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Tax Progressivity And Entrepreneurial Dynamics, Orkhan Nadirov, Bruce Dehning 2020 Tomas Bata University in Zlin

Tax Progressivity And Entrepreneurial Dynamics, Orkhan Nadirov, Bruce Dehning

Accounting Faculty Articles and Research

This study examines how tax progressivity affects entrepreneurial dynamics in 18 countries. The results show that increased downside progressivity has a positive influence on the transition rate from nascent entrepreneurship to established business ownership. In addition, only downside progressivity calculated using marginal tax rates is related to the transition ratio, implying that it is marginal tax rates, and not average tax rates, that are used in the entrepreneurial decision-making process. This paper contributes to our understanding of entrepreneurial dynamics and the effect of tax progressivity on the transition from nascent entrepreneurship to established business ownership.


Racialized Tax Inequity: Wealth, Racism, And The U.S. System Of Taxation, Palma Joy Strand, Nicholas A. Mirkay 2020 Creighton University

Racialized Tax Inequity: Wealth, Racism, And The U.S. System Of Taxation, Palma Joy Strand, Nicholas A. Mirkay

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

This Article describes the connection between wealth inequality and the increasing structural racism in the U.S. tax system since the 1980s. A long-term sociological view (the why) reveals the historical racialization of wealth and a shift in the tax system overall beginning around 1980 to protect and exacerbate wealth inequality, which has been fueled by racial animus and anxiety. A critical tax view (the how) highlights a shift over the same time period at both federal and state levels from taxes on wealth, to taxes on income, and then to taxes on consumption—from greater to less progressivity. Both of these …


Finance Theory Meets Tax Law: How A Risk-Based Rule Can Rationalize The Debt Versus Equity Distinction, Ted Gkoo 2020 San Jose State University

Finance Theory Meets Tax Law: How A Risk-Based Rule Can Rationalize The Debt Versus Equity Distinction, Ted Gkoo

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Portland Parks & Recreation: Funding And Financial Impact Analysis, Peter Hulseman, Katelyn Kelley, Hoang Nguyen, Emma Brophy, Northwest Economic Research Center 2020 Portland State University

Portland Parks & Recreation: Funding And Financial Impact Analysis, Peter Hulseman, Katelyn Kelley, Hoang Nguyen, Emma Brophy, Northwest Economic Research Center

Northwest Economic Research Center Publications and Reports

For this report, the Northwest Economic Research Center (NERC) investigated six potential revenue generating measures, as requested by Portland Parks and Recreation (PP&R). This research includes an analysis of the revenue potential for each tax, the impacts of compression in property taxes, and an assessment of tax incidence.

Three of the funding options investigated are forms of property tax: a temporary local option tax, a permanent special district tax, and a general bond obligation. Using 2017 property tax data, NERC built a model that simulates these tax increases for each tax lot in Portland. The growth of Assessed Value (AV) …


What Else Can Financial Statements Tell You?, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) 2020 University of Mississippi

What Else Can Financial Statements Tell You?, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants (Aicpa)

Guides, Handbooks and Manuals

No abstract provided.


What Really Needs To Be Done To Close Tax Haven Loopholes?, Singapore Management University 2020 Singapore Management University

What Really Needs To Be Done To Close Tax Haven Loopholes?, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

While media shaming of corporations which profit-shift to a tax haven is an obvious deterrent of such activity, governments need to change tax laws in order to have a real impact


Internal Audit Policy Statement, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Internal Audit Division, Jerry Cicalese 2020 University of Mississippi

Internal Audit Policy Statement, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants. Internal Audit Division, Jerry Cicalese

Guides, Handbooks and Manuals

No abstract provided.


Mscpa Centennial History: A Century Of Cpas In Mississippi, James W. Davis, Dale L. Flesher, Annette Pridgen, Mississippi Society of Certified Public Accountants 2020 University of Mississippi

Mscpa Centennial History: A Century Of Cpas In Mississippi, James W. Davis, Dale L. Flesher, Annette Pridgen, Mississippi Society Of Certified Public Accountants

Publications of Accounting Associations, Societies, and Institutes

No abstract provided.


