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Is There A Shift To ‘Active Nanostructures'?, Vrishali Subramanian, Alan L. Porter, Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira 2010 Georgia Institute of Technology

Is There A Shift To ‘Active Nanostructures'?, Vrishali Subramanian, Alan L. Porter, Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira

Philip Shapira

It has been suggested that an important transition in the long-run trajectory of nanotechnology discovery and application is a shift from passive to active nanostructures. Such a shift could present increased societal impacts and need new approaches for risk assessment. The National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Active Nanostructures and Nanosystems (ANN) grant solicitation defines an active nanostructure as “An active nanostructure changes or evolves its state during its operation.” Active nanostructures examples include nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), nanomachines, self-healing materials, targeted drugs and chemicals, energy storage devices, and sensors. This paper considers two questions: (1) Is there a “shift” to active ...


The Innovation System And Innovation Policy In The United States, Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie 2010 University of Manchester; Georgia Institute of Technology

The Innovation System And Innovation Policy In The United States, Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie

Philip Shapira

The US has a highly decentralized and diverse innovation system, involving multiple actors, including branches of federal and state governments, public agencies, universi-ties, the private sector, and non-profit and intermediary organizations. The system combines a high-level of R&D (with basic research sponsored particularly by federal government agencies) and a strong orientation towards applications and the market. This chapter provides an overview of the US innovation system and policy including a discussion of the components and participants involved in the US innovation system and its trends in innovation governance. The focus of this chapter is primarily on innovation policies with ...


Gift Giving And The Creation Of Trust, Martin Mathews 2010 University of Westminster

Gift Giving And The Creation Of Trust, Martin Mathews

Martin Mathews

We examine the role that gift giving plays in industrial districts and in particular the role of gift giving in the creation of inter-organisational trust. Inter-organisational exchanges in a mature industrial district are analyzed using Mauss’ theoretical framework of gift-giving, receiving and counter-giving. Actors in embedded network relationships frequently exchange gifts and favours. This gift giving is a fundamental part of the relationship. Gift giving is found to be instrumental in creating and maintaining relationships, defining group and individual identity and resolving conflicts. The originality of our findings lies in the fact that despite the ideology of the purely altruistic ...


Book Review: The Strategy Oven, Donald Nordberg 2010 Bournemouth University

Book Review: The Strategy Oven, Donald Nordberg

Donald Nordberg

Q. Why are there so many books about strategy? A. Because it is a subject we know so little about. There is an element of truth in this old joke. Strategy is both amorphous and important. Unlike most other subjects in business and management, it has no agreed beginning and certainly no end. It is difficult even to determine when "business policy" became "strategy", or whether strategy is the superset of organizational behaviour, human resources, marketing, operations, information systems, finance, accounting, and leadership, or a subset of each. Selecting an approach – and a textbook – involves a baffling array of choices ...


The Shifting Geography Of Competitive Advantage: Clusters, Networks And Firms, Mark Jenkins, Stephen Tallman 2010 University of Richmond

The Shifting Geography Of Competitive Advantage: Clusters, Networks And Firms, Mark Jenkins, Stephen Tallman

Management Faculty Publications

We consider the dynamics of knowledge-based sources of advantage as they move between geographical locations and multinational and other firm level networks using the specialist context of Formula 1 motor over a fifty nine year period. We suggest that shifts in competitive advantage are underpinned by the movement of both architectural and component knowledge at both the firm and cluster level, and in particular we suggest that isolated firms can both benefit from and add to cluster level knowledge. We conclude by suggesting ways in which MNEs can adapt their approach to both location and knowledge development in order to ...


Define Dignity, Catholic Institutions And Bullying In The Workplace.Pdf, Craig Mousin 2010 DePaul University

Define Dignity, Catholic Institutions And Bullying In The Workplace.Pdf, Craig Mousin

Mission and Ministry Publications

Article addresses the issue of bullying in the workplace, specifically in the context of Catholic institutions.


Chapter 63 – Trade, Foreign Investment, And Industrial Policy For Developing Countries, Ann Harrison, Andrés Rodríguez-Clare 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Chapter 63 – Trade, Foreign Investment, And Industrial Policy For Developing Countries, Ann Harrison, Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Management Papers

In this chapter we explore the popular but controversial idea that developing countries benefit from abandoning policy neutrality vis-a-vis trade, FDI and resource allocation across industries. Are developing countries justified in imposing tariffs, subsidies, and tax breaks that imply distortions beyond the ones associated with optimal taxes or revenue constraints? We refer to this set of government interventions as “industrial policy.” We explore the theoretical foundation for industrial policy and then review the related empirical literature. We follow this with a broader look at the empirical work on the relationship between trade and FDI and growth. In this review we ...


