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Work Groups And Teams In Organizations, Steve Kozlowski, Bradford Bell 2011 Michigan State University

Work Groups And Teams In Organizations, Steve Kozlowski, Bradford Bell

Bradford S Bell

[Excerpt] Our objective in this chapter is to provide an integrative perspective on work groups and teams in organizations, one that addresses primary foci of theory and research, highlights applied implications, and identifies key issues in need of research attention and resolution. Given the volume of existing reviews, our review is not intended to be exhaustive. Rather, it uses representative work to characterize key topics, and focuses on recent work that breaks new ground to help move theory and research forward. Although our approach risks trading breadth for depth, we believe that there is much value in taking a more ...


A Typology Of Virtual Teams: Implications For Effective Leadership, Bradford S. Bell, Steve W. J. Kozlowski 2011 Cornell University

A Typology Of Virtual Teams: Implications For Effective Leadership, Bradford S. Bell, Steve W. J. Kozlowski

Bradford S Bell

As the nature of work in today's organizations becomes more complex, dynamic, and global, there has been an increasing emphasis on far-flung, distributed, virtual teams as organizing units of work. Despite their growing prevalence, relatively little is known about this new form of work unit. The purpose of this paper is to present a theoretical framework to focus research toward understanding virtual teams and, in particular, to identify implications for effective leadership. Specifically, we focus on delineating the dimensions of a typology to characterize different types of virtual teams. First, we distinguish virtual teams from conventional teams to identify ...


A Multilevel Analysis Of The Effect Of Prompting Self-Regulation In Technology-Delivered Instruction, Traci Sitzmann, Bradford S. Bell, Kurt Kraiger, Adam M. Kanar 2011 Advanced Distributed Learning Co-Laboratory

A Multilevel Analysis Of The Effect Of Prompting Self-Regulation In Technology-Delivered Instruction, Traci Sitzmann, Bradford S. Bell, Kurt Kraiger, Adam M. Kanar

Bradford S Bell

We used a within-subjects design and multilevel modeling in two studies to examine the effect of prompting self-regulation, an intervention designed to improve learning from technology-delivered instruction. The results of two studies indicate trainees who were prompted to self-regulate gradually improved their knowledge and performance over time, relative to the control condition. In addition, Study 2 demonstrated that trainees’ cognitive ability and self-efficacy moderated the effect of the prompts. Prompting self-regulation resulted in stronger learning gains over time for trainees with higher ability or higher self-efficacy. Overall, the two studies demonstrate that prompting self-regulation had a gradual, positive effect on ...


[Review Of The Book The Mismanagement Of Talent: Employability And Jobs In The Knowledge Economy], Bradford S. Bell 2011 Cornell University

[Review Of The Book The Mismanagement Of Talent: Employability And Jobs In The Knowledge Economy], Bradford S. Bell

Bradford S Bell

[Excerpt] In The Mismanagement of Talent, Brown and Hesketh argue that rooted within the dominant discourse of the "war for talent" are several core assumptions that have shaped our perspective on employability in the KBE. The most central of these is that there is a limited pool of talent capable of rising to senior managerial positions, which creates fierce competition to recruit the best and brightest. The perception of talent as a limited commodity is seen as driving organizations to diversify their talent pools and adopt more rigorous recruitment and selection tools in an effort to get the right people ...


Current Issues And Future Directions In Simulation-Based Training, Bradford S. Bell, Adam M. Kanar, Steve W. J. Kozlowski 2011 Cornell University

Current Issues And Future Directions In Simulation-Based Training, Bradford S. Bell, Adam M. Kanar, Steve W. J. Kozlowski

Bradford S Bell

A number of emerging challenges including globalization, economic pressures, and the changing nature of work have combined to create a business environment that demands innovative, flexible training solutions. Simulations are a promising tool for creating more realistic, experiential learning environments to meet these challenges. Unfortunately, the current literature on simulation-based training paints a mixed picture as to the effectiveness of simulations as training tools, with most of the previous research focusing on the specific technologies used in simulation design and little theory- based research focusing on the instructional capabilities or learning processes underlying these technologies. This article examines the promise ...


