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Legislation For Green Building Regulations Andincentives, NABILA AL GHABRA Architect & Teaching Assistant (Part-time), Faculty of Architecture – Design & Built Environment 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Legislation For Green Building Regulations Andincentives, Nabila Al Ghabra Architect & Teaching Assistant (Part-Time), Faculty Of Architecture – Design & Built Environment

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

The world’s nations encourage creating a health-friendly and sustainable environmental development, to achieve a balance between the economic development and environmental protection. Governments around the world settled regulatory frameworks for the development and usage of green building technology; they should adopt an appropriate legislation to protect people’s health as well as the environment and its natural resources, by establishing a mandatory Green Buildings Regulations, green attractive incentives and Initiative to improve our building performance, encouraging all inventors to build with green. Energy efficiency and renewable energy incentives have attracted serious attention, it promote sustainable development. In some countries ...


The Impact Of Fossil And Renewable Energyconsumption On The Economic Growth In Lebanon, HANADI TAHER Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business Admiration 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

The Impact Of Fossil And Renewable Energyconsumption On The Economic Growth In Lebanon, Hanadi Taher Assistant Professor, Department Of Economics, Faculty Of Business Admiration

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

This study examines the effect of the fossil fuels consumption and the renewable energy to the economic growth in Lebanon using multiple linear regression using time series fixed effect model method over the period 1990–2012. The results showed that the fossil energy consumption has a positive impact on the economic growth while the renewable energy consumption with negative coefficient. Other control variable as the real gross fixed capital formation and the labor force have positive coefficient while the urbanization has negative coefficient and statistically significant. The research data collected from the World Development Indicators then it is regressed using ...


The Clinical Benefit Of Serum Procalcitonin Levelas Compared To Bisap Scoring System For Predictingthe Severity And Prognosis Of Acute Pancreatitis, OMAR MASRI Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine,, NADIA JRADI Senior Lecturer of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, MOHAMED KASSEM Professor, Faculty of Law & Political Science 2020 Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon

The Clinical Benefit Of Serum Procalcitonin Levelas Compared To Bisap Scoring System For Predictingthe Severity And Prognosis Of Acute Pancreatitis, Omar Masri Division Of Gastroenterology, Department Of Internal Medicine,, Nadia Jradi Senior Lecturer Of Pediatrics, Department Of Clinical Science, Faculty Of Medicine, Mohamed Kassem Professor, Faculty Of Law & Political Science

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Background: Early accurate severity assessment of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) is cruicial to decide on the acute management and predict outcomes and prognosis.This is done through multiple scoring systems of which serum procalcitonin (PCT) and BISAP has shown promising results. However,data comparing these methods is still conflicting. Objectives: we aim to assess the role of PCT as a sole indicator and compare it to BISAP in determining severity and prognosis of AP. Methods: Retrospective chart review of all AP cases between June 2012 and February 2017 at Makassed General Hospital, with at least one reading of PCT ...


Perception Of Lebanese Women On Preferred Mode Ofdelivery And Its Associated Complications, HALA AHMADIEH Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, SALAH MALAS Lecturer of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Medicine,, NADIA JRADI Senior Lecturer of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Medicine 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Perception Of Lebanese Women On Preferred Mode Ofdelivery And Its Associated Complications, Hala Ahmadieh Assistant Professor Of Internal Medicine, Department Of Clinical Science, Faculty Of Medicine, Salah Malas Lecturer Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, Department Of Clinical Science, Faculty Of Medicine,, Nadia Jradi Senior Lecturer Of Pediatrics, Department Of Clinical Science, Faculty Of Medicine

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Cesarean section, since ancient times, has been known to be an alternative mode to normal vaginal delivery. It is clinically indicated in certain situations. However, nowadays, Cesarean section rates are increased worldwide and in Lebanon, and instead of being an alternative, it has become the primary choice for certain women and physicians, who decide that their patients should go for that option. The purpose of our study was to investigate the perception of Lebanese women towards different modes of delivery in Lebanon. A cross- sectional study was conducted, where participants, aged 18 to 55, were selected in different regions across ...


