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Proposition 64 Legalizes Marijuana In California But The War On Drugs Continues, Jessica Wong 2017 San Jose State University

Proposition 64 Legalizes Marijuana In California But The War On Drugs Continues, Jessica Wong

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


U.S. Tax Forms For American Expatriates, Saqib Amin CPA 2017 San Jose State University

U.S. Tax Forms For American Expatriates, Saqib Amin Cpa

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Bringing The U.S. Tax Court Exam Out Of Obscurity, Lucia Nasuti Smeal J.D., Tad D. Ransopher J.D. 2017 Georgia State University

Bringing The U.S. Tax Court Exam Out Of Obscurity, Lucia Nasuti Smeal J.D., Tad D. Ransopher J.D.

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Summaries For The 32nd Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Saqib Amin, Silin Chen, Ophelia Ding, Veena Hemachandran, Elle San Pedro de Kornsand, Padmini Yalamarthi, Yu Zheng 2017 San Jose State University

Summaries For The 32nd Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Saqib Amin, Silin Chen, Ophelia Ding, Veena Hemachandran, Elle San Pedro De Kornsand, Padmini Yalamarthi, Yu Zheng

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 6, No. 2 – Spring 2017, 2017 San Jose State University

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 6, No. 2 – Spring 2017

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Illegitimate Economic Practices In Fyr Macedonia, Colin C. Williams, Slavko Bezeredi 2017 Institute of Public Finance,

Illegitimate Economic Practices In Fyr Macedonia, Colin C. Williams, Slavko Bezeredi

Colin C Williams

This report presents the findings of a survey on illegitimate economic practices in FYR Macedonia conducted between August and October 2015. This representative survey of 2,014 citizens focused on their experiences with undeclared work, envelope wages and the practice of ‘pulling strings’, as well as on their opinion about these types of non-compliant behaviour.
According to the respondents, non-compliant practices are strongly ingrained in Macedonian society. Some 35% use personal connections in order to circumvent rules and procedures, 17.7% purchase undeclared goods and services, 6.1% work in the undeclared economy and 13% of employees receive envelope wages ...


The Impact Of Increased Tax Return Reporting On Financial Statement Tax Disclosure Quality: Evidence From Irs Schedule Utp, Michelle Kim Harding 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Impact Of Increased Tax Return Reporting On Financial Statement Tax Disclosure Quality: Evidence From Irs Schedule Utp, Michelle Kim Harding

Doctoral Dissertations

This study uses the 2010 implementation of IRS Schedule UTP (Uncertain Tax Position) to examine the impact of additional tax return reporting on financial statement tax disclosure quality. Using a hand-collected sample, I find that firms reduce the quality of their Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 48 (FIN 48) disclosures for Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes in response to increased proprietary costs of disclosure following the adoption of IRS Schedule UTP. Standard setters intended FIN 48 disclosures to benefit investors. Contrary to this intended outcome, I find that as tax return reporting increases, firms reduce discretionary FIN 48 ...


Implicit Taxes In Imperfect Markets, Hannah Elizabeth Smith 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Implicit Taxes In Imperfect Markets, Hannah Elizabeth Smith

Doctoral Dissertations

Implicit taxes are defined as the pre-tax rate of return disadvantage earned on an investment that is taxed preferentially. Implicit tax theory predicts that implicit taxes will fully offset any benefit from preferential tax treatment leading to no benefit from lower explicit taxes; however, implicit tax theory assumes perfect market competition. This paper relaxes the assumption of perfect market competition and finds that firms in industries with lower competition bear lower implicit taxes, and firms in industries with higher competition bear higher implicit taxes. These findings are consistent with firms in industries with less competition having price setting power. Further ...


Taxation, Competitiveness, And Inversions: A Response To Kleinbard, Michael S. Knoll 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Taxation, Competitiveness, And Inversions: A Response To Kleinbard, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

In this report, I argue that the inversion situation is more nuanced, complex, and ambiguous than Edward D. Kleinbard acknowledges, and I challenge Kleinbard’s claim that U.S. multinationals are on a tax par with their foreign competitors.


Democracy Ends Here: U.S. Collective Bargaining Decline And An Alternative Policy Approach To Business Ownership, Sara Estep 2017 University of Rhode Island

Democracy Ends Here: U.S. Collective Bargaining Decline And An Alternative Policy Approach To Business Ownership, Sara Estep

Senior Honors Projects

In the United States, it seems that we cannot talk about democracy without discussing capitalism and vice versa. However, as soon as we step into work these ideals are simply thrown out the door. If we seek to govern our country democratically, should we also not have a democratic governance structure in our day to day workplaces? Unions have existed in the United States for over 150 years, but as the types of jobs that make up our economy and the demographics of the labor force have changed dramatically, the basic concept of the union has remained static. In turn ...


Taxation Of Income On Professional Team Athletes, Crystal M. Williamson 2017 Liberty University

Taxation Of Income On Professional Team Athletes, Crystal M. Williamson

Senior Honors Theses

Taxation of income for the average person can be a daunting task. However, for professional athletes, this task becomes even more tedious. Professional athletes face the jock tax. This means that athletes have to pay taxes in every state in which they play a game, practice, and perform a service that is part of their contract. Professional athletes, like every United States (U.S.) citizen, are required to pay both federal and state income taxes. Since professional athletes are constantly traveling, their state of residence becomes even more important when allocating their income to the respective state. Many question the ...