Effects Of Disability, Gender, And Level Of Supervision On Ratings Of Job Applicants, Bradford S. Bell, Katherine J. Klein 2011 Cornell University

Effects Of Disability, Gender, And Level Of Supervision On Ratings Of Job Applicants, Bradford S. Bell, Katherine J. Klein

Bradford S Bell

Using ratings of hypothetical job applicants with and without a disability obtained from both fulltime workers (n = 88) and undergraduates (n = 98), we examined the effects of disability (paraplegia, epilepsy, clinical depression, or non-disabled), gender, and nature of the job (supervisory or non-supervisory) on five job-relevant dependent measures. Contrary to our hypothesis, applicants with a disability were rated significantly higher in activity and potency than applicants without a disability. Further, also contrary to our predictions, gender and job type did not moderate the relationship between disability and applicant ratings. Post-hoc analyses revealed a significant gender by job type interaction; female ...


Adaptive Guidance: Effects On Self-Regulated Learning In Technology-Based Training, Bradford S. Bell, Adam Kanar, Xiangmin Liu, Jane Forman, Mila Singh 2011 Cornell University

Adaptive Guidance: Effects On Self-Regulated Learning In Technology-Based Training, Bradford S. Bell, Adam Kanar, Xiangmin Liu, Jane Forman, Mila Singh

Bradford S Bell

Guidance provides trainees with the information necessary to make effective use of the learner control inherent in technology-based training, but also allows them to retain a sense of control over their learning (Bell & Kozlowski, 2002). One challenge, however, is determining how much learner control, or autonomy, to build into the guidance strategy. We examined the effects of alternative forms of guidance (autonomy supportive vs. controlling) on trainees’ learning and performance, and examined trainees’ cognitive ability and motivation to learn as potential moderators of these effects. Consistent with our hypotheses, trainees receiving adaptive guidance had higher levels of knowledge and performance ...


How Does Unfavorable Information Impact Job Seekers’ Organizational Attraction?, Adam M. Kanar, Christopher J. Collins, Bradford S. Bell 2011 Cornell University

How Does Unfavorable Information Impact Job Seekers’ Organizational Attraction?, Adam M. Kanar, Christopher J. Collins, Bradford S. Bell

Bradford S Bell

Prior research has been inconclusive regarding the effects of unfavorable information on job search outcomes, particularly during the initial stage of job search and recruitment. In this study, we investigated the effects of unfavorable organizational information on applicant attraction using an experimental study with active university job seekers (n = 202). Exposure to unfavorable information had a substantially greater impact on applicant attraction than exposure to favorable information and the significant effect size difference persisted one week after exposure. In addition, job seekers who were exposed to unfavorable information freely recalled more overall evaluations of the organization than job seekers who ...


Design, Implementation, And Evaluation Of Hr Leadership Development Programs, Karina Li Ming Kuok, Bradford S. Bell 2011 Cornell University

Design, Implementation, And Evaluation Of Hr Leadership Development Programs, Karina Li Ming Kuok, Bradford S. Bell

Bradford S Bell

Given today’s new market reality and rapid changes in the business world, companies need to select and develop high potential talent who can maneuver in a hypercompetitive market and ultimately fill its top-tier jobs. Organizations can utilize the Human Resource Leadership Development Program (HRLDP) as a tool to attract, develop and retain high potentials to fill the future HR leadership pipeline. However, an HRLDP can be controversial and tricky to implement and maintain. The goal of this report is to provide useful guidelines for those interested in designing, managing and/or evaluating the effectiveness of such programs. If carefully ...