Gated Communities; Images Of Sustainability;Al-Rehab & Madinaty Case Studies, NADER AZAB Associate professor, Beirut Arab University – Faculty of Architecture, Design & Built Environment,, BAHER FARAHAT Associate professor, Beirut Arab University – Faculty of Architecture, Design & Built Environment 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Gated Communities; Images Of Sustainability;Al-Rehab & Madinaty Case Studies, Nader Azab Associate Professor, Beirut Arab University – Faculty Of Architecture, Design & Built Environment,, Baher Farahat Associate Professor, Beirut Arab University – Faculty Of Architecture, Design & Built Environment

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

The surge of newly developed gated communities (GC’s)/ neighbourhoods on the outskirts of the Greater Cairo Region has triggered research to understand the unprecedented phenomenon in Egypt in the late 1990’s. This paper investigates images of a sustainable lifestyle from the perspective of the residents of two communities; Al-Rehab and Madinaty. Qualitative and quantitative approaches are followed to explore and document residents’ perception of a sustainable lifestyle promised in these two-gated communities. Indepth interviews and a survey were conducted to assess reasons behind the move to these new communities that were a new trend in urban development in ...


Evolution Of Teaching Practical Endodontology. Afive Years Retrospective Study, ROULA ABIAD Associate Professor of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Evolution Of Teaching Practical Endodontology. Afive Years Retrospective Study, Roula Abiad Associate Professor Of Endodontics, Faculty Of Dentistry,

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Teaching of acquired knowledge and professional skills represents a great challenge in various educational disciplines and dentistry is no exception. It is important that we define, instruct, and evaluate competencies so that we can properly prepare our graduates to act independently in dental practice. The aim of this study is to show the evolution of teaching practical endodontology and its effect on the clinical performance of undergraduate dental students through their ability to treat molars before they graduate. In this retrospective observation classes were grouped into 5 groups: I: Students were being taught via the old traditional methods without self-assessment ...


Effect Of Slc22a1 Gene Polymorphisms On Metforminresponse In Lebanese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients, KHALED NAJA Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, SAID EL SHAMIEH Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Laboratory Technology Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, RAJAA FAKHOURY Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Effect Of Slc22a1 Gene Polymorphisms On Metforminresponse In Lebanese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients, Khaled Naja Department Of Biological Sciences, Faculty Of Science, Said El Shamieh Assistant Professor, Department Of Medical Laboratory Technology Department, Faculty Of Health Sciences, Rajaa Fakhoury Professor, Faculty Of Health Sciences,

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Metformin is one of the most widely prescribed oral ant diabetic drugs, it is generally used for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. The organic caution transporter 1(OCT1), encoded by the SLC22A1 gene is responsible for the uptake of metformin in the hepatocytes. Polymorphisms in SLC22A1 gene contribute to variable responses to metformin leading to inter-individual variations in its clinical efficacy. We evaluated the impact of SLC22A1 rs622342 gene polymorphisms on the efficacy of metformin in Lebanese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. A total of 63 patients who were on metformin monotherapy were followed up for 6 months. Single ...


Expression Of Defa1-3 And Relations With Risk Factorsof Cardiovascular Diseases, SAID EL SHAMIEH Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Laboratory Technology Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, SOPHIE VISVIKIS-SIEST Université de Lorraine, Inserm, IGE-PCV, F-54000 Nancy, France 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Expression Of Defa1-3 And Relations With Risk Factorsof Cardiovascular Diseases, Said El Shamieh Assistant Professor, Department Of Medical Laboratory Technology Department, Faculty Of Health Sciences, Sophie Visvikis-Siest Université De Lorraine, Inserm, Ige-Pcv, F-54000 Nancy, France

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

The infiltration of immuno-inflammatory cells is one of the earliest and durable steps that lead to atherosclerosis. These cells produce many immune components that act as a double-edged sword in this inflammatory disease. Among these components, we note antimicrobial peptides, including defenses. Defenses are natural cationic peptides of the innate immune system. In Humans, these small peptides have a large antimicrobial spectrum. In addition, they play an important role in both infectious and inflammatory diseases. Our objective was to study the relation between alpha-defenses (DEFA) 1-3 genes expression and cardiovascular risk factors. This objective was built on the hypothesis that ...


