Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Business Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

93,718 Full-Text Articles 64,405 Authors 48,994,597 Downloads 401 Institutions

All Articles in Business

Faceted Search

93,718 full-text articles. Page 2616 of 2680.

An Hsi Report: Food Safety And Cage Egg Production, Humane Society International 2010 Animal Studies Repository

An Hsi Report: Food Safety And Cage Egg Production, Humane Society International

HSI REPORTS

Governments have begun legislating against cage egg production and a growing number of major food retailers, restaurant chains, and foodservice providers worldwide are switching to cage-free eggs. Extensive scientific evidence strongly suggests this trend will improve food safety. All fifteen scientific studies published in the last five years comparing Salmonella contamination between caged and cage-free operations found that those confining hens in cages had higher rates of Salmonella, a leading cause of food poisoning worldwide. This has led prominent consumer advocacy organizations, such as the Center for Food Safety, to oppose the use of cages to confine egg-laying hens.


Problems With Grid Flooring In Dog Kennels, The Humane Society of the United States 2010 Animal Studies Repository

Problems With Grid Flooring In Dog Kennels, The Humane Society Of The United States

PUPPY MILL REPORTS

Gridded, strand, or wire flooring in dog kennels does not promote either proper sanitation or adequate comfort and safety for dogs and puppies. Grid-style or wire flooring frequently leads to entrapment or injury, as dogs and puppies’ feet become wedged in openings intended for feces. Grid flooring is designed to allow feces to pass through, but unfortunately any gap large enough for fecal matter is large enough to entrap an animal’s foot or toe.


Facts About Cage Stacking, The Humane Society of the United States 2010 Animal Studies Repository

Facts About Cage Stacking, The Humane Society Of The United States

PUPPY MILL REPORTS

One of the most troubling conditions seen at puppy mills is overcrowding, which can lead to sanitation problems, stress, and disease. Puppy mills commonly use stacked cages to house more animals than a given space should reasonably hold.


Affinity And Affiliation: The Dual-Carriage Way To Team Identification, Mark P. Pritchard, Jeffrey L. Stinson, Elizabeth Patton 2010 Central Washington University

Affinity And Affiliation: The Dual-Carriage Way To Team Identification, Mark P. Pritchard, Jeffrey L. Stinson, Elizabeth Patton

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of Business

The article investigates the significance of affinity and affiliation in fan determination with a sports team. The study examines the association of team affinity and organizational affiliation in the establishment of student identification with an intercollegiate football team. It shows the stronger role of affiliation in college sports. It notes that fan intentions to attend games is attributed to team determination. It suggests that there are some common processes at work and that developed attachment may not be wise. The effects for practice and future research are also discussed.


Why Do Inventors Reference Papers And Patents In Their Patent Applications?, Anthony Breitzman 2010 Rowan University

Why Do Inventors Reference Papers And Patents In Their Patent Applications?, Anthony Breitzman

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

Patent citation analysis is a widely used technique in the evaluation of science and technology. The basic premise behind its use is that papers or patents cited as prior art by many later patents tend to contain important ideas upon which numerous inventors have built. This does not mean that every important document is highly cited, or that every highly cited document is important. However, numerous validation studies have revealed the existence of a strong positive relationship between citations and technological importance (see Breitzman and Mogee (2002) for a review of validation studies).


Undergraduate Preparation And Dissertation Methodologies Of Accounting Phds Over The Past 40 Years, Marvin L. Bouillon, Sue Ravenscroft 2010 Central Washington University

Undergraduate Preparation And Dissertation Methodologies Of Accounting Phds Over The Past 40 Years, Marvin L. Bouillon, Sue Ravenscroft

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of Business

There is a shortage of accounting faculty and this shortage is predicted to worsen in the future. The number of new PhDs in accounting has declined from approximately 200 per year in the late 1980' s and early 1990' s to just over I 00 per year in recent years. Currently, we expect approximately 400 to 500 new accounting faculty positions to open up annually over the next to five to ten years. We believe that there has been a narrowing of the number of PhD candidates coming from fields other than accounting and other business related fields. If this ...


