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Impact Of Framing And Priming On Users' Behavior In Cybersecurity, Kavya Sharma 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Impact Of Framing And Priming On Users' Behavior In Cybersecurity, Kavya Sharma

Masters Theses

"This research examines the impact of framing and priming on users' behavior (i.e., action) in a cybersecurity setting. It also examines perceptual outcomes (i.e., confidence, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, trust, and fear) associated with the users' cybersecurity action. The research draws on prospect theory in the behavioral economics literature and instance-based learning theory in the education literature to generate the hypotheses for the research. A between-subject experimental design (N=129) was used. The results suggest that priming users to cybersecurity risks reduces their risk-taking behavior associated with cybersecurity whereas negative framing of messages associated with cybersecurity has no ...


Sentiment Analytics: Lexicons Construction And Analysis, Bo Yuan 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Sentiment Analytics: Lexicons Construction And Analysis, Bo Yuan

Masters Theses

"With the increasing amount of text data, sentiment analysis (SA) is becoming more and more important. An automated approach is needed to parse the online reviews and comments, and analyze their sentiments. Since lexicon is the most important component in SA, enhancing the quality of lexicons will improve the efficiency and accuracy of sentiment analysis. In this research, the effect of coupling a general lexicon with a specialized lexicon (for a specific domain) and its impact on sentiment analysis was presented. Two special domains and one general domain were studied. The two special domains are the petroleum domain and the ...


Risk Regulation And Innovation: The Case Of Rights-Encumbered Biomedical Data Silos, Arti K. Rai 2017 Duke Law School

Risk Regulation And Innovation: The Case Of Rights-Encumbered Biomedical Data Silos, Arti K. Rai

Faculty Scholarship

Recent Supreme Court cases on patent-eligible subject matter are likely to exacerbate the longstanding problem of biomedical data fragmentation. For each data silo, multiple overlapping legal claims and claimants must be addressed to achieve the benefits of pooling.

Commentators who have discussed the data aggregation challenge have generally focused on possibilities created through public funding, through collective action by research participants, or through pressure by payers. This Article emphasizes the important role of risk regulators, most notably the precedent offered by risk regulation in the area of clinical trial data.

While U.S. risk regulators have taken some positive steps ...


Pharmaceutical M&A Activity: Effects On Prices, Innovation, And Competition, Barak D. Richman, Will Mitchell, Elena Vidal, Kevin Schulman 2017 Duke Law School

Pharmaceutical M&A Activity: Effects On Prices, Innovation, And Competition, Barak D. Richman, Will Mitchell, Elena Vidal, Kevin Schulman

Faculty Scholarship

The rise of blockbuster pharmaceutical acquisitions has prompted fears that unprecedented market concentration will weaken competition. Two of the most prominent concerns focus on the upstream and downstream ends of the pharmaceutical industry: (1) the concern that these mergers will concentrate the market for discovery and will therefore lead to fewer discoveries; and (2) the concern that merging large marketing, sales, and distribution forces will strengthen the hands of select pharmaceutical manufacturers and weaken downstream competition. Having considered potential dynamic effects in the industry and conducted a series of preliminary interviews with knowledgeable observers, though, this Article argues that neither ...


Playing With Real Property Inside Augmented Reality: Pokemon Go, Trespass, And Law's Limitations, Donald J. Kochan 2016 Chapman University School of Law

Playing With Real Property Inside Augmented Reality: Pokemon Go, Trespass, And Law's Limitations, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

This symposium essay uses the popular game Pokémon Go as a case study for evaluating conflicts that arise when augmented reality is layered over the real property of non-consenting owners. It focuses on the challenges augmented reality technologies pose to the meaning and enforcement of formal and informal trespass norms, first examining physical trespass issues (and enforcement difficulties) associated with game players who sometimes break physical property boundaries.

The essay then undertakes a thought experiment regarding possible recognition of a new, different type of trespass—one to augmented space. Pollock and Maitland called trespass the “fertile mother of all actions ...


