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Targeting Difficult Multiplication Problems: Increasing Multiplication Fact Fluency Through A Learning Trials Intervention, Kelly McCullough Thompson 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Targeting Difficult Multiplication Problems: Increasing Multiplication Fact Fluency Through A Learning Trials Intervention, Kelly Mccullough Thompson

Doctoral Dissertations

The acquisition of basic math facts is a necessity for elementary school students as it fosters skill development as math concepts increase in difficulty. Specifically, by the end of the fifth grade, students are expected to have mastered all basic one-digit by one-digit multiplication problems. Many students, however, do not become fluent with multiplication facts, particularly the most difficult basic facts (i.e., digits 6-9). The current study was designed to determine if a computer-based learning trials program could enhance automaticity with difficult multiplication facts. Further, we investigated whether the computer program targeting difficult facts could enhance fluency across all ...


You Are Now Entering The School Zone, Proceed With Caution: Educators, Arbitration, & Children’S Rights, Raquel Muniz 2017 Penn State Law

You Are Now Entering The School Zone, Proceed With Caution: Educators, Arbitration, & Children’S Rights, Raquel Muniz

Arbitration Law Review

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Reinstatement Of Appropriate Behavior, Stephen Edward Ryan 2017 University of Iowa

An Analysis Of Reinstatement Of Appropriate Behavior, Stephen Edward Ryan

Theses and Dissertations

Behavioral momentum theory provides a conceptual framework for the study of the recurrence of previously extinguished operant behavior. Commonly referred to as treatment relapse, this is the failure to maintain treatment gains (e.g., reductions in challenging behavior) when there is a change in conditions under which these gains were achieved. One treatment relapse paradigm previously examined in basic and applied research is reinstatement. Reinstatement of challenging behavior has been shown to occur when functional reinforcers are delivered on a fixed-time schedule following extinction of challenging behavior. Although examinations appropriate behavior have applied value, analyses of reinstatement have been conducted ...


Arithmetical Computation And Associated Neuropsychological Capabilities In Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults With Nonsyndromic Orofacial Clefts, Jon Willie Goodwin III 2017 University of Iowa

Arithmetical Computation And Associated Neuropsychological Capabilities In Children, Adolescents, And Young Adults With Nonsyndromic Orofacial Clefts, Jon Willie Goodwin Iii

Theses and Dissertations

Orofacial clefts are a group of congenital craniofacial deformities characterized by structural defects within and around the oral cavity. While some orofacial clefts are associated with an identifiable genetic or teratogenic syndrome, most are isolated or nonsyndromic. It has been well-documented that children born with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NCL/P) are at-risk for poorer academic outcomes, especially within reading. Research into the cognitive functioning of patients with NCL/P has demonstrated that auditory-verbal memory and rapid naming are significant neuropsychological predictors of their lower reading achievement. Despite a solid compendium of research into the reading outcomes of ...


The Efficacy Of An In-Vivo Chaining Procedure Compared To Pov-Vm Chaining Procedure To Teach A Task To Children With Autism, Elaine M. Turner 2017 Stephen F Austin State University

The Efficacy Of An In-Vivo Chaining Procedure Compared To Pov-Vm Chaining Procedure To Teach A Task To Children With Autism, Elaine M. Turner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder which includes symptoms such as repetitive or restricted patterns of behavior, and deficits in social communication (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and affects approximately 1 in 68 children (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Children with this disorder face unique challenges when it comes to learning academic and social skills (Gardner & Wolfe, 2013). Chaining is an effective intervention for teaching individuals with disabilities a variety of skills (Cuvo, Leaf, & Borakove, 1978; Horner & Keilitz, 1975; Shrestha, Anderson, & Moore, 2013; Tarbox, Madrid, Aguilar, Jacobo, & Schiff, 2009). Video modeling, where a subject performs a behavior they have previously seen modeled on a videotape (Nikopoulos & Keenan, 2004) and more recently point-of-view video modeling (POV-VM) which provides the instruction from the subject’s vantage point may also be effective for teaching children with autism and other disabilities needed skills (Shukla-Mehta, Miller, & Callahan, 2010). There is some empirical evidence that chaining used in conjunction with POV-VM may provide effective intervention (Jowett, Moore, & Anderson, 2012; Moore, et al., 2013; Shrestha, et al., 2013) yet no studies have directly compared a chaining procedure taught by traditional methods to a chaining procedure which is exclusively taught through the use of POV-VM.


Tootling With A Randomized Independent Group Contingency In A High School Setting, John Dylan Ken Lum 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Tootling With A Randomized Independent Group Contingency In A High School Setting, John Dylan Ken Lum

Dissertations

Tootling is a procedure where students report their classmates’ positive and prosocial behavior. The present study examined the effects of tootling on students’ disruptive and academically engaged behavior in three general education high school classrooms. An A-B-A-B withdrawal design was used to assess the effects of the intervention. Students wrote tootles anonymously on paper slips and placed them into a marked container. Unlike previous tootling studies, a randomized independent group contingency procedure was used to reward the students to reduce the number of steps required to implement the intervention. At the end of the class period, teachers randomly drew three ...


Effects Of A Tiered Intervention Package To Increase Teacher Behavior Specific Praise, Hannah Jeanne Cavell 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Effects Of A Tiered Intervention Package To Increase Teacher Behavior Specific Praise, Hannah Jeanne Cavell

Dissertations

Disruptive behaviors have been shown to impact academic performance in the classroom. Praise is a commonly prescribed intervention to decrease classroom disruptive behaviors and increase academic engagement. In this study, an intervention package consisting of large-group training, verbal reminders, and visual performance feedback (VPF) combined with contingent preferred rewards was used to target three elementary school teachers’ use of behavior specific praise (BSP) in the classroom during a selected intervention period. Disruptive behaviors as nominated by teacher report were additionally assessed to determine if increased praise would lessen the frequency of class wide disruptive behaviors.

Using a multiple baseline design ...


Impact Of Integrated Science And English Language Arts Literacy Supplemental Instructional Intervention On Science Academic Achievement Of Elementary Students, Jamar Marks 2017 Liberty University

Impact Of Integrated Science And English Language Arts Literacy Supplemental Instructional Intervention On Science Academic Achievement Of Elementary Students, Jamar Marks

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this quasi-experimental, nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design study was to determine if any differences existed in upper elementary school students’ science academic achievement when instructed using an 8-week integrated science and English language arts literacy supplemental instructional intervention in conjunction with traditional science classroom instruction as compared to when instructed using solely traditional science classroom instruction. The targeted sample population consisted of fourth-grade students enrolled in a public elementary school located in the southeastern region of the United States. The convenience sample size consisted of 115 fourth-grade students enrolled in science classes. The pretest and posttest academic ...


Teacher Perceptions Of The Impact Of Self-Efficacy On Classroom Management Style: A Case Study, Patty McCain 2017 Liberty University

Teacher Perceptions Of The Impact Of Self-Efficacy On Classroom Management Style: A Case Study, Patty Mccain

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to develop an understanding of how current and former middle school teachers in a suburban school district in northeast Georgia perceive low self-efficacy impacts their classroom management style. The theory guiding this study was Bandura’s (1977) self-efficacy theory as it supported the idea that self-efficacy can determine how one approaches a task, goals, or challenges. Data were collected using a survey, interviews, questionnaires, direct observations, and a focus group. A collective case study approach was used to conduct a holistic analysis to provide detailed descriptions of the themes and patterns that ...


A Hermeneutic Phenomenological Exploration Of The Impact Of Technology On The Collaborative Practices Of Rural Middle School Teachers, Kimberli Dailey 2017 Liberty University

A Hermeneutic Phenomenological Exploration Of The Impact Of Technology On The Collaborative Practices Of Rural Middle School Teachers, Kimberli Dailey

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This qualitative study described the impact of collaboration and technology-based communication on the professional experiences of rural middle school classroom teachers. A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was used to determine if technology-based tools, such as online discussion boards, email, social networking sites, and short message service (SMS) texting has made an impact on instructional collaboration for rural middle school teachers. The theory guiding this study was connectivism (Siemens, 2005) as it addresses the concept that in the digital age knowledge is stored outside the learner and distributed knowledge as it relates to the connections formed between individuals and/or networks (Downes ...


Student Expectations As A Function Of Student Retention For Adult Online Learners, Herman Kastroll 2017 Liberty University

Student Expectations As A Function Of Student Retention For Adult Online Learners, Herman Kastroll

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The study of retention is important to the institution, to assist in ensuring financial stability, and to the student, to provide an environment supportive of student needs for success. The purpose of this correlational study was to examine the relationship between the subscales of the Priorities Survey of Online Learners (PSOL) and the enrollment decision of adult, online students at a Christian university in the southeast United States. This quantitative, non-experimental, predictive study used a correlational research design and a survey strategy of inquiry. The participants for the study were drawn from archival data consisting of 5,221 undergraduate and ...


The Effect Of Oral Feedback On Perceived Classroom Community In Undergraduate Students, Jennifer Boyles 2017 Liberty University

The Effect Of Oral Feedback On Perceived Classroom Community In Undergraduate Students, Jennifer Boyles

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The ongoing trend in research regarding feedback has been to explore quantitative assessment. Garnering support more recently is qualitative narrative feedback in support of formative assessment. This type of feedback offers insight into expectations as well as offer additional knowledge gained. It enables students to improve their performance with its timeliness and clarity. Research in the area of oral feedback for college students as a more effective formative assessment and tool for learning is needed. This study examined the effects of oral feedback on the students in four undergraduate courses at a public university in Florida. 68 students were recruited ...


Contemplative Practices And Post-Secondary Well-Being: Potential Methods For Reducing Test Anxiety, Shannon S. Hayden 2017 Missouri State University

Contemplative Practices And Post-Secondary Well-Being: Potential Methods For Reducing Test Anxiety, Shannon S. Hayden

MSU Graduate Theses

Students encounter numerous sources of stress in college from school work to examinations. A proposed method for reducing test related anxiety is contemplative practice (namely, mindfulness meditation and expressive writing). These interventions were used immediately prior to an exam to determine effectiveness on students’ mood and test grade. Although the study produced few statistically significant results, a promising trend in utilizing these interventions for increasing exam grades, increasing positive mood, and decreasing negative mood was uncovered. Each intervention appears to have dissimilar effects on different types of students (i.e., varying degrees of dispositional mindfulness and cognitive test anxiety; for ...


Utility Of An Electronic Data Collection Modality For Supporting School Professionals In The Implementation Of Behavioral Treatments, Jennifer Kathleen Andersen 2017 University of Iowa

Utility Of An Electronic Data Collection Modality For Supporting School Professionals In The Implementation Of Behavioral Treatments, Jennifer Kathleen Andersen

Theses and Dissertations

Function-based experimental evaluation in the development of interventions and treatment plans continue to be under-utilized within the school setting (Hanley, Iwata, & McCord, 2003) despite federal mandates to use functional behavioral assessments and positive behavioral interventions with students with disabilities (IDEIA, 2004). Gann, Ferro, Umbreit, & Liaupsin, (2014) found that teachers prefer function-based interventions based in Applied Behavior Analytic principles when implemented effectively and with fidelity, over traditional classroom practices. As such, data collection and data analysis is critical to promote valid, reliable, and socially acceptable behavior change. Some researchers have advocated for the use of advanced technological or computerized tools to streamline and systematize data collection for wider-spread use (Vollmer, Sloman & Pipken, 2008; Kahng & Iwata, 1998), but there is little in the literature to suggest what might be the most beneficial data collection modalities and methods for school professionals who work with students who exhibit challenging behaviors. A few studies have shown positive effects of using electronic technology to collect behavioral data by researchers collecting direct observation data (Graylee et al, 2006), and measures of social skills development (Sarkar et.al, 2006) as well as teachers implementing discrete trial training (Tarbox et al, 2010). Hunter (2003) found that teachers were more likely to use interventions that they liked and that were subjectively time-efficient; often, convenience and experience factors played a role in resistance to implementing evidence-based interventions (Hunter, 2003).

The purpose of Study One was to better understand the current data collection practices and needs of school professionals who frequently treat students with challenging behaviors in the classroom. The purpose of Study Two was to compare the efficiency of graphing using an iPad application, Catalyst®, to paper and pencil data collection with behavioral specialists (school professionals and behavioral clinicians), and to ...


Examining The Relations Between Subjective Social Class, Academics, And Well-Being In First-Generation College Student Veterans, Alexander James Colbow 2017 University of Iowa

Examining The Relations Between Subjective Social Class, Academics, And Well-Being In First-Generation College Student Veterans, Alexander James Colbow

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study was to examine the relations between aspects of subjective social class, academic performance, and subjective wellbeing in first-generation and veteran students. In recent years, both student veterans and first-generation students have become topics of interest for universities, counselors, and researchers, as they are growing in numbers on university campuses. These groups face a variety of barriers to completing their academic degrees. One area with little investigation is the influence of subjective social class on these individuals. Therefore, various facets of subjective social class (Subjective Social Status, Beliefs in a Just World, Protestant Work Ethic, Materialism ...


A Parent-Mediated Habit Reversal Intervention For Chronic Tic Disorders In Children, Ellen Marie Henning 2017 University of Iowa

A Parent-Mediated Habit Reversal Intervention For Chronic Tic Disorders In Children, Ellen Marie Henning

Theses and Dissertations

Chronic tic disorders (CTDs), including Tourette’s disorder and persistent motor or vocal tic disorder, are neurobiological conditions affecting an estimated 3 to 4 percent of children and adolescents. These disorders include the presence of motor and/or phonic tics, which can range in number, frequency, and severity. Although CTDs are typically treated through medications, the available medications have the potential of adverse side effects, do not result in long-term coping strategies, and may not be effective or preferable for all individuals. Habit reversal training (HRT), a behavioral intervention for tics, has been identified as a well-established treatment. The purpose ...


Examining Posttraumatic Growth And Mindfulness In Individuals With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Anna Hoffman 2017 University of Iowa

Examining Posttraumatic Growth And Mindfulness In Individuals With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Anna Hoffman

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess for posttraumatic growth (PTG) in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study also sought to determine the relationship between PTG and mindfulness for people with RA. RA is a degenerative disease characterized by chronic joint pain and is associated with various kinds of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. More recently, researchers have looked to ways in which living with RA may also promote personal growth. One of the most commonly researched conceptualizations of growth following hardship is posttraumatic growth (PTG). Some studies suggest that PTG may be positively related ...


The Intersection Of Counseling Pychology And The Prescriptive Authority For Psychologists Movement: A Qualitative Exploration At The Level Of The Professional Organization, Anthony P. Rinaldi 2017 University of Iowa

The Intersection Of Counseling Pychology And The Prescriptive Authority For Psychologists Movement: A Qualitative Exploration At The Level Of The Professional Organization, Anthony P. Rinaldi

Theses and Dissertations

The prescriptive authority for psychologists (RxP) movement contends that psychologists who receive specialized training should attain licensure to prescribe psychotropic medication. The RxP movement has presently culminated in psychologists in the United States prescribing at both the state and federal levels. However, the RxP movement remains contentious, and both supporters and opponents continue to disagree over its validity as a professional movement.

Division 17 of the American Psychological Association, the counseling psychology specialty’s professional organization, has not officially discussed the RxP movement since 1994. Given the developments within the RxP movement since then, this study endeavored to investigate the ...


An Evaluation Of Changes In Parent Interaction Quality As An Indirect Effect Of Functional Communication Training, Anna Day Ryan 2017 University of Iowa

An Evaluation Of Changes In Parent Interaction Quality As An Indirect Effect Of Functional Communication Training, Anna Day Ryan

Theses and Dissertations

Previous research has suggested that increases caregiver interaction quality may lead to subsequent reductions in child problem behavior. However, there is little research evaluating whether successful reductions in problem behavior through behavioral treatment may positively impact the caregiver-child relationship. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether successful implementation of an empirically validated, reinforcement based-treatment for children who display challenging behaviors (functional communication training, or FCT) leads to changes in caregiver interaction quality. A retrospective data analysis was conducted using assessment and treatment sessions conducted via telehealth for a federally funded research project (Lindgren & Wacker, 2011). Five caregiver-child dyads were included in the current study, and caregivers conducted all sessions while being coached on behavioral procedures via telehealth by a trained behavior specialist. No caregiver received any direct training intended to improve or modify caregiver-child interactions during playtime. Appropriate and inappropriate interactive caregiver behaviors were recorded throughout all playtime intervals during assessment and treatment. Results indicated that child problem behaviors were significantly negatively correlated with caregiver interaction quality for 3 out of 5 caregiver-child dyads; however, for 1 caregiver-child ...


Mathematics Development In Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners, Shaun Wilkinson 2017 University of Iowa

Mathematics Development In Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners, Shaun Wilkinson

Theses and Dissertations

Schools are required by law to identify and support English Language Learner (ELL) students. However, ELL students across grade levels consistently score well below their English-proficient peers in math. Because of this, it is imperative that the literature on effective instruction for these students remain current. Research that is available in this area has demonstrated positive relations between early ELL math performance and several demographic and school factors, including: socioeconomic status (SES), primary language proficiency, English proficiency, high-quality computer instruction, heterogeneous achievement grouping, bilingual instruction, use of cooperative learning activities, all-day kindergarten programs (as opposed to half-day), and school settings ...


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