Production Of Laban Immo Powder: Process Andcharacteristics Of The Obtained Product, HODA SAADEDDINE SAAD ELMASRI Lebanese International University, Lebanon, OSSAMA DIMASSI Lebanese International University, Lebanon 2020 Lebanese International University, Lebanon

Production Of Laban Immo Powder: Process Andcharacteristics Of The Obtained Product, Hoda Saadeddine Saad Elmasri Lebanese International University, Lebanon, Ossama Dimassi Lebanese International University, Lebanon

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Busy life styles and unconventional working hours made the task of getting a meal on the table really challenging thus leading to the trend of consuming easy-to-prepare meals. Lebanon is still behind in having ready to prepare traditional meals available in the market. Laban immo is a traditional Lebanese dish which contains essential nutrients that allows it to be labeled as nutritionally balanced. The primary objective of this study is to produce laban immo in a powdered form that is shelf stable, convenient, easy to prepare and portable. Previous research conducted in this area was able to successfully produce yogurt ...


An Approach For Sustainable Affordable Housesdesign In Egypt, SHERIF KHASHABA Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Engineering Faculty of Engineering 2020 Zagazig University, Egypt

An Approach For Sustainable Affordable Housesdesign In Egypt, Sherif Khashaba Associate Professor, Department Of Architectural Engineering Faculty Of Engineering

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Achieving sustainability is an important factor to be considered in the architectural design process, there is an important need to consider sustainability in affordable houses design. The research problem is the presence of many affordable houses in Egypt without considering the terms of sustainability, and also the increasing the numbers of these projects in Egypt. By studying the current situation of most affordable houses projects in Egypt, a lack of achieving sustainability requirements appear , which led to the need for an approach to meet these requirements in affordable houses design. The research includes a theoretical study of the sustainability requirements ...


Recommendations For Designing Healthier Kids’Gardens: In Tripoli, Lebanon, FATIMA BELOK PhD Candidate (Teaching Assistant), Faculty of Architecture – Design & Built Environment,, NABIL MOHAREB Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture – Design & Built Environment, MOSTAFA RABEA Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture – Design & Built Environment 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Recommendations For Designing Healthier Kids’Gardens: In Tripoli, Lebanon, Fatima Belok Phd Candidate (Teaching Assistant), Faculty Of Architecture – Design & Built Environment,, Nabil Mohareb Associate Professor, Faculty Of Architecture – Design & Built Environment, Mostafa Rabea Assistant Professor, Faculty Of Architecture – Design & Built Environment

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Nowadays, cities are human’s dominant habitat. Green spaces should be considered during city planning, since researchers indicate that gardens have positive effects on human health and wellbeing. This paper aims to ameliorate the physical health of kids as a main concern, which will consequently enhance their mental health. It also investigates different green spaces, especially public gardens, located in Tripoli, Lebanon. This paper uses observation, designed questionnaire and direct interviews to analyze the current condition of one of the city’s gardens that is devoted mainly for kids.The outcome of this paper is a list of recommendations for ...


The Impact Of Indoor Environment Quality On Theconservation Practice Of Historical Buildingthecase Of Lebanese Coastal Zone, Hoda Zeayter, Ibtihal Y. El-Bastawissi, Hiba Mohsen 2020 Researcher, Faculty of Architectural Engineering, Beirut Arab University, Dibbieh Campus- Lebanon

The Impact Of Indoor Environment Quality On Theconservation Practice Of Historical Buildingthecase Of Lebanese Coastal Zone, Hoda Zeayter, Ibtihal Y. El-Bastawissi, Hiba Mohsen

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

It is widely acknowledged that a multidisciplinary approach should be adopted to conserve historical buildings that include indoor environmental features. This paper discusses the effect of healthier indoor environment requirements on the conservation of historical buildings. Conservation, being an essential sustainable practice using inherited built assets to satisfy present needs, imposes limitations on the intervention that can be induced to historical buildings. Healthier indoor environment requires controlling various factors as Indoor Air Quality and Thermal Comfort, which directly affect the Heat-Air- Moisture transfer (hygrothermal behavior) of the historic building envelope and may lead to its deterioration and degradation. Focusing on ...


