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Intuitive Biases In Choice Versus Estimation: Implications For The Wisdom Of Crowds, Joseph P. Simmons, Lief D. Nelson, Jeffrey Galak, Shane Fredrick 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Intuitive Biases In Choice Versus Estimation: Implications For The Wisdom Of Crowds, Joseph P. Simmons, Lief D. Nelson, Jeffrey Galak, Shane Fredrick

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Although researchers have documented many instances of crowd wisdom, it is important to know whether some kinds of judgments may lead the crowd astray, whether crowds’ judgments improve with feedback over time, and whether crowds’ judgments can be improved by changing the way judgments are elicited. We investigated these questions in a sports gambling context (predictions against point spreads) believed to elicit crowd wisdom. In a season-long experiment, fans wagered over $20,000 on NFL football predictions. Contrary to the wisdom-of-crowds hypothesis, faulty intuitions led the crowd to predict “favorites” more than “underdogs” against point spreads that disadvantaged favorites, even ...


School Farm Facilities - Livermore High School, Joseph C. McNealy 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

School Farm Facilities - Livermore High School, Joseph C. Mcnealy

Graduate Internship Reports in Agricultural Education

The report contains documented evidence required in meeting the quality criteria established by the California Department of Education (CDE) for secondary programs of agricultural education. The documents are reviewed by the CDE regional supervisor in determining compliance. In addition to the documented evidence the report includes development of a school farm facilities.


Undergraduate Science Research: A Comparison Of Influences And Experiences Between Premed And Non-Premed Students, Lara Brongo Pacifici, Norman Thompson 2011 Kennesaw State University

Undergraduate Science Research: A Comparison Of Influences And Experiences Between Premed And Non-Premed Students, Lara Brongo Pacifici, Norman Thompson

Faculty Publications

Most students participating in science undergraduate research (UR) plan to attend either medical school or graduate school. This study examines possible differences between premed and non-premed students in their influences to do research and expectations of research. Questionnaire responses from 55 premed students and 80 non-premed students were analyzed. No differences existed in the expectations of research between the two groups, but attitudes toward science and intrinsic motivation to learn more about science were significantly higher for non-premed students. Follow-up interviews with 11 of the students, including a case study with one premed student, provided explanation for the observed differences ...


Book Reviews, 2011 Western University

Book Reviews

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Meeting Minutes, WKU Council of Academic Deans 2011 Western Kentucky University

Meeting Minutes, Wku Council Of Academic Deans

Council of Academic Deans

Meeting regarding tenure, tuition, promotions, student retention, transfer credits and dropouts.


The Role Of Situated Learning In Experiential Education: An Ethnographic Study Of The Knowledge-Construction Process Of Pharmacy Students During Their Clinical Rotations, Paul DiFrancesco 2011 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Role Of Situated Learning In Experiential Education: An Ethnographic Study Of The Knowledge-Construction Process Of Pharmacy Students During Their Clinical Rotations, Paul Difrancesco

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore learning through the social construction of new knowledge by pharmacy students engaged in experiential learning. Academic leaders and practitioners are responding to calls for the redesign of experiential education that will better prepare future pharmacists for practice. This has broad implications for educational programs and health care delivery.

Situated learning theory served as the theoretical framework for this study. The previous research of Lave and Wenger (1991); Bailey, Hughes, and Moore (2004); and others guided this research. Situated learning theory informed the research questions, which focused on understanding how students constructed knowledge ...


In Students' Words: The Development Of Student Attitudes Toward Mathematics - A Social Perspective, Dianne Kathryn Kelly 2011 University of Massachusetts Boston

In Students' Words: The Development Of Student Attitudes Toward Mathematics - A Social Perspective, Dianne Kathryn Kelly

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Student interest in pursuing advanced studies and careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) has garnered much attention lately from government, business, and education leaders due to inadequate flow in the United States' STEM pipeline. Existing research points to mathematical self-efficacy and to mathematical self-concept beliefs as integral to the likelihood that a student will pursue a career in a STEM field. Students' identities, such as the "good-math-student" identity need to be verified in order for students to enact them. Both identity verification and attitude are influenced by self-efficacy and self-concept. Existing research also points to teachers, parents, and ...