Justice Expectations And Applicant Perceptions, Bradford S. Bell, Anne Marie Ryan, Darin Wiechmann 2011 Cornell University

Justice Expectations And Applicant Perceptions, Bradford S. Bell, Anne Marie Ryan, Darin Wiechmann

Bradford S Bell

Expectations, which are beliefs about a future state of affairs, constitute a basic psychological mechanism that underlies virtually all human behavior. Although expectations serve as a central component in many theories of organizational behavior, they have received limited attention in the organizational justice literature. The goal of this paper is to introduce the concept of justice expectations and explore its implications for understanding applicant perceptions. To conceptualize justice expectations, we draw on research on expectations conducted in multiple disciplines. We discuss the three sources of expectations – direct experience, indirect influences, and other beliefs - and use this typology to identify the ...


A Multilevel Analysis Of The Effects Of Technical Interruptions On Learning And Attrition From Web-Based Instruction, Traci Sitzmann, Katherine Ely, Bradford S. Bell, Kristina Bauer 2011 Advanced Distributed Learning Co-Laboratory

A Multilevel Analysis Of The Effects Of Technical Interruptions On Learning And Attrition From Web-Based Instruction, Traci Sitzmann, Katherine Ely, Bradford S. Bell, Kristina Bauer

Bradford S Bell

As training is increasingly integrated in the workplace and embedded in work technology, trainees are confronted by a variety of workplace and technological interruptions. This article presents a conceptual framework characterizing different types of interruptions and the extent to which they disrupt learning. A longitudinal design was then used to examine the effects of one form of interruption — technical difficulties — on trainees’ (N = 530) self-regulatory processes, learning, and attrition from Web-based instruction. Test scores were 1.33 points lower (out of 20) in modules where trainees encountered technical difficulties. Technical difficulties also had differential effects on attrition rates over time ...


The Impact Of Ehr On Professional Competence In Hrm: Implications For The Development Of Hr Professionals, Bradford S. Bell, Sae-Won Lee, Sarah K. Yeung 2011 Cornell University

The Impact Of Ehr On Professional Competence In Hrm: Implications For The Development Of Hr Professionals, Bradford S. Bell, Sae-Won Lee, Sarah K. Yeung

Bradford S Bell

Information technology has been cited as a critical driver of HR’s transition from a focus on administrative tasks to a focus on serving as a strategic business partner. This strategic role not only adds a valuable dimension to the HR function but also changes the competencies that define the success of HR professionals. Interviews were conducted with HR representatives from 19 firms to examine the linkage between electronic human resources (eHR) and the reshaping of professional competence in HRM. Based on the findings, we draw implications for the development of HR competencies and identify learning strategies that HR professionals ...


The Language Of Bias: A Linguistic Approach To Understanding Intergroup Relations, Quinetta M. Roberson, Bradford S. Bell, Shanette C. Porter 2011 Cornell University

The Language Of Bias: A Linguistic Approach To Understanding Intergroup Relations, Quinetta M. Roberson, Bradford S. Bell, Shanette C. Porter

Bradford S Bell

[Excerpt] This chapter explores the role of language in the relationship between diversity and team performance. Specifically, we consider how a linguistic approach to social categorization may be used to study the social psychological mechanisms that underlie diversity effects. Using the results of a study examining the effects of gender, ethnicity and tenure on language abstraction, we consider the potential implications for team processes and effectiveness. In addition, we propose a revised team input-process-output model that highlights the potential effects of language on team processes. We conclude by suggesting directions for future research linking diversity, linguistic categorization and team effectiveness.


...And The Twain Shall Meet?, Lance A. Compa 2011 Cornell University

...And The Twain Shall Meet?, Lance A. Compa

Lance A Compa

[Excerpt] No country or company should gain a commercial edge in international trade by jailing or killing union organizers, crushing independent union movements, or banning strikes. Gaining an advantage in labor costs should not depend on exploiting child labor or forced labor, or discriminating against women or oppressed ethnic groups. Deliberately exposing workers to life-threatening safety and health hazards, or holding wages and benefits below livable levels should not be permissible corporate strategies. But these are exactly the abuses that happen all too often in a rapidly globalized world trading system based on "free trade."