Defining Indicators Of Cooperation Networking Andlearning Development In Port-Zones’ Neighborhoods:Applicability In Alexandria And Port Sudan, MAYSARA OSMAN Postgraduate Student, Department of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt, (international student, KHALID. AL-HAGLA Professor, Department of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering 2020 Faculty of Architecture, National Ribat University, Khartoum, Sudan, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt,

Defining Indicators Of Cooperation Networking Andlearning Development In Port-Zones’ Neighborhoods:Applicability In Alexandria And Port Sudan, Maysara Osman Postgraduate Student, Department Of Architectural Engineering, Faculty Of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt, (International Student, Khalid. Al-Hagla Professor, Department Of Architectural Engineering, Faculty Of Engineering

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Lately, Cooperation Learning & Networking Development programs (CNL) has approved success in achieving rapid growth in urban areas. Its potentiality to afford remarkable improvement supports the joint learning and cooperative innovation processes in different cities in different territories. Also, networking for cooperative learning is benefiting the technological development in communication means and social media to provide wider involvement in urban growth to achieve better life cities. This paper is aiming to understand the constituents of CNL in urban development. Also, it targets neighborhoods in port areas which need prompt, effective and collective improvement in the urban life of cities in developing ...


Occurrence Of Escherichia Coli O157 In Ground Meatcommercialized In Lebanese Urban Cities, MICHEL AFRAM Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon, JOSEPH TOUMA Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon, NADA El-DARRA Assistant Professor, Department of Nutrition & Dietetics,Faculty of Health Sciences, 2020 Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon

Occurrence Of Escherichia Coli O157 In Ground Meatcommercialized In Lebanese Urban Cities, Michel Afram Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon, Joseph Touma Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon, Nada El-Darra Assistant Professor, Department Of Nutrition & Dietetics,Faculty Of Health Sciences,

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) has been recognized as a major cause of diarrhea and hemolytic- uremic syndrome (HS). The consumption of raw or undercooked meat of bovine origin has been the most common mean of transmitting this organism. No screening of E.coli has been performed in the ground meat commercialized in the Lebanese market. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of E. coli serotype O157:H7 recovered from ground fresh raw meat collected from different butcheries in Lebanese Urban cities. A total of 73 samples of fresh ground meat was ...


Characterization Of Thermal Treated Clayobtained From Lebanese Local Resources Assupplementary Cementitious Materials, OUSSAMA BAALBAKI Professor, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,, BACHAR ABDALLAH, Adel Elkordi, Jamal Khatib 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Characterization Of Thermal Treated Clayobtained From Lebanese Local Resources Assupplementary Cementitious Materials, Oussama Baalbaki Professor, Department Of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Faculty Of Engineering,, Bachar Abdallah, Adel Elkordi, Jamal Khatib

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

The purpose of this research was to evaluate a kaolin clay obtained from local Lebanese source after being subjected to thermal treatment. A sample of kaolin clay was collected from local resources and subjected to a treatment process for enhancing its pozzolanic properties. The treated sample was characterized through testing procedure as per ASTM C311. It was found that the physical and chemical properties were in compliance with the relevant ASTM C618 standard. This indicates that the proposed treatment succeeded in developing and exhibiting the pozzolanic activity of the end product. The activity index test of the treated samples was ...


Designing Urban Spaces According To Earth Energystructure: Toward A Better Live In Cities, MOHAMED WAFA alexandria university Imam abdulrahman bin faisal university 2020 alexandria university Imam abdulrahman bin faisal university

Designing Urban Spaces According To Earth Energystructure: Toward A Better Live In Cities, Mohamed Wafa Alexandria University Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Architecture was and still a vital need in our life; in very ancient times, it represented a human’s shelter from his surroundings. Architecture then along became the source of the human comfort along with the progress of the civilizations. To achieve that human comfort it was necessary for architecture to react harmoniously with its environment. Therefore, certain considerations like Social, constructional, environmental have been assigned to Architecture. Modern architecture has neglected a natural inevitable consideration: "The Earth's Energy" which is a natural electromagnetic field of the Earth, resulting from of the melted iron in the earth's core ...