The Joint Modeling Of The Commitment And Detection Of Partially Observable Corporate Tax Evasion: Evidence From China, Travis K. CHOW, Bin KE, Hongqi YUAN, Zhang YAO 2017 Singapore Management University

The Joint Modeling Of The Commitment And Detection Of Partially Observable Corporate Tax Evasion: Evidence From China, Travis K. Chow, Bin Ke, Hongqi Yuan, Zhang Yao

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

Taking advantage of the mandatory disclosure of detected corporate taxevasions in China, we examine why publicly listed firms evade taxes. Different from mostprior studies that focus on corporate income tax avoidance, we consider tax evasions relatedto both income taxes and non-income taxes. We also use a bivariate probit model to accountfor the partial observability of corporate tax evasion. Many of our regression results using thebivariate probit model are different from the results using the reduced form probit model thatignores the partial observability of tax evasion. Many of our results are also different fromthose of prior research on the determinants of ...


How May The United States Leverage Fatca To Incentivize Good Tax Administrations Among The World Of Black Hat And Grey Hat Governments?, William H. Byrnes 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

How May The United States Leverage Fatca To Incentivize Good Tax Administrations Among The World Of Black Hat And Grey Hat Governments?, William H. Byrnes

William H. Byrnes

This Essay serves as a preliminary narrative to examine the serious challenge of Control Firsters’ vision that every jurisdiction should have complete information on all transactions by any taxpayer. The world has many, potentially a majority, of grey hat and black hat governments and tax administrations. One measure of which governments fall into these categories is Transparency International’s corruption index. Of 167 countries ranked by Transparency International for breadth of corruption from one hundred (very clean) to zero (highly corrupt/failed state), only fifty countries ranked above a score of fifty, and only twelve scored above eighty. A question ...


Vat Treatment Of Financial Institutions, Fatih YILMAZ, Ismail BAYDUR 2017 Singapore Management University

Vat Treatment Of Financial Institutions, Fatih Yilmaz, Ismail Baydur

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper studies the effects of exempt treatment of financial services under a VATsystem. We develop a general equilibrium model with elastic labor supply, endogenous entry, anda banking sector. The banking sector provides loan services to producers and payment servicesto consumers. Our model display three key distortions under exempt treatment: (i) self-supplybias in the banking sector, (ii) consumption distortions, (iii) input distortions and tax cascading.Then, we calibrate our model to match the salient features of the tax system EU countries. Atax neutral policy regime switch from exempt treatment to full-taxation in loan services improveswelfare about 4%. Shutting down the ...


Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin 2017 Winthrop University

Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin

Manuscript Collection

(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)

This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.

Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...


To Work More Or Less? The Impact Of Taxes And Life Satisfaction On The Motivation To Work In Continental And Eastern Europe, Orkhan Nadirov, Khatai Aliyev, Bruce Dehning 2017 Tomas Bata University in Zlin

To Work More Or Less? The Impact Of Taxes And Life Satisfaction On The Motivation To Work In Continental And Eastern Europe, Orkhan Nadirov, Khatai Aliyev, Bruce Dehning

Accounting Faculty Articles and Research

Using country-level data from 2000-2013, we test the relationship between life satisfaction (measured as how people evaluate their life as a whole rather than their current feelings) and the motivation to work (measured as aggregate hours of work). Our hypothesis is that even after controlling for average labor income tax rates in countries with high and low average hours worked, there is a significant negative association between the motivation to work and life satisfaction. The main findings of this paper are that the increase in the motivation to work per employee comes at the expense of life satisfaction, and differences ...


Tax Transparency And Corporate Tax Avoidance, Taylor Witkiewicz 2017 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Tax Transparency And Corporate Tax Avoidance, Taylor Witkiewicz

Honors Theses and Capstones

This analysis will look into the emerging global trend for increased tax transparency from large businesses and corporations. Tax transparency has been a growing topic globally and there has been some recent progress in several countries. This analysis will begin by looking into the motivation behind increasing the amount of transparency around a business’ tax affairs. After exploring some key driving factors, a few of the new major tax initiatives and the details encompassed in them will be discussed. The specific countries that will be focused on are the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

Overall, this analysis is ...


Consumer Response To Increases In The State Cigarette Tax, Patrick Nolan 2017 University of Kentucky

Consumer Response To Increases In The State Cigarette Tax, Patrick Nolan

MPA/MPP Capstone Projects

In this paper I look at consumer responsiveness to the cigarette tax. Cigarette taxes are motivated by wanting to raise money for the state and wanting to deter smoking in the state’s population. Obviously reducing smoking in the population would reduce the externalities caused by smoking. We know the health effects are completely detrimental to the consumer, and detrimental to those around them. In addition to this we know that tobacco is an addictive substance, meaning than is inherently extremely inelastic.

To find on how consumers respond to tax increases I conducted a difference in difference analysis of tax ...


The U.S. Tax System: Too Taxing On The Wealthy?, Megan Leighty 2017 University of Redlands

The U.S. Tax System: Too Taxing On The Wealthy?, Megan Leighty

Undergraduate Honors Theses

"The current U.S. tax system does not allow for proportional distribution of tax burdens among different levels of income. While there are some parts of the system that reduce the progressivity of the tax burden distribution, the wealthiest taxpayers are, on average, disproportionately burdened by taxes in proportion to the income they earn." The research in this paper defends the thesis statement by demonstrating how high-income households are taxed at greater effective tax rates than low-income households.


Parting Views: Retiring Legislator Survey, Mark Edelman, Tim Shields, David Oman, John Roehrick 2016 Iowa State University

Parting Views: Retiring Legislator Survey, Mark Edelman, Tim Shields, David Oman, John Roehrick

Mark Edelman

The following survey results represent a summary of views provided by sixteen legislators who voluntarily retired as State Senators or State Representatives during 1994. The unusually large number of lawmakers who voluntarily retired this year provided an opportunity together a candid assessment of the performance of state government, the impacts of recent changes in Iowa's political process, and to identify future agenda items for the state and for improving Iowa's democracy.


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