Concentrating Solar Power Commercial Application Study: Reducing Water Consumption Of Concentrating Solar Power Electricity Generation, U.S. Department of Energy 2010 U.S. Department of Energy

Concentrating Solar Power Commercial Application Study: Reducing Water Consumption Of Concentrating Solar Power Electricity Generation, U.S. Department Of Energy

Publications (E)

This report discusses potential methods to reduce water consumption associated with CSP. Four main concentrating solar power technologies are described in this report: parabolic troughs, linear Fresnel, power towers, and dish/engine. Parabolic troughs are the most commercially available technology. Linear Fresnel and power tower technologies are presently being planned as commercial plants, but none have yet been built in the U.S. The first three of these technologies use the heat collected from the sun to power conventional Rankine steam cycles, similar to those used for coal and nuclear plants. Steam cycle power plants require cooling to function (cooling ...


Nrel: A Year In Clean Energy Innovations: A Review Of Nrel's Feature Stories, National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Nrel: A Year In Clean Energy Innovations: A Review Of Nrel's Feature Stories, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Publications (E)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation’s primary laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development.

NREL’s mission and strategy are focused on advancing the U.S. Department of Energy’s and our nation’s energy goals. The laboratory’s scientists and researchers support critical market objectives to accelerate research from scientific innovations to market-viable alternative energy solutions. At the core of this strategic direction are NREL’s research and technology development competencies. These areas span from understanding renewable resources for energy, to the conversion of these resources to renewable electricity and fuels, and ...


The Public Health Impacts Of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations On Local Communities, Michael Greger, Gowri Koneswaran 2010 The Humane Society of the United States

The Public Health Impacts Of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations On Local Communities, Michael Greger, Gowri Koneswaran

ENVIRONMENT

Large-scale farm animal production facilities, also known as concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), release a significant amount of contaminants into the air and water. Adverse health effects related to exposure to these contaminants among CAFO workers have been welldocumented; however, less is known about their impact on the health of residents in nearby communities. Epidemiological research in this area suggests that neighboring residents are at increased risk of developing neurobehavioral symptoms and respiratory illnesses, including asthma. Additional research is needed to better understand community-scale exposures and health outcomes related to the management practices and emissions of CAFOs.


Strategic Pricing Through Revenue Management, Sheryl E. Kimes 2010 Cornell University

Strategic Pricing Through Revenue Management, Sheryl E. Kimes

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Revenue management (RM) has been practiced in the airline (Smith, Leimkuhler,& Darrow, 1992),hotel (Hanks, Noland, & Cross, 1992),and car rental industries (Carroll & Grimes, 1995; Geraghty & Johnson, 1997) for over 15 years, and has more recently attracted attention in other industries, including broadcasting, golf (Kimes, 2000), health care (Born et al., 2004), and restaurants (Kimes, Chase, Choi, Ngonzi, & Lee, 1998). RM is applicable to any business that has a relatively fixed capacity of perishable inventory (i.e., seats, rooms, tee times), that inventories demand (either through reservations or wait lists), that has a high fixed cost and low variable costs, and that has varying customer price sensitivity. Industries using RM typically report revenue increases of 2% to 5% (Hanks et al., 1992; Smith et al, 1992).


Facilitators And Obstacles Of Intercultural Business Communication For American Companies In China: Lessons Learned From The Ups Case, Hongmei Gao, Penelope B. Prime 2010 Kennesaw State University

Facilitators And Obstacles Of Intercultural Business Communication For American Companies In China: Lessons Learned From The Ups Case, Hongmei Gao, Penelope B. Prime

International Business Faculty Publications

This article analyzes how the execution of business strategy for global enterprises is shaped by the dual challenges of communicating in a different national culture and working in a changing economic environment. The article develops a framework from the UPS case in China to illustrate the key components of strategy for US companies operating businesses in China. The article proposes that Chinese-American communication effectiveness can be achieved through overcoming fi ve obstacles: cultural multiplicity, relationship/ task orientation, time concept, business style difference, and language use, while utilizing fi ve facilitators: pragmatism, gender equality, English, American pop culture, and a “big ...