Sculpting The Public Land Base Of Northern Minnesota: Past, Present And Future, Lori A. Dowling-Hanson Dr 2020 Hamline School of Business

Sculpting The Public Land Base Of Northern Minnesota: Past, Present And Future, Lori A. Dowling-Hanson Dr

School of Business Student Theses and Dissertations

Sculpting the Public Land Base in Northern Minnesota Counties: Past, Present and Future. This 3-article dissertation addresses the large public land base in the Arrowhead Region of Northern Minnesota. One fourth of all lands in the state are public lands, with the overwhelming majority located in the Arrowhead Region. These counties have anywhere from 30% to 92% public lands. The region relies heavily on a natural resource economy. Methodology for research includes secondary data analysis from several preexisting research projects and studies. Data was acquired from state auditor government costs of maintaining and managing public lands. Data was also collected …


The Impact Of Tax Breaks & Incentives For Corporations On Local Economies, Chad Supranowicz 2020 University of New Hampshire

The Impact Of Tax Breaks & Incentives For Corporations On Local Economies, Chad Supranowicz

Honors Theses and Capstones

One of perhaps the most pressing political debates since the 2016 Presidential election has been centered around the impacts of the many tax breaks and incentives given to large corporations. These breaks, used most often to draw a company to a certain geographic area, are typically granted with good intention. For example, a local or state government will pursue a company by enticing them to relocate to their area in order to help boost their economy because people, jobs, and money will come with them. This can also lead to spin-off development, meaning even more people could flock to the …


The Effects Of The Tcja On Missouri Taxpayers, Elouise Hardwrict 2020 Fontbonne University

The Effects Of The Tcja On Missouri Taxpayers, Elouise Hardwrict

2020 Academic Exhibition

The purpose of this presentation is to inform the general public on the effects that recent tax reform or the Tax Cut and Jobs Act has on the state of Missouri and Missouri taxpayers. While some Missourians may not be affected by these changes, others may be experiencing any impact on a more significant scale. There are benefits from this tax reform, as well as some downfalls which is a significant change for some taxpayers.


The Shifting Scheme Of Athletic Fundraising: Investigating Private Giving Under The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act, Kirsten Nicole Brown 2020 West Virginia University

The Shifting Scheme Of Athletic Fundraising: Investigating Private Giving Under The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act, Kirsten Nicole Brown

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

With a consistent decline in state funding to public higher education, institutions have become more reliant on private funding to institutional support. The shift in government policy through the introduction of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) (2017) created financial uncertainty within athletic departments and university foundations. The TCJA eliminated the 80 percent tax deduction on season ticket donations and increased the standard deduction. With these policy changes, athletic development officers speculated a decline in donations in 2018 and beyond. Using quantitative methodology and a longitudinal approach, this study examined athletic donations from January 1, 2013 to July 31, …


The Macroeconomic Implications Of Replacing The U.S. Federal Tax System With A Value-Added Tax, Lance L. Lunceford 2020 University of Pennsylvania

The Macroeconomic Implications Of Replacing The U.S. Federal Tax System With A Value-Added Tax, Lance L. Lunceford

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

This paper analyzes the potential implications of instituting a value-added tax (VAT) as the sole source of revenue for the United States Federal Government. A credit-invoice, broad-based VAT would fundamentally tax consumption, whereas the current system employed by the U.S. taxes production. A VAT system would allow firms to make decisions based on the most efficient allocation of capital and labor inputs, leading to a greater level of efficiency and productivity for U.S. firms in the long run. While the VAT would initially reduce the amount of consumption spending within the United States due to it raising the price of …


An Analysis Of Excise Taxes On Wine In The United States, William A. Saunders 2020 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