From Federations To Global Factories: Assessing The Contribution Of The Subsidiary Middle Manager In Today’S Mne, Donal O'Brien, Pamela Sharkey Scott, Pat Gibbons 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

From Federations To Global Factories: Assessing The Contribution Of The Subsidiary Middle Manager In Today’S Mne, Donal O'Brien, Pamela Sharkey Scott, Pat Gibbons

Articles

The evolution of MNEs (Multinational Enterprises) from rigid and hierarchical structures to more distributed authority and autonomy led to the theoretical justification for conceptualising them as a federative rather than unitary organisations (Ghoshal and Bartlett, 1990). Fundamental to the Federative MNE is the suggestion that subsidiary units, through their own actions, can modify the power base and influence MNE strategy ‘from below’ (Andersson et al., 2007). Considerable research highlights the potential of subsidiary units for knowledge creation and initiative (Birkinshaw, 1997, Rugman and Verbeke, 2001, Williams, 2009), but to date it has failed to confirm that MNEs actually operate as ...


Developing Subsidiary Contribution To The Mnc-Subsidiary Entrepreneurship And Strategy Creativity, Pamela Sharkey Scott, Gibbons Patrick, Joseph Coughlan 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Developing Subsidiary Contribution To The Mnc-Subsidiary Entrepreneurship And Strategy Creativity, Pamela Sharkey Scott, Gibbons Patrick, Joseph Coughlan

Articles

Despite its theoretical and managerial significance, subsidiary entrepreneurship and its effects 15 on subsidiary contribution remain underexplored in the literature.We propose that subsidiary 16 entrepreneurship encourages more creative strategic responses to escalating environmental 17 change. We explore the direct and mediating effects of subsidiary entrepreneurship on 18 subsidiary contribution to the MNC, particularly subsidiary strategy creativity. We use 19 structural equation modelling to test our propositions on data generated from surveying the 20 population of Irish subsidiaries of foreign MNCs, and find strong support for our theoretical 21 predictions. The managerial implications of subsidiary entrepreneurship in generating creative 22 ...


Market Entry Strategies Of German Financial Services Providers In China, Friedemann Mrochen 2010 Southern Cross University

Market Entry Strategies Of German Financial Services Providers In China, Friedemann Mrochen

Theses

Context: During the last two decades several emerging market economies (EMEs) have lifted restrictions on foreign direct investment (FDI) in their financial systems and have invited foreign banks to enter their markets. In contrast, China continued to heavily restrict the entry of foreign financial services providers until the country’s accession into the World Trade Organisation (WTO) at the end of 2001. Ever since, the Chinese government has started to encourage foreign banks to enter the country’s financial services market and to invest in local financial institutions while gradually expanding the range of products and services that foreign financial ...


Editorial For Dynamics Of Innovation And Competitive Strategy In Transportation Research, Janet K. Tinoco 2010 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University

Editorial For Dynamics Of Innovation And Competitive Strategy In Transportation Research, Janet K. Tinoco

Management, Marketing and Operations - Daytona Beach

No abstract provided.


How High Will Russian Aviation Fly?, Tamilla Curtis, Irina Swenson 2010 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

How High Will Russian Aviation Fly?, Tamilla Curtis, Irina Swenson

Management, Marketing and Operations - Daytona Beach

The study provides the historical context of the Russian aviation industry reflecting the periods of its growth and decline. It reveals the competitive advantage strategies that have been implemented by the Russian government in an attempt to revivify an enfeebled nation's aeronautic industry. The paper discusses the newly formed Joint Stock Company (JSC) United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) and its strategies to break into global markets, including UAC innovative product offerings. Whether or not, the recent efforts of the Russian government serve as a fulcrum for the Russian aviation industry that will leverage Russia into the global market, remains to ...


The Case Against Shareholder Empowerment, William W. Bratton, Michael L. Wachter 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Case Against Shareholder Empowerment, William W. Bratton, Michael L. Wachter

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Knowledge Management Capability And Competitive Advantage: An Empirical Study Of Vietnamese Enterprises, Thi Nguyet Que Nguyen 2010 Southern Cross University

Knowledge Management Capability And Competitive Advantage: An Empirical Study Of Vietnamese Enterprises, Thi Nguyet Que Nguyen

Theses

In the New Economy characterised by properties such as globalisation, intangibility and inter-connectivity, business organisations are required to face new challenges, especially the changing nature of competition coupled with the enhanced dynamism and complexity of the environment in which they operate. One of the current strategic philosophies assisting firms to develop strategic capabilities dealing with uncertainty is knowledge management (KM). Through the systematic acquisition, creation, sharing, and use of knowledge, organisations develop, renew and exploit their knowledge-based resources, thereby allowing them to be proactive and adaptable to external changes and attain competitive success.