A Longitudinal Investigation Of Peer Victimization, Self-Esteem, Depression, And Anxiety Among Adolescents: A Test Of Cognitive Diathesis-Stress Theory, Cixin Wang 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Longitudinal Investigation Of Peer Victimization, Self-Esteem, Depression, And Anxiety Among Adolescents: A Test Of Cognitive Diathesis-Stress Theory, Cixin Wang

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

This study examined the relationship between two types of peer victimization(overt and relational victimization), depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and selfesteem over three time points. Participants were 1171 fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth graders (623 females) recruited from four elementary schools, three middle schools, and two high schools in the Midwest. Students’ self-report on peer victimization, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and self-esteem was collected. Structural Equation Modeling was used to examine the relationship among those variables. The results showed that self-esteem mediated the relationship between two types of peer victimization and depressive symptoms. Self-esteem was found to mediate the ...


English Language Learners’ Connection To School And English Through The Digital Storytelling Process, Megan J. McElfresh 2011 University of Nebraska – Lincoln

English Language Learners’ Connection To School And English Through The Digital Storytelling Process, Megan J. Mcelfresh

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Thanks to the developing technology of digital storytelling, English Language Learner teachers at Maple Elementary may have a potential answer to help 2nd grade students with their growth in English and connection to school. The questions that guided this inquiry into digital storytelling in the ELL classroom were the following: Are there particular benefits to ELLs in digital storytelling? Do ELL students see connections through the digital storytelling process to their growth as a writer and role in the school community? Research has previously shown the success of ELL students is strongly linked to the instruction they receive and sense ...


A New 'Star' In The Firmament--Teaching Space And Telecoms Law As A Post-Graduate Ll.M. Programme, Frans G. von der Dunk 2011 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A New 'Star' In The Firmament--Teaching Space And Telecoms Law As A Post-Graduate Ll.M. Programme, Frans G. Von Der Dunk

Space, Cyber, and Telecommunications Law Program Faculty Publications

Contents

I. Congratulatory message to Professor Doo-Hwan Kim on his 77th anniversary

II. Teaching space law: the beginnings

III. Teaching space law: broadening the picture

IV. Teaching space law and telecommunications law


Extensiveness And Perceptions Of Lecture Demonstrations In The High School Chemistry Classroom, Daniel S. Price 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Extensiveness And Perceptions Of Lecture Demonstrations In The High School Chemistry Classroom, Daniel S. Price

Theses, Student Research, and Creative Activity: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

While lecture demonstrations have been conducted in chemistry classrooms for hundreds of years, little research exists to document the frequency with which such demonstrations are employed or their effect on learners’ motivation and performance. A mixed-methods research study was performed, using quantitative and qualitative survey data, along with qualitative data from follow-up interviews and structured correspondence, to determine the extent to which lecture demonstrations are used in high school chemistry instruction, and the perceived effects of viewing such demonstrations on students’ performance on course assignments and on motivation to excel in current and future chemistry courses. Fifty-two randomly selected chemistry ...


A Study Of K-12 Music Educators' Attitudes Toward Technology-Assisted Assessment Tools, Lance D. Nielsen 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Study Of K-12 Music Educators' Attitudes Toward Technology-Assisted Assessment Tools, Lance D. Nielsen

Student Research, Creative Activity, and Performance - School of Music

The purpose of this study was to examine K-12 music educators’ attitudes regarding the use of technology in the assessment of music learning. There is a considerable range of musical behaviors with different levels of complexity that can be assessed (Boyle & Radocy, 1987). A variety of software and web-based assessment tools are available for music educators. However, it is unclear how many teachers are taking advantage of incorporating these technological assessment tools into their instructional practice. This study provided current data about the demographics of teachers using technology to assess musical growth and the variables that might motivate a music ...


A Historical Analysis Of Attitudes Toward The Use Of Calculators In Junior High And High School Math Classrooms In The United States Since 1975, Sarah Banks 2011 Cedarville University

A Historical Analysis Of Attitudes Toward The Use Of Calculators In Junior High And High School Math Classrooms In The United States Since 1975, Sarah Banks

Master of Education Research Theses

This thesis explored the history of calculator usage in mathematics classrooms in the United States since 1975 with a focus on the attitudes of parents, educators, and national organizations. The influence of historical events, people, organizations, research, and trends was explored in depth. Studying the changes that calculators have brought to mathematics curriculum and how educators have reacted in the past will help to explain why math curriculum and school systems have adopted the attitudes and policies about calculators that they currently hold. This study found similar attitudes and reactions by parents and educators toward calculator usage in contrast to ...


