Taxation Without Representation, 2010 Northwestern University School of Law
Taxation Without Representation, Nancy Staudt
Faculty Working Papers
Poll taxes are unconstitutional and yet Americans continue to link political rights to economic status. When taxpayers claim, "We pay taxes and therefore should decide how public monies are spent," they claim a privileged position in society based on their monetary contributions to the state and federal fiscal position that, by implication, nontaxpaying Americans should not have. Not only do taxpayers claim they deserve special political privileges, but the law itself continues to couple political rights to taxpaying status in ways that legal scholars have largely left unexplored. This article examines a range of political benefits tied to the payment ...
The Defense-Growth Relationship: An Economic Investigation Into Post-Soviet States, 2010 Florida State University
The Defense-Growth Relationship: An Economic Investigation Into Post-Soviet States, Bruce D. Mcdonald Iii, Robert J. Eger Iii
Bruce D. McDonald, III
An important question stemming from the collapse of the Soviet Union is how defense spending has influenced the economic performance of the 15 member states since their establishment as market economies. This study furthers the understanding of the relationship between defense spending and economic growth using data from the states of the former Soviet Union from 1992 to 2007. A nonlinear production function was used for direct effects, and models of investment and employment were employed for indirect effects. Contrary to expectations, the findings show that continued reliance on the defense sector in post-Soviet states has helped overall economic growth ...
Examining The Challenges In The Regulation Of Value Added Tax (Vat) In Nigeria, 2010 Kogi State University
Examining The Challenges In The Regulation Of Value Added Tax (Vat) In Nigeria, Joseph Femi Adebisi Phd
Joseph Femi Adebisi PhD
The paper examines the challenges in the regulation of value added tax (vat) in Nigeria. It hypothesizes on the Tax Laws and Fraudulent practices, VAT fraud and Effect on the Government revenue, Whistleblowers and effects on fraud detection, prevention and eradication. Based on primary data from questionnaire and personal interviews, the chi-square analysis was employed. Is was fund that tax laws relating to VAT facilitate frauds, frauds on VAT have negative effects on the government revenue, and that the Introduction of Whistleblowers has effects on fraud detection, prevention and eradication. There should be more enlightenment campaign on the right on ...
The Value-Added Tax: Effects On Tax Revenue, U.S. Corporations, And Individual Taxpayers, 2010 University of Northern Iowa
The Value-Added Tax: Effects On Tax Revenue, U.S. Corporations, And Individual Taxpayers, Joseph Raymond Pudenz
Honors Program Theses
The importance of understanding how a value-added tax would affect the United States is imperative. Many economists have long stated that a value-added tax system would benefit the United States (Hooper & Smith, 1997), and politicians have periodically brought up the value-added tax since the 1960s as a solution to tax revenue needs (Comptroller General of the United States, 1981). Given these facts, it is likely that the value-added tax will continue to be considered as a possible tax system. An adequate level of understanding regarding how a value-added tax is applied and its effects is essential.
Transfer Pricing: Current Problems And Solutions, 2010 Claremont McKenna College
Transfer Pricing: Current Problems And Solutions, Ronald Wu
CMC Senior Theses
The current problems and possible solutions surrounding United States transfer pricing regulations are discussed and studied. The schemes large multinational companies are implementing to legally evade taxes are uncovered as the financial effects to the United States Treasury and government are becoming material. The benefits for these schemes are financially advantageous for corporations as they are able to report larger profits and higher returns for investors. But this is being done at the expense of our government. Corporations are finding ways to escape the high U.S. corporate tax rate and lower their global tax liabilities by allocating income to ...
Impact Of The Federal Estate Tax On The La Dodgers, 2010 Claremont McKenna College
Impact Of The Federal Estate Tax On The La Dodgers, Mark Gose
CMC Senior Theses
This paper addresses the impact of the federal estate tax on a family-run business as well as the optimal estate planning techniques that can be implemented to ease the estate tax burden.
Site Value Tax, 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology
Site Value Tax, Tom Dunne
Tom Dunne discusses some of the issues surrounding property taxation in Ireland
Should Kentucky Tax Professional Services As A Way To Raise Revenue? An Economic Analysis Of Possible Revenue Options, Meghan Mando
MPA/MPP Capstone Projects
Currently Kentucky is facing a budget deficit of $108 million dollars for the fiscal year 2010. As some lawmakers search for revenue options, one possibility is to consider a sales tax on professional services.
Professional services are considered any kind of service that requires skill, knowledge, reputation, ethics, and creativity. For the purpose of this study, medical services are not included in this category. Many of the services are infrequent, such as the services of an attorney or an accountant. A professional services tax could be used for both businesses and individuals, or could make businesses tax exempt. As of ...
American Economic Development, Managerial Corporate Capitalism, And The Institutional Foundations Of The Modern Income Tax, 2010 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
American Economic Development, Managerial Corporate Capitalism, And The Institutional Foundations Of The Modern Income Tax, Ajay K. Mehrotra
Articles by Maurer Faculty
Histories of the modern American income tax have generally focused on the role that social and political forces have played in the development of a new tax system. This article seeks to move beyond the social and political determinants to examine the economic factors that facilitated the adoption of the modern, graduated income tax. Without marginalizing the importance of social and political factors, the central aim of this article is to make a modest contribution to the legal and political historiography of the U.S. income tax by highlighting how changing material economic conditions afforded social groups, political reformers, and ...