Emerging as a powerful means for sustaining ...


Competitive Priorities And Strategic Consensus In Emerging Economies: Evidence From India, Ravi Kathuria, Stephen J. Porth, N. N. Kathuria, T. K. Kohli 2010 Chapman University

Competitive Priorities And Strategic Consensus In Emerging Economies: Evidence From India, Ravi Kathuria, Stephen J. Porth, N. N. Kathuria, T. K. Kohli

Business Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose

– The purpose of this paper is to understand the competitive priorities of manufacturers in India, and examine the level of agreement or strategic consensus between senior executives and manufacturing managers on manufacturing competitive priorities in light of the prevalent culture.

Design/methodology/approach

– Survey data collected from 156 respondents from 78 manufacturing units based on a national sample in India are used to test the hypotheses using the paired samples t‐tests and multivariate analysis of variance.

Findings

– A relatively high emphasis by both levels of managers on quality, compared to the other three competitive priorities, is noteworthy and ...


Accounting, Risk, And Revolution, Stefano HARNEY 2010 Singapore Management University

Accounting, Risk, And Revolution, Stefano Harney

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

In response to the position of Steve Toms, this article argues that risk must be understood not as it has been posited by capital but rather as it might be taken up by labour. It uses Marx's socialization thesis to maintain that risk is a symptom of possibility for labour. Drawing on the work of Randy Martin the argument culminates in a consideration of the interanimation of capital in labour occasioned by the second helping of risk produced by its commoditisation. It concludes that far from being just what Michel Aglietta calls a social evaluation of private economic activity ...


Academic Entrepreneurs: The Role Of Star Scientists In Commercialization Of Radical Science, Reddi KOTHA, Gerard GEORGE 2010 Singapore Management University

Academic Entrepreneurs: The Role Of Star Scientists In Commercialization Of Radical Science, Reddi Kotha, Gerard George

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We examine the effects of individual, team, and institutional capabilities on the governance of technology contracts. Star scientific teams may work on higher quality projects which may be of high or low risk, depending on the maturity of the technology. Arguments that assumed that both capabilities and risk are codetermined, and seldom diverge in their effects on incentive preferences, may be tenuous in these cases. We test our predictions using a two-stage model in a sample of 1,474 inventions that were licensed through performance or upfront contracts. We find that when individuals and teams have strong capabilities, they prefer ...


The Role Of Ceo Statements Of Aggressiveness And The Competitive Aggressiveness Of Firms: What Is The Impact On Performance?, Benjamin Blackford 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Role Of Ceo Statements Of Aggressiveness And The Competitive Aggressiveness Of Firms: What Is The Impact On Performance?, Benjamin Blackford

Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research from the College of Business

This research examines the impact of a CEO’s statements of aggressiveness on his or her organization’s competitive moves and subsequent performance. Hypotheses were developed based on previous work in Upper Echelon Theory and competitive dynamics. Based on this prior literature, it was hypothesized aggressive statements by CEOs will be associated with more aggressive organizations. It was also hypothesized these more aggressive organizations would display better performance than less aggressive organizations. A content analysis of letters to shareholders and trade publications was performed. This data was analyzed using multiple regression in SPSS 17 to test the hypotheses that aggressive ...


Sustainability Through Profitability: The Triple Bottom Line, Connie I. Reimers-Hild 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Sustainability Through Profitability: The Triple Bottom Line, Connie I. Reimers-Hild

Kimmel Education and Research Center - Presentations and White Papers

Today’s highly competitive, globalized world requires organizations and businesses to think differently about how they are going to stay in business. Businesses can no longer afford to focus on profits as their sole purpose for existence. Organizations must instead think about the “Triple Bottom Line” and its implications for their ability to grow their brand, customer loyalty and profits.


The Development And Resulting Performance Impact Of Positive Psychological Capital, Fred Luthans, James B. Avey, Bruce J. Avolio, Suzanne Peterson 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Development And Resulting Performance Impact Of Positive Psychological Capital, Fred Luthans, James B. Avey, Bruce J. Avolio, Suzanne Peterson

Management Department Faculty Publications

Recently, theory and research have supported psychological capital (PsyCap) as an emerging core construct linked to positive outcomes at the individual and organizational level. However, to date, little attention has been given to PsyCap development through training interventions; nor have there been attempts to determine empirically if such PsyCap development has a causal impact on participants’ performance. To fill these gaps we first conducted a pilot test of the PsyCap intervention (PCI) model with a randomized control group design. Next, we conducted a follow-up study with a cross section of practicing managers to determine if following the training guidelines of ...


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