Pacific Review, University of the Pacific 2011 University of the Pacific

Pacific Review, University Of The Pacific

Pacific Review

No abstract provided.


The Individual And Shared Meanings Students Make Of Their Diverse Interactions With African American Faculty: A Phenomenological Study, Kathleen Marie Neville 2011 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Individual And Shared Meanings Students Make Of Their Diverse Interactions With African American Faculty: A Phenomenological Study, Kathleen Marie Neville

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Critics contend college graduates are not prepared to work in a global society. In response, higher education leaders identify the need to transform curriculum and teaching techniques (Bikson & Law, 1994). African American faculty are more likely than their White colleagues to employ teaching strategies that introduce students to diversity coursework and expose them to knowledge about race and ethnicity in the classroom, which positively affects students' openness to diversity (Pascarella, Edison, Nora, Hagedorn, & Terenzini, 1996) and prepares them to work in a global society. This qualitative study, grounded in phenomenological methodology, used ethnic (Phinney, 1996) and White (Helms, 1990) identity ...


The Role Of Data In Decision Making About Online Distance Education: A Case Study Of Three Community Colleges, William Allan Heineman 2011 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Role Of Data In Decision Making About Online Distance Education: A Case Study Of Three Community Colleges, William Allan Heineman

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Community colleges face pressures to use data to make decisions as they expand online distance education, but practical and political factors as well as the emergent nature of online distance education can be obstacles to making decisions in this way. Using a multiple case study strategy, this study examined the following research questions: 1) How and to what extent do community college academic leaders use data when making decisions about online distance education? 2) What data about online distance education do community college academic leaders cite as influences on their decision making and how strong are those influences? 3) How ...


Modernization Of Education In Egypt: The Liberal Movement Towards Dewey’S Ideas, AbdelHady M. El-Nagar, Eva Krugly-Smolska 2011 Al-Azhar University, Egypt

Modernization Of Education In Egypt: The Liberal Movement Towards Dewey’S Ideas, Abdelhady M. El-Nagar, Eva Krugly-Smolska

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This paper traces, from a historical perspective, the acceptance of the educational ideas of John Dewey (1859-1952) in Egypt in context of its earlier and ongoing efforts to modernize the education system. It first discusses the different political, educational, and social factors that might have facilitated the acceptance of Dewey‘s educational ideas in Egypt. Then it discusses the ways through which Dewey‘s educational ideas reached into Egypt, including establishment of European and American schools in Egypt, sending educational missions to Europe and the USA, and translation of works of western intellectuals into Arabic. It also discusses the adoption ...


Tracking The Success Of English Language Learners Within The Context Of The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test, Han Han, Liying Cheng 2011 Queen‘s University

Tracking The Success Of English Language Learners Within The Context Of The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test, Han Han, Liying Cheng

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

The study tracked 8 high school English Language Learners (ELLs) from 2 Ontario secondary schools located in small Ontario cities for 3 years and closely documented their linguistic, cognitive, and socio-cultural learning experiences. Each student was visited 2-4 times per year and face-to-face interviews were used on each visit. It was found that these students‘ difficulties in academic English were the major challenge to their success in their high school subject-area courses and in the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). These challenges, in turn, affected their educational goals. The findings of this study provide a rich understanding of these ...


Integrating Local Cultural Knowledge As Formal And Informal Education For Young African Learners: A Ghanaian Case Study, George J. Sefa Die 2011 University of Toronto

Integrating Local Cultural Knowledge As Formal And Informal Education For Young African Learners: A Ghanaian Case Study, George J. Sefa Die

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This paper is about schooling, education and socialization in Africa with a focus on the pedagogic and instructional relevance of local cultural resource knowledge such as the teachings of Indigenous proverbs. Using Ghanaian case material, the paper examines how Indigenous cultural knowledges inform the education and socialization of youth and suggest ways for rethinking schooling and education in African contexts. Among the teachings of Indigenous proverbs highlighted are knowings about self and community, development of self-worth and character, importance of social discipline and collective social responsibility. The discussion also addresses the challenges of integrating local cultural knowledges as part of ...


Serious Education For Serious Christians, Carl E. Zylstra 2011 Dordt College

Serious Education For Serious Christians, Carl E. Zylstra

Pro Rege

This paper is based on the Convocation Address given by Dr. Carl Zylstra at Dordt College on August 27, 2010.


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