An Analysis Of Excise Taxes On Wine In The United States, William A. Saunders

Honors Theses and Capstones

Excise taxes are a form of tax that are applied specifically to certain goods, and are charged by the wholesaler to the retailer; they are then usually passed onto the consumer through price increases. Throughout the history of the United States, this form of taxation has transformed and taken on a variety of different roles before arriving at its modern role; a tool to implement certain tax systems, such as the Pigovian system, as well as to influence consumer behavior. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the purpose of excise taxes on wine within the United States by …


Investigating The Effects Of Tax Cuts On Capital Expenditures As An Alternative To Restore The United States Economy From The Covid-19 Pandemic, Carlos M. Parodi 2020 Georgia Southern University

Investigating The Effects Of Tax Cuts On Capital Expenditures As An Alternative To Restore The United States Economy From The Covid-19 Pandemic, Carlos M. Parodi

Honors College Theses

The Corona Virus has interrupted several years of strong economic expansion in the United States. In fact, it has disrupted the lives of every single person and organization in the world. After reaching its peak in mid-April, the rate of cases and related deaths has finally started to slow down. The U.S. Government passed three different pieces of legislation to address the effects of the virus. It is now considering legislation (referred to as Phase IV) to accelerate the return of the U.S. economy to its pre-pandemic level. Studies have shown that capital expenditures have been essential during periods of …


Legalized Sports Betting, Vlt Gambling, And State Gambling Revenues: Evidence From West Virginia, Brad Humphreys 2020 West Virginia University

Legalized Sports Betting, Vlt Gambling, And State Gambling Revenues: Evidence From West Virginia, Brad Humphreys

Economics Faculty Working Papers Series

A Supreme Court decision legalizing sports betting in the US led states to legalize sports betting in order to generate new tax revenues from wagering on sports events. Most states already permit other forms of gambling and receive tax revenues from these sources. The literature analyzing consumer substitution in gambling spending contains some evidence on the impact of expansions in many types of gambling, but no evidence on the impact of expanded sports betting. This paper exploits the legalization of sports betting and timing of sports book openings in West Virginia to analyze the impact of expanded sports betting on …


What Is Income? [Pattern Speech], American Institute of Accountants 2019 University of Mississippi

What Is Income? [Pattern Speech], American Institute Of Accountants

Guides, Handbooks and Manuals

No abstract provided.


What Is Income? [Pattern Speech], American Institute of Accountants 2019 University of Mississippi

What Is Income? [Pattern Speech], American Institute Of Accountants

Guides, Handbooks and Manuals

No abstract provided.


Tax Indemnification And The Association Between Unrecognized Tax Benefit Reserves And Future Tax Cash Outflows, Patrick Lee Hopkins 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Tax Indemnification And The Association Between Unrecognized Tax Benefit Reserves And Future Tax Cash Outflows, Patrick Lee Hopkins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Tax indemnification transfers from a firm to an outside party the risk of potential cash settlements associated with uncertain tax positions taken in prior years. The current accounting treatment of tax indemnification under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 805 and the required disclosures for uncertain tax positions under ASC 740 provide little or no information regarding this risk transfer in the financial statements or notes. I examine merger and acquisition (M&A) contracts from 2008 through 2013 and find that tax indemnification is commonly present in M&A transactions. I then provide evidence that the association between current uncertain tax benefit reserves and …


Analyzing The Necessity And Feasibility Of The Freedom Dividend, Patrick Hodson 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Analyzing The Necessity And Feasibility Of The Freedom Dividend, Patrick Hodson

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

Job displacement stemming from automation has already taken away millions of jobs in the United States. Andrew Yang fears that future advancements could replace further jobs and exacerbate the wealth inequality already prevalent in our country. This has motivated his plan for change, the Freedom Dividend. This paper was designed to begin with an analysis of the motives for Yang’s plan. It then goes on to cover the details of his plan and assess the economic and administrative feasibility. The paper is concluded by looking at the potential outcomes of the plan and identifying major problem areas that need to …


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