Health-Related Quality Of Life In Treatment-Seeking Arab Patientswith Obesity, Dima Kreidieh, DANA EL MASRI Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, HANA TANNIR Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, LEILA ITANI Lecturer, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, MARWAN EL GHOCH 2020 Beirut Arab University

Health-Related Quality Of Life In Treatment-Seeking Arab Patientswith Obesity, Dima Kreidieh, Dana El Masri Department Of Nutrition And Dietetics, Faculty Of Health Sciences, Hana Tannir Department Of Nutrition And Dietetics, Faculty Of Health Sciences, Leila Itani Lecturer, Department Of Nutrition And Dietetics, Faculty Of Health Sciences, Marwan El Ghoch

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Background & Aim: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is an important outcome that reflectsthe impact of chronic diseases on patients’ wellbeing. There is a paucity of studies on HRQoL and obesity in Arab-speaking countries. Therefore we aimed to investigate this outcome in this population. METHODS: The HRQoL was assessed by the validated Arabic version of the ORWELL 97 questionnaire in 116 seeking-treatment patients with obesity referred to the Nutritional and Weight management outpatient clinic of Beirut Arab University (BAU) in Lebanon, matched by age and gender to 116 normal-weight participants. RESULTS: Patients with obesity displayed higher total ORWELL 97 scores when ...


Chemical And Microbiological Analysis Of Wellsand Rivers In Lebanese Urban Cities, NADA EL-DARRA Assistant Professor, Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, CELINE HAJJAR Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon, MICHEL AFRAM Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Chemical And Microbiological Analysis Of Wellsand Rivers In Lebanese Urban Cities, Nada El-Darra Assistant Professor, Department Of Nutrition & Dietetics, Faculty Of Health Sciences, Celine Hajjar Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon, Michel Afram Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Lebanon

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Unsafe drinking water has been implicated in numerous health problems in developing countries. This latter is a result of the increase in human population and urbanization. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the water contamination in the Lebanese urban cities. Consequently, it has become necessary to monitor the chemical and microbiological parameters of different wells and rivers in Lebanese Urban Cities. In this present study, we analyzed the chemical and microbiological characteristics of water coming from different wells in Urban Cities (Baakline, Hasbaya, Kfarchakhna, Kesrwan, Antelias, Fanar, Lebaa, Tal Amara, Tyre) and seven Lebanese rivers (Hasbani, Rachiine, Kadisha ...


Quality Of Life And Well-Being Among Palestinianand Syrian Refugees In Lebanon, MAYSSAH EL-NAYAL Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences, HELGA ALAEDDINE Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences, OLFAT MAHMOUD Assistant Professor (part timer), Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Quality Of Life And Well-Being Among Palestinianand Syrian Refugees In Lebanon, Mayssah El-Nayal Professor, Department Of Psychology, Faculty Of Human Sciences, Helga Alaeddine Assistant Professor, Department Of Psychology, Faculty Of Human Sciences, Olfat Mahmoud Assistant Professor (Part Timer), Department Of Psychology, Faculty Of Human Sciences

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Quality of life (QOL) is a basic concept in a number of disciplines, including social sciences, politics, economics, the environment, psychology, and medicine. Although the term comprises primarily psychological components, it remains a multi-dimensional concept that has been derived from various fields, the most important of which are biology, medicine, psychology, and sociology. Well-being generally includes global judgments of life satisfaction and feelings ranging from depression to joy. The study sought to (1) investigate the sex-related differences on both quality of life (QOL) and well-being. A convenience sample of 382 adults from the Palestinian and Syrian refugees were recruited. The ...


Barriers Faced By Syrian Refugees In Accessinghealthcare In Urban Areas In Lebanon, MIRNA FAWAZ Assistant Professor, Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences 2020 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Barriers Faced By Syrian Refugees In Accessinghealthcare In Urban Areas In Lebanon, Mirna Fawaz Assistant Professor, Nursing Department, Faculty Of Health Sciences

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

The crisis in Syria continues to take a devastating toll on the country’s civilian population. Lebanon now has 1.2 million Syrian refugees registered with the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, where over 1 million of them live outside of camps in urban settings and informal settlement. The high prevalence of communicable and noncommunicable diseases among Syrian refugees in Lebanon is being faced with a variety of multifaceted barriers leading to limited access to and use of healthcare services in terms of provision of appropriate secondary and tertiary services, continuity of care, access to medications, and costs. Aim ...


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