Transitioning To A Modular Enterprise Architecture: Drivers, Constraints, And Actions, Viswanath Venkatesh, Hillol Bala 2010 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Transitioning To A Modular Enterprise Architecture: Drivers, Constraints, And Actions, Viswanath Venkatesh, Hillol Bala

Computer Information Systems Faculty Publications

Best practice suggests that a modular enterprise architecture, where interfaces between and among business processes and services are standardized, is a key IT capability for firms to achieve profitable growth. But few firms have successfully designed, implemented, and maintained such an architecture. This article presents findings on the drivers, constraints, and actions taken by two companies that transitioned to a modular enterprise architecture in response to competitive pressures from their business partners or customers. One company implemented an industry standard and the other developed custom partner interface processes (PIPs) to achieve business modularity. The lessons from these two case studies ...


Power, Conflict, And Cooperation: The Impact Of Guanxi In Chinese Marketing Channels, Guijun Zhuang, Youmin Xi, Alex S. L. Tsang 2010 Hong Kong Baptist University

Power, Conflict, And Cooperation: The Impact Of Guanxi In Chinese Marketing Channels, Guijun Zhuang, Youmin Xi, Alex S. L. Tsang

Department of Marketing Journal Articles

This paper tests the impact of guanxi on behaviors among firms in a Chinese marketing channel. Guanxi is operationalized in this paper as emotional closeness and interactive state. We find that the emotional closeness between channel-boundary personnel of firms has a positive impact on their exercise of noncoercive power, a negative impact on their exercise of coercive power, and a negative impact on the perceived conflict between them. In addition, emotional closeness has an indirect but positive impact on perceived cooperation. Interactive state between the boundary personnel of two firms has a positive impact on a firm exercising noncoercive power ...


The Interactive Influence Of Country Of Origin Of Brand And Product Involvement On Purchase Intention, Gerard Prendergast, Alex S. L. Tsang, Cherry N. W. Chan 2010 Hong Kong Baptist University

The Interactive Influence Of Country Of Origin Of Brand And Product Involvement On Purchase Intention, Gerard Prendergast, Alex S. L. Tsang, Cherry N. W. Chan

Department of Marketing Journal Articles

Purpose – Globalization and outsourcing have decoupled country of origin into the country of origin of manufacture (COM) and the country of origin of the brand (COB). This study seeks to extend the work of Gurhan-Canli and Maheswaran and Lee et al. by investigating the interactive influence of COB and personal involvement with a product on purchase intention. Design/methodology/approach – A total of 168 young adults in Hong Kong were intercepted for mall interviews and presented with mock advertisements for personal computers ostensibly with brands originating in Japan and Korea. Their personal involvement with such products was measured using an ...


What Could An Executive Coach Do For An Association Football Manager? A Commentary, Margaret M. Hopkins, Deborah A. O'Neil,, Diana Billimoria 2010 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

What Could An Executive Coach Do For An Association Football Manager? A Commentary, Margaret M. Hopkins, Deborah A. O'Neil,, Diana Billimoria

Management Faculty Publications

The lead article in this volume highlights several critical aspects of effective leadership in modern times. First, the importance of leadership as an interpersonal, relationship-building endeavor cannot be overstated. Second, the exemplary leader is a caring individual who demonstrates understanding and empathy toward others. For our commentary, we draw upon a well-developed stream of literature germane to these two core issues presented in the article. We compare and contrast the feminine and masculine aspects of leadership. In particular, we discuss the contemporary feminization of leadership and describe several integral attributes of feminine leadership – a communal orientation, transformational behaviors, emotional intelligence ...