Open Innovation In Development: Integrating Theory And Practice Across Open Science, Open Education, And Open Data, Jeremy de Beer 2016 University of Ottawa

Open Innovation In Development: Integrating Theory And Practice Across Open Science, Open Education, And Open Data, Jeremy De Beer

Jeremy de Beer

This article integrates the concepts of open innovation and open development. It extends the theory of open development beyond the field of information communications technology to address aspects of innovation systems more generally. It applies the concept of openness to innovation in practice across the domains of open science, open education, and open data. Creating a framework that is more integrated in theory and cross-cutting in practice creates new possibilities for interdisciplinary research and policy-relevant insights.


Click Here To Agree- Managing Intellectual Property When Crowdsourcing Solutions, Jeremy de Beer, Ian McCarthy, Adam Soliman, Emily Treen 2016 Simon Fraser University

Click Here To Agree- Managing Intellectual Property When Crowdsourcing Solutions, Jeremy De Beer, Ian Mccarthy, Adam Soliman, Emily Treen

Jeremy de Beer

Tapping into the creativity of a crowd can provide a highly efficient and effective means of acquiring ideas, work, and content to solve problems. But crowdsourcing solutions can also come with risks, including the legal risks associated with intellectual property. Therefore, we raise and address a two-part question: Why — and how — should organizations deal with intellectual property issues when engaging in the crowdsourcing of solutions? The answers lie in understanding the approaches for acquiring sufficient intellectual property from a crowd and limiting the risks of using that intellectual property. Herein, we discuss the hazards of not considering these legal issues ...


Making Copyright Markets Work For Creators, Consumers And The Public Interest, Jeremy de Beer 2016 University of Ottawa

Making Copyright Markets Work For Creators, Consumers And The Public Interest, Jeremy De Beer

Jeremy de Beer

Copyright is an important part of marketplace framework policies that
support creative industries. Copyright is also increasingly relevant to
broader economic and industrial policy. Market-oriented justifications
for copyright, therefore, factor heavily in debates about copyright law
and policy reform. In this context, discourse often revolves around
copyright as a property right, which underpins market transactions.

This chapter endorses market-oriented approaches towards copyright
as a means to promote creators’ interests, consumers’ interests, and
the public interest. The conception of copyright as a property right
is consistent with the basis of general policymaking in free market
economies. Two caveats are, however, important ...


Serious Gamification: On The Redesign Of A Popular Paradox, Steffen Roth 2016 Selected Works

Serious Gamification: On The Redesign Of A Popular Paradox, Steffen Roth

Prof. Dr. Dr. Steffen Roth

We challenge the idea of the paradoxical nature of the concept serious games and ask how researchers and designers need to conceive of serious games so that they at all appear paradoxical. To develop and answer this question, we draw on a theory–method that considers all forms of observation as paradoxical. We then use the tetralemma, a structure from traditional Indian logics, to resolve the paradox of serious games into this larger paradox of observation. Consequently, serious games may only be consid- ered a paradox if we presume realities and define games as deviations therefrom. The increasing gamification of ...


Open Source Intelligence: Performing Data Mining And Link Analysis To Track Terrorist Activities, Maurice Dawson, Max Lieble, Adewale Adeboje 2016 University of Missouri - St Louis

Open Source Intelligence: Performing Data Mining And Link Analysis To Track Terrorist Activities, Maurice Dawson, Max Lieble, Adewale Adeboje

Maurice Dawson

The increasing rates of terrorism in Africa is a growing concern globally, and the realization of such dreadful circumstances demonstrates the need to disclose who is behind such terrible acts. Terrorists and extremist organizations have been known to use social media, and other forms of Internet-enabled technologies to spread idealism. Analyzing this data could provide valuable information regarding terrorist activity with the use of Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) tools. This study attempts to review the applications and methods that could be used to expose extremist Internet behavior.


