of daily listening experiences, and preservice teacher journals. The findings indicated that student-participants‘ oral reading fluency scores improved along with the students‘ confidence in reading. Additionally, both the preservice teachers, and the student-participants reported an increased awareness of how technology can be used for literacy development and enjoyment, suggesting an enhancement of digital knowledge and skills.


School-University Collaboration: Perspectives On A Hybrid Space For Literacy Learning, Nancy A. Place, Antony T. Smith 2018 Portland State University

School-University Collaboration: Perspectives On A Hybrid Space For Literacy Learning, Nancy A. Place, Antony T. Smith

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This paper examines the ongoing collaboration between a teacher certification literacy course and a local elementary school. Teacher candidates, elementary students, classroom teachers, and university instructors all collaborate to implement a literacy methods course, creating a hybrid space for learning in which university and school personnel work together to the benefit of all participants. The background of this collaboration is described, and literacy learning is explored from the perspective of each participant group. Themes from these perspectives suggest that structured interactions between teacher candidates and elementary students help bridge the gap between literacy concepts and classroom practice, and that participating ...


Reimagining Partnerships: Using The Co-Teach Model To Prepare 21st Century Teachers, Kathryn E. Picanco, Janine J. Darragh 2018 Portland State University

Reimagining Partnerships: Using The Co-Teach Model To Prepare 21st Century Teachers, Kathryn E. Picanco, Janine J. Darragh

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

The purpose of this article is to describe the co-teaching model for the student teaching internship and its benefits for teacher candidates and the students with whom they work. The partnerships that have emerged from the implementation of co-teaching in eastern Washington state are explained. Co-teaching is in the process of being phased in by all four major universities in the region: Whitworth University, Washington State University, Eastern Washington University, and Gonzaga University. The universities and local districts partnered to form the Eastern Washington Co-teaching Leadership Team to plan and deliver training together. A study was conducted by the Eastern ...


Career Coaching Across The Curriculum: Enhancing The Career Competencies Of The 21st Century Learner, Mark W. Slomp, Kerry B. Bernes 2018 Portland State University

Career Coaching Across The Curriculum: Enhancing The Career Competencies Of The 21st Century Learner, Mark W. Slomp, Kerry B. Bernes

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

This article examines the effectiveness of a pilot project offered by members of the Faculty of Education at the University of Lethbridge entitled, ―Career Coaching Across the Curriculum: Integrating Career Development into Classroom Instruction‖. It explores whether this pilot project effectively prepares pre-service teachers to integrate career education into curriculum. It also explores whether this pilot project contributes to the attainment of important career development competencies for students in the Kindergarten-Grade 12 educational system.


A Model For Professional Development In Elementary Science, David Davison, Kenneth Miller, Michael Scarlet 2018 Portland State University

A Model For Professional Development In Elementary Science, David Davison, Kenneth Miller, Michael Scarlet

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Statements of outcomes for 21st century learners typically include inquiry-based learning as a major goal. In the PRISM Project, 62 elementary teachers in Montana were selected to receive professional development using inquiry science instruction in their classrooms. Participants attended workshops designed to model inquiry lessons, participated in online discussions to help them make their lessons more inquiry-based, and prepared Scoop notebooks containing three lessons demonstrating how they were implementing inquiry in their classrooms. Based on analysis of these data, participants were judged to have met the goal of the project to increase their use of inquiry in the science classroom.


It Hurt Big Time: Understanding The Impact Of Rural Adolescents’ Experiences With Cyberbullying, Robin Bright, Mary Dyck 2018 Portland State University

It Hurt Big Time: Understanding The Impact Of Rural Adolescents’ Experiences With Cyberbullying, Robin Bright, Mary Dyck

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

In the 21st century, the growing use of online technologies has challenged parents and educators to understand the concerns and issues faced by adolescents with cyberbullying both in and outside the school context. The purpose of this study was to examine rural adolescents‘ experiences with cyberbullying in Canada. The participants included 1752 adolescents who attended 16 schools in rural Alberta. The 73-item online questionnaire included the following question: If you have ever known someone to be bullied, been a target of bullying, or ever bullied someone using online communication please describe the situation(s) and what happened as a result ...


What Matters Is Mutual Investment And Evidence-Based Dialogue: Designing Meaningful Contexts For Teacher Learning, Amy E. Ryken, Fred L. Hamel 2018 Portland State University

What Matters Is Mutual Investment And Evidence-Based Dialogue: Designing Meaningful Contexts For Teacher Learning, Amy E. Ryken, Fred L. Hamel

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

How might teachers be supported as professional learners, in activities and conversations that assist, rather than distract from, the complex work they do each day? In this article we describe a public school/university partnership model designed to support practice-oriented communication among educators– where professionals from various roles, institutional affiliations, and experience levels, communicate together about the details of their teaching. We outline the principles behind our approach and describe the specific practices we use to promote communication that engages teachers’ pedagogical thinking. We share how teachers’ own practice can become a centerpiece of professional development, and how authentic questions ...


Towards Balanced Assessment Of Student Teaching Performance, Keith Roscoe 2018 Portland State University

Towards Balanced Assessment Of Student Teaching Performance, Keith Roscoe

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Assessment practices in schools have undergone dramatic changes over the last decade, and applying this knowledge to the assessment of student teachers is a challenge currently facing teacher preparation programs. K-12 assessment has moved towards a "backwards design" approach, greater student involvement, a wider range of strategies, and assessment systems that balance summative and formative assessment. However, the assessment of student teaching performance during field experiences has often overemphasized summative assessment, collecting data for making judgments, at the expense of formative assessment, gathering information to improve student teacher performance. Recently, one institution recognized the need to reexamine its approach to ...


A Co-Inquiry Into What Matters Most In Written Reflections: A Co-Inquiry Into What Matters Most In Written Reflections: Helping Students Integrate Cognition And Affect, Jody Bault, Ray Wolpow, Carmen Werder 2018 Portland State University

A Co-Inquiry Into What Matters Most In Written Reflections: A Co-Inquiry Into What Matters Most In Written Reflections: Helping Students Integrate Cognition And Affect, Jody Bault, Ray Wolpow, Carmen Werder

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Twenty-first century teacher education places increased emphasis on collaborate evaluation of student work. This study provides the voices of a graduate student in teacher education, the professor teaching a literacy methods course, and a university writing instruction support director as they endeavored to develop a rubric to help pre-service secondary teachers improve their reflective writing. Discussion and short essays, guided by that same rubric, provide conclusions on the part of the co-inquirers about the importance of considering both thoughts and feelings in assessing reflective writing and conducting co-inquiry.


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