Trade Unions And Human Rights, Lance Compa 2011 Cornell University

Trade Unions And Human Rights, Lance Compa

Lance A Compa

[Excerpt] In the 1990s the parallel but separate tracks of the labor movement and the human rights movement began to converge. This chapter examines how trade union advocates adopted human rights analyses and arguments in their work, and human rights organizations began including workers' rights in their mandates. The first section, "Looking In," reviews the U.S. labor movement's traditional domestic focus and the historical absence of a rights-based foundation for American workers' collective action. The second section, "Looking Out," covers a corresponding deficit in labor's international perspective and action. The third section, "Labor Rights Through the Side ...


Legal Protection Of Workers’ Human Rights: Regulatory Changes And Challenges In The United States, Lance Compa 2011 Cornell University

Legal Protection Of Workers’ Human Rights: Regulatory Changes And Challenges In The United States, Lance Compa

Lance A Compa

[Excerpt] In a 2002 study, the US Government Accountability Office reported that more than 32 million workers in the United States lack protection of the right to organise and to bargain collectively. But since then, the situation has worsened. A series of decisions by the federal authorities under President George Bush has stripped many more workers of organising and bargaining rights. The administration took away bargaining rights for hundreds of thousands of employees in the new Department of Homeland Security and the Defense Department.18 In the years before the 2009 change of administration, a controlling majority of the five-member ...


Cosmopolitans Or Locals: Who Will Lead The Next Generation Of Community Colleges?, Melanie O. Anderson 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Cosmopolitans Or Locals: Who Will Lead The Next Generation Of Community Colleges?, Melanie O. Anderson

Educational Administration: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Scholars have identified a potential community college leadership crisis as a large percentage of community college presidents prepare to retire (Shults, 2001; Weisman & Vaughan, 2007). The most common pathway to the community college presidency has been through the chief academic officer (CAO) position (Vaughan, 1990).

Selection of future leaders often focuses on manifest social roles or the expectations that are universally shared and relevant to a given context (Grimes & Berger, 1970). Latent social roles are the internalized shared expectations that are not always seen as relevant on face value, but are predicted to affect an individual’s attitudes and behaviors (Gouldner, 1957).

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine if there was a relationship between Gouldner’s (1957, 1958) theory of cosmopolitan and local latent social roles and the selection of the public community college CAO, as well as the CAO’s job satisfaction, intent to turnover, and intent to pursue a presidency. The population studied was 932 public community college CAOs in the United States; 293 responses were received.

The research reported that CAOs had higher local latent social role scores and lower cosmopolitan scores. A significant positive correlation was identified between CAO’s with local latent social roles and higher levels of job satisfaction. Cosmopolitan CAOs were negatively correlated and local CAOs were positively correlated with an intention to pursue a presidency. There was a significant difference in community college size, the number of locations, age and the CAO’s local ...


2011-04-05 Executive Council Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Faculty Senate. 2011 Morehead State University

2011-04-05 Executive Council Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Faculty Senate.

Faculty Senate Records

Executive Council Meeting Minutes for April 5, 2011.


2011-04-04 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress 2011 Morehead State University

2011-04-04 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for April 4, 2011.


Pakej Supir Yogyakarta Wa : +6283-862-965-666, supir salatiga 2011 Bryant University

Pakej Supir Yogyakarta Wa : +6283-862-965-666, Supir Salatiga

supir salatiga

Anda membutuhkan jasa supir + mobil ketika hendak bepergian luar kota ? atau sedang malas/ capek menyupir kendaraan anda sehingga membutuhkan jasa supir yang siap menggantikan anda dalam driving atau mungkin jasa supir pendamping berpengalaman yang anda butuhkan ketika anda dalam masa belajar untuk mengendarai mobil, kami siap membantu anda.

Dengan tarif seduluran dan sangat khas kota Salatiga, maka kami merupakan opsi paling pas untuk anda gunakan dalam hal jasa supir, kami merupakan team yang profesional dan juga sudah berpengalaman dengan berbagai armada dan kondisi di jalanan, sehingga akan tetap sabar, profesional dan juga mengedepankan keselamatan dalam hal driving.

Beberapa kelebihan JASA ...


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