The Path Of The Blockchain Lexicon (And The Law), Angela Walch 2016 St. Mary's University School of Law

The Path Of The Blockchain Lexicon (And The Law), Angela Walch

Angela Walch

The terminology around blockchain technology is notoriously confusing, with disputes over whether a blockchain is the same as a distributed ledger, or whether an appcoin is the same as a protocol token. In this article, I examine the difficulties the rapidly shifting, contested vocabulary poses for regulators seeking to understand, govern, and potentially use blockchain technology, and offer suggestions for how to fight through the haze of unclear language.

In Part I, I provide examples of the fluctuating, contested language in the blockchain technology space, and describe the forces at play in shaping the language. In Part II, I lay ...


Relationship Between Past Experience, Social Network Participation And Innovative Capacity: Vietnamese Entrepreneurship In Transition, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Hoi Vu, Thu-Trang Vuong 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Relationship Between Past Experience, Social Network Participation And Innovative Capacity: Vietnamese Entrepreneurship In Transition, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Hoi Vu, Thu-Trang Vuong

Quan-Hoang Vuong

The notions of entrepreneurship and creativity in developed economies, despite having gained attention among researchers, remain embryonic in numerous emerging economies. Being focused on entrepreneurs in a typical transitional and emerging market economy, Vietnam, this paper aims to empirically explore the influence that past entrepreneurial efforts may exert on the perceptions of entrepreneurs about their own creativity performance. The study also seeks to understand how entrepreneurs social networks contribute to perceived innovative capacity by entrepreneurs who participate in those societies. The empirical research results suggest that entrepreneurs with business experience and active networking engagement are more likely to believe in ...


Improving Sustainability Of The Corn-Ethanol Industry, Paul W. Gallagher, Hosein Shapouri 2016 Iowa State University

Improving Sustainability Of The Corn-Ethanol Industry, Paul W. Gallagher, Hosein Shapouri

Paul Gallagher

Two criteria based on characteristics of plant growth establish when bio-fuels can provide sustainable energy for society. The first criteria: enough solar energy stored during plant growth becomes available for man's use. Pimentel's early evaluation of the US ethanol industry calculated the ratio of BTUs in ethanol: BTUs from fossil energy of com and ethanol production at less than one. He concluded that ethanol is not sustainable energy, and questioned the industry's existence. Recent energy balance ratios that include adjustments for co-product feed and higher energy efficiency in corn/ethanol production suggest a moderate contribution from captured ...


Planning And Implementing A Successful Nsa-Nsf Gencyber Summer Cyber Academy, Bryson R. Payne, Tamirat Abegaz, Keith Antonia 2016 University of North Georgia

Planning And Implementing A Successful Nsa-Nsf Gencyber Summer Cyber Academy, Bryson R. Payne, Tamirat Abegaz, Keith Antonia

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

The GenCyber program is jointly sponsored by the National Security Agency (NSA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) to help faculty and cybersecurity experts provide summer cybersecurity camp experiences for K-12 students and teachers. The main objective of the program is to attract, educate, and motivate a new generation of young men and women to help address the nationwide shortage of trained cybersecurity professionals. The curriculum is flexible and centers on ten cybersecurity first principles. Currently, GenCyber provides cyber camp options for three types of audiences: students, teachers, and a combination of both teachers and students. In 2016, over 120 ...


Towards An In-Depth Understanding Of Deep Packet Inspection Using A Suite Of Industrial Control Systems Protocol Packets, Guillermo A. Francia III, Xavier P. Francia, Anthony M. Pruitt 2016 Jacksonville State University

Towards An In-Depth Understanding Of Deep Packet Inspection Using A Suite Of Industrial Control Systems Protocol Packets, Guillermo A. Francia Iii, Xavier P. Francia, Anthony M. Pruitt

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Industrial control systems (ICS) are increasingly at risk and vulnerable to internal and external threats. These systems are integral part of our nation’s critical infrastructures. Consequently, a successful cyberattack on one of these could present disastrous consequences to human life and property as well. It is imperative that cybersecurity professionals gain a good understanding of these systems particularly in the area of communication protocols. Traditional Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram Protocol (UDP) are made to encapsulate some of these ICS protocols which may enable malicious payload to get through the network firewall and thus, gain entry into ...


From The Editors, Herbert J. Mattord, Michael E. Whitman, Carole L. Hollingsworth 2016 Kennesaw State University

From The Editors, Herbert J. Mattord, Michael E. Whitman, Carole L. Hollingsworth

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Welcome to the second issue of the Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice (JCERP).


The International Competitiveness Of The U.S. Corn-Ethanol Industry: A Comparison With Sugar-Ethanol Processing In Brazil, Paul Gallagher, Guenter Schamel, Hosein Shapouri, Heather Brubaker 2016 Iowa State University

The International Competitiveness Of The U.S. Corn-Ethanol Industry: A Comparison With Sugar-Ethanol Processing In Brazil, Paul Gallagher, Guenter Schamel, Hosein Shapouri, Heather Brubaker

Paul Gallagher

An indicator of competitive position, the cost difference between ethanol import from Brazil with sugar processing and domestic production with corn in the United States under ideal conditions without tariffs in the ethanol market, is developed conceptually. An ex ante version of the indicator that is based on historical prices and today's technology is calculated for the last 30 years and subjected to time series analysis. Results suggest that there are no trends, but there are cyclical periods of advantage for both industries. Further, long-term averages suggest that profits would be similar in both countries under ideal trade conditions ...


Plant Size: Capital Cost Relationships In The Dry Mill Ethanol Industry, Paul W. Gallagher, Heather Brubaker, Hosein Shapouri 2016 Iowa State University

Plant Size: Capital Cost Relationships In The Dry Mill Ethanol Industry, Paul W. Gallagher, Heather Brubaker, Hosein Shapouri

Paul Gallagher

Estimates suggest that capital costs typically increase less than proportionately with plant capacity in the dry mill ethanol industry because the estimated power factor is 0.836. However, capital costs increase more rapidly for ethanol than for a typical processing enterprise, judging by the average 0.6 factor rule. Some estimates also suggest a phase of decreasing unit costs followed by a phase of increasing costs. Nonetheless dry mills could be somewhat larger than the current industry standard, unless other scarce factors limit capacity expansion. Despite the statistical significance of an average cost-size relationship, average capital cost for plant of ...


Welfare Maximization, Pricing, And Allocation With A Product Performance Or Environmental Quality Standard: Illustration For The Gasoline And Additives Market, Paul W. Gallagher, Hosein Shapouri, Jeffrey Price 2016 Iowa State University

Welfare Maximization, Pricing, And Allocation With A Product Performance Or Environmental Quality Standard: Illustration For The Gasoline And Additives Market, Paul W. Gallagher, Hosein Shapouri, Jeffrey Price

Paul Gallagher

Programming models approximate market prices and quantities when regulations constrain firm choices, because market outcomes result when welfare is appropriately defined and includes performance and environmental constraints. This study discusses market operation in quality-constrained sectors, like gasoline and additives; processors expand output until marginal processing cost equals the processing margin between product revenues and raw material costs; retailers who buy gasoline and additives from processors and sell blended retail gasoline price sales at a marginal cost that includes the blended input value plus adjustments for values of constrained attributes; and market supplies and demands of measurable attributes like octane are ...


Energy Production With Biomass: What Are The Prospects?, Paul W. Gallagher 2016 Iowa State University

Energy Production With Biomass: What Are The Prospects?, Paul W. Gallagher

Paul Gallagher

The advantages and limitations of the U.S. ethanol industry have both become apparent during the current period of high petroleum prices. One advantage is that ethanol is cost-reducing as a gasoline additive and as a gasoline replacement using E85 (motor fuel blends of 85 percent ethanol and just 15 percent gasoline). However, corn supply limits ethanol's role in energy markets; ethanol-based corn demand will surpass exports when the 7.5 billion gallon Renewable Fuel Standard is fully implemented; and even if the Midwest were to secede from The Union, the entire Midwestern corn crop could only supply two-thirds ...


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