The Corporate Income Tax And The Competitiveness Of U.S. Industries, 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The Corporate Income Tax And The Competitiveness Of U.S. Industries, Michael S. Knoll
Hit hard by the financial crisis and recession, U.S. auto producers are seeking a massive bailout from the U.S. Congress. Many reasons are given for the U.S. auto industry’s lack of competitiveness including the U.S. corporate income tax. Although it is regularly asserted that there is a direct connection between the corporate income tax and competitiveness, what that connection is has not been carefully spelled out. In this essay, I describe how the corporate income tax directly harms the competitiveness of U.S. industries. I show that the mechanism differs depending upon whether the U ...
Are Family Firms More Tax Aggressive Than Non-Family Firms?, 2010 University of Texas at Austin
Are Family Firms More Tax Aggressive Than Non-Family Firms?, Shuping Chen, Xia Chen, Qiang Cheng, Terry Shevlin
Research Collection School Of Accountancy
Taxes represent a significant cost to the firm and shareholders, and it is generally expected that shareholders prefer tax aggressiveness. However, this argument ignores potential non-tax costs that can accompany tax aggressiveness, especially those arising from agency problems. Firms owned/run by founding family members are characterized by a unique agency conflict between dominant and small shareholders. Using multiple measures to capture tax aggressiveness and founding family presence, we find that family firms are less tax aggressive than their non-family counterparts, ceteris paribus. This result suggests that family owners are willing to forgo tax benefits to avoid the non-tax cost ...
Real Time Corporate Tax Audits And Their Impact On Financial Reporting, 2009 Kennesaw State University
Real Time Corporate Tax Audits And Their Impact On Financial Reporting, Mary Cleaveland, Kathryn Epps, Cassie Bradley
Mary Catherine Cleaveland
No abstract provided.
Rethinking Collection Development In Disaster Mental Health: An ‘All Hazards’ Model, 2009 Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute Research Library
Rethinking Collection Development In Disaster Mental Health: An ‘All Hazards’ Model, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold
Claudia J. Dold
The connection between weather-related disasters and mental health is bound up in treatment, both acute and long-term, of suddenly vulnerable populations, whether they are in-place survivors, displaced persons, or refugees. The Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute (FMHI) Research Library/ University of South Florida Library System has undertaken a collection focus on disaster mental health. We have re-examined the traditional models of collection development and chosen instead to frame our collection development initiative around an ‘all hazards’ model, that allows us to proceed within both a national and international framework. Our model, conceptualized in a matrix of domains ...
Spatial Variations In The Character Of Off-The-Books Entrepreneurship: Lessons From A Study Of Contrasting Districts In Moscow, Colin C. Williams
Colin C Williams
Although there is growing recognition that many entrepreneurs start-up trading partially or wholly off-the-books, few have evaluated whether the character of this hidden enterprise culture varies spatially. To begin to do so, this paper evaluates whether and how the nature of off-the-books entrepreneurship differs across an affluent, mixed and deprived district of Moscow. Drawing upon 313 face-to-face interviews, the finding is that wholly legitimate enterprises represent just the tip of the iceberg in Moscow. Beneath the surface in all the districts is a large hidden enterprise culture. However, off-the-books entrepreneurship in the affluent district is comprised more of registered businesses ...
Explaining The Off-The-Books Enterprise Culture Of Ukraine: Reluctant Or Willing Entrepreneurship?, 2009 University of Sheffield
Explaining The Off-The-Books Enterprise Culture Of Ukraine: Reluctant Or Willing Entrepreneurship?, Colin C. Williams
Colin C Williams
In recent years, there has been a growing realisation that beyond the realm of legitimate entrepreneurship is a large hidden enterprise culture composed of entrepreneurs conducting some or all of their trade off-the-books. Until now, however, few have evaluated how many entrepreneurs start-up their ventures trading off-the-books and why they do so. Reporting face-to-face interviews conducted in Ukraine during 2005-06 with 331 entrepreneurs, the finding is not only that the vast majority (90%) operate partially or wholly off-the-books but also that they are not all driven by necessity and as a last resort and survival strategy into entrepreneurship. Revealing how ...
Joining Up The Fight Against Undeclared Work In Europe, 2009 University of Sheffield
Joining Up The Fight Against Undeclared Work In Europe, Colin C. Williams
Colin C Williams
Report to the European Commission on the feasibility of creating a platform for cooperation between labour inspectorates and other relevant monitoring and enforcement bodies, to prevent and fight undeclared work
Entrepreneurship And The Informal Economy: An Overview, 2009 University of Sheffield
Entrepreneurship And The Informal Economy: An Overview, Colin C. Williams
Colin C Williams
In recent decades, the field of entrepreneurship studies has become increasingly interested in the relationship between entrepreneurship and the informal economy. This paper reviews this burgeoning sub-field of entrepreneurship studies that recognizes how entrepreneurs do not always conduct their business affairs wholly by the rulebook. Evaluating this rapidly growing body of literature, it reviews the findings regarding the preponderance of entrepreneurs to engage in the informal economy, the nature of such informal entrepreneurship, the characteristics of informal entrepreneurs and the motives underpinning participation in such endeavor, along with the competing theories that have sought to explain engagement in this type ...