Utilisation Of Foreign Trade Zones In The Global Supply Chain: An Exploratory Study, Hokey Min, Thomas E. Lambert 2010 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Utilisation Of Foreign Trade Zones In The Global Supply Chain: An Exploratory Study, Hokey Min, Thomas E. Lambert

Management Faculty Publications

Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs) are considered duty-free areas and, thus, not governed by the usual customs and tariff controls. In other words, the merchandise permitted in the FTZ may be stored, sold, exhibited, labelled, repacked, assembled, distributed and mixed with other merchandise without paying customs duty until merchandise is released from the zone. Deferred customs duties in the FTZs can contribute significantly to the profitability of the Multinational Firms (MNFs) that get involved in global supply chain activities. Thus, the utilisation of FTZs is believed to have a positive impact on export/import operations and the location decisions of MNFs ...


A Knowledge Framework Underlying Process Management, Kevin Linderman, Roger G. Schroeder, Janine Sanders 2010 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

A Knowledge Framework Underlying Process Management, Kevin Linderman, Roger G. Schroeder, Janine Sanders

Operations and Supply Chain Management Faculty Publications

Organizations are increasingly implementing process-improvement techniques like Six Sigma, total quality management, lean, and business process re-engineering to improve organizational performance. These techniques are part of a process management system that includes the organizational infrastructure to support the improvement techniques. The knowledge-based view of a firm argues that organizational knowledge is the source of competitive advantage. To the extent that the process management system enables knowledge creation it should be a source of competitive advantage. This study investigates the underlying framework and factors of a process management system that lead to organizational knowledge creation. Prior studies have considered knowledge creation ...


Regulatory Fit Can Be More Than A Feeling: Evidence Of Facilitated Processing For Prevention Fit In Investment Decision-Making Contexts, Ethan Pew 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Regulatory Fit Can Be More Than A Feeling: Evidence Of Facilitated Processing For Prevention Fit In Investment Decision-Making Contexts, Ethan Pew

Marketing Graduate Theses & Dissertations

We extend the literature on regulatory fit theory (Higgins 2000) by testing whether individuals who experience regulatory fit engage in facilitated processing. Research suggests that regulatory fit results in a state of "feeling right" about both the outcome and the decision process. When one's regulatory focus is sustained during goal pursuit, participants show greater willingness to pay for objects, provide higher brand attitude ratings (Avnet and Higgins 2006; Lee, Keller, and Sternthal 2010), and exhibit increased engagement in tasks (Higgins 2000). Prior work has been limited to these types of subjective assessments and has not examined information-processing implications.

We ...


The Impact Of Accounting And Auditing Enforcement Releases On Firms' Cost Of Equity, Curtis Michael Nicholls 2010 Bucknell University

The Impact Of Accounting And Auditing Enforcement Releases On Firms' Cost Of Equity, Curtis Michael Nicholls

Accounting Graduate Theses & Dissertations

I study the impact of an SEC investigation (as captured by Accounting and Auditing Enforcement Releases, or AAERs) on a firm's cost of equity capital. AAERs are often used in accounting literature as a proxy for fraudulent financial reporting. Fraudulent financial reporting should lead to an increase in cost of equity capital as a firm's future cash flows become less certain. Several factors could contribute to the increase in risk surrounding future cash flows, such as renegotiation of contracts with the firm's suppliers and lenders, or a decrease in the reliability of management disclosures. Cross-sectional variation likely ...


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Whole Person Learning Pedagogy In Skill Acquisition, J. Duane Hoover, Robert C. Giambatista, Ritch Sorenson, William H. Bommer 2010 Texas Tech University

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Whole Person Learning Pedagogy In Skill Acquisition, J. Duane Hoover, Robert C. Giambatista, Ritch Sorenson, William H. Bommer

Entrepreneurship Faculty Publications

We describe a whole person learning experiential/behavioral skill pedagogy developed in an executive skills course. The pedagogy was designed to address recent criticisms of MBA education relative to program relevancy and the skill sets of students entering the workforce. We present an experiential learning model based on the concept of whole person learning, discuss how the model is used in the class, and provide an empirical assessment of skill improvement over a 5-year period. Using a pre–posttest with control group design to test student skill levels by way of an assessment center, the effectiveness of the pedagogy was ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress